- 12 November 2011
used in The
Non-Battle of Fukushima …by Steve from Virginia, economic-undertow.com,
posted November 7, 2011 "Figure 1: A generalized conception
of what is taking place beneath the Fukushima reactors, cores
at very high temperatures burning their way into the ground."
4: After melting through the bottoms of the reactor buildings
the cores would consolidate into amorphous 150 ton blobs of
metallic uranium, thorium and plutonium isotopes."
in a series of illustrations used in The
Non-Battle of Fukushima …by Steve from Virginia, economic-undertow.com,
posted November 7, 2011 "Figure 5: Super-criticality is
an issue of time: as nuclei split energetically, the tendency
is for the atoms to fly away from each other. The material separates
and the reactions cease. The problem emerges when there is no
place for the atoms to go. Chain reactions can then propagate
for generation after generation with an accompanying energy
buildup until the bonds of mass and inertia represented by the
ground … are overcome. "
Diary: Strontium Leakage Worsening at Fukushima,
Non-Battle of Fukushima …by Steve from Virginia,
economic-undertow.com, posted November 7, 2011 [Editor's Note:
From my layperson's perspective, this looks like an excellent
analysis of the situation and prospects for an explosion as
corium sinks deeper into the earth].
problems are looming larger in Fukushima as
reports of short-lived radioactive fission products detected
by TEPCO in reactor number 2:
There have been far too many self-serving assumptions made by
operator about the conditions within the four reactors. The
assumption is the cores are all sub-critical as designed and
installed by the utility. The detection of short-lived fission
daughters indicates the assumptions are wrong and that core(s)
If the cores material is spread out over a wide area or inside
the reactor buildings the cores would likely be sub-critical
and unable to produce fission products.
That fission products are being detected indicates the core
beneath reactor 2 is in a concentrated mass. What
matters is whether the cores can or will become super-critical
causing an explosion.
Cold shutdown is an abstract (advertising) concept unrelated
to conditions in the destroyed reactors at Fukushima.
This is typical of the ‘modern’ approach that insists
that problems of physics are subject to public relations.
Unlike the Soviets at Chernobyl shortly after the explosions
and meltdown, the Japanese have not bothered to send nuclear
scientists into the reactors to determine the condition and
location of the three reactor cores. Consequently, nobody knows
anything about the cores...
– This is the issue now, is it possible for events to
fuel cores to supercriticality.
nuclear material fissions, a product is Xenon-135.
This isotope is a powerful neutron poison. As the fuel material
fissions, the resulting Xe-135 absorbs neutrons stifling the
chain reaction until the Xenon ‘burns off’ by absorption
of neutrons at which time the fission intensifies creating more
Xenon. Because the fuel mass is borderline critical, Xenon-135
creation occurs at the same rate as the fission process to keep
the reactions from becoming destructively super-critical.
near the ocean, the ground under the reactors is mostly silica
sand. As the sand melts the core sinks through it. Above and
surrounding the core material is a glassy substance that also
includes the non-fissile material that once made up the core
structures: the boron-carbide control blades, zirconium fuel
cladding, stainless steel fuel racks, flow nozzles, steam dryers,
rod drives along with concrete. This material forms a slag.
The fuel doesn’t ‘burn away’ the soil in its
path but simply sinks through it leaving behind a ‘plug’
made up of slag and the other debris.
plug prevents water from reaching the core material to cool
it. Any cooling at the heated core creates more layers of slag.
plug, slag and other debris are intensely radioactive, being
remains of the core or having come in contact with it.
poured into the reactors soaks into the ground. The rest fills
the reactor buildings from where it eventually flows into the
the sand absorbs neutrons and is a poor reflector, the bedrock
some meters beneath the reactors is likely to be a good one.
Any hard, dense material can be a good reflector (as is water).
What the reflector does is bounce neutrons back into the fissile
material to increase the neutron flux while moderating the neutrons
at the same time. In this way, fissile U-235 atoms can also
absorb neutrons and split.
fission would amplify the flux increasing the energy release
while compressing the fuel. The weight of the fuel along with
the plug of slag would push fissile material onto the reflector
causing a prompt criticality:
There have been numerous
criticality incidents since the beginning of the nuclear
era and many share the characteristics of fuel configured inadvertently
or the presence of neutron
A low energy reaction would cause a fuel geyser that would blow
core material and the plug through the roof of the reactor building,
much like the explosion in reactor 3. This would require only
a few generations of chain reactions in the super-critical core.
A high energy reaction of many generations would cause a substantial
nuclear explosion. Critical components would be: material of
sufficient mass, this material confined by incompressible material
(sandy soil), weight of the core and the plug above it pressing
the core against the neutron reflector. More than fifty generations
of chain reactions would cause a multi-kiloton explosion beneath
A powerful explosion would propagate a shock wave that would
travel through the ground and compress other cores that might
have burnt their way into the ground. This compression would
cause even more powerful nuclear explosions. This was how a
modest amount of fuel under Chernobyl would cause a shock wave
capable of bringing the rest of the nuclear material into a
Starts Burning Radioactive Waste from Other Areas … Tokyo
Governor Tells Residents to “Shut Up” and Stop Complaining
About It, washingtonsblog.com
expert Arnie Gundersen says in a new interview that the Japanese
are burning radioactive materials. The radioactivity originated
from Fukushima, but various prefectures are burning radioactive
materials in their terroritories.
says that this radioactivity ends up not only in neighboring
prefectures, but in Hawaii, British Columbia, Oregon, Washington
Tokyo is starting to burn radioactive debris from other prefectures.
(the odd name comes from the fact that the writer is a former
trader in the ProShares UltraShort Financials ETF known as “SKF”)
out last week:
that the first container from Miyako City in Iwate Prefecture
arrived by rail in JR Tokyo container terminal in Shinagawa-ku,
Tokyo at 7AM on November 3. It was promptly transported to
one of the contractors selected by the Metropolitan government,
and the debris was sorted, and crushed into smaller pieces.
Flammable debris will go to the TEPCO’s subsidiary (Tokyo
Rinkai Recycle Power) located on the landfill and be burned
after November 6, and non-flammable debris will be simply
buried in the same landfill.
that Tokyo is directly
getting hit by radiation from Fukushima, and that Fukushima
is still far from any stable shutdown – and is still apparently
undergoing nuclear reactions (and see this,
– burning radioactive debris just adds insult to injury.
(edited to delete Japanese language references):
Ishihara, irascible 79-year-old governor of Tokyo who almost
single-handedly decided to do this mind-boggling project to
“assist the recovery” of Iwate, mentioned the
complaints that his government has received over the issue
in the press conference on November 4 afternoon.
TV news clip on November 4, the governor said,
“Shut up” is all we
need to say to these complaints.
TV news also says that 3,000 complaints have been sent to
the Tokyo Metropolitan government, over 90% of them protesting
against the debris from disaster-affected areas to be transported,
processed, crushed and burned and buried in Tokyo Bay.
today, Ex-SKF reports
that the Tokyo governor’s attitude towards his citizens
has filtered down to the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Environment
“It is a fate for children
to accept radiation contamination.”
Iwanaga of Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Environment was also
bad. [She said] “Radioactive materials would disperse
[by burning the debris] but it would be safe; there
was no problem at all because it had been agreed and approved
in the Metropolitan Assembly which represents the residents
of Tokyo; there was no system whereby the residents have a
direct say in the matter.” To top it off,
she hung up on me.
Japan is a very homogenous society where peer pressure to conform
can be intense. For example, last month it was reported that
mothers who expressed concern about their kids playing outside
in potentially radioactive conditions are called “monster
parents” by their peers.
Note: To understand the second link, you have to know that nuclear
plants have the most sensitive ongoing testing equipment; indeed,
because of the Russian cover-up, the Chernobyl accident was
first “discovered” when a nuclear plant in another
country detected high high ambient radiation levels.
Department of Energy Detected Airborne Neptunium -239 During
the May 8th Fukushima "Fire" by POTRBLOG
On May 8th 2011 the United States Department of Energy detected
airborne Neptunium -239 in the wake of what was wildly reported
on the blogosphere as a "Fire" at Fukushima. The Neptunium
239 was detected approximately 40 miles west-south-west of Fukushima
at a rest area on the Tohoku Expy near Niita...
2011-11-09 (for this date, extending to 2011-11-11)
detected in Tokyo at multiple locations during November —
350 bq/kg at Kita garbage facility, by ENENEWS
Admin, December 12, 2011
news ; Possibility of recriticality again, Fukushima Diary,
Dec. 11, 2011:
* Radioactive Iodine was measured in Gunma and Tokyo again
* Officials announce the reason is unknown
* Measured from incineration ash of garbage disposal facilities
* I-131 @ 350 Bq/kg, Kita garbage disposal facility (Nov.
* I-131 @ 28 Bq/kg, Suginami garbage disposal facilities (Nov.
* I-131 @ 15 Bq/kg, Shin koto garbage disposal facilities
information about iodine-131 in Gunma: Radioactive
iodine found in Gunma at 3 sewage plants
releases report on scrapping N-plant, .nhk.or.jp
Atomic Energy Commission has compiled a report saying it will
take more than 30 years to scrap the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear
commission's panel of experts had been discussing the schedule
report released on Wednesday says transferring spent fuel from
the plant's 4 damaged reactor buildings to a pool inside the
compound will begin within 3 years after the reactors achieve
the melted fuel inside the No.1 through No.3 reactors will begin
within 10 years. The reactors' containment vessels must first
be repaired and filled them with water to block radiation.
schedule is based on the handling of the nuclear accident at
Three Mile Island in 1979. But the situation at Fukushima Daiichi
is far more serious because 3 reactors suffered simultaneous
could take more than 30 years to extract the nuclear fuel, dismantle
the reactors, and turn the compound into a vacant lot."
Radioactive Debris Will Only Serve To Further Randomly Spread
Radiation Across Japan, As Well As The Rest Of The World”,
Children Are Already Suffering Tremendously From Fukushima Radiation
noted earlier today that
Tokyo – and other parts of Japan – are burning radioactive
debris, which will disperse more radiation into the environment.
Starr – Senior Scientist, Physicians for Social Responsibility,
of the Clinical Laboratory Science Program at the University
of Missouri-Columbia, who has advised numerous countries
on issues of nuclear non-proliferation – wrote a comment
to the post agreeing:
radioactive debris will only serve to further randomly spread
radiation across Japan, as well as the rest of the world.
Not only will this lead to more morbidity and mortality within
Japan, but it will further complicate epidemiological studies
of the Fukushima disaster. Raising “acceptable”
levels of radioactive fallout is a false solution to a serious
problem. It is possible for the government authorities to
do this because radiation is invisible to us, and at lower
doses, the consequences of exposure do not manifest themselves
for some time . . . thus it is a poison that is easy to hide
and ignore. Sadly, the children of Japan will be those most
seriously affected by this man-made environmental catastrophe.
independent nuclear health experts would agree with Starr.
children are already suffering tremendously from Fukushima radiation
Radioactive Ocean Impact Map - 11.11.11 update (animation video)"The
dispersal model is ASR's Pol3DD. The model is forced by hydrodynamic
data from the HYCOM/NCODA system which provides on a weekly
basis, daily oceanic current in the world ocean. The resolution
in this part of the Pacific Ocean is around 8km x 8km cells.
We are treating only the sea surface currents. Particles in
the model are continuously released near the Fukushima Daiichi
power plant since March 11th. The dispersal model keeps a trace
of their visits in the model cells. The results here are expressed
in number of visit per surface area of material which has been
in contact at least once with the highly concentrated radioactive
Chain Reactions and Forms of Criticality, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, cryptome.org. A
Los Angeles Rain 11-6-11 evening, by Michael Collins,
pm 10-minute INTERIOR average of SECOND SANTA MONICA RAIN: 140.0
CPM^ or 221% HIGHER THAN PREVIOUS BACKGROUND!
stunning detection suggests radon progeny generated by continuing
fissile re-criticality at the three melted down and out Fukushima
nuclear reactors and perhaps additional radiation caused by
the Japanese government’s decision to burn over 550,000
tons of radioactive waste in October, much of which will end
up as fallout.
Los Angeles Rain 11-6-11 morning by Michael Collins,
am 10-minute INTERIOR SAME SANTA MONICA RAIN collected two hours
after falling: 80.5 CPM^ or 83.8% HIGHER THAN SUBSEQUENT BACKGROUND!
This is a just a taste if what’s coming on the Jet Stream
in the Fukushima Express."
2011-11-08 [pertaining to this rain date in St. Louis]
Persistent Long Half
Life Radioactive Fallout Detected in 11/8/11 Saint Louis, Mo
Rainfall, dated 26 Nov 2011
twelve day Geiger counter reading was taken of the radioactive
fallout which rained down on Saint Louis Missouri during the
11/8/11 rain event. The sample shows evidence of persistent
long half life radiation which is capable of accumulating in
the environment. This is not the first such detection we have
encountered, but it is the longest continuous sample reading
we have taken to date. The charts below show the evidence of
the event; the raw data the charts were generate from will be
made available for download shortly.
detection reemphasizes the need to take cost effective risk
mitigation measures; the primary measures we are taking are
to avoid tracking the fallout into the house (wet clothes, wet
cars in the garage), and protecting water and food intake.
on some good critiques via blog comments, we are in the process
of revamping our rapid analysis methodology to reflect an increased
level of uncertainty in identifying fallout with a less than
one day half life. The increased uncertainty is not yet at a
level to reduce or increase our risk mitigation strategies;
but its influence is noticeable in the charts below. A video
describing the detections below in greater detail will follow."
Background Radiation in 9:45pm 11/8/11 Saint Louis, Mo Fallout
Rain, by POTRBLOG Team.
several hours of on and off all day rain and storms, we finally
were able to get a reading from a swipe off the truck; the sample
read 20 times greater than background radiation.
Fukushima corium hit ground water back in August, it seems as
if we no longer get any rainfalls with less than 20x background
radiation in them."
2011-11-11 (for interview on this date) Radiation
Expert: “North America has received quite a large fallout”
–Incredible increase in cancer, not just for Japan but
northern hemisphere (VIDEO) by Enenews, Published:
December 13th, 2011 at 05:01 AM EDT
Caldicott Interview, The Big Picture with Thom Hartmann, Dec.
Helen Caldicott, a pediatrician, is founding president of Physicians
for Social Responsibility. A native of Australia, she left her
Harvard Medical School post in 1980 to work full-time on anti-nuclear
At 2:39 in
May I say that North America has received
quite a large fallout itself.
At 3:15 in
We’re going to see an incredible increase in cancer,
leukemia, and — down the time track — genetic
disease. Not just in Japan but in the Northern Hemisphere,
particularly North America.
At 5:00 in
have been three actual melt-throughs [...]
could be massive hydrogen explosions still or steam explosions
4 is very unstable and its got a very hot cooling pool on
top of it. If there’s another earthquake that building
could collapse and who knows how much radiation could escape
Anonymous tip, ettienneable1
Debris to Start Hitting Western U.S. and Canada THIS WEEK,
Beta Counts Up to 400 CPM Nov 11 and 12, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
to 60 is normal. The EPA considers 4X background dangerous for
have noticed a consistent and direct correlation between my
asthma problems and our beta count here in Phoenix.
have no way of knowing if the relationship is simply correlative
or is causal, but there most definitely is a strong correlation.
high radiation levels we are experiencing in Phoenix are from
Fukushima, brought in on the jet stream
radiation also in Germany, Sweden, Slovakia —
UK expert claims iodine very unlikely from Fukushima since
it was “so many months ago” by Energy
levels of radioactive particles in Europe: IAEA, Reuters,
Nov. 11, 2011:
Environment Ministry said slightly higher levels of radioactive
iodine had been measured in the north of the country”
[... and] Sweden also reported traces [in addition to Austria,
Czech Republic, and Hungary]”
Malcolm Sperrin, director of medical physics at Britain’s
Royal Berkshire Hospital,
- Sperrin “said any link with Fukushima was extremely
- “It is far more likely that the iodine may be as
a result of excretion by patients undergoing medical treatment.
Whilst such patients are carefully controlled, some release
of iodine into the environment may be inevitable…”
State Office for Nuclear Safety chief Dana Drabova:
- “It was detected by our radiation monitoring network,
with probability bordering on certainty the source
is abroad. It is iodine-131 and we have asked
the IAEA if they know what the source could be.”
Regan, a professor of nuclear physics at Britain’s University
- Regan says the suggestion that the iodine may have leaked
from a radiopharmaceuticals maker “sounds very sensible
and totally reasonable.”
- “It would be very unlikely for it to have come from
Fukushima since the accident was so many months ago and
iodine-131 has a brief half-life.”
gov’t radiation expert: Iodine-131
detected in Budapest, but it’s OK because “this
is far below the levels found after Fukushima”
by ENENEWS Staff
11 — Dr Geza Safrany of Hungary’s National Research
Institute for Radiobiology and Radiohygiene told
- “A very minimal increase in activity was registered
(in Hungary) on Nov. 5 … but this is far below the
levels found after Fukushima”
- “For the time being the source of the leakage cannot
- Detections were made at monitoring stations in Budapest
and the eastern town of Miskolc
- He said it was unlikely Hungary would be the source of
the leakage as it was detected in several places in Europe
now detected in Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary… other
countries — An indicator of nuclear chain
reaction — 10 days after criticality talk at Fukushima
of iodine-131 detected in Europe, Trend, November 11,
levels of a radioactive isotope have been detected in several
European countries in the past days, but the source of the
emission was unknown, the International Atomic Energy Agency
(IAEA) said Friday, DPA reported.” [...]
‘”But it’s a concern because there is a
source somewhere,” an offical close to the IAEA said,
adding that atmospheric measurements were made in countries
including Austria, the Czech Republic and Hungary.”
who take a transatlantic flight are exposed to a radiation
dose 40,000 times as high as the one detected recently, the
Vienna health ministry said.”
the International Atomic Energy Agency’s brief
statement on the detection:
- “The IAEA has learned about similar measurements
in other locations across Europe”
- “The IAEA believes the current trace levels of
iodine-131 that have been measured do not pose a public
health risk and are not caused by the Fukushima Daiichi
nuclear accident in Japan”
- “The IAEA is working with its counterparts to determine
the cause and origin of the iodine-131.”
iodine-131 finding comes around 10 days after the announcement
of xenon at Fukushima, which was suspected
to be caused by a criticality.
long did it take for radioactive particles from Japan to reach
Europe back in March?
substances were blown eastward by a jet stream traveling at
a speed of some 3,000 kilometres a day, arriving on the US
West Coast on March 18, in Iceland on March 20, and many
other European countries on March 22, the researchers
radioactive releases after the March 11 quake occurred almost
immediately, the radioactive isotopes from Japan took
about 10-11 days to reach Europe.
BBC at 9:25am ET (h/t Bobby1):
Czech nuclear security authority said it had been detecting
radioactive iodine-131 at a number of monitoring stations
since late October and had informed the IAEA to see if it
could identify the source, Reuters reports.”
nuclear safety chief Dana Drabova said the iodine could have
leaked during production of radiopharmaceuticals.”
was certainly not from a nuclear power plant, she said, adding
that they were almost certain that the source was abroad.”
gov't radiation expert: Iodine-131 detected in Budapest, but
it's OK because "this is far below the levels found after
Levels Up in Europe, Depleted Uranium & More: Infowars
Nightly News (14:24), Infowars.com
Anonymous IAEA official says iodine-131 release appears to
be continuing across Europe by ENENEWS Staff
Radioactive IODINE Spallation PREDICTED by POTRBLOG
European radioactive iodine detections were predicted by POTRBLOG
team as a consequence of the interaction of Coronal Mass Ejections
with Fukushima Fallout (both radioactive and non-radioactive),
by POTRBLOG Team.
Poland and Denmark report “radioactive dust” —
IAEA official: “?We are a little concerned”
by ENENEWS Staff
dust over Sweden, Stockholm News, November 12, 2011:
* ”The countries affected are Denmark, Sweden, Czech
Republic, Poland, Austria, and Hungary”
* “The problem is that no one knows where the radioactive
dust comes from”
* IAEA official: “We are a little concerned, because
there must be a source somewhere”
are more countries affected than reported in this article.
Here is the complete list to date:
Nov - 19 Nov
Back to 30
Oct - 05 Nov