Contents
Fukushima Radiation and Fallout Projections


8 - 14 April 2012



Japan

 



From Two orange lights in Fukushima live camera, posted by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com, on April 13th, 2012

 

 


Blue Light observed 13 April 2012, minkara.carview.co.jp

 


"Radiation level in Kanagawa. It has two peaks, after 20:00 4/13 and about 11:00 4/14. [Link]"


"Radiation level in Tokyo. It has 2 peaks as well.[Link]"

From Radiation level picked up after the blue light, posted by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com, on April 14th, 2012

 

 

 

North America

 

 

 




 

 

Japan

 

2012-04-08 Radiation over scale in Katsushika Tokyo, posted by Mochizuki on April 8th, 2012 [more Here].
Too radioactive to measure.
Dosemeter of Horiba indicated over scale (Over 9.99µSv/h) in Katsushika Tokyo. Measured on 4/5/2012.
2012-04-08 *NEW* Goddard’s Journal: Did Fukushima Unit 3 Fuel Pool Explode? (VIDEO), by ENENews.com
2012-04-08 Fukushima will start burning radioactive waste — 100,000 Bq/kg to be incinerated — 1 billion pounds of debris in exclusion zone -Mainichi, by ENENews.com
2012-04-08 L.A. Daily News: Casino to be built on site of nuclear reactor meltdown just miles from Los Angeles? Was up to 240 times Three Mile Island — Cesium-137 still up to 1,000 times over limit, by ENENews.com
2012-04-08 Reactor 1 goes over 100? within 8 hours without nitrogen injection, posted by Mochizuki on April 8th, 2012
The temperature of reactor 1 was increased from 48 degrees Centigrade to 54.4 degrees Centrigrade when the nitrogen injection stopped (90 mins) on 4/4/2012, Tepco stated in their press conference of 4/7/2012. On 4/4/2012, because of the strong wind of storm, the nitrogen injection was stopped. [Link] Though nitrogen is not supposed to decrease the temperature, reactor 1 was [...]
2012-04-08 Former Japanese prime minister “I’m regretting to have admitted nuclear plants.”, posted by Mochizuki on April 8th, 2012
Former Japanese prime minister Murayama (1994-1996, Japan Socialist Party) officially stated he regrets that he admitted nuclear plants, at Oita Prefectural and Municipal Workers’ Union held on 4/8/2012. When he was Japanese prime minister, he admitted nuclear plants though his Japan Socialist Party had been anti-nuclear policy. He stated, he was thoughtless, made a [...]
2012-04-09 3070 Bq/m2 of strontium 90 was measured in Fukushima, posted by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com, on April 9th, 2012
3070 Bq/m2 of strontium 90 was measured in Okuma machi from the monitoring test of Fukushima prefecture. They monitored the soil contamination of strontium from July to October. They measured strontium 90 in Nakadori, where Fukushima prefectural government is located, 62km away from Fukushima plants. It is proved that strontium 90 flew out of [...]
2012-04-09
*UPDATED* Report: Faxes show Fukushima boss Yoshida aware plants damaged by quakes, not tsunami, by ENENews.com
2012-04-09 NSNS: Secret Japan nuclear bomb program covered up using nuclear power industry — Enough to build arsenal larger than China, India and Pakistan combined, by ENENews.com

2012-04-09 Needle goes above scale on alpha radiation detector in Minamisoma — Most sensitive setting (VIDEO)
, by ENENews.com
2012-04-09 WATCH: Japan lawmakers warned about Spent Fuel Pool No. 4 during testimony of former ambassador (VIDEOS), by ENENews.com
2012-04-09 Hot particles blown up, posted by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com, on April 9th, 2012
Following up this article..130µSv/h in Minamisoma
In Minamisoma, where the highly radioactive black substance was found, seasonal wind is blowing from the west.
Hot particles are taken into lungs, eyes and ears cause serious internal exposure.
This is why measuring atmospheric dose is not useful.
In this video, radiation level is not measured but I think it is important to see how soil and dust are blown up by the wind.
? The soil blown from farms to the city area. [more Here]
2012-04-10 Drug abuse of Fukushima workers, Posted by Mochizuki on April 10th, 2012
Mr. Suzuki, a Japanese yakuza journalist reported Fukushima workers have been arrested for drug abuse.
He worked at Fukushima plants from July to August to report the connection between Yakuza and nuclear industry.
He talks, though none of the media reports, Fukushima workers have been arrested for drug abuse even after 311. (They were arrested before 311 as well. ) Drug users are easy for managers to control because some works at nuclear plants are very simple and repetitive. Only if they order a drug user to clean, the person keeps cleaning the place. [more here]
2012-04-10 Journalist who visited Fukushima plants had thyroid disease, Posted by Mochizuki on April 10th, 2012
Following up this article..Japanese journalist suffers from severe diarrhea after visiting Fukushima plant
The Japanese journalist, Iwakami Yasumi is suffering from severe health problem even now such as continuous fever, diarrhea, sore throat etc.. His thyroid test tuned to be positive.
According to Tepco’s dosemeter, it was only 74µSv that he was exposed. [...more Here].
2012-04-10 3.829 µSv/h in Adachiku Tokyo, Posted by Mochizuki on April 10th, 2012
Citizen’s NGO, NCR ( Heart Care Rescue ) measured radiation level in Adachiku Tokyo. Yellow : 2.000µSv/h ~ Red : 3.000µSv/h ~
2012-04-10 Tuesday, April 10, 2012 Reposting a Comment to Consider, majiasblog.blogspot.com
Atomfritz made this comment in response to blogger Ex-SKF's article titled, "Telephone Game of Fukushima Reactor 4 Spent Fuel Pool"
http://ex-skf.blogspot.com/2012/04/telephone-game-over-fukushima-reactor-4.html
Atomfritz said...
It's not having a plan.
It's a thing that is just unplannable.
If there are any problems with SFP 4 drying out (which can be caused by numerous things, not only cracking/leaking, not necessarily crashing of SFP 4), then the common spent fuel storage will be no longer accessible for "carbon-based robots".
(Maybe except of the kamikaze version. But, are these still available nowadays? And, if still some kamikaze are available, are there enough of them to manage such a situation?).
So, any serious problem with SFP 4 with its 1300+ spent fuel assemblies will result in the common spent fuel storage pool burning off, too.
This would in turn result in more than 7600 spent fuel assemblies burn off in open air, more than 20 (twenty) reactor cores.
If such happens, this in comparison would dwarf Chernobyl to a marginal incident.
A such accident would be just UNMANAGEABLE.
So it would be quite pointless to attempt planning in advance, I guess.
It would mean the end of Japan as a sustainable nation.
And, to be honest, where should 30 million Tokyo inhabitants be moved to?
So, it's just unmanageable, and there is no point trying to plan for such an "incident".
All just bet on the hope that such won't happen.
If it happens, central Honshu will become some kind of nuclear Auschwitz which nobody is allowed to escape.
China, Korea, Russia and USA would use their marine fleet to shoot down any of the radioactive Japanese boat people who try to escape the Japanese nuclear wastelands.
MAJIA HERE: I am concerned that this has already happened.
We really must DEMAND TRANSPARENCY and ACCOUNTABILITY on the STATUS of this MEGA-DISASTER.
We cannot mitigate if we do not know the real level of present and imminent risk.
Censorship of the true conditions at the plant coupled with a failure to mitigate death and disease constitutes GENOCIDE.
2012-04-10 Japanese journalist reveals possible thyroid disease — Wonders if caused by radiation — Continuous health problems since visiting Fukushima Daiichi, by ENENews.com
2012-04-10 Professor finds ‘black dust’ at 4 locations in Koriyama, up to 9 microSv/h — Only measuring gamma radiation, by ENENews.com
2012-04-10 “It was a failure”: Ex-Prime Minister Murayama apologizes for supporting nuclear power — Says gov’t yet to tell public why Fukushima Daiichi crisis occurred, by ENENews.com
2012-04-10 Japan Magazine: Gov’t planning to build 88km wall around Fukushima evacuation zone, by ENENews.com
2012-04-10 Goddard’s Journal analysis indicates steam explosion at Reactor No. 3 — NRC discussed steam explosion ejecting entire core (VIDEOS), by ENENews.com
2012-04-10 Tuesday, April 10, 2012 Gunderson on Radio EcoShock, majiasblog.blogspot.com
http://www.ecoshock.info/2012/04/worst-problems-in-world.html?m=1
Alex Smith's interview with Arnie Gunderson is definitely of value.
A few comments [paraphrased]:
Arnie Gunderson states in this interview that the status of unit 3 spent fuel pool is WORSE than spent fuel pool 4...
He states that unit 2 is in the best condition and at 73 sieverts an hour, it is too hot to approach closely.
Most of this, Arnie states, is coming from Cesium.
Arnie also discussed what would happen in the event of a spent fuel pool fire at Fukushima.
When pressed to discuss the implications for North America, Arnie states that even in the absence of an explosion, a fire in a spent fuel pool at Fukushima would be so hot that the radionuclides from the fire would be pushed up miles and enter the jet stream, threatening the Pacific coast (and any other area under the jet stream).
Majia Here: Fukushima is a Global Problem, We Need Global Cooperation to Solve It!
2012-04-11 Wednesday, April 11, 2012, Fukushima Radioactive Contamination Symptoms Research Site,
majiasblog.blogspot.com
http://frcsr.blogspot.com/
[excerpted] "Fukushima Radioactive Contamination Symptoms Research (FRCSR): The research and collection of data due to the Fukushima nuclear accident. We have a monthly report that can be viewed at the end of the month by anyone interested. Our website is not just for those affected by Fukushima but also for anyone in the world that may have been exposed to radiation. Our hope is to improve the situation of those who are suffering from radioactive contamination anywhere in the world. Please contact us by e-mail if you have any questions or valuable information on these matters. This website is located in the United States of America and protected by the U.S. copyright laws..."
Report #3 Content
Case collection period: October 21, 2011 to January 10, 2012
Total number of reported cases: 358
Total number of reported symptoms and categories:
26 categories and 203 symptoms
(As of this report, cases involving children are no longer separated)...
2012-04-11 Fukushima Webcam Clip, majiasblog.blogspot.com
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ObYSuRIV7Ys&feature=relmfu
Notice the "steam/fog/smoke" thing evident at 6:00 minutes
Notice the glowing orb in the skeleton of unit 4.
also look at this one http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EtX0A0mjFVA&feature=relmfu
the second one definitely doesn't look like fog to me, and I grew up in the San Francisco bay area and have experienced fog...
Hat tip: Nuckelchen made it and Heart of the Rose posted it.
2012-04-11 Iwaki Mayor: Fukushima refugees would rather gamble than work — “For the refugees, medical costs are completely free… The number of patients currently is overwhelming”, by ENENews.com
2012-04-11 Reporter: I’d always thought it wouldn’t be possible that I’d get sick — “I wanted to visit Fukushima again and again and report. But…”, by ENENews.com
2012-04-11 Nuclear Expert: Spent Fuel Pool No. 4 likely to shatter or collapse onto its side in a M7.0 quake (AUDIO), by ENENews.com
2012-04-11 Radio Program on Units 3, 4: Whole Northern Hemisphere at risk right now — Storm of international worry — We don’t have to totally panic, there’s a possiblity we may luck our way through this — Station owned by Clear Channel (AUDIO), by ENENews.com
2012-04-11 Gundersen: No. 3 fuel pool worse off than No. 4 — Mechanically it’s rubble, the pool is rubble — Nobody has even gotten near it yet (VIDEO), by ENENews.com
2012-04-12 Sickened Reporter: Every time after going to Fukushima I’d have a dry cough which would last for a while — Didn’t think much of that until recently, ENENews.com
2012-04-12 Radiation dose quadruples at one Tokyo monitoring station, triples at another, ENENews.com
2012-04-12 Kyodo: Possible Leak at Unit No. 4 — Spent fuel pool cooling system halted after alarm sounds, ENENews.com
2012-04-12 Happening Now: M5.9 quake hits Fukushima at 10:51a ET (MAPS) — Just hours after nearby M5.5, ENENews.com


2012-04-12 7:20a ET: M5.5 hits off Fukushima coast — Intensity 4 of 7 — Under 50 miles from Daiichi, ENENews.com
2012-04-12 Official: Criminal charges of “negligence resulting in death” may be filed against Japan gov’t, ENENews.com
2012-04-12 Ex-Fukushima Daiichi engineer as ‘cold shutdown’ declared: Fuel rods still active and alive — Most worried about recriticality — Tepco must measure neutrons near core (VIDEO), ENENews.com
2012-04-12 Nuclear Expert in 2011: “We are going to see the dance we’re in for another year or so” — They may throw up their hands and pour concrete on reactors (AUDIO), ENENews.com
2012-04-12 SFP4 over 55 degrees Centrigrade. Coolant system is still stopped, posted by Mochizuki on April 12th, 2012
Though Tepco stopped the water leakage, coolant system is still not back on. At the moment, they can’t estimate when they can recover it. Also, they estimated the temperature increases at 0.5?/h, it’s increasing at over 1?/h. It went up by 22? within 18 hours. Currently the temperature of SFP is 55?.(10:00 JST) The safety limit is 65?. At this pace, it will reach 65? about in 10 hours.
2012-04-12 17,200 Bq/Kg from tea leaves, posted by Mochizuki on April 12th, 2012
17,200 Bq/Kg of cesium was measured from Yacon tea made in Zao Miyagi. 1,100 packages were already sold from July to January. From 4/10, the maker is collecting the products. Yacon tea is supposed to be good for your stress. [...more]
2012-04-12 Why charity doesn’t work for Japanese, posted by Mochizuki on April 12th, 2012
The mismatch of charity is becoming serious.
As time passes since 311, though some people are already forgetting Fukushima disaster, some people are passionately making projects to help out Japanese, on the assumption that they want to evacuate.
However, most of the projects are facing the same problem that nobody applies for it.
There are several types of the charity projects.
1. Hosting Japanese family for a few months.
2. Hosting Japanese children for a few months.
3. Giving web service for Japanese people, such as forum or video sharing platform.
etc..
Project leaders guess if it’s because they are foreigners, Japanese people might be scared, or if it’s because of the lack of advertisement etc..
However, none of them is right.
What do Japanese want to do ? It’s “transporting their life style with 100% security”, not “restarting a new life”.
They are wanting to transport
+ Furniture and electric appliances
+ Car and hopefully house
+ Job
+ School
Because they underestimate / ignore the potential of living in the new world, such as meeting new people, giving new environment to their children etc.. they overestimate the cost of evacuating.
Actually if they try to transport their entire life to out of Japan, it would cost hundreds of million yen. They want a job before leaving or want enough money to live until they find a job.
They also want visa for the stability of life.
Unfortunately, there is no charity project which can offer jobs, money and visa even for one family.
Currently about 10,000 people evacuated to Okinawa. Most of them are mothers with children. Their husbands/fathers are working in Tokyo. Why don’t they jump out abroad ? Because even if they go abroad, they will have to come back to Japan in 3 months when tourist visa expires and the conservative Japanese society will not accept people who have once left Japan for evacuation. It would be really difficult for them to be employed again. What’s more, none of the radiation problems would have been improved by then. Considering the financial problem and the security of their children, they can’t make a huge leap easily. Because it’s very difficult, they try to ignore the fact. They don’t want to evacuate, so they don’t apply for the charity offers.
To make the immigration easier, numbers of people need to move as a community. Even if it’s difficult for individuals, number makes it easier. If they collect petition like they have been doing since last year, they might make a country give them the status of radiation refugee. Why they don’t work as community ?
One of the reasons why Japanese community doesn’t move is their sense of responsibility. Now most of the communities and companies are killing people by tying them up, but none of them helps people evacuate in the opposite way, which is very unbalanced.
It’s because those communities are locked in the bigger community “society” and their sense of responsibility makes it look like betrayal to leave the society.
To analyze this behavior of Japanese people, you need to understand what the “responsibility” stands for in Japanese culture.
It contains 2 meanings.
1. Don’t be hurt
2. Don’t hurt anyone
Japanese meaning of responsibility is slightly different from the one in a dictionary. Most of Japanese people don’t recognize it either.
In Japanese society, it is the highest valued not to cause any conflict. The meaning of responsibility therefore is defined in social context. It actually has nothing to do with benefit or efficiency.
However, trying to be responsibility is a very unique trait of Japanese.
When being responsible means manufacturing high quality industrial products, it helps Japan grow in second industry like in 60s or 70s.
Japanese culture works like an individual’s mind. They have smooth and responsible face for others, but inside, they are in agony being tortured by themselves. Japanese mind-set is just like the one of a person with self-injurious behavior. Like a person who bites their nails, scratches their skin, pull off their hair, drinks till losing consciousness, sometimes looks like a civilized gentleman at work, Japanese act politely but they abuse themselves behind. It’s represented anywhere.
Criticizing their own culture is the proof of education and intelligence. Wherever they go, they can’t help comparing themselves to other people. Though they are very sensitive for the feedback of others, they love to hurt themselves.
This self-injurious behavior is making Japanese people more careless for radiation and reluctant to save themselves.[more Here]
2012-04-12 Voice of the streets 4/12/2012, posted by Mochizuki on April 11th, 2012, (@sayakaiurani) April 11, 2012
<Translate>
Recently, my heart often starts beating hard suddenly and have acute pain in the heart. Doctor of Tokyo University told me it’s because of age but I’m still 20s.
<End>
@kdm311 @onodekita @totorisu10432???4??3·11
— [Japanese script] (@tomiko425) April 11, 2012
<Translate>
My 4 years old child has been having nosebleed since 311 worse than ever. We are in Aichi prefecture. had nosebleed more than 20 times a year.
<End>
@toshie_s
— masako11221 (@masako11221) April 11, 2012
<Translate>
Yesterday, the son of my acquaintance said a 35 years old man died of cardiac infarct at Chiba station in the end of last year. It was only me who suspected the connection with radiation but everyone else passed the topic. It was strange..
<End>
@masako11221
(@toshie_s) April 11, 2012
<Translate>
I think it was Chiba, where a lot of people die in the bus seats. I wonder if anyone has investigated it.. People are already starting to avoid facing the truth. Like the death of the city mayor of Hidaka city..it was all enough to stop sharing debris.
<End>
RT @kerokazu: [Japanese script] RT @yonezo_zo:
Ai Tominaga (@Ai_Tominaga) February 13, 2012
<Translate>
Today I confirmed with Koganei park (in Tokyo) service center that it is prohibited to take out dead leaves or seeds from the park because it contains radionuclide. Has it been announced to all the Tokyo citizens ? If not, they must.
<End>
Koganei Park
2012-04-12 Nitrogen injection stopped again, posted by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com, on April 12th, 2012
Tepco sent another emergency email to the journalists at 04:18:37JST 4/13/2012.
<Translate>
At 1:00 of 4/13/2012, Tepco staff found the amount of nitrogen to inject was decreased at reactor 1 ~3.
At 1:30 of 4/13/2012, Tepco staff confirmed nitrogen injection equipment was automatically stopped because it was alarmed that the air compressor went out of order at 1:04.
At 3:10, nitrogen injection was restarted by using another nitrogen injection equipment. At 3:46, reactor 1 ~ 3 got the injection recovered.
<End>
2012-04-12 New Scientist: Sperm damage in birds near Chernobyl — UK professor claims not from meltdown because it wasn’t enough to explain amount of harm observed, by ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Asahi: Cesium at 172 times gov’t limit in tea near Sendai — Will not cause health problems ‘soon’ after being consumed, says radiation professor — 1,100 already sold, ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Happening Now: M4.8 hits very close to location of M9 on March 11 — Plus 3 more M4.0+ quakes at Fukushima in last hour, ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Kyodo: Tepco finds 35-ton machine fallen in No. 3 fuel pool — Appears to have dropped on nuclear fuel racks (VIDEO), ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Just In: Now 7 quakes hit same area near Fukushima Daiichi — Includes M5.2 within the hour, ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Kyodo: Nitrogen injections stopped for fourth time in recent weeks, ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Tepco Press Conference: SFP No. 4 heat exchanger restarted — New photos released of debris inside SFP No. 3 — Reactor No. 1 temperature “started to rise noticeably” (PHOTOS), ENENews.com
2012-04-13 4 quakes over M4 hit Fukushima in past hour — Video of M6.0 shaking Tepco webcam, ENENews.com

2012-04-13 M6 quake hits Fukushima at 6:10a ET — M4.5 in same location 5 minutes later, ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Two orange lights in Fukushima live camera, posted by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com, on April 13th, 2012
Since around 19:00 of 4/13/2012, two orange lights have been observed near reactor 4., by ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Temperature doubles in a day at No. 4 Spent Fuel Pool (VIDEO), ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Tepco Press Conference: Temperature rises at No. 4 Spent Fuel Pool, now around 50°C, ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Akita Professor: Gov’t engaged in propaganda, a coverup of dangers to Japanese people (VIDEO), ENENews.com
2012-04-13 Probably coolant system of SFP recovered, posted by Mochizuki on April 13th, 2012
Coolant system of SFP at reactor4 was restarted at 16:04 4/13/2012, Tepco announced in their press conference of the same day.
Japan Times Headline: Machine fell into MOX spent-fuel pool -Tepco — “Highly dangerous mixed oxide fuel” April 14, 2012
TEPCO: Nuclear fuel rods in No. 4 spent fuel pool are “confirmed to be damaged” — First time damage revealed at any pool April 13, 2011
Nuclear engineer: Enormous amount of plutonium at No. 4 spent fuel pool in danger of catching fire; Pool is cracked and leaking (VIDEO) April 13, 2011
2012-04-14 Blue light observed near reactor 4, posted by Mochizuki on April 14th, 2012
Following up this article..Two orange lights in Fukushima live camera Blue light was observed near reactor 4, around 19:45 of 4/13/2012. Just after JNN live camera captured it, it turned to be black. 4/13 19:45 19:16 of the same day, M4.5 hit Fukushima and 2 orange light were observed by Fukuichi live camera as well. [...]
2012-04-14 Radiation level picked up after the blue light, posted by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com, on April 14th, 2012
Following up this article..Blue light observed near reactor 4
Radiation level picked up in Tokyo and Kanagawa after 20:00 4/13/2012, when the blue light was observed. It went down gradually but it picked up again toward 4/14/2012.
[Japanese script] It was rainy on 4/14/2012.
2012-04-14 Tepco Blackmails Japan Government Over Re-Starting of Nuclear Reactors?, majiasblog.blogspot.com
Mainichi: Doubts linger over safety, necessity of nuclear reactors as gov't eyes quick restart
http://mainichi.jp/english/english/newsselect/news/20120414p2a00m0na017000c.html
"Officials close to the prime minister have commented that unless the government clearly states that reactors which can be restarted will be restarted, then nobody will come forward to fill the role of chairman at TEPCO....
It is not only the safety but the necessity of reactors that the government has focused on in its move toward restarting the Oi nuclear reactors. But since Kansai Electric Power Co. was able to avert power shortages last summer and winter by asking people to conserve electricity, the view among consumers is that if effective supply and demand measures are adopted, then there will be no shortage of power. (By Naoki Oita, Political News Department)"
2012-04-14 Is it Genocide or Suicide to Re-Start Japan's Reactors?, majiasblog.blogspot.com
Gov't says it is safe to restart two nuclear reactors at Oi plant
http://www.japantoday.com/category/national/view/govt-says-it-is-safe-to-restart-two-nuclear-reactors-at-oi-plant
[excerpted] "The government on Friday confirmed it was safe to restart two offline nuclear reactors in the wake of last year’s earthquake and tsunami disaster as the country faces a summer of power shortages.
Only one of Japan’s 54 units—in northernmost Hokkaido—is in operation, but it is scheduled to be shut down for maintenance work in May. Restarting the two reactors at the Oi nuclear power plant in western Japan will mean the country is not entirely without nuclear power...."
2012-04-14 Tokyo Shimbun: Evacuation of Tokyo considered on March 12 after Reactor No. 1 explosion — “We have to start thinking about wide-area evacuation including Tokyo” -Edano, ENENews.com
enenews_-2012-04-14-04.38
2012-04-14 Asahi: New photos show extensive damage at No. 3 fuel pool — 35-ton machine that appears to be on fuel racks is a crane, ENENews.com


North America


2012-04-10 Bio-Accumulation of Cesium: Cesium is a Potassium Analog, majiasblog.blogspot.com
Bio-Accumulation of radiation occurs as fallout in soil, precipitation and bodies of water is absorbed by plants and animals. Bio-Magnification occurs as higher concentrations of a contaminant accumulate at higher levels of the food chain.
Several weeks ago I posted a disturbing comment about the ready absorption of cesium by plants (I use the spelling without the “a”):
http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2012/03/cesium-tricks-life-with-potassium.html
Last night I decided to search the research on this subject. One of the most helpful articles I read is titled, Zhu, Y-G, & Smolders, E. (200). Plant Uptake of Radiocaesium: A Review of Mechanisms, Regulation and Application. Journal of Experimental Botany, 51(351), 1635-1645.
The article explains that radiocaesium is an important artificial radionuclide because of its long half life, 30 years for C137 and 2 years for C134.
According to the article, three lines of research ensued after Chernobyl on caesium:
1. Mechanism of plant uptake of radiocaesium
2. Regulations of plant uptake of radiocaesium
3. Formulation of agricultural countermeasures for the remediation of soil with radiocaesium
Caesium is “a weakly hydrated alkaline metal with chemical similarities to potassium (K)” (p. 1636).
Potassium, or K, is also an alkali element.
“Caesium can be readily absorbed by plant roots from solution and can be translocated to the above-ground plant parts.” (1636)
“The mechanism by which Cs is taken up by plant roots are not completely understood. At least at low K concentrations there is evidence that Cs is absorbed by the K uptake system of the root.”
The article also mentions that “K strongly suppresses Cs uptake…” (1636).
Lowering concentrations of K in solution strongly increases uptake of Cs.
The article examines in some detail the nuances of uptake by Caesium and Potassium. I will not elaborate on the research but I think several findings are important:
Plants absorb caesium as if it were potassium.
The presence of high levels of potassium in the water based solutions used to grow plants (and also calcium) combats the uptake of caesium.
Soil texture and potassium level impact uptake of caesium by plants grown in soil.
“Caesium has a high mobility within a plant. Similarly to K, Cs can be distributed to leaves, flowers, and fruits” (1641)
Knowledge about cesium remediation is relatively undeveloped.
Majia here: We can conclude from this research review that we are all going to be eating cesium and the cesium in the plants is going to be bio-amplified in animals higher up on the food chain.
For instance, here are some reports on Cesium levels found in Japan
http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2012/03/fukushima-diary-radiation-levels-up.html
http//majiasblog.blogspot.com/2012/04/decontamination-smoke-and-mirrors.html
2012-04-11 ALERT! Buy Potassium Iodide "iOSAT" NOW! The US Military is Rapidly Stockpiling! Shortage is Imminent!, pissinontheroses.blogspot.com
Buy Now!
The Defense Logistics agency has just released a SOLE SOURCE NO COMPETITION Solicitation for 1,050,000 Doses of iOSAT thyroid blocker. This solicitation will affect the civilian availability of iOSAT. The "no competition" aspect of the solicitation indicates HASTE on the military's part.
The perceived haste of this iOSAT order may be indicative of a preparation for a near term radiological event.
We expect the solicitation to impact the availability of civilian iOSAT supplies.
iOSAT is the least expensive nuclear risk mitigation item one can buy -WHEN IT IS NOT IN DEMAND. The current market price of iOSAT is approximately $10, during Fukushima it spiked upwards of $400.
iOSAT is one of the few items we recommend buying directly from Amazon. Click the link below to purchase from Amazon.
2012-04-13 13th Rainfall Radioactive At Eleven Times Greater Than Background, pissinontheroses.blogspot.com
We took a swipe from the hood of our truck this morning. The swipe was radioactive at 11 times greater than background level. The rain was from the leading edge of the storm system; typically the highest readings are measured at the trailing edge of the storms.
2012-04-14 ALERT! Radioactive Fallout At FORTY NINE Times Greater Than Background Radiation, pissinontheroses.blogspot.com
STAY OUT OF THE RAIN!
We took a sample swipe from our truck around 1:30pm on 4/14/2012; that sample was radioactive at 49 times greater than background radiation. The truck was parked indoors overnight and was only exposed to the rainfall in this sample over a 3 hour period; approximately 10:00am to 1:30pm. The rainfall sample was from the trailing edge of a weather system that has been bringing heavy rain and flooding to the Saint Louis area for the last two days.
| 2012-04-13 Radiation discharge near Philadelphia kept secret from public for weeks — No ‘immediate’ health concerns, says NRC, ENENews.com
2012-04-12 Problems escalate at California’s San Onofre nuke plant — Second reactor in jeopardy, ENENews.com
2012-04-10 San Francisco Bay Area milk sample has highest amount of Cesium-137 since last June — Almost double EPA’s maximum contaminant level, ENENews.com
2012-04-10 NRC email reveals US nuclear plant used MOX fuel, ENENews.com
2012-04-10 Local TV: Radiation in kelp could create a health concern for Southern California seafood lovers — “The question we all want answered, how dangerous is this to you and me?” (VIDEO), ENENews.com
2012-04-08 Nuclear Expert: Radiation plume has now hit Hawaii — In a year it’ll probably reach U.S. West Coast (VIDEO), ENENews.com
2012-04-08 UC Berkeley plutonium testing was 200-300 times less sensitive than US gov’t — University researchers still “may consider” performing more precise analysis for alpha particles — EPA detected Uranium-238 in San Francisco, ENENews.com
2012-04-08 Congress: Radiation might be detected in U.S. waters — “Could remain a valid concern for years” — Potential for corridor of “highly contaminated” water traveling away from Japan, ENENews.com
2012-04-08 L.A. Daily News: Casino to be built on site of nuclear reactor meltdown just miles from Los Angeles? Was up to 240 times Three Mile Island — Cesium-137 still up to 1,000 times over limit, ENENews.com

 

Europe and the Rest of the World

 

2012-04-11 ANOTHER: M8.2 quake hits Indonesia — 3 large aftershocks so far — Fresh tsunami warnings issued (VIDEOS), ENENews.com
2012-04-11 M8.7 hits Indonesia — Indian Ocean-wide tsunami warning (VIDEOS), ENENews.com
2012-04-12 New Scientist: Sperm damage in birds near Chernobyl — UK professor claims not from meltdown because it wasn’t enough to explain amount of harm observed, ENENews.com
2012-04-14 Radiation level picked up after the blue light, posted by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com, on April 14th, 2012
Following up this article..Blue light observed near reactor 4
Radiation level picked up in Tokyo and Kanagawa after 20:00 4/13/2012, when the blue light was observed. It went down gradually but it picked up again toward 4/14/2012.
It was rainy on 4/14/2012.


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The Cowpens Flag, one of many circular star patterns used by "American Whigs" (or "Patriots")