Fukushima Radiation and Fallout Projections

17 - 23 June 2012




From Cabbages grew 4 times bigger than usual in Oita posted by Mochizuki on June 17th, 2012



From Sharply increasing hydrogen concentration in reactor2 posted by Mochizuki on June 17th, 2012




Reality in Fukushima 5.mp4 (2:31) [h/t Reality in Fukushima 5 Posted by Mochizuki on June 19th, 2012]

Shizuoka Radiation Level

Kyoto Radiation Level


Okinawa Radiation Level

From Radiation level picking up in typhoon, posted by Mochizuki on June 19th, 2012

From Gas coming up from reactor2, Posted by Mochizuki on June 20th, 2012



2012.06.20 23:00-00:00 / [Japanese script] (Live Fukushima Nuclear Plant Cam) , Published on Jun 20, 2012 by fuku1live, [h/t From Gas coming up from reactor2, Posted by Mochizuki on June 20th, 2012]




From What did happen to reactor4? posted by Mochizuki , 21 June 2012


From Death rate of heart disease in Fukushima became the highest in Japan, posted by Mochizuki on June 19th, 2012

Map from 27,000 Bq/Kg in Kawasaki, 240 km from Fukushima, posted by Mochizuki on June 23rd, 2012

North America






2012-06-17 Nobel Prize Winner on NHK: “Only way to preserve human life is to completely turn away from nuclear power” (VIDEO), by
2012-06-17 M6.4 quake hits prefecture bordering Fukushima at 4:32p ET, by
2012-06-17 “Saikado Hantai!” Cameraperson sobs while filming huge demonstration at Prime Minister’s residence — “Please watch it! You will feel the power!” (VIDEO), by
2012-06-17 Expert in Japan: Fukushima “is one of the best things to ever happen to Japan” (VIDEO), by
2012-06-17 150 mph Super Typhoon Sets Aim at Japan: Fukushima near center of forecast track — “Expected to intensify” and already the highest category storm, by
2012-06-17 Cabbages grew 4 times bigger than usual in Oita posted by Mochizuki on June 17th, 2012
Related to this article..Vegetables have gone gigantic
In Hijimachi Oita Kyushu, 80 cabbages grew 4 times bigger than usual. It’s 36cm wide, 18cm high, and 1.1m long around, weighs 4kg at average.
The agricultural department of Oita prefecture comments they didn’t change the way of farming, the reason why it grew this big is not known. The harvest period is about a half month behind usual but it is rare to grow to be this size.
The farmer, Mr. Tsutsumi also comments, he has been planting cabbages for 10 years but he hasn’t seen such cabbages.
2012-06-17 Sharply increasing hydrogen concentration in reactor2 posted by Mochizuki on June 17th, 2012
Related to this article..Violent fluctuations of hydrogen concentration in reactor1
In reactor2, hydrogen concentration is picking up since 6/14/2012 as well. Until 6/17/2012 11:00, it’s increased almost as double as before it picked up.
There are system A and system B to measure the hydrogen concentration, but it increased at both of the systems.
If hydrogen concentration goes over 4% (Oxygen 5%), there is the possibility of hydrogen explosion. Tepco is injecting nitrogen to control the hydrogen concentration. [more here].
2012-06-17 Close Up Clip of Fukushima Daiichi During Earthquake June 17 2012,
From the TBS/JNN cam
Captured and posted by Nuckelchen
2012-06-17 More on Japan's Efforts to Resume Plutonium Production: Questions and Implications,
I have posted quite a bit on Japan's reprocessing of nuclear fuel to produce plutonium.
Japan decided to discontinue its efforts to "close the fuel cycle" by "breeding" plutonium fuel in fast-reactors.
The death knell of the breeder fast-breeder program occurred in a February 23, 2012 review by the Japan Atomic Energy Commission, which concluded that technological considerations prevented the program from being a realistic option. The commission recommended that a more viable alternative would be to recycle plutonium-uranium mixed oxide (MOX) reactor fuel.
(source: John Daly. Another Fukushima Causality: Japan’s Fast-Breeder Reactor Program. Oil Price.Com 2012, February 27
Majia here: Ok so Japan shouldn't have a need for plutonium unless it plans on selling it abroad since the country purportedly has no nuclear weapons program and it has been stockpiling plutonium for decades.
(Mox fuel does contain plutonium, but in very low concentrations and Japan has been stockpiling plutonium for years, as has the US, Russia, Britain, etc--see my posts and
Given the lack of demonstrable need for more plutonium, it is perplexing that Japan convened a secret panel to recommend that the government resume processing of plutonium.
Here is a link to my latest post on the subject with older links below:
Majia Here: To repeat my question: One has to wonder what the purpose is for processing plutonium given the decision to end the breeder program and given Japan's documented history of stockpiling plutonium?
Now, I've stumbled across this article (below), which contains some interesting facts. One fact in the article that I've also read elsewhere is that the plutonium designed to be used in breeder reactors can also be used to make nuclear weapons. Apparently India did just that.
The article also includes a confusing demand that Japan end its breeder-reactor program, which was supposedly ended already:
Plutonium and Japan’s Nuclear Waste Problem: International Scientists Call for an End to Plutonium Reprocessing and Closing the Rokkasho Plant by Piers Williamson
[Excerpt] "Japan possesses around 40 tons of plutonium, which is enough to make five thousand nuclear warheads. Most of this plutonium is stored in France and Britain.5
... Prof. von Hippel concluded [his presentation on March 31, 2012] by making four suggestions:
1) Japan should end its breeder reactor programme. . . ."
MAJIA HERE: The article goes on to ponder the perplexing persistence in insisting on reprocessing nuclear fuel to produce plutonium:
[Excerpt] Overall, two things were made clear at the event. First, spent fuel reprocessing originates from the production of weapons materials and the initial move towards reprocessing was spurred by wishes to gain nuclear capabilities. Although Japan does not possess nuclear weapons, its large plutonium ‘stockpile’, combined with its advanced technological base, means that it could go nuclear very easily. As Jacques E. C. Hymans has argued, it only takes the arrival of a leader with the psychology of an ‘oppositional nationalist’ for the nuclear option to be taken irrespective of seemingly rigid constraints.6 The meaning of Japan’s plutonium ‘stockpile’ should thus be considered carefully by those keen to prevent a nuclear weapons switch as the state maintains its liminal position of potential nuclear contender.
[Excerpt] Second, there has been a global move away from plutonium use for nuclear fuel and from civilian reprocessing (plutonium separation). Japan’s persistence in reprocessing thus bucks an international trend. Arguments that it is impossible to stop appear flimsy when the global experience and the UK case are taken into account, and Japanese leaders should find Japan’s reprocessing as a role model in support of South Korean reprocessing troubling in light of the regional tensions. This is especially so given the lack of any economic benefit to the country as a whole. Put simply, reprocessing is defunct and should be buried with the waste it cannot handle. No one takes Japan’s plans to quickly use its ‘stockpile’, or rather ‘surplus’, as credible. As Prof. von Hippel has commented elsewhere, ‘There is a real credibility problem here.’7
MAJIA HERE: What is the "real credibility problem here" that von Hippel is referencing?
Is the credibility problem that Japan has no legitimate reason for re-processing fuel - a.k.a. creating plutonium - other than for the creation of nuclear weapons?
I am becoming increasingly convinced that Japan may indeed have a secret weapons program.
United States Circumvented Laws To Help Japan Accumulate Tons of Plutonium By Joseph Trento, on April 9th, 2012 National Security News Service
Majia here: If there is a weapons program, the next question is: who does Japan see as its primary enemies besides China?
The presence of a secret weapons program would explain a lot.
I suspect that if one really does exist, Tokai plays a role. That reactor is having serious trouble and has had serious trouble in the past
Japan’s Nuclear Criticality Accident
Steven Dolley, Research Director Nuclear Control Institute
October 4, 1999
[Excerpted] When and where did the accident take place?
An inadvertent nuclear chain reaction, or so-called “criticality accident,” began at 10:35 AM local time on Thursday, September 30 at the JCO Co. Ltd. Conversion Test Building at Tokai-mura, Japan, about 75 miles northeast of Tokyo. The chain reaction, which gave off intense heat and radiation, could not be stopped until 18 hours later.
The accident began when workers were converting enriched uranium into oxide powder for use in preparing fuel for the Joyo experimental fast breeder reactor. This reactor is part of Japan’s plutonium-production program. The uranium was enriched to 18.8% U-235, far higher than the 3 to 5% enriched uranium used as fuel in Japan’s conventional nuclear power reactors. Breeder fuel, whether enriched uranium or plutonium, is far more susceptible to criticality accidents than power-reactor fuel.
2012-06-18 Why does Japan’s Plutonium Stockpiling Matter?,, Monday, June 18, 2012
In 2010, “Japan had more than 46 tons (8.7 Tons in Japan, approximately 37 tons in Europe) of separated plutonium in stock, but its MOX recycling program has made little progress.” (Suzuki, 2010). 46 tons of plutonium equals to 41,730 kilograms.
Argonne National Laboratory reports that the US stockpiled about 110,000 kilograms (kg) of plutonium between 1944 and 1994, and about 100,000 kg remains in inventory.
Majia here: So Japan has stockpiles of plutonium that are about 40% of the US stockpiles.
Keep in mind this figure for Japan is the official number. Japan may have more given its stockpiling craze. (see my links at the bottom of this post for background)
Japan has a major fuel storage problem and spent fuel management purportedly has been a driver in Japan’s reprocessing requirements, according to Suzuki who contributed a chapter on Japan’s plutonium breeder program to Fast Breeder Reactor Programs: History and Status: A research report of the International Panel on Fissile Materials,.
Majia here: So Japan had a lot of spent fuel and it had a lot of plutonium stored in Japan.
It is now being widely recognized that the amount of plutonium stored around Japan is at problematic levels.
Yet, Japan wants to keep on processing plutonium and convened a secret panel to authorize it within its government (see my blog posts linked at bottom of essay).
Piers Williamson summarizes a speech given May 31st, 2012 by Professors Frank von Hippel (Princeton University) and Gordon MacKerron (University of Sussex) on the issues associated with reprocessing and stockpiling this volume of enriched fuel.
Williamson's summary is published as “Plutonium and Japan’s Nuclear Waste Problem: International Scientists Call for an End to Plutonium Reprocessing and Closing the Rokkasho Plant” and appeared in the Asia Pacific journal.
Williamson notes academics like von Hippel are claiming that Japan has a credibility problem when it comes to its unwillingness to stop enriching plutonium (I posted on this yesterday
Williamson notes that it would be very easy for Japan to quickly assemble nuclear weapons.
Majia here: No doubt Japan has a just-in-times nuclear weapons program. Think about it: why would Japan need to actually assemble the weapons before they are needed when it is so much more efficient to simply build them with vital parts stored strategically for that very purpose.
Of course, Japan may actually have hidden nuclear weapons; but I’m betting on just-in-time.
The Japanese have that system down.
So, why is this relevant for the Fukushima disaster?
The problem is that storing plutonium is dangerous. Plutonium is very dangerous stuff. One alpha particle emitted from Plutonium can break your DNA. It is a very bad thing to have an alpha particle lodged in your body.
(See and this post here for a discussion of what happened when people started ingesting radium in the US, which is less radiotoxic than plutonium.
Japan had a lot of plutonium that was vaporized given it is being detected all around the northern hemisphere, including Lithuania.
The thing is we don’t know how much plutonium was vaporized.
It was surely quite a bit.
The range for Mox assemblies believed to have been inside reactor 3 range from 164 assemblies to 32 mox assemblies. At the low end estimate of 32 mox assemblies, we still get a scary total of 5.5 tons of fuel containing more than 300 kg of plutonium.
“300 kg is therefore equivalent to 300 billion lethal doses” (MOX fuel-Corium-Plutonium in Fukushima Daiichi
So, at the very low end of risk, up to 300 kilograms of fuel may have been vaporized from the reactor alone. (The article's authors actually felt far more plutonium was involved).
A critic might say, "we don’t know how much of the assemblies were actually vaporized. So, 300 kilograms is an unlikely figure and 300 billion lethal doses absurd."
And there are all sorts of random variables impacting dispersal and we really don’t know how much of the fuel in reactor 3 is still intact, particularly because it has been burning and steaming for the last 15 months, as evident on the Tepco webcam and in screen shots I’ve taken.
That said, we must also consider that we don’t know whether mixed oxide fuel was stored in any of the spent fuel pools or whether there might even have been separated plutonium stored at the site.
I certainly would not take Tepco's word at face value on the subject of fuel stored at the site.
That raises the question: Where does Japan store all of its plutonium? Where do you store 8.7 tons of separated plutonium?
Plutonium was produced at the Tokai complex. It is probably stored there.
Tokai is a huge complex and they’ve been processing fuel there for a while. See background on Japan’s reprocessing
Tokai had earthquake damaged and has had reports of radioactive water leaking and a fire.
Japan had a lot of mixed oxide fuel in Daiichi unit 3’s reactor. Japan may have had mixed oxide fuel stored on site as well. Japan could have even had separated plutonium on site. Some of that fuel was damaged in March of 2011 and the plant has been steaming and smoking ever since.
Lots of plutonium may have been vaporized.
Plutonium may have been vaporized at other locations as well.
Japan’s crisis may very well have led to the greatest atmospheric and ocean dispersal of plutonium ever. (I will have to see how much was projected as being dispersed by Chernobyl but Chernobyl used U-235 not plutonium-infused mox fuel).
Inhaling or ingesting plutonium is more than simply increasing our background gamma. Plutonium emits high energy atoms that are capable of breaking DNA and can do terrible things to bodies when lodged inside them.
This is the real threat I believe from Fukushima.
Piers Williamson Japan’s Nuclear Waste Problem: International Scientists Call for an End to Plutonium Reprocessing and Closing the Rokkasho Plant. The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, Vol 10, Issue 24, No 4, on June 11, 2012.
Suzuki, Tatsujiro. Japan’s Plutonium Breeder Reactor and its Fuel Cycle. In Thomas B. Cochran, Harold A. Feiveson, Walt Patterson, Gennadi Pshakin, M.V. Ramana, Mycle Schneider, Tatsujiro Suzuki, Frank von Hippel Fast Breeder Reactor Programs: History and Status: A research report of the International Panel on Fissile Materials (53-61). February 2010.
Trento, Joseph. United States Circumvented Laws To Help Japan Accumulate Tons of Plutonium, on April 9th, 2012 National Security News Service
Russian Chernobyl Expert Warns of Dire Consequences for Health Around Fukushima: Dense populations and risk of plutonium releases could mean Fukushima accident worse than Chernobyl, prominent Russian scientists says
2012-06-18 Reconstruction minister admits they can’t decontaminate it all
Posted by Mochizuki on June 18th, 2012
Following up this article..88 km of the great wall is planned to barricade Fukushima contaminated zone
Hirano reconstruction minister held a meeting with the town mayor of Namiemachi Fukushima and told that no matter how many times they repeat decontamination in the same way, radiation level doesn’t get lower than a certain level from the result of model project. Unless they develop a new technology, it would be very difficult to make all the areas safe to live.
The entire area of Namie machi is under the evacuation zone, all the 20,000 citizens have evacuated.
Though Japanese government has been pushing decontamination policy, Hirano commented to the press that Japanese government has given the wrong impression that they can decrease the radiation level lower than 1mSv/y only if they conduct decontamination. To correct this false impression, he reported the result of the model project to the town mayor of Namiemachi. They still try to make it lower than 1 mSv/y some day. They are going to develop the new decontamination technology. [more here]
2012-06-18 Gundersen: “I think people are beginning to think maybe we can never dismantle these plants, maybe we just fill them with concrete and walk away” (VIDEO), by
2012-06-18 Tokyo Professor: Evidence of ‘shattered zones’ or active faults beneath soon-to-be-restarted Japan nuclear plant, by
2012-06-18 High Alert: “Very strong” typhoon forecast for Tohoku (Fukushima area) on Wednesday — Direct hit in June “very unusual”, by
2012-06-18 “Worrisome Trend” Returns: Hydrogen levels spike 2.5 times over four days at Reactor No. 2, by
2012-06-18 “Fatal Error”: Japan given precise radiation levels from US gov’t just after explosions — Officials kept data secret from public — Year of ‘safe’ radiation received in 8 hours, by
2012-06-18 180,000 Bq/m3 of tritium from groundwater of Fukushima plant area posted by Mochizuki on June 18th, 2012
2012-06-18 [Derangement] Let’s drink tap water campaign in Fukushima
Posted by Mochizuki on June 18th, 2012
Following up this article..Water contamination reached west Kanagawa
Having radiation reach the river in Kanagawa over 200km away from Fukushima, Iwaki city is having the campaign of “Let’s drink tap water.” Iwaki city is only 43km from Fukushima plants.
They made this postcard from the painting by a 10 years old student in Taira 5th elementary school in Iwaki city.
For the reason of recommending to drink tap water, it is said that the bottled water is unfriendly for the environment because it uses plastic bottles.
2012-06-18 [Derangement] Let’s drink tap water campaign in Fukushima posted by Mochizuki on June 18th, 2012
2012-06-18 Fukushima is going to start selling marine products Posted by Mochizuki on June 18th, 2012
Fishery cooperative in Fukushima is going to start fish from 6/22/2012, after Typhoon 04 passes. [LINK]
6 chairmans and 50 staff from fishery cooperative held a meeting in Iwaki city [LINK] on 6/18 and decided to restart fishing for sale offshore of Minamisoma city. On 6/14, they fished North Pacific giant octopus, Octopus conispadiceus, and whelk and no radiation was measured from all those samples. [America First Inst. Editor's Note: Iori Mochizuki probably means no effort was made to obtain a radiation reading from the catch, rather than that a radiation reading was taken and no radiation was detected. Mr. Mochizuki's articles have reported a pattern of rising radioactivity in fish caught in Japanese waters. I believe this article is meant to illustrate another case of Japanese "denial"].
They haven’t fished for one year and 3 months since 311. [more here]
2012-06-18 Fukushima worker “Soon nobody can get close to Areva’s facility”
Posted by Mochizuki on June 18th, 2012
Following up this article..1.32E+9 of cesium leaked from decontamination system of Areva
Tepco is assuming the broken water gauge caused the leakage of contaminated water.
On 6/15/2012, 3 Tepco workers worked inside of Areva’s facility from 3PM to 5PM. The actual time to be inside of the building of the facility was very short but the highest dosage was 1.33 mSv (gamma ray).(Beta ray was 0 mSv.)
Currently this facility is treated as a back-up system, but the actual Fukushima worker Happy11311 tweeted like these below, [Japanese script]
The Areva’s facility is really a burden. Soon nobody can enter the building where the facility is located. I don’t know how much money they spent on the facility, but now it’s too radioactive to maintain though it’s hardly worked.
[Japanese script]
We haven’t even figured out the details of the entire mechanism of the system since it was installed, I wonder who decided to use that system. I think it was for the political reason… They say they can’t even analyze the sludge yet and it’s still leaking.. It’s really a wasteful exposure… Good night anyway..
2012-06-18 180,000 Bq/m3 of tritium from groundwater of Fukushima plant area posted by Mochizuki on June 18th, 2012
2012-06-19 Local Official: Visible hot mass floated in air and fell for hours after Reactor 3 exploded — “Top secret images” of black smoke falling — Diluted version may have reached Tokyo, by
2012-06-19 Report: Unburned MOX fuel containing plutonium was in mushroom-like cloud of black smoke when Reactor No. 3 exploded, by
2012-06-19 NHK: Northeast Japan bracing for 180 km/h typhoon — City north of Fukushima evacuated, “coastal area sank” due to 3/11 quake — Up to 16 inches of rain forecast (VIDEO), by
2012-06-19 [Now] Typhoon 04 is hitting Fukushima, posted by Mochizuki on June 19th, 2012
Following up this article..A very strong typhoon 04 is hitting Fukushima on 6/20/2012
The typhoon is going over Fukushima at this moment. [more here].
2012-06-19 Radiation level picking up in typhoon, posted by Mochizuki on June 19th, 2012
Following up this article..[Now] Typhoon 04 is hitting Fukushima
In multiple of prefectures, radiation level is picking up during the typhoon.
If it’s because of the rain or dust blown up by the wind, radiation level should pick up in every prefecture equally.
We might have to consider the possibility of incineration of the disaster debris while typhoon is hitting. [more here]
2012-06-19 [Mainichi]Tokyo metro assembly votes down proposed nuclear reactor restart referendum bills, Posted by Mochizuki on June 19th, 2012
Following up these articles..There is no option of “fast shutdown” for the national votes of nuclear power
and Tokyo mayor, “Anti-nuclear is as stupid as monkey”
<Quote> [Mainichi]
Tokyo metro assembly votes down proposed nuclear reactor restart referendum bills
A citizens group demand that the Tokyo Metropolitan Government hold referendums on the restart of idled nuclear reactors went down to a narrow defeat in the metropolitan assembly committee on June 18.
Parties backing Tokyo Gov. Shintaro Ishihara, including the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and New Komeito, voted down the original bill, as well as two revised bills on the referendums put by opposition parties at the metropolitan assembly’s general affairs committee. If passed, the bills would have required the assembly and the metropolitan government to make efforts to implement policy reflecting the results of local referendums on the restart of reactors run by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), which operates the disaster-stricken Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant.
A full assembly vote on the original referendum bill is scheduled for June 20, though with the ruling parties holding a solid majority it is likely to be defeated. [more here]
2012-06-19 "Run When You Hear 'No Immediate Danger' ",
Speaking at press conference on March 25, 2011, Dr. Yablokov, author of Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment, warned of the potential scale of the Fukushima disaster given plutonium fuel was involved:
We are seeing something that has never happened – a multiple reactor catastrophe including one using plutonium fuel as well as spent fuel pool accidents, all happening within 200 kilometers of a metropolis of 30 million people. Because the area is far more densely populated than around Chernobyl, the human toll could eventually be far worse in Japan… I am not optimistic about the situation at Fukushima. . .It’s especially dangerous if plutonium is released as inhalation of plutonium results in a high probability of cancer. A release of plutonium will contaminate that area forever and it is impossible to clean up.
Also speaking at the press conference was Cindy Folkers, radiation and health specialist at Beyond Nuclear :
At Fukushima, our concern is not just the immediate exposures, but exposures that occur over the long term, from radioactive particles that are inhaled or ingested. . . These particles can fall on soil and in water and end up in the food supply for many years. We are worried that officials are measuring only the radiation that is the easiest to detect – gamma rays. Testing people for radiation on their skin or clothing is necessary, but it tells us little or nothing about what they could have breathed in or eaten—which results in internal exposure and long-term risk.
Dr. Yablokov concluded “When you hear ‘no immediate danger’ then you should run away as far and as fast as you can.”
Majia Here: Dr. Yablokov's greatest concern was for plutonium. All alpha emitters are very bad for our health when ingested/inhaled, including Uranium, Polonium, Astatine, etc.
Yesterday I wrote about the volume of plutonium that may have vaporized. So, here is a bit of information about alpha particles. (Plutonium also emits gamma and beta but I'm going to discuss alpha only today).
Alpha particles are comprised of two protons and two neutrons. They are emitted from unstable elements such as polonium, uranium, and plutonium, among others. You can read about their properties at Wikipedia
Alpha particles can be blocked by paper and are not thought capable of penetrating skin (although who knows given the surprises of biology).
Ingestion or inhalation of alpha emitters can be very destructive of health.
William F. Morgan. Non-targeted and Delayed Effects of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation: I. Radiation Induced Genomic Instability and Bystander Effects In Vitro writes.
“a single a [alpha] particle can induce genomic damage in cells that were not Irradiated. Since a cell cannot receive a lower dose of radiation during exposure to a particles than a single traversal, these data suggest that at very low radiation doses the genotoxic risk may be significantly underestimated” (Morgan, 573).
Majia here: Alpha particles can break your DNA and kill cells. They can also impact cells that were not even directly hit by the particle.
Two of the most important exposure effects recently explicated are “bystander effects” and “delayed effects.”
Both of these effects can produce genomic instability. These effects were discovered as laboratory analysis examined the effects of ionizing radiation on both DNA repair and cell death.
It was discovered that “bystander” cells not directly irradiated by radiation were often impacted nonetheless. The effects on bystander cells also could take time to develop and were therefore “delayed effects.”
Genomic instability results from these bystander and delayed effects:
“Genomic instability is an all-embracing term to describe the increased rate of acquisition of alternations in the genome. Radiation-induced instability is observed in cells at delayed times after irradiation and manifests in the progeny of exposed cells multiple generations after the initial insult. Instability is measured as chromosomal alterations, changes in ploidy, micronucleus formations, gene mutations and amplifications, microsatellite instabilities, and or decreased plating efficiency. . . . there are multiple pathways for initiating and perpetuating induced instability." (Morgan, Non-Targeted and Delayed Effects, p. 567).
In effect, the researchers discovered that cells that initially survive irradiation are often unstable. New cells produced by the unstable cells can also be affected.
Thus, radiation-induced genomic instability can result in a “cascade of genomic events that increase the rate of mutation and chromosomal change in the progeny of that irradiated cell”; however, the precise signaling events between cells that initiate and perpetuate the instability remain undisclosed.
Research on the bystander effect has also revealed that the signaling system between cells can also stimulate DNA repair mechanisms. Corrective action stimulated by ionizing radiation is called “hormesis.” Unfortunately, no hormesis effects were found in the research on the effects of alpha particles I examined (and I examined quite a bit)
What relevance do the bystander and delayed effects have on current dose estimates given a single alpha particle can produce genomic instability? This question is relatively taboo in the scientific literature on the biological effects of radiation and it is noteworthy that it was taken up by Morgan in his review of non-targeted effects.
William F. Morgan. Non-targeted and Delayed Effects of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation: I. Radiation Induced Genomic Instability and Bystander Effects In Vitro. Radiation Research, 159, 567-580.
Russian Chernobyl Expert Warns of Dire Consequences for Health Around Fukushima:Dense populations and risk of plutonium releases could mean Fukushima accident worse than Chernobyl, prominent Russian scientists says
2012-06-19 Reality in Fukushima 5 Posted by Mochizuki on June 19th, 2012,
Following up this article..Reality in Fukushima 4
Reality report from Fukushima.
In Araike park Koriyama city Fukushima, decontamination is supposed to have been done.
However, the atmospheric dose before decontamination is not notified and the one after decontamination is manipulated.
(0.57 µSv/h on notification board but it’s actually over 1.8 µSv/h.)
The black substance [LINK] was found on the concrete and it was 138,000 ~ 140,000 Bq/Kg.
According to the study of Pathological anatomist, Yury Bandazhevsky from Belarus, 90% of the children in Homyel to have 37 – 74Bq/kg of cesium measured from their cardiac muscle showed abnormal electrocardiogram.
You breath in the particles of black substance to cause severe internal exposure. This is why black substance is significantly dangerous.
2012-06-19 Death rate of heart disease in Fukushima became the highest in Japan, posted by Mochizuki on June 19th, 2012
Though Fukushima prefecture conceals its health check result data, Akita prefecture publishes the data.
It revealed the death rate of heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and renal failure increased since 2010, and the death rate of heart disease became the highest in Japan.
Cesium is known to damage your myocardial cell.[LINK]
(The number on the bar represents the rank of the death rate in Japan)
2012-06-20 Gas coming up from reactor2, Posted by Mochizuki on June 20th, 2012
Gas / steam / smoke / water vapor / evaporated electric bill / has been coming up from reactor2.
2012-06-20 New Tepco Report: Unit 4 had ‘major impulsive sound’ then damage to roof on March 14, 2011 — Fire seen hours later, then again next day, by
2012-06-20 *CNN* Unspeakable Rage: I saw my wife on fire — “This is Tepco’s fault” — No official count of how many are killing themselves after Fukushima (VIDEO), by
2012-06-20 Alarm sounds at newly restarted Japan nuclear plant: Warning that “water level in tank fell at least 10 cm” from normal — More water injected ‘just in case’ — Officials apologize for delayed disclosure (VIDEO), by
2012-06-20 NHK: Tepco fails to reveal what caused so much radioactive material to be released — Amount of radioactivity released still unknown — Still no investigation into what caused meltdowns (VIDEO), by
2012-06-20 NHK: Japan braces for another storm — “Typhoon Guchol has already made ground vulnerable” — Torrential rain up to 15 inches — Gov’t warns of landsides and floods (VIDEO), by
2012-06-20 “Fuel particles themselves must have been blown away” during Unit 3 explosion — Alpha particles “splattered faster than sonic speed”, by
2012-06-20 Oyama: They must have filmed Fukushima Daiichi from mountain tops with telephotographic lens — More than one footage of explosions of Units 2, 3 and 4 must exist — I think there was a local cameraman who had media contract, by
2012-06-20 Farmer: Fukushima police filmed explosion of Unit 1 from helicopter above my land — They warned “the gov’t is hiding the information, you should leave”, by
2012-06-20 French gov’t questions if Fukushima workers suffer ‘acute radiation syndrome’ — Take Tepco’s denials with “great caution” (VIDEO), by
2012-06-20 Local official publishes post alluding to possible additional explosions/incidents at Fukushima Daiichi between March 15 to 21 last year, by
2012-06-20 [NHK] Delayed disclosure at Ohi plant posted by Mochizuki on June 20th, 2012
Following up this article..11,000 people joined demonstration in front of official residence of JP PM
Ohi nuclear plant has not been restarted yet, but Kepco is already starting to manipulate the state of the plant. [more here]
2012-06-21 Mayor: Tepco report has fabricated data — Fukushima Official: “We still don’t know what happened in the cores of No. 1, 2 and 3?, by
2012-06-21 Former Japan Official: US army planned to entomb Fukushima reactors days after 3/11 — Given permission to use Yamagata airport, by
2012-06-21 Gov’t flip-flops: Unit 4's fuel rods to be removed starting this year — ‘Buckling’ building, quake concerns behind change, by
2012-06-21 NYTimes: Tepco “has worked vigilantly to shut out close scrutiny of the ravaged plant’s condition”, by
2012-06-21 What did happen to reactor4? posted by Mochizuki , 21 June 2012
On JNN live camera, reactor4 looks different from early May 2012. [more here]
2012-06-21 Radiation level spiked in reactor3. Tepco “The gauge is broken” posted by Mochizuki on June 21st, 2012
One of 4 monitoring gauges in suppression chamber indicated spiking up radiation level in reactor3, which was 47.01 Sv/h at 17:00 6/21/2012.
Other gauges didn’t show any change in radiation level. The furthest one is located at 40m away from the issued indicator.
Tepco states the monitoring gauge was broken because of the humidity, but no fault is found in transmission.
It used to indicate about 0.1 Sv/h. It picked up to 17.59 Sv/h at 5:00AM 6/21/2012.
2012-06-22 TV Asahi Cover Protest: 45,000 people are “the voice of ordinary, by citizens” — Noise was deafening in PM residence while reporter interviewed Edano, Hosono, by
2012-06-22 *NHK Special* Radiation danger haunts Fukushima town — Nurses: “If I stay here I don’t know if I’ll be able to have children and raise them safely”; “We don’t know what’s going to happen… we live in a constant state of anxiety” (VIDEO), by
2012-06-22 “The battle has only just begun” — AFP: Tens of thousands protest at Prime Minister’s residence; 100,000 expected next Friday for “Hydrangea Revolution” (VIDEO), by
2012-06-22 Bloomberg: Tepco cover over No. 1 reactor designed to withstand only 56 mph winds, by
2012-06-22 Japan Gov’t Expert: Water could get sucked out of Fukushima spent fuel pools by tornado and expose nuclear rods, by
2012-06-22 ‘China Syndrome’? Former Japan Official: Underground rumblings heard in Fukushima plant area night of March 14, 2011 — “Caused by melted fuel underground” (VIDEO), by
2012-06-22 “Metropolitan police department seeking the organizer of the 45,000 demonstration” Posted by Mochizuki on June 22nd, 2012
Following up this article..[Hydrangea revolution] 45,000 joined demonstration against the restart of Ohi nuclear plant
Apparently Metropolitan police department is seeking the leader of the demonstration. They are calling a lot of places, but ordinary people joined this demonstration by their own choice, they are totally misunderstanding it. Probably the government ordered Metropolitan police department to catch him. We don’t support such government, Cabinet, political members. They should not be elected, we are not deceived anymore.
2012-06-22 Tepco blotted out structural drawings of Fukushima in their in-house accident investigation report Posted by Mochizuki on June 22nd, 2012
Following up this article..Reactor 4 had one explosion and 2 fires in March 2011
Tepco blotted out structural drawings of 36 pages (P 469~504) on their in-house accident investigation report. [more here]
2012-06-22 Michael Collins: The Unforgettable Fire,
2012-06-22 [Bloomberg] Fukushima Plant Faces Typhoon Summer Plus Tornado Threat, posted by Mochizuki on June 22nd, 2012
<Quote> [Bloomberg]
Tokyo Electric Power Co. (9501)’s crippled Fukushima nuclear plant faces its second typhoon season since the March 11 disaster last year, raising the risk of further radiation leaks if storms thrash exposed pools of uranium fuel rods or tanks holding contaminated water.
Typhoon Guchol hit Japan this week and moved up the main island of Honshu, prompting warnings of floods and landslides from the Japan Meteorological Agency. The Fukushima Dai-Ichi plant wasn’t damaged by the storm, which passed north of the crippled nuclear station, Tokyo Electric spokesman Taichi Okazaki said by telephone on June 21.
Typhoons rake through Japan’s islands most summers. The difference this year is Guchol arrived just a month after one of the most powerful tornadoes ever recorded in the nation hit Tsukuba, about 170 kilometers (106 miles) southwest of the Fukushima Dai-Ichi facility. The tornado, one of four to make landfall on May 6, ripped through an area 17 kilometers long and 500 meters wide, the weather agency said in a May 16 report.
The twisters killed a teenage boy, injured 50, wrecked nearly 300 houses and raised concern among scientists about tornado risk at the Fukushima plant, where explosions last year blew roofs off pools holding spent uranium fuel rods.
‘Naked’ Pools
“Uranium spent fuel pools of No. 3 and No. 4 reactors are currently naked,” Kazuhiko Kudo, a research professor of nuclear engineering at Kyushu University, said on June 5. “A tornado with winds of 100 meters per second like the one that hit Tsukuba could suck up the pool water,” exposing the fuel rods. He raised the concern during a meeting assessing safety measures at the crippled plant in May, he said.
As dismantling and decommissioning the reactors will take decades, Tepco should review the plant’s safety measures against not only aftershocks and tsunamis but also tornadoes and huge typhoons, even if the possibility of extreme phenomena are very low, said Kudo, one of 12 members of the advisory panel to the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, or NISA.
Hydrogen explosions blew off the roofs and walls of reactor buildings at the Fukushima Dai-Ichi station after the March 11 quake and tsunami disrupted power and cooling systems. There are 1,535 spent fuel rods in the cooling pool of reactor building four. Without cooling water the rods would heat up and start releasing radioactive material into the atmosphere...[more here]
2012-06-23 27,000 Bq/Kg in Kawasaki, 240 km from Fukushima, posted by Mochizuki on June 23rd, 2012
27,000 ~ 21,000 Bq/Kg of cesium was measured from the soil sample taken in the Tamagawa river riverbed. It is in Tonomachi Kawasaki city Kanagawa, 240km from Fukushima. Riverbed management devision of Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism analyzed the sample.
Though there is no decontamination plan, they covered the highly contaminated soil with sandbags and surrounded the places where they measured higher than 0.19 µSv/h with ropes by 5/30/2012.
2012-06-23 Tepco will quit press conference on Saturdays, posted by Mochizuki on June 23rd, 2012
Following up this article..Rotten Japanese press -Tepco conference ended within 3 minutes
Tepco will quit daily press conference on Saturdays (6/30/2012 ~). They announced that on 6/23/2012.
They stated it is because they don’t have enough to report about Fukushima plants, and not enough amount of tasks to do on Saturdays.
2012-06-23 Japan TV: Fukushima seafood to be sold in stores starting next week… after one round of tests on three kinds of samples, by
2012-06-23 Large gap in top floor of No. 4 reactor building — Taken off in last few days (PHOTOS & VIDEOS), by
2012-06-23 RAND Sr. Scientist: Fukushima spent fuel might have been damaged (VIDEO), by
2012-06-23 “Awe-Inspiring”: Latest footage from inside massive protests at Prime Minister’s residence — Battle between people of Japan and their gov’t “just seems to intensify more and more” (VIDEOS), by
2012-06-23 85 microSv/h detected in mud near Fukushima gov’t office (VIDEO), by


North America


2012-06-17 39X Background Radiation 12 AM 6/17/12,
Prior to Fukushima hitting ground water in August 2011, this paper towel swipe, from a piece of sheet metal, would have been in our top 5 highest readings ever. After August 2011, in the new normal, this reading is only high above average. Our highest reading ever was 276X background radiation.
However, there is an additionally troubling thing about this reading and that is that the jetstream is several hundred miles north of Saint Louis over Minnesota. With a reading of 39X, we would expect the jet stream to be directly overhead.
On a positive news side, we did not notice any elevated airborne radioactivity while we were conducting the sampling process.
2012-06-18 The Nuclear Priesthood "Atomic orthodoxy and the ascent to heaven" by Karl Grossman
Majia here: Important people in the sciences are celebrities who are called upon by the media to make official pronouncements.
They supplement their institutional incomes with principle investigator funds from research grants.
They have job security and influence national policy.
Karl Grossman's essay explains how it all works.
Hat tip Joy at Enenews
2012-06-18 Gundersen on Fukushima Contamination in US: You need to be careful about what’s on your feet, especially for West Coast — Other than that we can’t run and we can’t hide, it’s everywhere (VIDEO), by
2012-06-18 Watch: 30-minute televised reactor roundtable — Host blasts financial, environmental aspects of nuclear power (VIDEO), by
2012-06-19 Zeolite may make sense for people in the Cascades (Northwestern US) exposed after Fukushima, but be careful -Gundersen (VIDEO), by
2012-06-19 Gundersen: People on US West Coast should have used iodine pills to protect from Fukushima radiation after 3/11 (VIDEO), by
2012-06-19 Good bet ALL bluefin tuna in Pacific are contaminated — Radiation levels thought to increase over time -Gundersen (VIDEO), by
2012-06-20 Systematic Study in the First BEAR Study on the Effects of Ionizing Radiation,
What I learned today in my research from an excellent historical analysis by Jacob Darwin Hamblin titled "'A Dispassionate and Objective Effort': Negotiating the First Study on the Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation, Journal of the History of Biology, 40(1), 147-177, 2007:
1. The first BEAR (Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation) study on the effects of radiation published in 1956 was funded by the Rockefeller Foundation
2. Although the study was published under the auspices of the National Academy of Science, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) controlled access to classified information on atomic effects, controlled access to the media, and indirectly controlled the final version of the report that was published in Scientific America, aimed at public consumption. There were key AEC members in the study.
3. There was a strong conflict in the genetics sub-committee for the report because two prominent scientific members - Hermann J. Muller and A. H. Stuttevant -- felt that there is no safe threshold for exposure and therefore the idea of a permissible dose, as set by the government, was unconscionable. These scientists' concerns were greatly tempered and censored in the derived versions of the report that showed up in Scientific American and The New York Times (and in the final version of the report, as well).
4. A trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation owned The New York Times when the report was completed. The trustee could thus dictate what information from the report showed up in the paper. The New York Times' version of the report only featured 6 of the scientists and the two strongly dissenting geneticists were not included, nor were their concerns. It was titled "Text of Genetics Committee Report Concerning Effects of Radioactivity on Heredity" July 13, 1956 and stated that all fallout that had occurred from atmospheric nuclear testing was safe, despite considerable discussion of the damaging effects of ionizing radiation on DNA and the dangers of inherited mutations.
5. Despite the report's acknowledging the role of DNA in producing mutations that can be transmitted across generations, the Secretary of the Atomic Energy Commission went on to deny harmful effects from "low levels" of exposure to radiation (since in the AEC's view, radiation was essentially just sunshine--beta and gamma didn't calculate in their universe).
6. One of the dissenting scientists, A. H. Stuttevant, was so irate about the idea of a permissible dose that he wrote an essay published in Science titled, "Social Implications of the Genetics of Man" (Sep. 1954 vol 120), in which Stuttevant demonstrated the fallacy of permissible dose (p. 406). The final sentence of Stuttevant's essay is a direct challenge to Chairman Strauss of the Atomic Energy Commission and reads as follows:
"I regret that an official of such responsibility should have stated that there is no biological hazard from low doses of high-energy irradiation" (407)
Narrative Version (based on my reading of Hamblin's essay)
The history of research on radiation exposure may be among the most politicized body of public health research because both the nuclear industry and governments with nuclear weapons’ programs have a shared vested interest in trivializing the effects of ionizing radiation. Indeed, Jacob Hamblin describes how the first major study on the biological effects of radiation conducted by the National Academy of Science (NAS) in 1956, the BEAR study, was fraught with disputes between (1) geneticists who saw all levels of ionizing radiation as increasing harmful mutations and (2) other atomic scientists, especially those connected to the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), who found no conclusive evidence of long term damage from atmospheric fallout (147-148) and persisted in equating nuclear fallout with natural background radiation (152). The Rockefeller Foundation that funded the study also helped control media dissemination of its major findings, shaping public opinion about atmospheric testing specifically, and radiation safety, more generally.
Hamblin explains in his essay the conflicts within the committee between those who promoted the idea that fallout was safe and those who saw it as posing long term health risks to human populations. The NAS group was more concerned about effects, but had less access to classified AEC data on fallout and secret studies and had less access to the media. The study’s geneticists were particularly divided on whether they accepted a threshold of safety for radiation exposure, with several rejecting as safe any level of exposure (156), in direct contradiction to the AEC appointees and to Shields Warren, the Chairman of the Committee on the Pathological Effects of Atomic Radiation.
The presence and privileged status of AEC personnel shaped the final report in significant ways because of their insistence on a threshold for “safe exposure,” their institutional privileges, and their access to, and visibility within, in the public spotlight ,as contrasted with NAS members, particularly the NAS geneticists who did not participate in publicizing the report’s findings. The summary report published in Scientific American was written by the committee chairman with no other members having a role in its production (165). Thus, the thesis “no harm done” prevailed.
The Rockefeller Foundation, which financed the BEAR study, controlled news media accounts of findings. A Rockefeller Foundation trustee owned the New York Times and thus influenced reporting in that news outlet. None of the geneticists who supported the no threshold position, especially Alfred H. Sturtevant and Hermann J. Muller, contributed to The New York Times story, which will be discussed in the following section. The “no effects” message from nuclear fallout thus dominates the final report and in its dissemination, although threaded with concerns about genetic mutations.
The conflict persists today between geneticists (and epidemiologists) who see no threshold for the damaging effects of ionizing radiation and those scientists, often funded by Department of Energy grants, who see no effects below particular thresholds. Today the idea that there is no safe threshold for exposure to ionizing radiation is referred to as the linear, no threshold model. Although it has come to be widely accepted, Department of Defense funded research persists in arguing that thresholds exist for gamma exposure.
Part of the ambiguity in the issue of threshold stems from the type of radiation at issue. Although the AEC scientists argued that all ionizing radiation is equivalent to “background” radiation, or sunshine units, other scientists strongly disagree, arguing that the high speed electrons and atomic beta particles emitted by elements such as cesium, uranium, and plutonium have specific dose effects that are not equivalent to gamma (electro-magnetic radiation), especially when the emitters (e.g., plutonium) are ingested or inhaled....
Paul Langley on his website has described as the “two hidden debates” in US radiological research (June 7, 2012)
a. The Linear No Threshold model (risk proportional to dose) vs hormesis and its “good” and “bad” thresholds.
b. Internal emitters and hot particle impact vs external dose as the only predictor of harm.
The politicization of these debates can be demonstrated by contextualizing historical understandings of ionizing radiation and by looking at dose-effect findings across a variety of research contexts.
Nuclear Controversies by Vladimir Tchertkoff; Released in 2003, 51 minutes
30:20 – According to Professor Yury Bandazhevsky (former director of the Medical Institute in Gomel), "Over 50 Bq/kg of body weight lead to irreversible lesions in vital organs"
2012-06-20 Dead Love Bird,
Last night after returning from the store my son and I found a dead love bird on our front porch.
There was no sign of trauma.
It was hot yesterday. Maybe it expired from the heat and dehydration.
I cannot express what a sad sight it was.
2012-06-19 Good Source for Information About Plutonium Fallout in US,
Nuke Pro has quite a few good articles on plutonium and uranium from Fukushima:
Uranium and Plutonium Launched into Atmosphere
Conclusion – Fukushima really blew up, launching TONS of Uranium and Plutonium into the atmosphere.
Nuke Pro: Plutonium admission by the EPA, Mar 25, 2012
Well, lets see, 3 reactors blew up, the one that blow up the most was a MOX reactor which is like 5% to 10% plutonium, and all reactors produce plutonium as a natural part of the process. And of course all of the "fuel transfer ...
Nuke Pro: Toxicity of Plutonium, Chelation
Mar 25, 2012
Plutonium that reaches body organs generally stays in the body for decades and continues to expose the surrounding tissue to radiation. I did a few hours of research ...
Nuke Pro: Plutonium the biggest problem, and Chelation
Mar 25, 2012
Plutonium the biggest problem, and Chelation. Here is a link to a site documenting other EPA data that does show significant Plutonium contamination ...
Nuke Pro: Uranium and Plutonium Launched into Atmosphere
Mar 20, 2012
Keep in mind Uranium and Plutonium are heavy metals. The air densities are higher in Guam and Saipan which are closer, still quite high in Hawaii, and they fall off quite a bit in California and Washington. But this is April 6th, ...
2012-06-21 Radiation Remediation Link,
Feel like a radiated sitting duck? Things you can do to mitigate the problem.
Hat Tip Sam Stone at Enenews
Feel like a radiated sitting duck? Things you can do to mitigate the problem.
2012-06-21 Welcome to the Dark Ages by John Atcheson
[Excerpted] "...Now, we seek to operate by revealed truths, not reality. Decrees from on high – often issued by an unholy alliance of religious fundamentalists, self-interested corporations, and greedy fat cats – are offered up as reality by rightwing politicians...."
Common Dreams US, Israel behind Flame Virus Cyber-Attack on Iran, US Officials Confirm - Common Dreams staff June 20
[excerpted] "Flame Virus part of larger, sustained campaign of cyber-sabotage
Officials have now confirmed that the US and Israel worked together to develop the Flame computer virus that collected Iranian intelligence as part of a larger cyber attack on Iran, the Washington Post reported Tuesday. The virus, which is designed to covertly control everyday computer functions and send secrets back to its creators, was discovered by Iranian officials last month....
...Two leading computer security firms - Kaspersky Lab and Symantec Corp - have confirmed that the software code in the Flame virus matches an earlier detected virus, Stuxnet, which was widely believed to have been used by the United States and Israel to cause Iran's nuclear program to malfunction.
"This is about preparing the battlefield for another type of covert action,” said one of the sources, reported to be a high-ranking U.S. intelligence official. The official told that the Flame and Stuxnet viruses were part of a larger cyber attack that continues today, the Post reported...."
Washington Post: U.S., Israel developed Flame computer virus to slow Iranian nuclear efforts, officials say By Ellen Nakashima, Greg Miller and Julie Tate, Published: June 19 The Washington Post
[excerpted] The United States and Israel jointly developed a sophisticated computer virus nicknamed Flame that collected intelligence in preparation for cyber-sabotage aimed at slowing Iran’s ability to develop a nuclear weapon, according to Western officials with knowledge of the effort.
The effort, involving the National Security Agency, the CIA and Israel’s military, has included the use of destructive software such as the Stuxnet virus to cause malfunctions in Iran’s nuclear-enrichment equipment....
The virus is among the most sophisticated and subversive pieces of malware to be exposed to date. Experts said the program was designed to replicate across even highly secure networks, then control everyday computer functions to send secrets back to its creators. The code could activate computer microphones and cameras, log keyboard strokes, take screen shots, extract geo­location data from images, and send and receive commands and data through Bluetooth wireless technology.
Flame was developed at least five years ago as part of a classified effort code-named Olympic Games
2012-06-22 TV: Bluefin tuna picking up more and more cesium — Contamination “will go on for 300 to 600 years” (VIDEO), by
2012-06-23 TV: “Some beaches have essentially turned into landfills of tsunami debris” on Canadian island, by

Forward to 24 - 30 June 2012 [To Be Completed
Later at an unknown date. Just because further
updates are not available does not mean that the crisis
is over. Far from it, it has been becoming steadily
more serious. We are short-handed. Donations appreciated!]

Back to 10 - 16 June 2012
Return To Contents


Short URL for this web page:

The Cowpens Flag, one of many circular star patterns used by "American Whigs" (or "Patriots")