Individual and Group Radiation Protection
Open Source Intelligence Summary Page


From: Study: All of Western US and most of East Coast, Midwest, Canada covered in airborne particles on March 20, Fukushima plume model shows — Based solely on Reactor No. 1 explosion (PHOTO), enenews.com, March 2, 2012. If only real world fallout from Fukushima were color-coded like on my "Aerial Dance of Mass Death and Genetic Destruction" map series. Instead, it is colorless, odorless, and tasteless, and in the words of British physicist Dr. Chris Busby, "Is like invisible snakes" that bite. As it steadily accumulates in the body, it gradually degrades the immune system and exacerbates every pathological condition known to man, ranging from cancer to heart disease to reduced IQs to birth defects to reduced resistance to viral diseases -- the list is endless. Just because a large percentage of the U.S. population is in ignorance or denial does not mean that they will not pay a terrible price in the decades to come. Below, sample projection map of Neptunium 239 (left) and Plutonium 239 (below) over North America listed on the same 20-26 March 2011 radiation projection page as the illustration above. North America also got plastered with radioactive Iodide 131, Cesium 137, Strontium 90, and a whole witches brew of other radioactive particles. Virtually no one in North America was warned by either their governments or mainstream media about the extremely serious nature of these threats or the urgent need to take precautions.


The initial impact of Fukushima radiation was bad enough, but the experience of Chernobyl shows that its effects will get even worse over at least the next decade as radiation continually circles the Northern Hemisphere and accumulates within the food chain everywhere. The long term "survivors" will be those who make special adjustments to their eating and living habits. Coming on the one year anniversary, Fukushima was still spewing out enormous amounts of radiation. It was still getting into the jet stream. Above: Fig 2 "The dynamics of cardiovascular diseases in the Republic of Belarus." from "Radiation exposure and heart attacks in children of Fukushima" (pdf). The effects of radiation are cumulative over time, and Belarus was one of the hardest hit countries with the Chernobyl radiation that first spread with the melt-down in April 1986. This illustration also used at the Dr. Chris Busby author archive.

Individual and Group Protection
From Radiation Contamination

and Survival Tactics in a
Highly Dysfunctional, Self-Deceptive
and Self-Destructive Society


If only the President of the United States were honest enough to wear a HAZMAT suit to help alert the public! In fact, many cities across America have been periodically receiving "hot rains" registering over 200 counts per minute (some cities like Phoenix, AZ have been spiking over 800 counts per minute) that qualify as HAZMAT-evacuation conditions ever since the March 2011 Fukushima melt-downs, yet no major effort by the U.S. Government or major media has been made to alert the public -- even while people throughout the Pacific Northwest were breathing in an estimated 5-10 "hot particles" a day in March and April. Please see my "Aerial Dance of Mass Death and Genetic Destruction" Week-by-Week Fukushima radiation and fallout projections and accompanying articles" series which shows EPA charts for American cities registering well over 200 CMP in "hot rains."

RED ALERT! RED ALERT!!
RED ALERT!!!

 

Editor's Note by William B. Fox
Publisher, America First Books


First published 16 March 2012,
frequently updated

 

The melt-downs at Fukushima confront America with the greatest environmental catastrophe in human history -- and it is not over yet!
The effects of a nuclear disaster like Chernobyl (probably the closest comparable event to Fukushima) typically grow worse over time --sometimes decades -- as radioactive material accumulated in the food supplies and diseases such as cancer completed their gestation periods. According to the authoritative work Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment by Yablokov, et al, in the 25 years following the 1986 Chernobyl meltdown, around 985,000 lives ended prematurely and no less than 8,000,000 serious injuries and chronic diseases were linked to this event.
In Fukushima Meltdown & Modern Radiation: Protecting Ourselves and Our Future Generations, Dr. John W. Apsley states " During the next 20 years my calculations show that approximately 7,000,000 human beings scattered across the globe will die as a direct result of the 2011 Fukushima Catastrophe, and approximately 64,000,000 will be plagued by debilitating radiation-induced chronic illnesses, unless they learn some of the unique ways to protect themselves...due to the associated half-lives of these lethal toxin, my calculations also show during the following 80 years, another 7,000,000 will die and another 64,000,000 serious radiation induced illnesses...these predictions translate into 14 times the current morbidity and mortality rates due to the Chernobyl Catastrophe... " (pages 76-77).
The eminent UK physicist Dr. Chris Busby and the radiation expert Leuren Moret have estimated that the Fukushima Catastrophe could wind up being as much as -- if not more than-- 300 times worse than Chernobyl. Imagine if we multiply Dr. Apsley's projection above by a factor of 20. Then we would see a major extinction event. Major portions of Japan would be rendered uninhabitable for hundreds of years. Major populations groups in North America and elsewhere in the Northern Hemisphere will very likely suffer staggering social dislocations, fatalities, and other forms of incapacitation.
In order to survive, most people must immediately make massive changes in their eating and living habits. They must self-consciously re-organize their local communities to effectively deal with all aspects of this very grave long term threat. (For more background on Dr. Busby and Leuren Moret, please see my Busby author archive and Moret archive, also please note the transcripts of interviews I helped organized for 28 Oct 2011 posted here for 28 Oct 2012, and for 3 Feb 2012 posted here. Please also scroll through my series of week-by-week radiation charts and allied stories to gain a more visual and anecdotal understanding of the extreme seriousness of this threat. This includes charts, articles, and reports which show how America has been continually receiving "hot rains," and background radiation levels have been steadily climbing around the country. All areas of America are suffering high rates of miscarriages, birth fatalities, over/underweight babies (a symptom of radiation poisoning), and well above normal death rates for the general population.
This is a unique danger in many other ways:
a) Radiation is colorless, odorless, impossible for ordinary human senses to detect. As Dr. Chris Busby observed, life can appear normal, yet everyone can be getting bit by invisible snakes that will eventually kill them.
b) The effects of radiation sneak up on people over time. People who may be receiving cumulative radiation doses that will lead to radiation sickness within one to two years may be feeling fine today.
c) The Federal government, major media, and military-industrial complex have been engaging in a massive cover-up of the real nature of this catastrophe, not only in Japan and the U.S., but many other countries. The government has repeatedly withheld important radiation readings. It does not even tell people to stay out of the rain. Nor does it discuss the strong possibility that a Stuxnet virus planted by Mossad-CIA-MI6 played a key role in causing this disaster. Nor does it discuss how government dereliction in handling this disaster mirrors its earlier malfeasance in handling the BP-Gulf disaster. These indicators, and many more, spell an obvious lesson: YOU CAN NOT TRUST THE GOVERNMENT TO HELP OR PROTECT YOU!
d) A large segment of the general public has been dog-trained for decades by controlled media to engage in denial and other neurotic defense mechanisms that can now result in mass die-offs in the tens of millions -- all of which is completely unnecessary with just a little bit of civil defense awareness and protection.
e) Some of the best remedies available in abundance for relatively little cost are discouraged by the pharmaceutical industry because they are natural, hence, they can't patent them in order to profit off of them. Many natural supplements have an additional benefit where people can continuously take them without fear of overdosing in a continuing low level radiation environment where they may not have the radiation measuring devices necessary to read fluctuating levels.
All of this having been said, please don't feel completely helpless:
a) There are many supplements that you and your family can take to reduce the impact of radiation and aid elimination of radioactive particles absorbed inside your body. It has been proven from Chernobyl and other studies that these measures can keep your "radiation load" within tolerable limits, even when it may be destroying people around you who refuse to take preventive measures.
A famous example regarding how diet can dramatically impact survival involves the story of St. Francis's Hospital (Uragami Daiichi Hospital) one mile from ground zero when the atomic bomb exploded in August 1945. The Director of Internal medicine, Dr. Tatsuichiro Akizuki, saved all staff members by having them adhere to a strictly vegetarian diet of uncontaminated brown rice, fermented foods, sea algae (to include Miso soup) and land vegetables. Another hospital the same distance from ground zero did not follow this diet. Everyone who followed Dr. Akizuki's regime lived. Virtually everyone else in the other hospital died of radiation poisoning. (Apsley, Fukushima Meltdown, page 3).
b) There are some "silver linings amidst this grim scenario. Protective measures to handle radiation are typically good for enhancing overall health and prolonging life even without the Fukushima radiation threat. Americans are inundated with so many different types of toxins and pollutants coming from so many sources (chemicals in foods, auto emissions, industrial waste, cigarette smoke, chemtrails, nuclear power plant emissions, toxins in vaccines ... the list is virtually endless) that they can always benefit from dietary changes that enhance the ability of the body to strengthen and repair itself and cleanse out impurities. As Hippocrates, the ancient "father of medicine" once famously put it: "Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food"
Disclaimer: This work constitutes only an introductory overview to familiarize people with important topics and issues. It must not be construed to offer specific medical advice regarding dosage or suitability. I am not a medical professional, and I could not offer specific dosage advice to individuals even if I was a professional because everybody is different (for example in terms of weight, age, food allergies, metabolism, and other criteria). Any dosage levels recommended by different sources reported in this work are meant to simply give rough guidelines that may not necessarily be suitable for the reader.

 

Table of Contents

a) The Nature of the Threat

Threat Overview
The Radiological Threat
Amount of Radiation Released by Fukushima -- Or To Be Released
Radiation Impact on Japanese, Americans, and Others
Miscellaneous Other Threats That Reinforce the Radiation Threat
Radiation Basics
Radiation Poisoning and Lingering Effects
The Vital Distinction Between External and Internal Radiation
The Chronic Low Level Radiation Danger -- "Petkau effect"
Measuring Radiation and Radiation Guidelines
Overview
Understanding Types of Radiation
Understanding Basic Measurements and Conversions
Understanding Basic Exposure Guidelines -- and Consequences
Overcoming Denial About Social and Political Dysfunction
Why you are on your own: psychopathic special interests vs. the people
How radiation has "evil synergy" with other serious problems
Additional References: Sinister agendas beyond bureaucratic cover-ups

 

b) Individual and Group Self Protective Measures


Overview
Sample Protective Strategy Overviews
Extracts from Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe... by Yablokov, et al
Controlling Radiation Contamination
Avoiding and/or Purifying Contaminated Air
Avoiding and/or Purifying Contaminated Water
Avoiding and/or Purifying Contaminated Food
Radiation Measurement and Protection Equipment
Radiation Measurement Devices
Misc. Radiation Protection Equipment
Supplements to Counter Radiation Effects
Overview of Valuable References
Supplements Sorted by Radioactive Isotope or Condition Treated
Supplements Sorted by Scientific Research Data Base Listings
Supplements Sorted by Nutritional Type

* Amino Acids
* Antioxidants
* Enzymes
* Fatty Acids
* Herbs
* Hormone Supplements
* Minerals and Elements
* Other (Miscellaneous Nutrients, Compounds)
* Vitamins

Miscellaneous Other Detox/Chelation Strategies
Exercise
Chelation Overview
Oral Supplements
Bath Chelation
Fasting
Nebulization
Injections
Enemas and Suppositories
Prescription or National Strategic Stockpile Substances


c) Advanced Group Self-Protective Measures and Other Resources

Organizing Civil Defense for Ones Local Community

* Networking, Overcoming Cognitive Dissonance
* Developing Your Own Radiation Monitoring Network
* Support/Join Activist Groups

 

d) Videos, MP3s, and Additional References

Videos
MP3s
Transcripts
Additional References

 


The U.S has already been "nuked" several times over prior to Fukushima from such major sources as weapons tests and nuclear power plant emissions. This map, taken from the Wikipedia article "U.S. Fallout Exposure" has the following caption: "Because of concerns about worldwide fallout levels, the Partial Test Ban Treaty was signed in 1963. Above are the per capita thyroid doses (in rads) in the continental United States resulting from all exposure routes from all atmospheric nuclear tests conducted at the Nevada Test Site from 1951-1962." The map below gives a different interpretation of radiation spread.

 


FIG. 12: ATMOSPHERIC WEAPONS TESTING FALLOUT 1952-63 The radiation fallout map from “Under The Cloud: The Decades of Nuclear Testing”, illustrates the effects of 1200 nuclear weapons tests conducted at the Nevada Test Site. The U.S. Government admitted in November, 2002, that every person living in the United States between 1958 and 1963 was exposed to fallout from nuclear weapons testing. The United States now has an epidemic of radiation related diseases: cancer, heart disease, autism, diabetes, Parkinson’s Disease, Lou Gehrigs (ALS), asthma, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, hypothyroidism in newborns, obesity, and learning disabilities. One out of 12 children in the United States is disabled. Source: R. L. Miller, “Under The Cloud: The Decades of Nuclear Testing” (1991). D.V.Conn “U.S. Counts one in 12 children disabled”, Washington Post (6 July 2002). Reproduced from the 3 Feb 2012 transcript for the interview "Fallujah, Fukushima, and the Global Radiation Catastrophe" by Dr. James Fetzer with Dr. Chris Busby and Leuren Moret.

 

 

a) The Nature of the Threat

Threat Overview: Editor's Note: Most natural or man-made disasters such hurricanes, forest fires, or petroleum refinery explosions tend to do maximal damage up front and then subside over time. In contrast, the damage from nuclear meltdowns typically get progressively worse over time. Peak damage may take place 10-20 years after the event. Contamination may continue to do substantial damage for as long as 200-300 years thereafter, depending on the level of long-lived radioactive fallout. As one example, according to Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment by Yablokov, et al, in major area of Belarus 25 years after Chernobyl, only 20% of the children are born healthy.
The following articles give a sense of the magnitude of the radiation threat and the damage currently being wrought. A more complete overview, complete with important charts and illustrations, can be found at my online Aerial Dance of Mass Death and Genetic Mutilation week-by-week radiation charts and allied stories.

The Radiological Threat

Amount of Radiation Released by Fukushima -- Or To Be Released

2011-06-17 Nuclear Doom by Mark Sircus - Director on 17 June 2011 [Ed. Note: During late March 2011 and all of April tens of millions of people along the West Coast and elsewhere in America breathed in between 5-10 "hot particles" a day -- in addition to myriad other radionuclides -- and were never warned about it. These "time bombs" are now ticking away inside their lungs, very likely to overwhelm their immune systems and cause serious cancers. However, the situation is not completely hopeless for these potential victims of mass genocide. Please see the nebulization section below].
"...Gundersen says, `Well, the radiation initially comes out as a big cloud of gases, and that’s what you can measure with a Geiger counter. But now what we’re finding are these things called ‘hot particles,’ and in the industry it’s interesting because in Seattle it didn’t go down much. It was about five particles a day, because most of the time, as we talked about in April, the wind was blowing toward the west coast.'

A hot particle is defined as an alpha-emitting particle that contains sufficient activity to deliver at least 1000 rem/yr to the surrounding lung tissue.

Severe damage and disruption of tissue in the lungs are associated with exposure to these types of nuclear particles. The most relevant lung experiment is Bair’s Pu 23902 inhalation study with beagles. Twenty of the 21 dogs that survived more than 1600 days post exposure had lung cancer.

The government recommends that the maximum permissible lung particle burden for members of the public be 0.2 hot particles, and the average lung burden for members of the public be 0.07 hot particles, a factor of 3 less than the maximum.

Let’s say that the official numbers were five “hot particles” per day (10 if one is physically active outdoors) for everyone on the west coast for the month of April. Now let us be very conservative and say that this has dropped from the initially high post-explosion levels at Fukushima down now to one a day. At one a day that would still be 30 of these death particles a month. So perhaps the average person has already absorbed in these three months approximately 200 radioactive particles into their lungs and other tissues. When you think that if even one of these 200 is plutonium, we have to think in terms of millions of eventual cancer deaths!"
2011-03-31 Expert Radiation Advice from Gabriel Cousens, MD – Including 6 Principles of Radiation Protection; “A Comprehensive Holistic Approach to the Plague of Radiation and What To Do” by Gabriel Cousens, MD, MH (H), DD
"...We find in the post Chernobyl statistics for the U.S., compiled by Dr. Sternglass and presented at the First Global Radiation Victims Conference in New York in September of 1987, infant mortality following the Chernobyl fallout showed a general 54% increase. In the Pacific region of the U.S. for three months Washington State had the highest rate in the region with a 245% increase in deaths per thousand live births. California was next highest with a 48% increase in infant mortality as compared to June of the year before. The worst impact was in the Boston area, which showed an increase of 900% per thousand live births. Massachusetts also showed a 70% decline in newborns, and the total U.S. fertility rate decreased 8.3% in July and August to the lowest level ever observed in U.S. history. In the eight months following the accident, there was a total decrease of 60,000 newborns in the United States. This was followed by a return to the approximated average rate of live births in September. There was an additional increase in mortality amongst all ages during this time period, with Massachusetts being the highest, with a total increase in mortality of 43%, followed by California and Washington State with increased mortality rates of 39% and 40% respectively. The statistics show 35,000 more deaths for all ages in the US in the eight months following the arrival of Chernobyl radioactivity than would be expected based on the normal rates for this time in previous years. The potential plagues of the Japanese meltdowns are not a trivial problem, no matter what the mainstream media, or even the President, tells us. For example, the calculations from the Austrian Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics expert, Dr. Gerhard Wotawa, said the I-131 released in the first 3 to 4 days from the Fukushima nuclear plant was about 20% of that released from Chernobyl in its first 10 days and the cesium-137 was 50% of that released from Chernobyl during its first 10 days. This can be extrapolated to 120%-150% of the cesium-137 released by Chernobyl in its first 10 days may have been released from the Fukushima plant during its first 10 days, provided that estimated release has remained constant."
2011-06-20 Fukushima is the greatest nuclear and environmental disaster in human history by Steven C. Jones, globalresearch.ca
...There's really no way to protect yourself and your family from this new threat, although a few precautions should be noted. First, it has been known for years that miso soup has a way of "chelating" radiation out of the human body. The only one's who survived after the bombs that were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan (of all places!) years ago, are those who ingested miso soup. Second, radioactivity bio-accumulates its toxicity higher up the food chain, so its probably prudent to stay away from milk, dairy products and meat. And thirdly, efforts to bolster the body's immune system with vitamins, purified water and plenty of exercise is sure to help as well. Other than that, pray that you're not the now 1 in 2 people who will contract cancer in their lifetimes..."
2011-11-14 From Minamata to Fukushima -- The Japanese Nuclear Crisis Isn't Over Yet by Lyric Hughes Hale, huffingtonpost.com
"...1. No One Knows the Magnitude of the Disaster
According to an editorial in the Japan Times on November 8th:
In August, the Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan estimated that the Fukushima accidents released a total of 570,000 terabecquerels of radioactive substances, including some 11,000 terabecquerels of radioactive cesium 137. But a preliminary report issued in late October, whose chief writer is Mr. Andreas Stohl of the Norwegian Institute for Air Research, estimates that the accidents released about 36,000 terabecquerels of radioactive cesium 137 from their start through April 20. It is more than three times the estimate by Japan's Nuclear Safety Commission and 42 percent of the estimated release from Chernobyl..."
[Editor's Note: Leuren Moret and Dr. Chris Busby accuse mainstream media of continually low-balling the magnitude of this disaster. They estimate it to be over 300 times worse than Chernobyl.]
2011-05-30 Fukushima: Three million of millions of potential lethal doses. Thin particles from Fukushima are coming towards us. There is no need to go over there. (pdf) by carotradiations.fr
2011-03-20 ROM calculation of total Uranium tonnage at Fukushima Daiichi, POTRBlog
* The effects of fallout are cumulative
* Nanoparticles can go anywhere in the body; detox strategies will not necessarily eliminate radionuclides that become embedded in places like the brain, bones, muscles, sex organs, or lungs. Nor will vitamin or other supplements necessarily help the immune system in overcoming the extra "load" they put on the body. Nor will the body necessarily be able to overcome the genetic damage that is done. The best primary strategy is to avoid internal contamination by radio nucleotides in the first place.
* Be aware of contamination vectors...

Other Macro Threat Overviews

2011-11-15 How Much Radiation Has Really Been Released in Japan?, majiasblog.blogspot.com
Japan Times reported on August 27 that Fukushima’s “Cesium Leak Equal to 168 '45 A-Bombs.”[i] As of September 2011, the situation at Fukushima continues to worsen. Dr. Chris Busby reported on the Russian television network RT on August 17 that air filters from Tokyo are showing levels of Cesium-137 that are 1000 times higher than the levels of that radionuclide found in the air at the peak of atmospheric atomic weapons testing in 1963...
2011-06-17 Nuclear Doom by Mark Sircus - Director on 17 June 2011
"....A new report from independent scientists in Japan found a much greater release of `hot particles” from the Fukushima power plant than originally estimated. These include radioactive isotopes of cesium, strontium, uranium, plutonium, cobalt-60 and many others. The average person in Tokyo is thought to have inhaled 10 `hot particles' per day throughout the month of April 2011. The inhabitants of Fukushima were estimated to have inhaled 30-40 times more than that—or up to 400 hot particles per day every day that month. In Seattle, WA in the Northwestern U.S., it is estimated that the average person absorbed five “hot particles” per day during the month of April 2011, or 10 “hot particles” per day if they are athletes who are working out. These invisible atomic particles become lodged in your lungs, intestines, bone or muscle.
Professor Christopher Busby, scientific secretary of the European Committee on radiation risks, says that fuel rods at Fukushima got blown sky high, that concentrations of uranium and plutonium particles had been detected in air filters in Hawaii and the Marianas Islands by the end of April. So people knew about this but they were not talking..."
2011-11-09 Commission releases report on scrapping N-plant, .nhk.or.jp [h/t "Scrapping Fukushima" majiasblog.blogspot.com].[Ed. Note: Fukushima remains out of control with no end in sight, and no one knows how to handle the corium or melted-down nuclear fuel that has seeped into the ground water].
"Japan's Atomic Energy Commission has compiled a report saying it will take more than 30 years to scrap the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.
...The schedule is based on the handling of the nuclear accident at Three Mile Island in 1979. But the situation at Fukushima Daiichi is far more serious because 3 reactors suffered simultaneous meltdowns.
It could take more than 30 years to extract the nuclear fuel, dismantle the reactors, and turn the compound into a vacant lot."
2011-09-09 High Levels Of Radiation Showing Up In Sea And Fukushima Residents, simplyinfo.org
"Again flying in the face of TEPCO’s claims everything is fine, large levels of radiation are showing up in the region.
Some Fukushima residents based on their location after the melt downs received large radiation doses in the range of three times the national limit. The more shocking part is that they are from the 30km zone, not the 20km evacuation zone.
“The researchers estimated that radiation levels in the area during the two months before the evacuations came to 50 millisieverts.”
Some residents received doses from 57 to 69 mSv. Some parts of Fukushima City read at 3.2 mSv yet the city is trying to go on as business as usual.
Researchers at the JAEA have done their own estimates on sea releases during the early months and found levels at 15,000 terabecquerels. TEPCO estimated 4,720 terabecquerels. The JAEA readings were more complete thus the higher reading. TEPCO has had a pattern of taking certain readings in ways that would show a lower level of radiation as they ignore concentrating sources..."

 

 


Radiation Impact on Japanese, Americans, and Others

2012-03-11 Fukushima Anniversary: Theatre of the Absurd posted by Joy Thomson, enformable.com, majiasblog.blogspot.com.

It’s the 1-year anniversary of the disaster at Fukushima Daiichi. For more than a week I’ve struggled to find something to say about it that hasn’t already been said a hundred times in a hundred ways. I kept drawing a blank, even as the noise level coming from industry apologists and their willing partners in the media rose over the past week to a deafening level. There’s some truly appalling stuff making the rounds that would be hilarious if it were being presented with a straight face by Jon Stewart or Stephen Colbert on Comedy Central. But these people are serious, hence my title: Theatre of the Absurd...

...Of particular merit for absurdity was this aside from Wald’s NYT bit of fluff:

Not that the additional radiation exposure won’t induce a few extra cases of cancer, the experts said, but these will be indistinguishable from the background rate of cancer, which will eventually strike about 41 out of every 100 people.

Really? Why, just last year about this time the average lifetime cancer rate in Japan was hovering around 33 out of 100. Now it’s to go to 41 out of 100 according to the HPS? I’ve got news for these sub-geniuses: that’s not a “minor” increase. 41%… 41%… where had I seen that figure before? Oh, yeah. It was under the heading of Health Effects of Nuclear Testing from way back during the height of the bad old Cold War…

In 1980, People magazine revealed some consequences of continental nuclear testing for American citizens. The magazine disclosed that of some 220 cast and crew who filmed a 1956 film, The Conqueror with an unheard of 41 percent morbidity rate. Of these, forty-six had died of cancer by 1980. Among the victims were John Wayne and Susan Hayward, the stars of the film.

Seems that a 41% cancer morbidity rate is no longer so “unheard of.”

This PR Campaign to Save The Nuclear Renaissance would be downright depressing if a survey last week hadn’t demonstrated that more than half of Americans are now firmly against nuclear power. The Japanese are even less impressed with nukes. The last two plants still operating will go down this summer, and the Japanese people may wake up the next day to find they didn’t really need nukes in the first place...
2012-03-09 The Endless Bummer by Michael Collins, enviroreporter.com. [Ed. Note: Pacific coast residents are now threatened with a very dangerous new threat floating towards America with Japanese debris, namely radioactive "buckyballs"].
2012-02-03 interview by Dr. James Fetzer with Leuren Moret. Ms. Moret explained how Fukushima radiation is impacting births around America.

Dr. Fetzer: Effects of Fukushima in Long Island?
L. Moret: On Long Island.
Dr. Fetzer: Amazing.
L. Moret: She [a nurse] said her patients are totally unaware. She said they have had an epidemic of twinning in the past year. She is a midwife. She said that she has had three sets of twins recently, and she said that she almost never has them. Three sets in one year was just astounding to her. [Editor's note: U.S. twin births have doubled in three decades.]
She said that also diabetes in pregnant mothers is epidemic. She said the normal rate is one out of 50 pregnancies, the pregnant mother will develop gestational diabetes. That means as a result of being pregnant. She said now, in the last year, that has increased to three to four cases out of ten mothers. In other words, thirty to forty out of [a hundred], instead of one in fifty, it is fifteen to twenty out of fifty, almost half of the mothers. She said it does disappear after birth, but it puts the mother and the baby at additional health risks in future years.
What I have been seeing is an epidemic globally of conjoined twinning, which… these are what we would call Siamese Twins. It is an epidemic in animals and in humans, and it corresponds to the monsoon rainout pattern globally.
Dr. Fetzer: Oh God.
L. Moret: It is just an epidemic. And we had a huge epidemic of conjoined twinning in the United States during the period of bomb testing.
Low birth rate and high birth rate are also caused by radiation exposure in utero. And she said just three weeks ago – she was having low birth weight and high birth weight babies both – and she said just three weeks ago she had a baby born that was five pounds, eleven ounces, and she has had babies as big as ten pounds, nine pounds and ten ounces, ten pounds. And now I am getting articles out of the newspaper that fourteen and fifteen pound babies are being born in the U.S.

2011-11-25 (Chernobyl comparable example) Japan syndrome by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com.
"In Ukraine, nothing happened in the first year.
In the second year, nothing happened again. People started coming back and re-started their normal life.
In the third year, children started having thyroid cancer.
In fourth year, adults started dying of cancer or cardiac infarct (heart attack).
In fifth year, people started panicking and everything fell into pieces."
2011-11-15 Nuclear Abolition and the Whole Nuclear Chain by Andreas Nidecker, enformable.com
"New evidence of low level radiation effects:
* German KiKK (Kinder Krebs Studie) showed doubling of childhood leukemia around NPPs.
* New study by Hagen und Scherb (sic) [Ed. Note: this should be Dr. Hagen Scherb] shows influence on sex odds ratio. Normally slightly more boys are being born than girls. Around NPPs this ratio is inversed, which is likely due to a genetic effect. Observation has been published in peer reviewed journals
* Must consider, that it is not just the late occurring solid tumors which are worrisome. Also a number of non-cancerous detrimental health effects, caused by genetic or perigenetic influences. Eg. today Cesium cardiomyopathies and vascular diseases, eye and kidney diseases. and diabetes in children are known.
2011-10-21 LINK TV: Physician thinks lung cancer from Fukushima will begin in as soon as 2 years (VIDEO, Part I), enenews.com. "At 2:00 in [Dr. Helen Caldicott stated]: We’ll start seeing lung cancer, I think, 2-5 years from now
Here is 1 important study I posted about a couple of weeks ago.
http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2011/11/radiation-and-cancer.html
Here is the study and the relevant finding: For every 10 millisieverts of low-dose ionizing radiation, there was a 3% increase in the risk of age-and-sex adjusted cancer over a mean follow-up period of 5 year
Cancer risk related to low-dose ionizing radiation from cardiac imaging in patients after acute myocardial infarction. By Mark J. Eisenberg MD MPH, Jonathan Afilalo MD MSc, Patrick R. Lawler MD, Michal Abrahamowicz PhD, Hugues Richard MSc, Louise Pilote MD MPH PhD
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3050947/pdf/1830430.pdf

[Excerpted] The cumulative exposure to radiation from cardiac procedures was 5.3 milli Sieverts (mSv) per patient year, of which 84% occurred during the first year after acute myocardial infarction. A total of 12 020 incident cancers were diagnosed during the follow-up period. There was a dose dependent relation between exposure to radiation from cardiac procedures and subsequent risk of cancer. For every 10 mSv of low-dose ionizing radiation, there was a 3% increase in the risk of age- and sex-adjusted cancer over a mean follow-up period of five years (hazard ratio 1.003 per milliSievert, 95% confidence interval 1.002–1.004)."
2011-10 Atomic Radiation is More Harmful to Women (pdf), Nuclear Information Resource Service. [Editor's Note: A fetus is 100 to a 1,000 times more vulnerable than an adult. Next most vulnerable are the very young and very old]
2011-06-19 Tokyo Must Be Evacuated (video), an artistic video (6:17), mostly in French, some English, makes the point that annual "safety" limits are often 20 millisivierts a year for nuclear workers, but only one millisievert per year for common citizens. Geiger counters are picking up 6 microsieverts per hour in certain places in Tokyo, which computes annually as follows: 6 microSv/hr * 24 hr/day * 365 days/yr = 52,560 microSv/yr or 52 milliSv a year, which is 52 times the allotment for common citizens and 2.6 times the maximum for nuclear workers.
2011-06-06 Gunderson - Seattle Residents Breathed Ten 'Hot' Particles A Day, Excerpts From Arnie Gunderson Interview with Chris Martenson, rense.com, 6 June 2011, (longer pdf version here).

Arnie Gundersen: ...The average human being breathes about 10 meters a day of air, cubic meters of air. And the air out in the Seattle area are detecting, when they pull 10 cubic meters through them, this is in April now, so we are in the end of May so it is a better situation now. That air filter will have 10 hot particles on it. And that was before the Unit Four issue. Clearly we all can't run south of the equator to our second homes in Rio or something like that. But it will stay north of the equator for anyone who has a Leer jet and can get out. But I guess what I am advising at that point is keep your windows closed. I would definitely wear some sort of a filter if I was outside. I certainly wouldn't run and exercise until I was sure the plume had dissipated. This isn't now. This is, as you were saying, this is worst case.
If Unit Four were to topple, I would close my windows, turn the air conditioner on, replace the filters frequently, damp mop, put a HEPA filter in the house and try to avoid as much of the hot particles as possible. You are not going to walk out with a Geiger counter and be in a plume that is going to tell you the meter. The issue will be on the West Coast, hot particles. And the solution there is HEPA filters and avoiding them.

2011-04-24 Four Hundred & Eighty Two Lung Cancers from FOUR days in San Francisco !?! by Potrblog [Editor's Note: Calculated for the period 3-15 to 3-18].

Miscellaneous Other Threats That Reinforce the Radiation Threat

2011-06-08 General Bert’s Third Risk Warning: Genocidal (& Genomicidal) Maniacs and a Weaponized World, by MajGen. Albert "Bert" N. Stubblebine III, USA (Ret.).
2011-04-22 General Bert’s World Risk Assessment: Genomicide Warning #2: Nuke Power and GMOs, by MajGen. Albert "Bert" N. Stubblebine III, USA (Ret.).
2011-04-14 General Bert’s World Risk Assessment: Threats to Health and Food Freedom #1, by Albert "Bert" N. Stubblebine III, retired Major General in the United States Army, former commanding general of the United States Army Intelligence and Security Command from 1981 to 1984, healthfreedomusa.org.
2011-03-27 A Comprehensive Holistic Approach to the Plague of Radiation and What To Do, by Gabriel Cousens, M.D., concernedcitizensofflorida
"Today, although our focus is on Japan’s nuclear power plant disaster and tsunamis, we actually have a variety of radiation exposures that have been with us since the 1960’s. Nuclear plant meltdowns are the most serious threat that we most immediately share, but there are also accidents at sterilization and food radiation facilities, which have in the past released cesium 137 as well as cobalt 60. There are also routine leaks and emissions from common devices and equipment that use nuclear technologies such as x-rays, mammograms, CAT-scans, and full-body scans. We also have radiation exposure from accidents at nuclear weapons sites, nuclear submarine accidents, radon gas, and cigarette smoking. Microwave towers, cell phones, and this whole new technology are additional major sources of cancer causing radiation exposure. We are literally drowning in a continual sea of radiation exposure. The earth changes that have brought about the Japanese nuclear disaster have given us another opportunity to wake up to what is happening. Our total radiation cultural exposure is a symptom and a reflection of our struggle between the Culture of Death and the transition into the Culture of Life. In this context, a nuclear meltdown at a power plant is not our sole concern, although it is a major acute problem. Last, but not least, is the nuclear fall-out from depleted uranium ammunition, missiles, and bombs, and nuclear war. All are happening within these times of complicated earth and consciousness changes.
Unfortunately, aside from the nuclear blowouts at Three Mile Island (1979), Chernobyl (1986), and now at Fukushima (2011), accidents at nuclear power plants happen more frequently than we are aware. Over a 15-year study, ending in 1985, there were 151 significant nuclear accidents in 14 western countries with a total of close to 3,000 mishaps at nuclear plants. We don’t have to wait for a mishap, when being within 50 miles of a nuclear plant, in itself, is a serious lifestyle mistake. The lack of civilian regulations at nuclear military facilities adds an additional danger. These are things worth considering in the bigger picture and not just in the immediate crisis.
Additionally we have increased radiation exposure at airport security checkpoints through the backscatter x-ray devices. These are clearly dangerous and add to the health risk, when we understand what all the serious radiation experts have made clear: total overall radiation exposure is an accumulative problem that may result in all levels of disease.
Radon gas (mostly from cement) and cigarette smoking also create radiation exposure. Cigarette smoking gives off two radioactive particles: polonium 210 and lead 210, which are breakdown products from radium 226, found in phosphate fertilizers used in commercial tobacco farming. Cigarette smoke is found to contain radioactive radium 226 and potassium 40. This is significant when again we are talking about total radiation build up.
Contrary to the popular belief, the most serious threat of radiation exposure is not an atomic thermal blast (if you survive the heat of it), it is low level radiation that builds up over a long period of time. This is not a new understanding. It was discovered in 1972 through the research of Dr. Abram Petkau. Serious radiation damage is the result of free radical activity and its destruction of cellular structures. This free radical destructive activity may happen from small amounts of radiation exposure as a result of eating radioactive particles that have fallen on food and water. These radioactive minerals are incorporated into the body’s cellular structure. Free radical production causes radiation sickness and contributes to higher rates of cancer, as well as cross-linking among tissue proteins. These free radicals cause inflammations, damage to lung cells and blood vessels (contributing to higher rates of atherosclerosis as pointed out by world radiation expert Dr. John Gofman, MD, PhD), produce mutations, and cause degenerative diseases, including cancer. Long-term exposure to low levels of radiation is extremely dangerous, which is why there is no safe level of radiation exposure. According to Dr. John Gofman and other top radiation physicists and medical doctors, the total dose from our total exposure impacts us, it is accumulative.
According to Dr. Ernest Sternglass, Professor Emeritus of Radiological Physics at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Dr. Petkau found the free-radical effect from chronic low radiation exposure to be one thousand times greater than from a single large exposure from an atomic blast. In this context there is no safe permissible level of exposure. What is called “safe” is simply what the governments can get away with. It is actually at low levels of radiation exposure that free radical damage becomes more efficient according Dr. Pekau’s observation. This explains why leukemia and other cancers are occurring at 100 to 1,000 times more than initially predicted at Hiroshima.
In summary, “There is no safe dose of radiation since radiation is cumulative. Harm in the form of excess human cancer occurs at all doses of ionizing radiation, down to the lowest conceivable dose and dose rate.” ~ John Gofman, Ph.D., M.D. in Radiation and Human Health
“There is no safe level of exposure and there is no dose of radiation so low that the risk of malignancy is zero… the genetic risks, and especially those associated with recessive mutations, may be as harmful and debilitating to the human race as the increases of cancer.” ~ Dr. Karl Z. Morgan, director of the Health Physics Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in Sept. 1978 Bulletin of Atomic Scientists
The late Dr. John Gofman, as both a physician and a physicist, was hired by the Atomic Energy Commission to investigate the effects of radiation on human beings. I have read all his books, and he has published an immense amount of material. He concluded that radiation exposure produces a direct linear correlation in the increase of cancer incidence. His findings in 1985 indicated that the dose of radiation allowable by nuclear plants (permissible radiation leakage) would result in an additional 16,000 to 32,000 cancer deaths each year.
In the book, Killing Our Own: The Disaster of America’s Experience with Atomic Radiation by Harvey Wasserman, it’s reported that following the Three Mile Island nuclear reactor accident the cancer rate of those living in a 50 mile area increased sevenfold and that 58% of the births had complications. Dr. Gofman estimates in his book X-rays Health Effects of Common Examinations that more than 45,000 fatal cancers are induced yearly by X-rays. Radiation is far more toxic than chemicals and pesticides.
Another problem the world faces is that radioactive isotopes stay active for a long time. Strontium-90 has a radioactive lifetime of 560 years. Plutonium-239 has a full radioactive life of 500,000 years. Cesium-137 has a radioactive lifetime of 600 years. I-131 is radioactive for 160 days..."

 

 

 



Radiation Basics

Radiation Poisoning and Lingering Radiation Effects (From Multiple Sources)

[undated] Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Tissues, Organs, and Systems [Online PowerPoint presentation, h/t Excellent Power Point with Images on Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Human Bodies, majiasblog.blogspot.com, April 15, 2012]
[undated]
10 Symptoms Of Radiation Sickness: "1. Nausea And Vomiting, 2. Bruising and the Inability to Heal Wounds 3. Bleeding of Orifices 4. Bloody Diarrhea and Vomit 5. Radiation Burns 6. Hair Loss 7. Headaches, Weakness and Fatigue 8. Mouth Sores 9. Seizures and Tremors and 10. Fever and Infections."
[undated] Radiation Health Effects (Cooperative US-Japan research, Radiation Effects Research Foundation)
[undated] Radiation Sickness natural-health-home-remedies.com
[undated]
Map of U.S. Nuclear Reactor Locations (with 100 mile radius rings)
[undated] NIRS Briefing Paper: Atomic Radiation is More Harmful to Women (PDF) prepared by Mary Olson, Director of the Southeast Office of Nuclear Information and Resource Service, 8 pages.
2012-03-10 Women & Children Require More Protection from Ionizing Radiation than Men (PDF), repared by Mary Olson, Director of the Southeast Office of Nuclear Information and Resource Service, 2 pages
2012-01-10 Radiation that Makes You Fade away..., majiasblog.blogspot.com
"Below find a comment I read at Ex-SKF blog. I found it worth re-posting.
The comment was made in a discussion about why the Japanese do not rise up and demand that their government seize Tepco and TAKE CONTROL of the Fukushima situation to protect the people of Japan.
Many people think that the Japanese are simply too conformist.
I have to tell you that by watching the people in my surroundings, I've concluded Americans are just as conformist, in their own way.
Maybe that is the nature of most societies: people conform to expectations even when there are risks because those risks tend to be trivialized or ignored by `opinion leaders.'
And most opinion leaders today are selected by advertisers and public relations agents, rather than rising organically.
It probably takes time and indisputable evidence before activists (many found on the web!) can move popular opinion, especially when authorities deny activist claims.
Real resistance is going to be difficult if this comment below, found posted at Ex-SKF, is accurate.
Do people in your environment seem exhausted?
Anonymous said...
The problem is that this kind of internal radiation slowly saps your strength until you have none left. It makes it nearly impossible to protest your fate.
You just fade away."
http://ex-skf.blogspot.com/2012/01/nuclear-fatigue-setting-in-japan-after.html
2011-12-19 Mutated vegetables, by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com; see also Hidden fact about nuclear posted by Mochizuki on December 27th, 2011
2011-12-15 Radon Progeny Risk? Michael Collins, enviroreporter.com, Dec 18, 2011
"Understandably, there has been quite a bit of discussion, and controversy, regarding possibly false Fukushima meltdowns fallout detections because of the phenomenon called radon progeny or radon daughters. The Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility is one of the few readily available resources that addresses this in layman’s terms in “Introducing the Radon Progeny (formerly called Radon Daughters)“
2011-11-02 HIGH RAD CLUES/MITIGATION/DIET/PETS pt2 (video), Uploaded by ichicax4 on Nov 2, 2011
2011-11-02 HIGH RADIATION CLUES IN NATURE pt1 (video) Uploaded by ichicax4 on Nov 2, 2011
No geiger? No problem. Use your observations. Images of mutations in Japan, Alberta Canada, SE Michigan. Images of plant sickness. Animal death, absence of earthworms during rain, large berries, vegetables, yellow and colored skies with rays, etc...part 1
One eyed shark in Baja:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2050397/One-eyed-albino-cyclops-shark...
2011-09-25 European Union kills legally 150,000 people each year with irradiated food in Germany by Mikkai, /tekknorg.wordpress.com
“The permissible limits currently set in the EU and Japan for radiation protection mean that the population is exposed to an unnecessarily high risk to health. If we assume that the population of Germany were to ingest food containing the current maximum limits of contamination permitted in the EU – equivalent to the limits applying to imports from Japan – children and adolescents would each be exposed to an annual effective dose of 68 millisieverts (mSv) and adults of 33 mSv. The German radiation protection legislation that governs the operation of nuclear power plants stipulates that the legally permissible limit of total exposure from all exposure pathways is 1 mSv per year for individuals. This means that if children and adolescents ingested the amount of radioactive contamination permitted by EU and Japanese regulations, they would be exposed to 68 times the German limit. Even if only 2 percent of the dietary intake were contaminated to permissible EU and Japanese limits, the annual effective dose would already be over the German limit of 1 mSv.
“Calculations based on models used by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) show that dietary intake of the maximum amount of radioactive contamination permitted in the EU and Japan would lead to at least roughly 150,000 fatalities in Germany each year. Other calculation models reach vastly higher figures. If the entire German population were to eat foods exposing individuals to only 5 percent of the contamination currently allowed in food imports from Japan, at least 7,700 fatalities could be expected; this figure doesn’t even include the secondary consequences of a wide range of greatly varying diseases and genetic disorders.”
“Other countries have to some extent set much stricter limits and thereby done more to protect human health. Even the limits in Ukraine and Belarus are much stricter and have continuously tightened over the last few years. The permissible limit for cesium-137 in milk products in Ukraine and Belarus is 100 becquerels per kilogram (Bq/kg), whereas this value stands at 370 Bq/kg in the EU and 200 Bq/kg in Japan.”
2011-04-15 Radiation disease - here are the symptoms and causes by Mark Sircus., AC, OMD
2011 [undated] Radiation Sickness, natural-health-home-remedies.com
"The amount of natural Cosmic radiation we are exposed to in our daily lives is about 1 millisievert per year. Recently the Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary admitted that 1,500 millisieverts, per hour, were spewing from Fukushima.
When you multiple 365 days in a year by 24 hours in a day, you get 8,760 yearly hours.
Multiply 1,500 millisieverts, per hour, by the yearly 8,760 hours and that is 12,690,000 times normal!
Do you consider that safe? And that's just the figures that they admit to. That will continue 24 hours a day until it's stopped.
Professor Higley head of nuclear engineering and radiation health physics at Oregon State University, said that the average person receives about one to two millisieverts a year from natural sources in their environments, and one chest x-ray yields about 0.2 millisievert.
According to the World Nuclear Association fifty millisieverts is the lowest cumulative annual dose for which there is evidence of radiation-related cancer in adults. [Editor's Note: If the average person gets 1-2 millisieverts a year -- which averages to 1.5 millisieverts, this implies that by age 33 and four months (or 50 millisieverts divided by 1.5 millisieverts per year) one has received enough radiation from ordinary [not counting Fukushima] natural sources alone to possibly have a radiation-caused cancer]. When you ingest or inhale radioactive material it can go anywhere in your body and will stay there.
Can that amount really be compared to a CT scan or X ray? In the 1950's researched showed that a single pelvic X-ray of a pregnant woman would double the rate of childhood leukemia in the unborn baby!
If that X-ray were given in the first 3 months of pregnancy, that risked increased 10 times higher.
Just 2 abdominal X-Rays to a male increase the risk of his children developing leukemia..."
2011-03-18 Detoxify or Die: Natural Radiation Protection Therapies for Coping With the Fallout of the Fukushima Nuclear Meltdown by Gabriela Segura M.D.
A Note on Radiation
Radiation poisoning damages organ tissues by excessive exposure to ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation consists of particles or electromagnetic waves that are energetic enough to detach electrons from atoms or molecules, thus ionizing them. Direct ionization from the effects of single particles or single photons produces free radicals, which are atoms or molecules containing unpaired electrons, and which tend to be especially chemically reactive due to their electronic structure.
This means that they become chemically unstable and highly reactive ions as free radicals are formed. These unstable metabolic by-products strive to stabilize by 'stealing' a replacement electron from any neighboring molecule, leaving even more damaged molecules in their wake. This is how free radicals in our bodies are produced and cause inflammation, a process that is best known as oxidative stress, oxidative damage or lipid peroxidation. Oxidation can even cause debilitating changes to your DNA. This is why anti-oxidants are so important. Antioxidants help to counteract or neutralize the free radicals before they can damage our healthy cells by lending a hand (actually, an electron) when stabilization is needed. This is the reason why we are fond of so many antioxidants such as vitamin C, E, carotenoids, resveratrol, taurine, coenzyme Q10 and melatonin, to name but a few...
2009-04-20 (about non-ionising RF/Microwaves) Rosemary Found to Offer Best Protection against Radiation Poisoning by Barbara L. Minton
"It has been know for a decade that RF/microwaves from cell phones and tower transmitters cause damage in human blood cells that results in nuclei splintering off into micronuclei fragments. The development of micronuclei heralds the development of pre-cancerous conditions. Many victims of Chernobyl developed blood cell micronuclei that rapidly turned into full blown cancers.
Numerous animal studies have demonstrated that mobile phone radiation quickly causes DNA single and double strand breaks at levels well below the current federal "safe" standards. A six-year industry study showed that human blood exposure to cell phone radiation had a 300 percent increase in genetic damage in the form of micronuclei, suggesting a health threat much greater than smoking or asbestos."
2008-04-24 Reasonable Doubt: Children living near nuclear facilities face an increased risk of cancer by Ian Fairlie, Global Research, April 24, 2008 New Scientist
2003-12-13/14 Testimony of Leuren Moret for the International Criminal Tribunal for Afghanistan, mindfully.org.
The Radiation and Public Health Project (RPHP) 8, a group of independent scientists in the U.S., has collected over 4000 baby teeth from children living around nuclear power plants. By measuring the Strontium-90 (a man-made fission product) in the baby teeth (a “built in dosimeter”), they have been able to correlate Strontium-90 levels with radiation related diseases in children living near nuclear power plants as reported by the CDC. The main pathways for fission products from nuclear power plants are through dairy products and drinking water.

The Vital Distinction Between External and Internal Radiation

Editor's Note: There are huge differences in how we can predict the effects of external radiation from irradiation vs. internal radiation from fallout contamination. In many ways they are like comparing apples and oranges. It is very important that the reader clearly understand the difference, because disinformation artists for the nuclear industry (or a medical establishment that benefits from various forms of "radiation therapy") typically exploit public ignorance to tell big lies. For example, in regard to external radiation irradiation, there may be some very special scenarios (often called "radiation hormesis") where a very minute dose may benefit people, although larger doses are always bad. "Radiation hormesis" hypothesis is still being hotly debated in the scientific community and is by no means a proven phenomenon. In contrast, when it comes to internal radiation contamination, all of it, no matter how small the dose, is bad for you. Therefore, when someone suggests that "radiation is good for you" for people who are susceptible to internal contamination, this is a lie. (For example Ann Coulter said "radiation is good for you" when Americans were getting exposed to Fukushima fallout -- this is a lie. Similarly, people who compare air travel with such forms of external radiation as cosmic rays and X-rays are also lying. They are ignoring the fact that people who fly today typically breathe in fallout carried by the jetstream -- and hence are suffering internal contamination).
External radiation is fairly easy to understand. Examples include when someone gets zapped by an X-ray machine, CAT scan, or radiation pulse from an exploding nuclear weapon. Most of this radiation usually consists of short bursts (or "acute exposure") of gamma radiation, which runs straight through the body. The amount of damage is generally proportional to the amount of radiation one receives.
This is the relatively simple model that has historically been fed to the pubic. For example, the "safe" dose of radiation is below 2 millisieverts per year.
There is an important exception to this simple, linear model, even for external radiation involving mostly gamma rays. When one is subject to prolonged low level exposure (or "chronic exposure") this can have a disproportionate damaging effect on cells compared to short bursts. (One example is known as the "Petkau Effect"). Chronic low level external radiation becomes an increasingly serious issue as fallout accumulates in ones environment, and starts building up overall background radiation levels.
The analogy here might be "slow cook" vs "fast cook." For example, ancient Polynesians discovered that meat laid between heated lava rocks adequately cooks meat over eight hours compared to meat roasted over an open fire in half an hour -- except that slow-cooked meat has a different taste and texture. As another interesting anecdote, Mongol warriors used to "slow cook" their meat by placing it between their saddles and horses while on the move. When background radiation rises above a certain multiple of normal, ones starts to get "slow cooked," except the "slow cooking" of human cells by radiation has somewhat different properties than the "fast cook" scenario, comparable to Polynesian and Mongol meat preparation methods.
Now lets talk about internal radiation that takes place from from ingesting, inhaling, or absorbing through the skin microscopic radioactive particles. The impact of this type of contamination is much more difficult to predict because there are more variables involved. Also the means of radiation delivery is different. The gamma radiation typically involved in external radiation travels in straight lines, and therefore tends to have "line of sight" characteristics relative to their source. In contrast, the extremely microscopic particles that typically comprise internal radiation tend to spread in the air in plume formations that can travel with jet streams around the world before they descend and envelope their victims from all directions like a gas.
Different types of radioactive particles tend to gravitate towards different organs and impact the body differently. As an example, radioactive Strontium tends to gravitate towards bones and create a much higher rate of birth defects compared to radioactive Cesium, which tends to gravitate towards muscles and increase the rate of heart attacks, but not affect birth defects nearly as much as Strontium. According to a TVA report cited by Leuren Moret, the average nuclear plant leaks all the fission products of a nuclear blast, which can number as many as 1,300 different radioactive isotopes. (It is very sobering for Americans who live within fifty miles of a nuclear plant to find out that the nuclear industry has been routinely dumping these poisons on them without telling them. Some nuclear plants release dangerous nucleotides as often as once every three days). Therefore, in order to predict the damage to the body that takes place from ingesting fallout, one needs to understand what kind of "witches brew" one has ingested. Radiation plumes can vary dramatically in their radionuclide composition depending on what kinds of nuclear fuel and fission events created them; as an example, contact with sea water during melt-down vs. contact with fresh water, earth, or construction materials can create a very different mix radionuclides.
Secondly, once a radioactive particle gets embedded in cellular tissue, it causes tissue destruction and mutations from all three types of radiation, namely alpha, beta and gamma. According to the European Committee on Radiation Risk (ECRR), the damaging effects on human health of such internalized radiation is about 600 times worse than what one would ordinarily predict by measuring the external radiation thrown off by these particles with a Geiger counter..".
2012-05-08 Columbia Medical Professor: Inhaling just one radioactive hot particle can cause cancer (VIDEO), ENENews.com
2012-05-02 Internal Versus External Exposure to Radionuclides, majiasblog.blogspot.com
We know that ingesting some radioactive particles is particularly bad because your body considers them nutrients.
Your body doesn't differentiate between radioactive and stable iodine.
Moreover, radioactive cesium is a potassium analog; strontium is a calcium analog.
Consequently, your body absorbs these radionuclides and "stores" them as if they were nutrients.
(Here is a link to some research I did on cesium absorption http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/
2012/04/bio-accumulation-of-cesium-cesium-is.html
)
Paul Langely has a very good post today describing research conducted by the US government on the serious effects of ingestion of radionuclides, even of minute amounts
http://nuclearhistory.wordpress.com/2012/05/02/the-metabolism-of-the-fission-products-hamilton-1942-on/
2011-12-05 Why the ICRP and EPA Models for Radiation Risk Understate Risks Significantly (pdf), epa.gov
EPA: Cancer Risk Coefficients for Environmental Exposure to Radionuclides
"For both internal and external exposure, a risk coefficient for a given radionuclide is based on the assumption that this is the only radionuclide present in the environmental medium. That is, doses due to decay chain members produced in the environment prior to the intake of, or external exposure to, the radionuclides are not considered”
2011-10-31 Radiation Exposure to the Population in Japan After the Earthquake (PDF) by Marco Kaltofen --slide 6.
How are people exposed to radioactive particulates?
* Inhalation airborne particles
* Inhalation of re-suspended dusts
* Ingestion of contaminated food (seaweed, shellfish, beef, milk, spinach, eggs, tea and pollock and cod)
* Ingestion of soils and dusts (pica)
* Dermal contact
* The effects of certain types of contamination actually get worse over time as they bio-accumulate According to Chernobyl by Yablokov, a prime contaminant is Cesium 137. Given itslengthy half-life, there are heavily contaminated parts of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus that will not become reasonably "safe" for 300 years.
2011-08-30 Fukushima Is Continually Blasting All Of Us With High Levels Of Cesium, Strontium And Plutonium And Will Slowly Kill Millions For Years To Come by Michael Snyder, Economic Collapse Blog.
"...Unfortunately, most people do not have any concept of just how dangerous nuclear contamination can be.
At this point, the vast majority of people living in the northern hemisphere have been exposed to radioactive material from Fukushima.
We can't see them, but radioactive particles can do an insane amount of damage. We can breathe them in, we can eat them in our food and we can even absorb them through our skin. Once trapped inside our bodies, these particles can slowly "bake" us for years and years. The following is from an opinion piece by Helen Caldicott in the Guardian....

Internal radiation, on the other hand, emanates from radioactive elements which enter the body by inhalation, ingestion, or skin absorption. Hazardous radionuclides such as iodine-131, caesium 137, and other isotopes currently being released in the sea and air around Fukushima bio-concentrate at each step of various food chains (for example into algae, crustaceans, small fish, bigger fish, then humans; or soil, grass, cow's meat and milk, then humans). [2] After they enter the body, these elements – called internal emitters – migrate to specific organs such as the thyroid, liver, bone, and brain, where they continuously irradiate small volumes of cells with high doses of alpha, beta and/or gamma radiation, and over many years, can induce uncontrolled cell replication – that is, cancer. Further, many of the nuclides remain radioactive in the environment for generations, and ultimately will cause increased incidences of cancer and genetic diseases over time.

One of the most dangerous radioactive elements being released at Fukushima is Strontium. Strontium accumulates in the bones and in the teeth. It is also known to cause cancer in humans.
It has been estimated that approximately 80 percent of the strontium that was released during the Chernobyl nuclear disaster entered the food cycle.
Considering the vast amount of strontium that has been released at Fukushima, that is a very frightening statistic.
The following is what NHK World recently had to say about the levels of strontium that are being found around Fukushima....

The utility detected up to 480 becquerels of radioactive strontium 90 per kilogram of soil. That's about 100 times higher than the maximum reading recorded in Fukushima Prefecture following atmospheric nuclear tests carried out by foreign countries during the Cold War era.
TEPCO reported detecting 2,800 becquerels of strontium 89 per kilogram of soil at the same location.

Once you absorb Strontium, it will stay in your bones for the rest of your life. Just consider what Dr. Russell Blaylock recently told Newsmax....

When we look at Chernobyl, most of West Germany was heavily contaminated. Norway, Sweden. Hungary was terribly contaminated. The radiation was taken up into the plants. The food was radioactive. They took the milk and turned it into cheese. The cheese was radioactive.
That’s the big danger, the crops in this country being contaminated, the milk in particular, with Strontium 90. That radiation is incorporated into the bones and stays for a lifetime.

So would you like to have radioactive material in your bones that affects your health for the rest of your life?
It may have already happened to you and you wouldn't even know it.
Other deadly radioactive elements that are being released at high levels at Fukushima include iodine, cesium, uranium and plutonium. Large amounts of these radioactive particles have already been absorbed in the soil and in the water in the United States.
* The first best step is avoidance
*Second step; bolster immune system and try to detox.
2011-05-03 U.S. Radiation: Where Is All That Fukushima Radiation Going, and Why Does it Matter? (VIDEO) (17:42) "Fairewinds' founder Maggie Gundersen interviews environmental scientist and professional engineer Marco Kaltofen about his ongoing analysis of radioactive fallout from Fukushima."
2011-04-30 Unsafe at Any Dose by Helen Caldicott, M.D., nytimes.com
2004 How to Help Support the Body's Healing After Intense Radioactive or Radiation Exposure: The Medical, Naturopathic, Nutritional, Herbal, Commonsense External and Internal Approaches (pdf) by Bill Bodri
"When we’re talking about radiation exposure, there are two types you need to differentiate between: (1) irradiation and (2) contamination. Here are the definitions:

Irradiation is exposure to external radiation that passes directly through your body and can make you sick immediately, producing what’s called “acute radiation illness” (ARS). Irradiation does not make your tissues radioactive and it does not make the person radioactive, but just damages your tissues. In high doses, irradiation can even permanently damage your genetic material (DNA) causing chronic latent disorders, such as cancer and birth defects. Irradiation has no emergency treatment itself, but doctors closely monitor the person exposed for the development of various syndromes and treat the symptoms as they arise.
Contamination means coming into contact with and retaining radioactive material, typically in the form of a radioactively contaminated materials that you eat, inhale, absorb through skin breaks, or which may fall on your skin (where it can fall off or be brushed off to contaminate other people and objects). You can have both internal and external contamination. If it is absorbed, radioactive material will be transported to various sites in the body, such as the thyroid or bone marrow, where it will continue to release radiation.
“Contamination” requires the immediate removal of the radioactive material to prevent it from being absorbed by the body and so contaminated skin should be scrubbed immediately with large amounts of soap and water, small puncture wounds should be cleaned vigorously to remove all radioactive particles (even though the scrubbing may cause pain), contaminated hair is clipped off rather than shaved because shaving may abrade the skin and allow the contamination to enter the body. Just like in the James Bond movie Doctor No (you can tell I’m a big fan), scrubbing of skin surface areas continues until a Geiger counter shows that the
radioactivity is gone.
If a person has recently swallowed radioactive material, vomiting must be induced. Some radioactive materials have specific antidotes, which we’ll get into, that can prevent the absorption of ingested material. These antidotes are usually given only to people exposed to significant radioactive contamination. Potassium iodide prevents the thyroid gland from absorbing radioactive iodine-131 and other drugs, such as DTPA, EDTA chelation, and penicillamine can be given intravenously to remove certain radioactive elements after they have been absorbed. Although this absorbed radiation contaminant often will not cause “acute radiation sickness,” it can lead to chronic disorders (such as leukemia or cancer) over time unless it’s removed through these methods.

 


"The star in the photo is a partial image of the three-dimensional radiation tracks from the plutonium particle, which forms around the plutonium speck like a dandelion seed. Why? Plutonium emits high-energy rays (called 'alpha rays') that travel exceedingly short distances and in nearly straight lines - the tracks in the photo only extend about 5 cell diameters (or 35 microns). Typical 'alpha stars' form around clusters of alpha-emitting radiochemicals, like plutonium, because they emit multiple radiation tracks that are short and straight." From Part 2 - Fallout Overexposes Human Cells from Nuclear Crimes (The Book).

 

The Chronic Low Level Radiation Danger -- "Petkau Effect"

2012-02-03 Journal: 70,000 reports of suspected health damage every year among German nuclear workers exposed to less than 20 milliSv, enenews.com
2011-03-17 Professor: Clear that low-level contamination is probably more dangerous than single dose — Grasshoppers with deformed wings, gray eyes not red — Birds with abnormal sperm, strange large tumors (VIDEO),
enenews.com.
2011-03-31 Expert Radiation Advice from Gabriel Cousens, MD – Including 6 Principles of Radiation Protection
; “A Comprehensive Holistic Approach to the Plague of Radiation and What To Do” by Gabriel Cousens, MD, MH (H), DD
"...Contrary to the popular belief, the most serious threat of radiation exposure is not an atomic thermal blast (if you survive the heat of it), it is low level radiation that builds up over a long period of time. This is not a new understanding. It was discovered in 1972 through the research of Dr. Abram Petkau. Serious radiation damage is the result of free radical activity and its destruction of cellular structures. This free radical destructive activity may happen from small amounts of radiation exposure as a result of eating radioactive particles that have fallen on food and water. These radioactive minerals are incorporated into the body’s cellular structure. Free radical production causes radiation sickness and contributes to higher rates of cancer, as well as cross-linking among tissue proteins. These free radicals cause inflammations, damage to lung cells and blood vessels (contributing to higher rates of atherosclerosis as pointed out by world radiation expert Dr. John Gofman, MD, PhD), produce mutations, and cause degenerative diseases, including cancer. Long-term exposure to low levels of radiation is extremely dangerous, which is why there is no safe level of radiation exposure. According to Dr. John Gofman and other top radiation physicists and medical doctors, the total dose from our total exposure impacts us, it is accumulative.
According to Dr. Ernest Sternglass, Professor Emeritus of Radiological Physics at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Dr. Petkau found the free-radical effect from chronic low radiation exposure to be one thousand times greater than from a single large exposure from an atomic blast. In this context there is no safe permissible level of exposure. What is called “safe” is simply what the governments can get away with. It is actually at low levels of radiation exposure that free radical damage becomes more efficient according Dr. Pekau’s observation. This explains why leukemia and other cancers are occurring at 100 to 1,000 times more than initially predicted at Hiroshima.

In summary, “There is no safe dose of radiation since radiation is cumulative. Harm in the form of excess human cancer occurs at all doses of ionizing radiation, down to the lowest conceivable dose and dose rate.” ~ John Gofman, Ph.D., M.D. in Radiation and Human Health
“There is no safe level of exposure and there is no dose of radiation so low that the risk of malignancy is zero… the genetic risks, and especially those associated with recessive mutations, may be as harmful and debilitating to the human race as the increases of cancer.” ~ Dr. Karl Z. Morgan, director of the Health Physics Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in Sept. 1978 Bulletin of Atomic Scientists

1972 and 1982 Secret Fallout: Low-Level Radiation From Hiroshima to Three-Mile Island by Dr. Ernest Sternglass, (an online ebook). Chapter 15 Fallout At Shippingport has a very valuable discussion of official cover-up of the terrible damage wrought by radioactive leakage of a nuclear reactor 25 miles north west of Pittsburgh on the local community and how chronic low level radiation can be more dangerous that short bursts of high level radiation. It also describes the "Petkau Effect."

 

Measuring Radiation and Radiation Guidelines

Editor's Overview: I have organized this section according to the following three major areas that we need to understand in order to grasp radiation issues:
a) Understanding types of radiation:
1). Basic types of radioactive emitters, namely alpha, beta, or gamma emissions.
2). Whether the emissions are external or internal (I have already covered this in the prior section).
3) The particular isotopes that are the source of radiation. Different isotopes have different half lives and give off different radioactive daughters. When they get ingested inside the body, different isotopes tend to gravitate towards different organs and require different chelating agents for the best chances of cleansing them out of the body.
b) Understanding basic measures and how they can convert with each other (sometimes very roughly) for comparison purposes. For example, how do we convert microsieverts to millirads, microcuries to becquerels, and counts per minute on a geiger counter with microsieverts per hour.
c) Understanding basic exposure guidelines -- and their consequences. Some of the most common guidelines involve microsieverts per hour and millisieverts year of exposure and becquerels per square meter square and becquerels per liter of contamination.

 

 

a) Understanding Types of Radiation:

1). Basic types of radioactive emitters, namely alpha, beta, or gamma emissions. See the chart above.
"Alpha Particle, Wikipedia "...When alpha particle emitting isotopes are ingested, they are far more dangerous than their half-life or decay rate would suggest, due to the high relative biological effectiveness of alpha radiation to cause biological damage, after alpha-emitting radioisotopes enter living cells. Ingested alpha emitter radioisotopes (such as transuranics or actinides) are an average of about 20 times more dangerous, and in some experiments up to 1000 times more dangerous, than an equivalent activity of beta emitting or gamma emitting radioisotopes."
2012-03-14 Alpha radiation detected 50km south of Fukushima in Iwaki City — Up to 1,000 times more dangerous than beta or gamma equivalent (VIDEO), enenews.com
2). Whether the emissions come from outside the body or internally from radionuclides that have been absorbed inside ones own body (I have already covered this in a prior section ).
3) The particular isotopes that are the source of radiation. Different isotopes have different half lives and give off different radioactive daughters. When they get ingested inside the body, different isotopes tend to gravitate towards different organs and require different chelating agents for the best chances of cleansing them out of the body..."
2011-10-14 Japan Contamination Maps: Radiation is Spreading...by Lucas W Hixson, globalresearch.ca
"Uranium Decay Series - The 4n+2 chain of U-238 is commonly called the "radium series" (sometimes "uranium series"). Beginning with naturally occurring uranium-238, this series includes the following elements: astatine,bismuth, lead, polonium, protactinium,radium, radon, thallium, and thorium...

 

b) Understanding Basic Measurements and Conversions. For example, how do we convert microsieverts to millirads, microcuries to becquerels, and counts per minute on a geiger counter with microsieverts per hour?
In addition, anyone who seriously delves in radiation literature finds a variety of terms being used for the same things, and one needs to be able to relate them to each other. For example, contemporary books on radiation typically use microsieverts, whereas books older than a decade use rads.

Conversion tables and calculators

http://www.radprocalculator.com/FAQ.aspx
Online Unit Converter Pro: Radiation - Dose Equivalent Conversions, All Radiation - Dose Equivalent Conversions,
CONVERTER http://online.unitconverterpro.com/unit-conversion/
convert-group/convert.php?cat=radiation---dose-equivalent

Conversion discussions

2011-04-21 Understanding Becquerels, Sieverts, Roentgens, Etc by Ace Hoffman, Rense.com. See also his 21 April 2011 blog entry Measuring low-level radiation damage..., acehoffman.blogspot.com

Ask the Experts; hps.org/publicinformation.
"How do you convert a rad to a rem? I am working on putting together a comparison list for radiation exposure to pregnant women during radiology procedures and find different studies list rad results and others list results in rem. I appreciate any help on this matter.
Answer: The older quantity and unit of radiation exposure (ionization in dry air) is the "roentgen" (R), where 1 R is equal to 2.58 × 10-4. The older quantity and unit of absorbed dose is the "rad," where 1 rad = 0.01 J/kg. The material absorbing the radiation can be tissue or any other medium (for example, air, water, lead shielding, etc.). To convert absorbed dose to dose equivalent, or "rem," where we now consider the biological effects in man, one modifies with a quality factor. For practical scenarios, with low "linear energy transfer" (LET) radiation such as gamma or x rays, 1 R = 1 rad = 1 rem.

Basic Conversions

[Editor's Note: Many of the conversions below are "slapdash" or "back of the envelope" conversions suitable for laymen but are technically imprecise for physicists in that the terms do not always have the same exact underlying concept].

1,000 Microsievert = 1 MilliSievert = .001 Sievert = .1 Rad = .1 Roentgen

 


The positive aspect of this chart is it helps one understand how the magnitude of different radiation doses relate to each other. The negative aspect is that it does not make the very critical distinction between external vs. internalized forms of radiation. It is not true that using a cell phone is not hazardous.


  Radiation Risk Chart
 
Millisieverts
Millirems
 
Chest x-ray
0
.1
10
 
Two-view mammogram
0
.36
36
 
Average annual background exposure in the U.S.
3
 
300
 
Cardiac nuclear stress test
9
.4
940
 
CT scan of the abdomen
10
 
1,000
 
Coronary angiogram
20
 
2,000
 
Average exposure of evacuees from Belarus after 1986 Chernobyl disaster
31
 
3,100
 
Annual dose limit* for nuclear power plant workers
50
 
5,000
 
Spike recorded at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant
400
per hour
40,000
per hour
Acute radiation sickness begins
1,000
(or 1 sievert)
100,000
 

*Set by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Sources: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Health Physics Society, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, International Atomic Energy Agency
From: Radiation risk in Japan: understanding radiation measurements and putting them in perspective, health.harvard.edu, by Peter Wehrwein, Editor, Harvard Health Letter, 16 March 2011

 

c) Understanding Basic Exposure Guidelines -- and Consequences. Some of the most common guidelines involve microsieverts per hour and millisieverts year of exposure and becquerels per square meter square and becquerels per liter of contamination.

[Editor's Note: The best case study is Chernobyl: -- The best model for predicting long term impact is the "Tondel model" advocated by Professor Chris Busby; in contrast, the "ICRP" model that only looks at non-ionizing (pass through) radiation and not particulate ionizing radiation (radionuclides that get inside the body) severely underestimates the total damage from dirty nuke catastrophes like Chernobyl and Fukushima. According to Dr. Busby "[Martin] Tondel’s findings of a statistically significant 11% increase in cancer per 100kBq/m2 Cs-137 contamination from Chernobyl are almost exactly predicted by the ECRR2003 model."]

2011-06 Radiation Dosage Chart [Rense.com] [Ed. Note: The styling of this chart is attractive; however, it is overly simplistic because it does not distinguish between external radiation and accumulated internal radiation]
2011-04-21 Measuring low-level radiation damage..., by Ace Hoffman, acehoffman.blogspot.com [Editor's Note: This is an excellent explanation regarding why "dilution is not the solution" when it comes to the release of radiation into the environment. Japan has been adding to its nuclear suicide by applying the erroneous "dilution is the solution" mantra to burning radioactive trash in incinerators around Tokyo, which only remobilizes more radiation into the environment (to include sending more of it up smoke stakes and into the jet stream towards America). The Japanese have also been blending radioactive food in with "cleaner food" and then distributing it to its citizens as well as anyone else around the world who will accept it, to include Americans. Significantly, on my 2011 Great American Nuclear Facilities Crises web page I provide background on Dr. Edward Teller, an important leader of America's H-bomb program and a prime architect of America's nuclear facilities policies in the 1950's. According to radiation expert Leuren Moret, Dr. Teller pushed the "dilution is the solution" concept to not only rationalize numerous nuclear bomb tests and nuclear plant releases into the environment in America, but to also "justify" dumping highly toxic fluoride waste into public drinking water! (The process of separating uranium 235 from uranium 238 creates uranium hexafluoride gas, which in turn often gets processed into fluoride and depleted uranium. Faced with the dilemma regarding how to dispose of fluoride and depleted uranium, Dr. Teller advocated adding fluoride to public drinking water with the mantra "dilution is the solution." I view this as a PSYOP (Psychological Warfare) or "chutzpah" tactic using the "the best defense is a good offense" ploy. It conditions the public to accommodate the poisons that come with nuclear power and nuclear weaponry -- in other words if someone righteously and vehemently promotes a big lie that is the exact opposite of the truth, this may so distort the public's frame of reference that it will accommodate various forms of the lie. In regard to depleted uranium (DU), beginning with Persian Gulf War I in 1990, the U.S. military has exploded massive amounts of depleted uranium and released it into the environment, not only overseas, but also at training facilities in the United States. Over a million U.S. military veterans since Persian Gulf War I have become permanently incapacitated due to the likely effects of DU poisoning, which exacerbates every disease known to man since it disrupts the immune system and every form of bodily function at the cellular level where DU microparticles disrupt DNA. Please see more discussion of DU in the Leuren Moret, Dr. Chris Busby, and Dr. Doug Rokke archives].
"...PM Kan wants everyone in Japan to share in the radioactive misery of the northern prefectures by throwing caution to the wind (literally) and pretending everything is okay.
So what will happen is, for example, they'll take a farm's vegetables that are known to be highly irradiated, and mix them with vegetables from other farms that were not so badly hit, until the average level of radiation in the larger batch is low enough to pass inspection. Because inspections will be looking for averages: "Becquerels per kilogram."
The Japanese people are being encouraged -- made to feel it's their patriotic duty -- to slip as much of the hot stuff through as possible! Based on Kan's remarks, and on what happened (and still happens) throughout Ukraine after Chernobyl, and what happened after Three Mile Island to milk supplies (including for chocolate bars sold all around the world from nearby Hershey, Pennsylvania), that's what they will be doing -- are already doing -- in Japan.
And you can be sure of another rule of thumb, thank's to Kan's pronouncements: Sell the "hot" produce to foreigners, especially! Why? Because after all, the more you spread it around, the safer it is, right? If it's below legal limits, it's safe, right? So spread it around! Especially to countries that don't have a good inspection program in place. Or that just don't care.
Prime Minister Naoto Kan calls it a `sacrifice' while at the same time assuring everyone it's harmless. Eat some plutonium. Plutonium-laced spinach will make you strong. Enjoy it, even!
This `dilution solution to pollution' will not only be legal, it will be encouraged. Everyone is expected to figure that yes, they will get some poisons one day, but other days they won't. So it won't matter.
But it does matter.
Scientists agree that radiation is a "Linear, No Threshold" poison, so spreading the doses out among many people doesn't stop a single death (though it makes those deaths much harder to prove statistically, a phenomenon which the nuclear industry finds very useful). Lest you think LNT is fringe science, you should know that the US National Academy of Sciences has accepted the LNT threshold "theory" of radiation damage for many decades.
Linear no-threshold means that if one person receives one fatal dose of radiation, that person will presumably die. But if the same amount of radiation is spread out among a hundred people, or, say, a hundred thousand (a small city), or a million (a large city), divided out and distributed to everyone somehow (diabolically), one person (on average) will die from what would have been one fatal dose if given entirely to one person.
Furthermore, it doesn't matter if the total quantity is divided evenly or unevenly -- that only determines an individual's risk, not the total "communal" risk. According to the LNT theory, the total risk for the community -- one death -- remains unchanged regardless of how the dose is distributed. (NOTE: This theoretical example does NOT consider dilution in the environment, in which even more people will be exposed to the poison, but some of it will not come in contact with humans at all. By the same token, it also does not consider the billions of fatal doses that are being released from Fukushima Daiichi, it only considers the effects of ONE theoretical fatal dose. And it doesn't account for the many additional, non-fatal health effects of radiation such as inflammation, dementia, deformities, chronic fatigue syndrome, and many others.)
We don't purposefully, (at least, not often) experiment on humans even with tiny radiation doses, but the LNT data line has been indicated in thousands of different studies involving millions of lab animals who were "sacrificed" for science.
Sacrificed and apparently then utterly forgotten by society, along with the results of the studies they died so painfully for (the normal technique, when experimenting with dogs, for instance, is to remove their vocal cords first).
Because of the statistical nature of radiation doses (and many other poisons), even a so-called "fatal" dose may not be fatal. So for that reason, it's usually called a "normally fatal dose." And also for that reason, nearly all radiation damage approximations attempt to discover, not the fatal dose, but instead, the exact dosage that will be lethal for 50% of any exposed population (of beagles, fish, fruit flies, or whatever (the actual level is different for each species and each individual)). That level is known as the LD/50, and that method is used for studying many poisons besides just radiation.
Data from animal experiments, is compared against some very imprecise studies of Hiroshima and Nagasaki victims, and then used to estimate the damage that will be caused by any particular human exposure to radiation.
However, in those original Hiroshima and Nagasaki studies, damage to humans was grossly underestimated, especially for the very young. It was politically expedient to do so. Radiation damage estimates, especially for low levels of exposure, have been grossly (and correspondingly) underestimated ever since.
In the Hiroshima and Nagasaki studies, stillbirths and spontaneous abortions were not counted for the first five years after the bombings. This was a rather crucial oversight! For Chernobyl, actual doses were so poorly recorded or estimated, that all studies since then have been both difficult to design and easy to criticize as inaccurate. Instead the original bomb studies are still used as if they were unbiased and reasonably accurate.
(Eminent physician and nuclear physicist, Dr. John Gofman, used statistical studies of x-rays and subsequent patient health effects to study low level radiation damage to humans, but the larger health establishment, heavily reliant on x-rays and CT scans for their income, has ignored the late scientist's (and other's) findings. However, his results are available for consideration in several books he published during his long and distinguished career.)
With a poison which behaves according to the LNT model, dilution is the ONLY solution offered for such pollution, and it's not a very good one. Spreading LNT poisons into the environment IS premeditated murder, so you better have a pretty good reason for doing so, if you plan to do it. The nuclear industry excuses itself as "vital" because they produce electricity, which most certainly is very important..."

 

 

Microsieverts (or Rad or Roentgens) per hour of external exposure, or units per year

Sample guidelines:

Editor's Note: Please see the Radiation Risk Chart above.
2012-02-28 US Agency: ‘Serious, long-term health effects’ posed by 10 milliSv/yr of ionizing radiation
,
enenews.com
[Undated]
NukAlert Operating Manual; What is a Roentgen? A Roentgen (R) is an amount of radiation. It is about 1% of the amount that is the threshold for radiation sickness.? In other words, if a healthy adult does not exceed a dose of 100 Roentgens received in a short time (days) they are unlikely to experience radiation sickness, which is 100% survivable, if not exceeded. "Very few of those receiving acute doses (received within 24 hours) of less than 100 R would become sick, even briefly." NWSS While govt agencies advise to try to limit your normal exposure to 5 rad per year and 25 rad for lifetime and emergency workers to 50 rad. 10 11 (Lower limits for children & fetuses.) in a widespread nuclear emergency staying under 100 rads for healthy adults is survivable and does not require aggressive medical attention.
2011-09-06 Almost 500 millisieverts of radiation for some in corridor NW of Fukushima meltdowns — Around 50/50 chance of cancer, says nuclear engineer by ENENEWS Admin
2011-07-29 Nuclear plant workers developed cancer despite radiation exposure below legal limit — As little as 5 millisieverts by ENENEWS Admin
2011-06-03 (for this date) Consequences of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident in Japan: A substantial and long-lasting contamination (pdf), by Bruno Chareyron, nuclear physics engineer, Head of the CRIIRAD laboratory "...the ICRP (International Commission for Radiological Protection) is 1 milliSievert per annum, which corresponds to 5 deaths for 100 000 persons exposed to this effective dose..." [Ed. Note: The aforementioned ICRP model applies only for external radiation. The death toll from 1 milliSievert of internal radiation is vastly higher, as noted in the aforementioned Tondel model].
2011-04-12 Low Level Radiation Campaign Advice for the People of Japan by c
"Put simply, in an area now contaminated to a level of 1 microsievert per hour the fallout raises every individual person’s risk of getting cancer in the next 10 years by 11%."

Sample discussions

2012-02-28 US Agency: ‘Serious, long-term health effects’ posed by 10 milliSv/yr of ionizing radiation — Greatly increased chance of leukemia, organ damage, cancers when adding ingestion of radionuclides, enenews.com.
2011-11-14
Xenon Gas and Lethal Doses by Inhalation, majiasblog.blogspot.com
http://www.aipri.blogspot.com/
(this site is in French so I used google translate)
The AIPR or International Association for the Protection Against Ionizing Radiation posted this on Nov 4 (please note it is translated from the French)
"The program "semi formalized" in Fukushima of 1.67 E19 Bq 133 Xe gas have meant the spread of 2.411 kg. This emission is equivalent in terms of internal radiation lung 400.8 million in potentially lethal doses by inhalation. As shown, 2.4 kg of material having the power to kill only transient 400 million people, the Xenon 133 is classified as very low radiotoxic. It's not beautiful science!
"The Xe 133 has a half-life of 5.244 days. It decreases in beta mode with a decay constant of 1.52985 s-1 E-6. (Ln (2) / T1 / 2 ie 0.693147 / 5.244 * 24 * 60 * 60 = 1.52985 E-6. ) The specific activity of E15 6.9271 Bq / g E05 Ci/gr.- -1.872 (6.0221415 E 23 / ??133 * 1.5299 = 6.9271 E-06 E15 Bq / gr.) The inhalation dose factor is of 1.20 E-10 Sv / Bq.
A lethal dose by inhalation of 5 Sievert E-06 weighs 6.02 gr. (6, o2 micrograms), E10 is 4.17 Bq. One gram of 133 Xe has provided 166,249 potentially lethal doses. Fukushima has released about 2411 grams of the radioactive element has so far scattered in the environment the innocent and very low radiotoxic equivalent of 400.8 million lethal doses."
Hat tip PureWater at Enenenws
http://enenews.com/just-in-harmless-xenon-cloud-is-known-to-cause-dramatic-increase-in-lung-
cancer-bombards-people-with-gamma-rays-turns-into-cesium-xenon-release-at-fukushima-most-
ever-2-5-times-chernoby

The Enenews post where PureWater posted the link concerns rising radiation in Japan, as discussed by Arnie Gunderson on Helen Caldicott's show If You Love This Planet
2011-09-06
Almost 500 millisieverts of radiation for some in corridor NW of Fukushima meltdowns — Around 50/50 chance of cancer, says nuclear engineer by ENENEWS Admin
2011-06-20
The Health Effects of Radiation "There is no safe threshold"
John Gofman Interview / Synapse v.38, n.16, 20 June 1994 (Synapse is a publication of the University of California, San Francisco).
2011-05-01 Unsafe at any dose by Helen Caldicott, M.D.
"...There’s great debate about the number of fatalities following Chernobyl; the International Atomic Energy Agency has predicted that there will be only about 4,000 deaths from cancer, but a 2009 report published by the New York Academy of Sciences says that almost one million people have already perished from cancer and other diseases.
The high doses of radiation caused so many miscarriages that we will never know the number of genetically damaged fetuses that did not come to term. (And both Belarus and Ukraine have group homes full of deformed children.)
Nuclear accidents never cease. We’re decades if not generations away from seeing the full effects of the radioactive emissions from Chernobyl.
As we know from Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it takes years to get cancer. Leukemia takes only 5 to 10 years to emerge, but solid cancers take 15 to 60. Furthermore, most radiation-induced mutations are recessive; it can take many generations for two recessive genes to combine to form a child with a particular disease, like my specialty, cystic fibrosis. We can’t possibly imagine how many cancers and other diseases will be caused in the far future by the radioactive isotopes emitted by Chernobyl and Fukushima..."
2011-04-12 Low Level Radiation Campaign Advice for the People of Japan by c
To evacuate or not? We suggest a novel scientific approach to the problem of quantifying the health effects of radioactive pollution.
Put simply, in an area now contaminated to a level of 1 microsievert per hour the fallout raises every individual person’s risk of getting cancer in the next 10 years by 11%.
How we know this: The Japanese authorities are publishing data on contamination levels in the form of hourly dose rates from Cesium137. It is therefore possible to calculate the cancer yield using the same criteria as used by Tondel and colleagues in a robust but conservative study of cancer in Sweden after Chernobyl. Sweden is known to have been contaminated with Uranium fuel although fallout mapping generally used data for Cesium, just as in Japan now, exactly 25 years later. Tondel and colleagues found an 11% increase in cancer incidence for each 100 kiloBecquerels Cesium137 on each square metre of ground. The cancers were expressed (diagnosed) in a ten year period; cancers appearing later than 10 years are of course possible but were not included in Tondel’s study. The detailed method has been published on the LLRC site.
The site has simple instructions for calculating the additional risk from fallout.
We recommend you to download (free) the book on Chernobyl’s effect on human, animal and plant life published last year by the New York Academy of Sciences. This book tells the facts as scientists have seen, measured and counted them, free of the dogma of “dose”. This means they have not ignored the evidence of their own eyes just because it isn’t predicted by the ICRP model.
1975-10 The Awful Magnitude of Destruction from a Nuclear Meltdown, Rasmussen Report, WASH-1400, updated by Union of Concerned Scientists
The report states that in the “worst possible case” (an assumed 10 million people at risk) 3,300 people would die of severe radiation damage within several days; 10,000 to 100,000 people would develop acute radiation sickness within two to six weeks of initial exposure.
45,000 would become acutely short of breath because the intensely radioactive gases produce lung damage; 240,000 others would develop acute hypothyroidism with symptoms of weight gain, lassitude, susceptibility to cold, impaired and slow mental functions, loss of appetite, constipation, and absent menstruation.
350,000 males would become temporarily sterile as gamma radiation damages sperm, and 40,000 to 200,000 women would cease to menstruate, many permanently.
In the fetal population, up to 100,000 babies would be born as cretins with mental retardation from destruction of their thyroid glands by radioactive iodine, 1,500 others would develop microcephaly (small heads) as the developing brain is highly susceptible to the deleterious effects of radiation. There would be 3000 deaths in utero with spontaneous abortions. Five to sixty years later cancer would develop in various bodily organs of 270,000 people and there would be 28,800 cases of thyroid cancer.
2011-07-29 Nuclear plant workers developed cancer despite radiation exposure below legal limit — As little as 5 millisieverts by ENENEWS Admin


Multiple of Average Background Radiation

Per hour:
Sievert (Wikipedia.org) "Average individual background radiation dose: 0.23µSv/h [microsieverts per hour, or 0.00023millisieverts/h or mSv/h]; 0.17µSv/h for Australians, 0.34µSv/h for Americans"

Exposure limits:

2012-03-09 Highest Radiation in L.A. Air Yet by Michael Collins, EnviroReporter.com.
"The California Highway patrol considers anything over three times background, 300% of background and above, a trigger level to a hazardous material situation."

Sample discussions:

2011-09-30 (for this date) Radiation Cover-up in Japan: Prof. Frank Daulton: Radiation 500 Km From Fukushima Is Ten Times Higher Than What The Japanese Government Claims. Oct 2, 2011
Full article here: Japan’s 3/11 Radiation Refugees (Earthfiles, Sep. 30, 2011):

‘We in Otsu-City, Shiga Prefecture, 311 miles (500 km) from Fukushima, are seeing readings around 0.15 microsieverts on average, which is around five times what the Japanese government is reporting. My wife and children will leave Japan as early as possible because I perceive a growing exodus will come and it might become hard to place kids in schools.’
- Frank Daulton, Ph.D., Applied Linguistics, Ryukoku Univ., Kyoto, Japan

September 30, 2011 Otsu-City, Shiga Prefecture, not far from Kyoto, Japan – Fukushima Prefecture (top red circle) where TEPCO nuclear power plants exploded and melted down after the March 11, 2011, magnitude 9.1 earthquake and giant tsunami east of Sendai. The distance from Fukushima southwest to Kyoto and Shiga Prefectures (lower red circle) is 500 kilometers (311 miles). Even with the 500-kilometer-distance from Fukushima, one concerned university professor in September 2011 near Kyoto is measuring ground radiation where he lives in Otsu-City, Shiga Prefecture, at around .4 microsieverts/hour. That is at least ten times higher than the 0.03 microsieverts/hour background level the Japanese government asserts. That misinformation, the professor says, is because the Japanese government is afraid to tell the truth.

Counts Per Minute (on Geiger Counter)

Exposure Limits:

2011-12-01 Converting CPM to MicroSieverts, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
"There is no direct equation because beta CPM (counts per minute) is an electron count and (micro and milli) sieverts is an account of bodily damage.
Still, in the post below I site an EPA guideline dictating an intervention level at 300 CPM or 10 microsieverts an hour
So, let us for a moment presume that the two are roughly equivalent in a hypothetical scenario that allows us to speculate on the health implications of our current levels of exposure.
If that were the case, exposure to 700 CPM would be roughly 23 microsieverts an hour. That would mean that we in Phoenix yesterday would have hypothetically received 552 microsieverts in a 24 hour period.
In 18 days at 700 CPM we would be at approximately 10 millisieverts of exposure (there are 1000 microsieverts in 1 millisievert) just from exposure to air alone.
We also are exposed to radiation from the machines in our environment, radon gas, food, etc.
These numbers are not looking good.
The EPA recommends that our exposure to background radiation should not exceed 100 millirem a year, which is 1 millisievert, although we ordinarily are exposed to about 300 millirem in the US from background (3 millisieverts). Considerable background radiation derives from nuclear power plants, past nuclear weapons testing and radon gas.
There is no "immediate" health risk from 18 days of exposure of 700 CPM in the sense that people not will develop radiation sickness at this level. However, cancer rates and other diseases have been proven to increase at every 3 millisievert increment over 10 millisieverts. See my previous post.
2011-12-01 Radiation: What We Know, majiasblog.blogspot.com
What we know:
Yesterday, Phoenix’s Beta Counts per Minute was 700 CPM according to radnet
Now let us look at EPA responder guidelines
I. EPA’s Emergency Response Air Monitoring Guidance Tables 2009 edition
http://www.rrt5.org/acp/docs/App6_AirMonitoringGuidelines.pdf
This manual instructs emergency responders to consult with a health physicist when radiation levels are at 3 times background
The occupational action level is 300 CPM beta or 10 microsieverts an hour
II. Turnbacks Guidance Final MOU November 2007 Memorandum of Understanding on Radiation Turnback Levels for EPA Personnel Responding to Radiological Emergencies
http://www.afgecouncil238.org/local-union-websites/wp-content/blogs.dir
/18/files/2010/02/AFGE-C238-Radiation-Turnback-2007-Nov-27.pdf

[paraphrasing] This documents stipulates that exposure must not exceed 500 millirem during 1 year.
500millirem is 5 millisieverts of exposure.
In certain emergency conditions, the document states that workers can be exposed to higher amounts if they sign waivers. Waivers are deemed necessary because they are assuming risk.
Workers are supposed to turn back at 10 rem per hour of gamma exposure during the early stages of an emergency and 1.5 rem an hour during the intermediate phase of an emergency [end paraphrasing]
Majia here: One hour of 10 rem is 100 millisieverts! That means emergency responders in these types of emergencies would be sacrificing their health to assume control of the emergency.
What do we know about cancer risks at various levels of exposure?
Here is 1 important study I posted about a couple of weeks ago.
http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2011/11/radiation-and-cancer.html
Here is the study and the relevant finding: For every 10 millisieverts of low-dose ionizing radiation, there was a 3% increase in the risk of age-and-sex adjusted cancer over a mean follow-up period of 5 year
Cancer risk related to low-dose ionizing radiation from cardiac imaging in patients after acute myocardial infarction. By Mark J. Eisenberg MD MPH, Jonathan Afilalo MD MSc, Patrick R. Lawler MD, Michal Abrahamowicz PhD, Hugues Richard MSc, Louise Pilote MD MPH PhD
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3050947/pdf/1830430.pdf
[Excerpted] The cumulative exposure to radiation from cardiac procedures was 5.3 milli Sieverts (mSv) per patient year, of which 84% occurred during the first year after acute myocardial infarction. A total of 12 020 incident cancers were diagnosed during the follow-up period. There was a dose dependent relation between exposure to radiation from cardiac procedures and subsequent risk of cancer. For every 10 mSv of low-dose ionizing radiation, there was a 3% increase in the risk of age- and sex-adjusted cancer over a mean follow-up period of five years (hazard ratio 1.003 per milliSievert, 95% confidence interval 1.002–1.004).
Limits for nuclear workers internationally recognised limit for exposing a nuclear industry worker (20mSv)
*The occupational action level is 300 CPM beta or 10 microsieverts an hour

Sample discussions:

2012-01-16 JoyB, reader comment at:
http://enenews.com/over-epa-limit-cesium-levels-in-san-francisco-area-milk-now-higher-than
-6-months-ago/comment-page-1#comment-188054
, January 16, 2012 at 9:43 pm Log in to Reply
To get CPM, just multiply becquerels by 60. Or to go the other way, divide CPM by 60 to get CPS, a.k.a. becquerels. There is a conversion from CPM to Rem (concentration to dose), which is probably why American outfits still use CPM. When foreigners do CPM, it’s mostly to cleverly disguise (by diminishment) how many becquerels you’re breathing/eating and/or drinking. Though you can get from becquerels to Sieverts if you have to, but the exponentials on that one are daunting for ease of understanding. All conversions from concentration to dose are somewhat fuzzy.
If 50 Bq/kg is enough to cause organ damage, you’d want to say 6 CPM instead
2011-12-01 Yesterday, Phoenix’s Beta Counts per Minute was 700 CPM according to radnet, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
"Now let us look at EPA responder guidelines
I. EPA’s Emergency Response Air Monitoring Guidance Tables 2009 edition
http://www.rrt5.org/acp/docs/App6_AirMonitoringGuidelines.pdf
This manual instructs emergency responders to consult with a health physicist when radiation levels are at 3 times background
The occupational action level is 300 CPM beta or 10 microsieverts an hour
II. Turnbacks Guidance Final MOU November 2007 Memorandum of Understanding on Radiation Turnback Levels for EPA Personnel Responding to Radiological Emergencies
http://www.afgecouncil238.org/local-union-websites/wp-content/blogs.dir/18/files
/2010/02/AFGE-C238-Radiation-Turnback-2007-Nov-27.pdf

[paraphrasing] This documents stipulates that exposure must not exceed 500 millirem during 1 year.
500millirem is 5 millisieverts of exposure.
In certain emergency conditions, the document states that workers can be exposed to higher amounts if they sign waivers. Waivers are deemed necessary because they are assuming risk.
Workers are supposed to turn back at 10 rem per hour of gamma exposure during the early stages of an emergency and 1.5 rem an hour during the intermediate phase of an emergency [end paraphrasing]
Majia here: One hour of 10 rem is 100 millisieverts! That means emergency responders in these types of emergencies would be sacrificing their health to assume control of the emergency.
What do we know about cancer risks at various levels of exposure?
2011-12-01 Converting CPM to MicroSieverts, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
"There is no direct equation because beta CPM (counts per minute) is an electron count and (micro and milli) sieverts is an account of bodily damage.
Still, in the post below I site an EPA guideline dictating an intervention level at 300 CPM or 10 microsieverts an hour
So, let us for a moment presume that the two are roughly equivalent in a hypothetical scenario that allows us to speculate on the health implications of our current levels of exposure.
If that were the case, exposure to 700 CPM would be roughly 23 microsieverts an hour. That would mean that we in Phoenix yesterday would have hypothetically received 552 microsieverts in a 24 hour period [Boldface added by Editor].
In 18 days at 700 CPM we would be at approximately 10 millisieverts of exposure (there are 1000 microsieverts in 1 millisievert) just from exposure to air alone.
We also are exposed to radiation from the machines in our environment, radon gas, food, etc.
These numbers are not looking good.
The EPA recommends that our exposure to background radiation should not exceed 100 millirem a year, which is 1 millisievert, although we ordinarily are exposed to about 300 millirem in the US from background (3 millisieverts). Considerable background radiation derives from nuclear power plants, past nuclear weapons testing and radon gas.
There is no "immediate" health risk from 18 days of exposure of 700 CPM in the sense that people not will develop radiation sickness at this level. However, cancer rates and other diseases have been proven to increase at every 3 millisievert increment over 10 millisieverts. See my previous post."
2011-12-01 Radiation: What We Know, majiasblog.blogspot.com
What we know:
Yesterday, Phoenix’s Beta Counts per Minute was 700 CPM according to radnet
Now let us look at EPA responder guidelines
I. EPA’s Emergency Response Air Monitoring Guidance Tables 2009 edition
http://www.rrt5.org/acp/docs/App6_AirMonitoringGuidelines.pdf
This manual instructs emergency responders to consult with a health physicist when radiation levels are at 3 times background
The occupational action level is 300 CPM beta or 10 microsieverts an hour
II. Turnbacks Guidance Final MOU November 2007 Memorandum of Understanding on Radiation Turnback Levels for EPA Personnel Responding to Radiological Emergencies
http://www.afgecouncil238.org/local-union-websites/wp-content/blogs.dir/18/files/2010/02/AFGE-C238-Radiation-Turnback-2007-Nov-27.pdf
[paraphrasing] This documents stipulates that exposure must not exceed 500 millirem during 1 year.
500millirem is 5 millisieverts of exposure.
In certain emergency conditions, the document states that workers can be exposed to higher amounts if they sign waivers. Waivers are deemed necessary because they are assuming risk.
Workers are supposed to turn back at 10 rem per hour of gamma exposure during the early stages of an emergency and 1.5 rem an hour during the intermediate phase of an emergency [end paraphrasing]
Majia here: One hour of 10 rem is 100 millisieverts! That means emergency responders in these types of emergencies would be sacrificing their health to assume control of the emergency.
What do we know about cancer risks at various levels of exposure?
Here is 1 important study I posted about a couple of weeks ago.
http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2011/11/radiation-and-cancer.html
Here is the study and the relevant finding: For every 10 millisieverts of low-dose ionizing radiation, there was a 3% increase in the risk of age-and-sex adjusted cancer over a mean follow-up period of 5 year
Cancer risk related to low-dose ionizing radiation from cardiac imaging in patients after acute myocardial infarction. By Mark J. Eisenberg MD MPH, Jonathan Afilalo MD MSc, Patrick R. Lawler MD, Michal Abrahamowicz PhD, Hugues Richard MSc, Louise Pilote MD MPH PhD http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3050947/pdf/1830430.pdf
[Excerpted] The cumulative exposure to radiation from cardiac procedures was 5.3 milli Sieverts (mSv) per patient year, of which 84% occurred during the first year after acute myocardial infarction. A total of 12 020 incident cancers were diagnosed during the follow-up period. There was a dose dependent relation between exposure to radiation from cardiac procedures and subsequent risk of cancer. For every 10 mSv of low-dose ionizing radiation, there was a 3% increase in the risk of age- and sex-adjusted cancer over a mean follow-up period of five years (hazard ratio 1.003 per milliSievert, 95% confidence interval 1.002–1.004).
CONVERTER http://online.unitconverterpro.com/unit-conversion/convert-group/convert.php?cat=radiation---dose-equivalent

Becquerels (or Picocuries) per square meter of ground contamination, or per cubic meter

Sample guidelines:

2011-09-07 Fukushima Crisis Is Still Hazy: Chaos and bureaucracy hamper assessment of nuclear crisis by David Cyranoski, Geoff Brumfiel and Nature magazine, September 7, 2011
"The survey of 2,200 locations shows a roughly 35-kilometer-long strip northwest of the plant where levels of caesium-137 contamination seem to exceed 1,000 kilobecquerels per square metre. (After the 1986 Chernobyl disaster in Ukraine, areas with more than 1,480 kilobecquerels per square metre were permanently evacuated by the Soviet authorities.")

Sample discussion:

2011-04-12 Low Level Radiation Campaign Advice for the People of Japan by c
"Tondel and colleagues found an 11% increase in cancer incidence for each 100 kiloBecquerels Cesium137 on each square metre of ground. The cancers were expressed (diagnosed) in a ten year period; cancers appearing later than 10 years are of course possible but were not included in Tondel’s study. The detailed method has been published on the LLRC site."
2011-04-05 (for this day) Portland-area had highest Iodine-131 deposition in US at 5,100 Bq/m² by April 5 -Gov’t Study, enenews.com, Feb 23, 2012


Becquerels (or Picocuries) per cubic centimeter of contaminated air

Sample guidelines:

2011-03-18 (for this day) Iodine-131 in eastern US may have exceeded EPA limit, enenews.com, Dec 29, 2011 "As the study notes, the 4.2 mBq/m3 figure `accounts for only about 50% of the total 131I in the air' as only particulate species were collected. Therefore, around 8.4 mBq/m3 was likely in the air, which exceeds the EPA limit of 7.8 mBq/m3."

Sample discussion

2012-03-01 Ronald Reagan helicopter crews found contaminated 10,000 uCi/cm3 – Airborne plume levels at 100 nautical miles far above expected – 10 hours would put citizen in PAG, enformable.com.

Becquerels per kilogram of ground matter

Sample guidelines

* The Japanese government’s legal limit is 10,000 becquerels per kilogram (see source immediately below)

Sample discussion

2011-10-05 Japan Today: Contaminated Soil, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
HAT TIP WHOOPIE AT ENENEWS
Contaminated soil found outside Fukushima no-go zone
Oct. 06, 2011 http://www.japantoday.com/category/national/view/radioactive-cesium-found-in-soil- beyond-fukushima-no-go-zone?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=news_on_twitter
TOKYO — [excerpted] "High levels of radioactive contamination have been found in soil in the capital of Japan’s Fukushima prefecture, a study showed Wednesday, prompting calls to make the area a voluntary evacuation zone.
Some 307,000 becquerels of cesium per kilogram of soil was detected in an independent survey conducted on Sept 14 by a radiological engineering expert and citizens’ groups.
The Japanese government’s legal limit is 10,000 becquerels per kilogram...."

Becquerels (or Picocuries) per liter of water and kilogram of food contamination

Sample guidelines:

1 litre of water = 1 kilogram. [Ed. Note: This is a very important conversion factor to keep in mind
Curie to Becquerel conversion. To the extent that over time the level of internal contamination tends to approximate the weighted average level of contamination of the food and water one ingests, then getting a feeling for becquerels per kilogram and per liter of food and drink one ingests, and then comparing this to a reference point can be helpful For example, Professor Yury Bandazhevsky determined that "pathology can be seen when cesium is accumulated in a human organism at the rate of only 30-50 Bq/kg." (For more on Professor Bandazhevsky, please see my Chernobyl web page).]
1 µCi = 37 kBq, 1 mCi = 37 MBq, 1 Bq = 27 pCi, 370 MBq = 10 mCi
1 disintegration per second = 1 becquerel (Bq)
2.7 X 10-11 curie (Ci) = 1 Bq
2011-10-20 What are officials hiding about Fukushima? "...Canadian guideline of six becquerels per litre for drinking water."
2011-09 Foodwatch (pdf), foodwatch.de.
"Official Permissible Limits For Radioactive Contamination In Foodstuffs
As a consequence of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, the European Union set maximum limits on the level of radioactive contamination permitted in foodstuff imports from countries outside the EU; regarding total cesium radionuclides, these limits stand at 370 becquerels/kilogram for baby food and milk products and at 600 becquerels/kilogram for other foodstuffs. These limits also apply to food traded within the EU. In response to the Fukushima disaster, the EU provisionally set stricter permissible limits at 200 and 500 becquerels respectively for imports from Japan."
2011-09-22 Off by 27 times? UC Berkeley study authors claim EPA’s limit for iodine-131 in drinking water is 81 pCi/liter — Actually only 3 pCi/liter, enenews.com.

Sample discussions:

2012-03-19 Poisoning Posterity, majiasblog.blogspot.com
Enenews is reporting on a Yomiuri article about cesium detected in plankton many, many miles from Fukushima (600 km away!)
http://enenews.com/yomiuri-cesium-134-detected-plankton-600km-fukushima
-3-months-after-meltdowns-scientists-necessary-look-bioaccumulation

The original article can be found at Yomiuri Shimbun Mar. 18, 2012
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/T120317003393.htm
[excerpt from article] "The amount of cesium detected in the plankton was far below the government's provisional limit of 500 becquerels per kilogram for marine products, according to the team led by Jun Nishikawa, research associate at the University of Tokyo's Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute."
Majia here: Eating fish with 500 becquerels per kilogram for marine products is not safe as radionuclides can bio-accumulate in our tissues and bones.
(e.g., see http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2012/03/cesium-tricks-life-with-potassium.html)
Previously, Greenpeace criticized the Japanese standards by comparing them to those in the Ukraine: "While the samples are well below the 500 becquerel per kilogram limit set by the authorities, the contaminated seafood still represents a health risk, especially to pregnant women and children, and it is being distributed over a wide area," said Wakao Hanaoka, Greenpeace Japan oceans campaigner. The Japanese standard compares with a 150 becquerel per kilogram limit in Ukraine after the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, the group said."
http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5ibANHZtq9mjUNSnZV9
UJUA6wYnVQ?docId=CNG.b386ee2679a07087a13a4808dee6523f.311

It is worth noting that the US FDA guidelines for acceptable levels of radionuclides in our food (Derived Intervention Levels) are even higher than Japan's.
The specific Derived Intervention Levels are here:
http://www.fda.gov/downloads/NewsEvents/PublicHealthFocus/UCM251056.pdf
The specific “FDA derived intervention level or criterion for each radionuclide group” are as follows “for all components of the diet” for Strontium 90, Iodine 131, Cesium 134 & 137, and Plutonium 238 & 239
Sr-90 160 Bq/kg
I-131 170 Bq/kg
Cs-134 + 137 1200 Bq/kg
Pu-238 + Pus 239 + Am 241 is 2 Bq/kg
What are the health implications of these standards?
In Nuclear Controversies by Vladimir Tchertkoff (2003), Professor Yury Bandazhevsky (former director of the Medical Institute in Gomel), states that "Over 50 Bq/kg of body weight lead to irreversible lesions in vital organs."
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=8746168177815160826#
2011-09-07 Fukushima Crisis Is Still Hazy: Chaos and bureaucracy hamper assessment of nuclear crisis by David Cyranoski, Geoff Brumfiel and Nature magazine, September 7, 2011
"The survey of 2,200 locations shows a roughly 35-kilometer-long strip northwest of the plant where levels of caesium-137 contamination seem to exceed 1,000 kilobecquerels per square metre. (After the 1986 Chernobyl disaster in Ukraine, areas with more than 1,480 kilobecquerels per square metre were permanently evacuated by the Soviet authorities."
SOURCE: page 5: http://foodwatch.de/foodwatch/content/e10/e42688/e44884/e44993/
CalculatedFatalitiesfromRadiation_Reportfoodwatch-IPPNW2011-09-20_ger.pdf

IT IS 500 Bequerel / Kg in Japan – SOURCE: http://fukushima-diary.com/2011/10/
news-spreading-fear/ http://www.city.yokohama.lg.jp/kyoiku/kyu-sokutei/20111012.html

Heart and Cesium and Potassium: “Potassium is crucial to heart function and plays a key role in skeletal and smooth muscle contraction, making it important for normal digestive and muscular function” Source: http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/potassium-000320.htm
The cesium is biological similar to the potassium and the human body can not distinguish between the good potassium and cesium.
The body takes it on the breath and the food. You can not protect yourself.
After intake, the cesium builds self into the body cells and destroys the energy balance of cells. It does not matter whether it consists of the liver, kidney or brain cells involved.
These infected cell dies, after she pulls even before their neighbors suffer.
Thus begins a weird cycle:
How life begins with a cell starts in this case the death. Children are more vulnerable because their cells divide constantly.
As they grow, they need constant energy and constant need to cope with the damage to their cells.
25 years with Chernobyl:
The adults at that time have survived 25 years and are now ill. In about 4 years we’re going to see the same with japanese children.
Quiet Death.
The then children are already suffering much earlier – often with fatal consequences.
The cesium is present in the inheritance cells.
Precarious, is that the cesium implants in the ovaries and the eggs of women. Because they renew, they are damaged for life.
Although renewed in sperm, they also give more information to the injury during fertilization. Either, it can no longer be fathered children, or they get through father and mother misinformation in the future. The result you can not even imagine.
The authorities in Japan had long ago have put women and children in the south of the country. Why they did not is, in my view, totally incomprehensible. There will be massive leukemia. This cesium cloud is a disaster for the Japanese, and from all other radionuclides, we know nothing.
The body can not distinguish between Calcium and Strontium. If it is taken in through the food chain. It is built into the bones and teeth, shines there and hits the bone marrow, where sit the blood-forming organs: The stem cells that give rise to the red and white blood cells and platelets.
These cells are damaged by Strontium, and indeed a lifetime, because the strontium remains where it is: irradiating with short and beta radiation.
Nuclear Radiation and its Biological Effects:
http://www.ratical.org/radiation/NRBE/NRBEtoc.html
Germany’s maximum limit page 28:
“...for babies up to 1 year in age 5.0 becquerels cesium-137 per kilogram of food
for toddlers from 1 to 2 years of age 10.7 becquerels cesium-137 per kilogram of food
for children from 2 to 7 years of age 11.5 becquerels cesium-137 per kilogram of food
for children from 7 to 12 years of age 8.3 becquerels cesium-137 per kilogram of food
for teenagers from 12 to 17 years of age 5.7 becquerels cesium-137 per kilogram of food
for adults 7.7 becquerels cesium-137 per kilogram of food”
The appropriate Emergency Ordinance 297/2011 was on entered into force on March 27th 2011. Safety standards for Japanese food have been decreased. German Federal Minister of Consumer Aigner contains important information to the public. This is an act against the health of the people. This is not democratic. Then, the E.U. TOOK IT partly BACK: http://www.foodwatch.de/kampagnen__themen/radioaktivitaet/
nachrichten/kommissionsentscheidung/index_ger.html
Here is the new one from April (see bottom on page for becquerel): http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:097:0020:0023:DE:PDF
reason: Massive protest of consumer organisations! JAPAN, you can do it also!
More: English:
http://foodwatch.de/foodwatch/content/e10/e42688/e44884/e45059/2011-09-
20pressreleasefoodwatch_IPPNW_EN_ger.pdf

http://foodwatch.de/foodwatch/content/e10/e42688/e44884/e44993/
CalculatedFatalitiesfromRadiation_Reportfoodwatch-IPPNW2011-09-20_ger.pdf

http://foodwatch.de/foodwatch/content/e10/e42688/e44884/e45038/2011-09-20Backgroundfoodwatch_IPPNWStrahlenschutznachFukushima_EN_ger.pdf
2011-10-20 What are officials hiding about Fukushima? by Alex Roslin
"(Internet page 1) In fact, the data shows rainwater in Calgary last March had an average of 8.18 becquerels per litre of radioactive iodine, easily exceeding the Canadian guideline of six becquerels per litre for drinking water. ..
...Radioactive-iodine levels also spiked in March in Vancouver (which saw an average of 0.69 becquerels per litre), Winnipeg (which saw 0.64 becquerels per litre) and Ottawa (which saw 1.67 becquerels per litre), the data shows....
(Internet page 2) "...The level at the Seymour intake was lower than the current Canadian and World Health Organization guideline of 0.5 becquerels per litre in drinking water. On the other hand, the WHO guideline used to be 0.1 Bq per litre before it was adjusted higher in the mid-2000s.."
"...The scientific consensus is that even small amounts are unsafe. For example, the Canadian radiation ceiling is set at a level that causes about 500 lifetime cancers per million people over 70 years of exposure, according to Health Canada’s website. That’s 17,000 lifetime cancers spread over 33 million Canadians..."
2011-09-22 Off by 27 times? UC Berkeley study authors claim EPA’s limit for iodine-131 in drinking water is 81 pCi/liter — Actually only 3 pCi/liter, enenews.com.
2011-04-08 Vancouver, Canada radiation tests show iodine-131 in rainwater at almost 100 times above US drinking water limit, enenews.com.
2011-03-24 (for this day) Dept. of Homeland Security-funded Study: Up to 430 pCi/liter of radioactive iodine found in N. California rain after Fukushima (CHART), enenews.com

 


Source: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute [Editor's Note: Contamination levels obviously courtesy of atomic bomb testing, nuclear power plant emissions and run-offs, and Chernobyl]

 

Becquerels per kilogram of internal human or animal contamination

Sample guidelines:

2012-02-16 READERS IN COUNCIL: Health threat from cesium-137 by Steven Starr, Senior Scientist, Physicians for Social Responsibility, University of Missouri, japantimes.co.jp; h/t Senior Scientist: Irreversible heart damage for children with 50 Bq/kg of Cs-137, enenews, 15 April 2012
"Regarding the Feb. 14 article reprinted from Sentaku magazine, "Put children before politics": Thank you for endorsing this idea. I would like to comment on one aspect of the article regarding cesium-137, which makes up 40 percent of the long-lived radionuclides created by nuclear power plants.
Because cesium-137 has a 30-year half-life, the land seriously contaminated by the Fukushima disaster will remain dangerously radioactive for up to 300 years. There is a great deal of experience with cesium-137 in the seriously contaminated regions of Belarus and Ukraine. Once radioactive cesium makes its way into the soils, it will bioconcentrate and biomagnify in foodstuffs, particularly mushrooms, berries and wild game.
Food grown in these regions is contaminated with cesium-137, and sadly most of the children living there who eat this food have become unhealthy. The Belrad Institute, after nine years of research and hundreds of autopsies, found that cesium-137 concentrates in the vital organs, particularly the heart and endocrine system. Professor Yuri Bandazhevsky discovered that children contaminated with cesium-137 that produced 50 atomic disintegrations per second (becquerels) per kilogram of body weight caused irreversible heart damage in a child.
Because the Belarusian government did not want his work accepted or known, he was put into prison.
2011-12-10 Top Radiation Expert: 50 Bq/kg in humans leads to irreversible lesions in vital organs — Then top UN official refutes effects of internal radiation (VIDEO), enenews.com
2011-10-20 What are officials hiding about Fukushima?
"Japanese ceiling of 500 Bq per kilogram [for fish caught in Japan]"

Sample discussions:

[Editor's Note: According to one source, over a two to three month period the average contamination level of your body will match the average contamination level of the food you eat! So eat only "clean food!"]
2011-12-28 Cesium measured from 5 of 18 children in Saitama posted by Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com
"Riken Analysis Center measured Cesium from the urine of 5 out of 18 children in Saitama.
1) 10 years old, female, Cs-134 = 0.51 Bq/Kg, Cs-137 = 0.53 Bq/Kg
2) 9 years old, male, Cs-134 = 0.36 Bq/Kg, Cs-137 = 0.48 Bq/Kg, 4/2 ~ 4/5 + 7/28 ~ 8/21 + 8/24 + 9/1 ~? evacuated to other city, drinking bottled water for most of the time.
3) 3 years old, female, Cs-134 = 0.20 Bq/Kg, Cs-137 = 0.24 Bq/Kg, using water purifying system for cooking and drinking.
4) 3 years old, female, Cs-134 = 0.18 Bq/Kg, Cs-137 = 0.26 Bq/Kg
5) 3 years old, female, Cs-134 = 0.15 Bq/Kg, Cs-137 = 0.19 Bq/Kg, evacuated from 8/16 to 8/21, avoided school lunch on Tuesday and Friday, after June, ordered uncontaminated vegetables, beef, milk, and meat, bought water from Mie for drinking.
Note: (1) is one of the worst data out of Fukushima.
Whether they take care about food etc or not whether they evacuate to other city or not, they can be internally exposed.
4 of 5 are female.
2011-12-06 Breaking News: 30.8 Bq/Kg from baby formula by Iori Mochizuki, fukushima-diary.com
Background: [How ingestion can sneak up on you and cause a heart attack].
Cesium localizes in your heart and causes cardiac infarct (heart attack) etc..
As little as 20 Bq/kg, if you have it everyday, your body stocks 2,000 Bq in total within 200 days.
I weigh 50kg, so 2,000 Bq / 50kg = 40 Bq/kg.
Let’s see what happens to my body in 200 days.
The picture below is the cell of heart. (×125)
This person died of cardiac infarct suddenly. He was 43 years old. His heart stocked 45.4 Bq/kg of cesium.
It is obvious that his heart has so much space because of dead cells.
You can see the sign of Diffuse myocardial cell lysis, Edema between muscle fibers, Rupture of muscle fibers.
2011-10-31 New Arnie Gunderson Video, majiasblog.blogspot.com
"Steveo said...To clarify Anon comment.
Becquerel is literally disintegrations per (unit) per second.
If you are 70 kG and you have an internal Becqeurel of say 200 Bq/kG that means every second, there are 14000 reactions where matter changes states and in the process lets out a high energy particle, that since it is inside your body, will be a "direct hit" on something that you actually need, cells, DNA, you know....you!
But that is per second, per day there will be 1.2 million high energy releases striking direct hits within your body.
Now lets say that there are 100 Trillion cell in the human body.
In 4 years you get 1.7 BILLION direct hits on elements of "you" any which hit can damage DNA or start a cancer or other disease.
So maybe in 4 years, every 1/50,000 of you takes a direct hit, any one of which can become cancer or disease, or damage your DNA.
And for an internal emitter, they won't be spreading out their direct hits among all your cells equally, they will be blasting the heck out of the cells that are nearby, and even if these cells have reactive protective mechanisms, with a continuous onslaught, it is easy to see how they could become damaged beyond recognition."
2011-10-31 8 year old girl has 3,000 disintegrations of radioactive cesium every second (Bq) inside her body by ENENews
Minamisoma City ? — [...] Inspection was conducted from October 11 until August 1. In this examination, the majority of school children living in the city that ended the inspection. 8 years was highest in the 45-50 girls becquerels per kilogram, 1192 becquerels of cesium-134, -137 at 1,723 as Becquerel. That translates to 0.41 mSv radiation dose in sievert is expected to be exposed before age 70.
2011-10-20 What are officials hiding about Fukushima? by Alex Roslin (Internet page 2)
"...Even fish caught far from Japan are contaminated. One sample of skipjack tuna caught 440 kilometres from Japan in late September had a cesium reading of 13.9 becquerels per kilogram, according to the Japanese fishery data.
That’s below the Japanese ceiling of 500 Bq per kilogram, but it could still pose a health risk, especially when added to radioactive exposure from other fish or water."

 

 

Overcoming Denial About Social and Political Dysfunction

Editor's Note: Probably the main reason why so Americans are doing absolutely nothing to follow the most basic procedures to reduce their radiation load, to include staying out of the rain and avoiding dairy products and other foods known to be strong bio-accumulators is that they simply cannot believe that their political leaders and mainstream media would continue to project an appearance of "normalcy" if such a grave crisis were in fact taking place.

Why you are on your own: psychopathic special interests vs. the people

2012-03-01 Plume-Gate: Media Silent Over Feds Fukushima Cover-up by Alexander Higgins
Nearly a week after FOIA documents revealed a massive concerted government orchestrated Fukushima cover up, the corporate media remains silent.
The Intel Hub, by Tony Muga, February 27, 2012
The FOIA documents, emails and transcripts I wrote about in the NRC cover-up article have been out for at least two weeks.
The three groups that petitioned for them to be released have remained quiet, very quiet, choosing instead to post the documents online and see who runs with it.
Enformable.com carried several editorials, but nothing that connected all the dots together.
Let’s see if I can put bluntly what others will not say:
The executive branch and multiple federal agencies, agencies tasked with keeping the American public safe, did their best to hide and to cover-up information about a deadly radioactive plume and ensuing fallout that was headed for the West Coast of the United States from Japan.
The fact it was real and did arrive is proven by samplings from milk, vegetables and rainwater.
Even though EPA testing methodology and actual capability were questioned, independent sources verified the fallout.
To those who say radiation does not travel in a plume or that fallout is a local phenomenon, there is an excellent distillation of the book Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment at GlobalResearch.ca that proves otherwise.
The evidence obtained in the FOIA request indicates that right from the start, the NRC had a clear idea of the significance of the disaster that was unfolding, but concealed the truth from the American public.
The results of the plume and fallout can be measured in the rise of infant mortality rates: cells of unborn and newborn children are dividing at a much higher rate than those of a mature adult, thus the amount of damage is greatly increased and hence more detectable.
Conservative estimates place the number of stillborn following the Fukushima accident at over 18,000. How many could have been saved by simply warning folks to stay indoors?
Why didn’t a FEMA emergency broadcast warn athletes to practice indoors or not at all? What about pregnant women, why were they not given precautionary measures?
A word about the energy industry: technology suppression is the name of the game. How else do you maintain an energy monopoly? If Stan Meyer’s water car or the Japanese production water car had ever made it to market, lot’s of super rich energy barons would have lost all their power and money: history proves they will stop at nothing to maintain this monopoly.
Why are solar cells restricted if they are more than 20% efficient? Why are power systems greater than 70% efficient restricted?
Just consider how difficult it is to control a nuclear chain reaction that boils water, turning a turbine and generating electricity. Einstein once said: ‘Nuclear power is a hell of a way to boil water!’ But what if you could turn your home into a solar generating station and bypass these monopolies?
What if there were clean energy, but it was not in a form that could be easily monopolized? What if the dirty and dangerous energy sources were the ones the elite could control, thus explaining why we continue to suffer from incidents like the BP Gulf Oil Disaster, Three Mile Island or Fukushima and why solar cells are restricted to 20% efficiency.
Telling the truth about all this is very dangerous. A Japanese research scientist was recently found ‘suicided’ with a plastic bag over his head after posting results of his tests online. There are others who have died under mysterious circumstances as well.
In any case, the emails and conference call transcripts reveal the cover up, there can be no other conclusion-even with heavy redaction-the plan was to do everything possible to limit the public knowledge and paint as positive a picture as possible.
Saving the nuclear industry was paramount. Talking points were (are) a big factor. They knew the plume was coming.
There was no effort to warn Americans. No one told folks to stay indoors, or to not be out jogging or playing sports, not even the first 3-4 weeks when the heaviest amounts were raining down on us.
Obama and family spent some time in South America around the 18th of March, so they were safe during the worst of the plume. But what about the rest of us? And what about the agencies involved that conspired to hide this from the American public? Agencies whose purpose is to protect Americans?
Is their real purpose just the opposite? To protect the corporate and protect the state at all costs? What about all the press agencies and ‘alternative’ media that remains silent on these matters….they have access to the emails and transcripts like anyone else….are they bought and paid for? Are they afraid?
Credit must be given to Enformable.com for posting the original editorials and to the Intel Hub who had the courage and patriotism to run the article and place it on the headline ticker.
Only the Alexander Higgins blog has followed suit. Everyone else in the mainstream and ‘alternative’ media is silent.
2012-02 Lessons From Fukushima Powerpoint Presentation on Media Censorship and Crisis Communication by Dr. Majia Holmer Nadesan, Arizona State University. PowerPoint presentation provided at Willamette University Lessons of Fukushima Symposium held 24-25 Feb 2002 "This paper will demonstrate that the Japanese and U.S. Governments withheld vital information from their citizens about the direction and risks of Fukushima radiation plumes and the degree and consequences of radioactive fallout. Second, the paper will demonstrate that the mainstream news media, including The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times, were complicit in hiding information about fallout levels, dispersion, and plant conditions. The U.S. media are commonly recognized as more independent from government than Japanese media. This disaster demonstrates that the U.S. mainstream news media censor information, even when public safety is at issue. Finally, this paper examines the spontaneous creation of information sharing sites and the subsequent development of a robust network of citizen-supported information sites in Japan and the United States." [Editor's Note: This is an outstanding summary. Please take the time to scroll through it].
2011-12-31 Report: NHK starting to broadcast truth — Large increase in brain tumors and cancers near nuke plant — “Everyone died. Just I’m alive. It’s killing me.” says 18 year old [in Gernmany] — Gov’t kept telling them ICRP says safe, enenews.com
2011-12-21 Nuke Expert/MD: Japan gov’t was lying through its teeth about Fukushima… and probably still is, by Enenews Admin, December 21, 2011
[Includes excerpt from CMAJ Report "Public Health Fallout From Japanese Quake"]
"This “arbitrary increase” in the maximum permissible dose of radiation is an“unconscionable” failure of government, contends Ruff. “Subject a class of 30 children to 20 millisieverts of radiation for five years and you're talking an increased risk of cancer to the order of about 1 in 30, which is completely unacceptable. I'm not aware of any other government in recent decades that's been willing to accept such a high level of radiation- related risk for its population.”
Aileen Mioko Smith on rising radiation levels in Japan and government denial
Green Action Japan, based in Kyoto, 6 Sept 2011
http://enenews.com/nuclear-engineer-reactors-continue-emit-significant-quantities-radioactive-gases-latest-figure-gigabecquerel-day-audio
...Aileen mentions about the nose bleeds that children are having….2 out of the five people she talked to mentioned a metallic taste in their mouths, and Aileen pointed out that people have been and still are, reticent to tell people these symptoms…
Aileen says there are 385,000 children in Fukushima and because of citizens pressure the high readings in and around schools was publicised…. She is working to reduce the level of 20 millisievert per year…
...she also said that many families took their children away from fukushima but were forced to return when the school new year in april began… the schools insisted that they return. Both Helen and Aileen discussed the futility of clean up in this situation…
2011-12-02 Hormesis and a response to it by Paul Langley, nuclearhistory.wordpress.com [cited at majiasblog.blogspot.com]
"Radiation is good for you. So holds the theory of Radiation Hormesis originated to discredit the Radium dial painters of the 1920s. AEC’s Marshall Brucer pushed the concept strongly from the 1950s.
It is pushed today by contractors paid by the US Department of Energy Low Dose Radiation research project..."
2011-10-30 US & UK: Suppression of Information is the Norm, majiasblog.blogspot.com
"...The deliberate suppression of information about the dangers of ionizing radiation from nuclear plants is not a new phenomenon. For instance, Dr. Janette Sherman, a toxicologist and contributing editor to the book Chernobyl: The Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment claims was quoted by Carl Grossman in an essay on the disaster and the nuclear industry as stating:
“We’ve known about radioactive isotopes for decades,” says Dr. Sherman. “I worked for the Atomic Energy Commission in the 1950s and we knew about the effects then. To ignore the biology is to our peril. This is not new science. Cesium-137 goes to soft tissue. Strontium-90 goes to the bones and teeth. Iodine-131 goes to the thyroid gland” (cited in Grossman http://counterpunch.org/grossman06162011.html).
Nuclear industry officials and captured politicians rely on the public’s poor understanding of ionizing radiation Grossman interviews Dr. Steven Wing, an epidemiologist specializing in the health effects of radioactivity,
“The generally accepted thinking about the safe dose is that, no, there is no safe dose in terms of the cancer or genetic effects of radiation. The assumption of most people is that there’s a linear, no-threshold dose response relationship and that just means that as the dose goes down the risk goes down, but it never disappears…As the radiation clouds move away from Fukushima and move far away to other continents and around the world, the doses are spread out…
"But it’s important for people to know that spreading out a given amount of radiation dose among more people, although it reduces each person’s individual risk, it doesn’t reduce the number of cancers that result from that amount of radiation. So having millions and millions of people exposed to a very small dose could produce just as much cancer as a thousand or a few thousand people exposed to that same dose.”...
2011-08-10 Dr. Mark Sircus On Fukushima Nuclear Disaster: Radiation Deception Continues by Mark Sircus
2011-11-24 Busby: We are going to take some kind of libel action against George Monbiot’s advisers and Imperial College (VIDEO) (9:06), embedded video by ENENEWS Staff (see also "Dr Chris Busby turns on his attackers" on YouTube).
The week began with several high-profile attacks on Christopher Busby, visiting professor at the University of Ulster’s school of biomedical sciences and scientific secretary of the European Committee on Radiation Risk, a think-tank (Bloomberg):

Now Busby has responded: Uploaded: Nov 25, 2011
Description: Dr Busby talks about the recent globally orchestrated attacks on his scientific credibility and explains their cause.
`We are going to take some kind of libel action against imperial college… and against the people who advised George Monbiot incorrectly with regard to whether the pills work or don’t work…'”
2011-11-21 Post-Fukushima 'anti-radiation' pills condemned by scientists: Green party distances itself from Dr Christopher Busby, a former spokesman promoting products following Japanese nuclear disaster by George Monbiot and Justin McCurry in Tokyo
2011-09-02 Arnold Gundersen with a Fukushima update / Aileen Mioko Smith on rising radiation levels in Japan and government denial




America's "King of Cool Jive," "Queen of Mean," corrupt election system, and the radioactive death of the U.S.A. Obama has consistently refused to alert the public about the reality of Fukushima radiation. Within a month after the 3-11 melt-downs, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton approved importation of Japanese products without radiation checks. Please see the Fukushima Catastrophe Open Source Intelligence Summary page for strong evidence that the key factor behind the Fukushima melt-downs was sabotage by Mossad-CIA-MI6's Stuxnet virus. Please also see how U.S. firms like General Electric designed and installed dangerously unsafe reactors across Japan as well as in America. On many levels, "the chickens are coming home to roost" both in America as well as Japan. In Chernobyl's meltdown accelerated that of the Soviet Union (Mikhail Gorbachev Op-Ed), Daily Star, April 18, 2006, the author Mikhail Gorbachev, the last president of the Soviet Union, stated "The nuclear meltdown at Chernobyl 20 years ago this month, even more than my launch of perestroika, was perhaps the real cause of the collapse of the Soviet Union five years later. Indeed, the Chernobyl catastrophe was a historic turning point: there was the era before the disaster, and there is the very different era that has followed." According to the authoritative work Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment by Yablokov, et al, in the 25 years following the 1986 Chernobyl meltdown, around 985,000 lives ended prematurely and no less than 8,000,000 serious injuries and chronic diseases were linked to this event. The radiation expert Leuren Moret and British physicist Dr. Chris Busby (archived at America First Books/America First Institute) have estimated that Fukushima will likely release over 300 times more radiation than Chernobyl. The effects actually get worse over time as radiation bio-accumulates in food chains and as cancers mature. It does not take a great deal of imagination to see how accumulated radiation effects in North America (combined with other crisis pressures such as a hollowed out economy, growing police state, and rapidly changing racial-ethnic demographics) may help break apart the United States analogous to the way Chernobyl helped shatter the Soviet Union.

 

How Fukushima radiation has "evil synergy" with other very serious problems

Editor's Note: First, be aware that quite a few "evil synergies" already co-exist with Fukushima radiation purely on a medical level. I have already covered them in my other radiation threat section.
Worse than this, the accumulating Fukushima radiation threat will likely create unbearable social stresses on top of all the other serious social, political, and economic problems that plague America. As radiation continues to bio-accumulate within water supplies and the food chain, this will likely lead to mass food and water shortages. On top of this, America has lost over three quarters of its industry since the 1960's -- the real engine of long term economic growth -- and has experienced spiraling debt growth. I cover this and other political, economic, and social stresses on my Tom Chittum "Civil War Two" Archive web pages and my Libertarianism vs. Nationalism web page (Alex Jones, profiled on this web page, has noted how Fukushima radiation effects on the general population may be used by "globalists" as a pretext to permanently install the police state and round up tens of millions of Americans and put them in FEMA Camps -- America already has the largest prison population in the world on a per capita basis, and this trend is likely to become even worse, especially since "privatized" prison industries ruthlessly "profit" from slave labor). I also cover most of the key problems in my Mission of Conscience series, such as Chapter 6 "The First Crawford, TX Protest, the Angry Letter Campaign, and 1Why We Fight,'"Chapter 23 "NAU, NSPD-51, and the Creation of the Perfect Police State Mouse Trap," and Chapter 33 "Wall Street Coup de Etat, and Banker False Flags Against America." The caption for the illustration above notes "In Chernobyl's meltdown accelerated that of the Soviet Union (Mikhail Gorbachev Op-Ed), Daily Star, April 18, 2006, the author Mikhail Gorbachev, the last president of the Soviet Union, stated `The nuclear meltdown at Chernobyl 20 years ago this month, even more than my launch of perestroika, was perhaps the real cause of the collapse of the Soviet Union five years later.'"
To the extent that Leuren Moret and Dr. Chris Busby are correct that Fukushima is likely to be more than 300 times worse than Chernobyl, it does not look like Americans have very smooth sledding ahead. Hopefully enough Americans can wake up and act quickly enough to avert or minimize all of the potential horrors that I have outlined.

Additional References: Sinister Agendas Beyond Bureaucratic cover-ups

Editor's Note: As a good starting point, please see the Leuren Moret archive for her discussion of the global depopulation agenda, as well as her joint interviews with Dr. Chris Busby on The Real Deal talk show. Please see "Fallujah, Fukushima, and the Global Radiation Catastrophe," 3 Feb 2012, also posted in Part I and Part II installments at Veterans Today. Please also see Fukushima Radiation and Uranium Weapon Update, 28 Oct 2011, also posted at Veterans Today, Part 1:Catastrophic Effects of Radiation Contamination, and Part 2: New Bombs and War Crimes in Fallujah.
Next, please see my Overview of False Flag Characteristics in my "Criminal and Other Subversive Analysis" section on my Fukushima Open Source Intelligence Overview page. There is strong evidence that the key factor behind the Fukushima melt-downs was sabotage by the Mossad-CIA-MI6 Stuxnet virus. Then tie all this in with my analysis of the motives behind other likely "black ops"covered on my Oslo-Utoya 7-22 web page (it says a lot about the likely cold-bloodedness of Mossad-CIA that they would run a highly distractive false flag operation against Norway at the same time that the U.S. and Japan face the greatest man-made catastrophe in history with the continuing Fukushima radiation threat) and also within my Mission of Conscience series. The reader should become aware of many well-documented and disturbing patterns.
The "punchline" behind all of this deep background regarding the broader social and political situation is that it should solidify the conviction of the reader that he or she is really on his own. Most Americans will be heavily dependent upon the resources of ones extended family and local community. On the dark side, there are quite a few high level recipients of ones tax money who are not only untrustworthy, but they are also actively working against "we the people."

 

 

b) Individual Self Protective Measures

 

Overview

Sample Protective Strategy Overviews

2012-08-20 How to protect yourself from radiation poisoning by Roy Dittman, OMD, MH, DM, naturalhealth365.com

(NaturalHealth365) Today, we are mining, concentrating, nano-sizing, processing, weaponizing, and in the example of a nuclear melt-down, dispersing these radioactive heavy metals into the air, where they settle into our food chain and in our bodies. So, if you want to defend yourself from harm – you’ll need to know more.

Radioactive minerals have a high atomic weight. In addition, they are ionizing, which is a fancy way of saying that they can penetrate through various forms of matter, with the rare exception being a thick lead shield. These radioactive minerals cause DNA, cell, and tissue damage, crippling a cell’s defenses.

Organic Germanium

According to Japanese research, organic germanium sits outside the blood cell and catches the released electrons and lets them move around its own nucleus. In other words, the organic germanium seems to trap the radioactive waves in its orbit, preventing the waves from causing cell damage.

Organic germanium is sold as a dietary supplement and can be found in abundance in garlic, aloe, Korean ginseng, and the shelf fungus coriolus versicolor (a traditional Oriental and Russian cancer remedy, which also contains beta glucan).

Active H-minus

Magnesium hydride (found in Active H-minus) works to neutralize free radicals. Active H-minus releases three forms of hydrogen: hydride, H2, and hydrogen nano-bubbles, which readily neutralize oxidative stress in the body. It packs 1,000 times more punch than a gallon of fresh blueberries, pomegranates, acai berries, and noni juice.

Vitamin C

In Fukushima Japan, scientists and doctors are administering high doses of vitamin C. The clinical results suggest that vitamin C may protect the body from high dose radiation exposure by minimizing free radical damage.

Seaweed

Seaweed contains sodium alginate, which has the ability to chelate heavy metals like mercury and even some radioactive elements such as strontium-90.

The following is excerpted from Brighton Baby: A Revolutionary Organic Approach to Having an Extraordinary Child, Book One.

“Brighton’s Radiation Protection Bath Recipe”

The following bath recipe comes from the late Dr. Hazel Parcels.

In a hot bath, add the following ingredients and soak for 20 minutes. Then go directly to bed.

1 tablespoon of potassium iodide

1 tablespoon of cream of tartar

1 pound of baking soda (1 box)

1 pound of sea salt (non-iodized)

[more of this article here]


2011-11-16 How to Protect Ourselves from Radiation
, washingtonsblog.com
Self-Help: How to Protect Ourselves Against Damage from Radiation
Now that much of Europe is being blanketed with radioactive iodine, high levels of radiation in Tokyo and other areas of Japan have been confirmed (and see this and this), and some areas of the United States and Canada – such as the Cascades – are getting hit with fairly significant amounts of radiation, it is time to revisit the question: how can we protect ourselves?
The initial answer is that we should reduce our exposure to radiation in the first place. For example, world renowned physicist Michio Kaku told his Japanese family and friends months ago that they should leave if they can.
If you live in an area receiving any radiation exposure, you should also take off your shoes and leave them by the door (Asian style) and use a Hepa vacuum to get rid of excess dust.
As nuclear expert Arnie Gundersen said in June:

[In a worst case scenario, for example, if the fuel pool at Fukushima reactor 4 were to topple over], I would close my windows, turn the air conditioner on, replace the filters frequently, damp mop, put a HEPA filter in the house and try to avoid as much of the hot particles as possible. You are not going to walk out with a Geiger counter and be in a plume that is going to tell you the meter. The issue will be on the West Coast, hot particles. And the solution there is HEPA filters and avoiding them.

Also, rain is the main way that radiation is spread outside of the vicinity of the nuclear accident. As a parent who doesn’t want to tell my kids they can’t play in the rain, none of this is fun to talk about … but during periods of high radiation release, people might want to keep their kids out of heavy rain.
When a lot of radiation is being released, we might want to avoid milk for a couple of weeks or so.
Supplements
Nuclear expert Chris Busby suggested last month that people exposed to high levels of radiation – for example, those unable to evacuate away from Fukushima – take high doses of calcium and magnesium to block plutonium, strontium and uranium poisoning.
Dr. Busby suggests that adults take 800 mg of calcium and 350 mg of magnesium per day, and that children take the appropriate fraction of that depending on their weight.
Potassium iodide does protect against damage from radioactive iodine, but should only be taken if one is directly exposed to high levels of iodine, and you should never exceed the recommended dosage.
As I noted in June, specific substances have been proven to protect against poisoning from exposure to specific types of radiation:
* Prussian blue for cesium
* DTPA for plutonium, americium and curium
* Sodium bicarbonate (i.e. baking soda) for uranium
In addition, there is solid science proving that anti-oxidants help to protect us against low-level radiation. Specifically, low-level ionizing radiation causes our cells to produce free radicals, which produce much of the damage from the radiation. Taking anti-oxidants neutralizes the free radicals, helping to protect us against radiation damage:
* How to Help Protect Yourself From Low-Level Radiation
* Can Vitamins or Herbs Help Protect Us from Radiation?
* The Compounds Plants Use to Protect Themselves from Damage Also Help to Protect People From Damage
* What Foods Are Highest in Antioxidants? Some Inexpensive Foods Are Higher In Antioxidants than the Newest Pricey “Superfoods”
Meditation has also been shown to reduce oxidative stress (i.e. to produce an anti-oxidant effect).
Note: We should demand that fish caught of the West coast of the U.S. and Canada is tested for radiation. See this and this. We should also demand regular testing of milk and water for radiation.
I am not a health care professional and this does not constitute medical advice. This information is general interest only. See your qualified health care provider to obtain specific medical advice.
2012-01-08 46 Ways to Protect Yourself from Nuclear Radiation by Chris Roubis [Another list with many good links]
2012-01-08 What should the average person be doing now for basic protection, nukepimp.blogspot.com
What should the average person be doing now for basic protection
The biggest thing is “internal emitters” once you get a Hot Particle in your body, it is way way more dangerous than just walking by a radioactive zone.
Those internal emitters can stay for quite awhile and blast away at the particular cells they are next too. This continued bludgeoning of nearby cells can create a double double strand break and when they recombine they can recombine wrong, and be a start of cancer.
Rain brings radiation down, for sure
1) Minimize activity in the rain, wear a poncho
2) Run 2 or 3 HEPA filters in your house, best to throw away the filter, but you can blow it off but that re-releases particles to your neighborhood. You should be doing this anyway, but do it more now, run them 24/7
3) Take anti-oxidants, they get rid of free radicals which is one of the things caused by radiation. Vitamin C and E are common and cheap. You should be doing this anyway
4) Run a charcoal filter (at least) for your drinking water, really consider doing an RO system, it doesn’t have to be for whole house, just your drinking water supply, even for the shower is not really needed unless for some reason you know that you got really bad water. You should be doing this anyway.
5) When you hear any Corporate Troll or Gov official stating “There is no immediate danger” put your ears up like a German Shepherd and listen hard to what they are not saying or what they are trying to avoid saying. Go visit some tin-foil hat blogs like this one….they got some crazies (sorry its true) but also some really info, and the third one, an ex-nuke guy. You should be doing this anyway.
6) Build your “Shelter in Place” box of supplies, It is also good as a “to go” box, probably 2 big boxes actually.
http://nukepimp.blogspot.com/p/radiation-preparation-resources.html also here:
http://www.box.com/shared/uvqso4xgv6
2011-10-15 Several Plant-based Compounds Are Radio-Protective! Read On! by Alexandra Bruce, ForbiddenKnowledgeTV.com.
"Dr. Russell Blaylock gives easy advice on how we can protect ourselves from radiation poisoning (a.k.a. "free radical damage") and a real assessment of how how world governments go about covering up the reality on Rense Radio, in a video edited by Michelle Hill.
If you don't have time to watch the whole clip, please read the abridged transcript I made of this informative and important interview, below. Although the escaped radiation from Fuskushima is only 3% of the reactors' uranium fuel, the fallout so far has been 400 times greater than the atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
Jeff Rense begins his interview with Dr. Blaylock by talking about how the only isotope readings being discussed are those of iodine and cesium, which have relatively short half-lives. You rarely hear about the plutonium isotope with the 80 million-year half life, which is also part of the Fukushima fallout.
Rense points out this is the same pattern seen in 1986 by the Soviet government, the UN and US monitoring agencies, all over again. Then as now, the World Health Organization and the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency have downplayed the effects of the Chernobyl disaster on its 25th anniversary.
Blaylock says Chernobyl killed hundreds, rapidly (mostly small children, of which there is testimony in the local cemeteries) and it continues to trigger cancers in European populations to this day, totaling in the millions of cases, not to mention the birth defects in tens of thousands of children.
Blaylock's e-book, 'Nuclear Sunrise' was originally written to address the threats of nuclear terrorism. It explains the doses to take of these foods and supplements and how they work. The book can be purchased for download at the website: www.blaylockwellnesscenter.com.
It turns out that NASA has done the most research in this area. Their scientists found that the drugs they'd developed were very toxic, so they turned to natural compounds.
Plant flavinoids which were shown to be radio-protective include:
- Gingko biloba at a dose of 250-350mg per day; it was found to protect DNA from radiation damage.
- Ginger was found to protect animal DNA from massive exposure to Gamma radiation, the most destructive kind.
- Garlic has also been found to protect against ionizing radiation.
- Curcumin (turmeric extract) was found to be enormously protective as well as,
- Quercitin, which is found in fruits, vegetables, leaves and grains and
- Punicalagins, extracted from pomegranates.
- Alpha Lipoid Acid was found to actually reverse some effects of radiation damage in Chernobyl, returning the levels of oxidized protein compounds in the body caused by radiation exposure back to normal levels and in some cases, better than normal.
- Resveratrol, a compound most commonly associated with red wine is also a very potent radio-protectant, in supplement doses of 200mg, twice a day.
- Hesperidin was found to be very protective of DNA and of bone marrow, the blood-forming organ that's the most sensitive to radiation exposure, along with the brain and the gastrointestinal tract.
The above-mentioned plant flavinoids are found to be much more protective against radiation damage than Vitamins C & E. Together, these vitamins are synergistically protective but nowhere near as powerful as Curcumin and Quercitin.
Dr. Blaylock's latest research has been on neurotoxic, nano-scale metals. Many people have heard about the relationship between aluminum with Alzheimer's disease. Nano-scale (i.e., colloidal or aerosolized) aluminum particles are hundreds of times more toxic to the body than non-colloidal aluminum.
It's the same with the particles in the fallout from Fukushima: the SMALLER the particles, the MORE harmful they are, the EASIER it is for them to penetrate your body's cells.
Rense says that the government loves to talk about how the exposure to the TSA scanners and the Fukushima fallout are akin to what one would receive in a "cross-country flight." However, it's like mixing apples and oranges: external exposure is much less potent than *internal* exposure to damaging isotopes, such as strontium-90, which was measured in the US milk supply in the States which tested for it (CA, WA & VT) and which publicly announced their findings.
Following the nuclear meltdowns at Japan's stricken nuclear power plant at Fukushima, the French government issued a warning for its more vulnerable citizens, to avoid milk products and green, leafy vegetables, in a statement saying that consuming these foods at that time equated to "High-risk behavior."
According to University of California's Department of Nuclear Engineering, French officials were furious with the US Government for not telling Americans the truth about the ongoing radiation fallout risk from Fukushima.
Since the French government pays for its citizens' healthcare, they are serious about this!
===
Original uploader: www.youtube.com/user/JRense
Video and editing by Michelle Hill
Every day our bodies are exposed to low-level radiation from natural and human-made sources. Now with the unfolding nuclear disaster at Fukushima it is even more urgent to take care of your health.You may want to include a consistent regimen of herbs, foods and other treatments that prevents your body from storing radioactive particles.
The following herbs and foods have been shown to help fight the damage of radiation and free radicals:
Kelp, seaweed, spirulina, chlorella, dark green vegetables (these are natural sources of iodine) cilantro, rosemary, ginseng, dandelion, eating a macrobiotic diet, probiotics (yogurt, etc.), turmeric. pomegranate, ginger, oranges.
Vitamin C, D, E flaxseed oil, Alpha lipoic acid, green tea (High in Bioflavinoids), lots of pure fluoride-free clean water especially if you have young children.
Epsom salts baths or baking soda baths with bentonite clay,
This helps pull heavy metals and toxins from the body and helps with radiation sickness. Taking baking soda internally will help to lower the body's PH level which helps fight cancer according to many studies.
Obviously, you can't live in a bubble but you can do things to lower your risks.
Important articles dealing with natural radiation protection:
http://workingtheroots.blogspot.com/2011/03/natural-ways-to-protect-yourself-from.html
www.huffingtonpost.com/dr-maoshing-ni/radiation-protection-_b_840246.html
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/leo-galland-md/supplements-radiation-_b_837420.html
Finally, limit exposure to rain as much as possible, if you are working outdoors wear a mask especially if you have a weak immune system.
Thanks for watching subscribe to my channel for more :)
-- Michelle Hill
2011-03-21 Can Supplements Reduce Damage From Radiation? by Leo Galland, M.D.
The fallout from radioactive steam released by damaged nuclear reactors in Japan has raised concerns about radiation exposure in Asia, the Pacific and North America.
The disaster at Chernobyl in the Ukraine in 1986 provides an alarming example of how radiation can spread over long distances and in unsuspected ways.
Risk of Radiation Entering the Food Supply
For people outside of Japan, the most likely risk comes from ingestion of foods contaminated with radioactive isotopes of minerals like iodine, strontium and cesium.
Scientists note: "millions of people were exposed to radioactive isotopes in the fallout from the Chernobyl accident, within the first 20 years there was a large increase in thyroid carcinoma incidence and a possible radiation-related increase in breast cancer..." [1]
Following Chernobyl studies found an increase in the incidence of thyroid cancer and childhood leukemia that extended as far as Scotland and Wales in the United Kingdom. [2,3]
Iodine pills have been distributed in Japan, and are one of the key therapies used for protection against radiation. As they have been written about extensively, I take a brief look at iodine below.
Radiation Protection from Supplements?
Because of the health risks of radiation exposure, scientists have searched extensively for other dietary supplements that might help protect healthy cells from radiation toxicity. In other words, they are looking for supplements that could be "radioprotective." Although there is no guarantee that the dietary supplements I report on here will protect us from radiation, it is interesting to know about the research done in this area.
Calcium
Because strontium absorption is significantly blocked by calcium, high calcium intake from food or supplements may offer protection against absorption of radioactive strontium from food [4]. Calcium supplements must be taken with food for this effect to occur.
Sodium Alginate
Scientists at the Institute of Radiation Protection in Germany examined the effect of sodium alginate, a seaweed extract that is used as a food thickener and is available as an over-the-counter heartburn remedy, on the gastrointestinal absorption of strontium. Writing in the journal Health Physics, they explain "Sodium alginate was proven to be a potent agent for reducing strontium absorption with high efficiency and virtually no toxicity. The data obtained show that the uptake of ingested strontium from milk was reduced by a factor of nine when alginate was added to milk." [5] To block strontium absorption from contaminated food, alginate must also be taken at the same time as food.
Ginkgo Leaf Extract
Following the tragedy at Chernobyl, scientists in the Soviet Union and elsewhere studied several natural products to see if they could reverse evidence of radiation-induced damage in responders and in people living near the disaster site.
Most of the research involved products not readily available outside the Soviet Union, but one study utilized a Ginkgo biloba extract, Egb 761, that is available in North America. According to scientists at the National Center for Scientific Research in Paris the administration of Egb 761, 40 milligrams three times a day for two months, to workers at Chernobyl helped to significantly decrease evidence of radiation damage in blood, the benefits persisting for several months after administration of the Ginkgo extract ended [6].
Italian researchers from the University of Pisa found similar protective effects of Egb 761 in patients exposed to high dose radioactive iodine [7].
Learn more about Ginkgo: Ginkgo Leaf Extract -- Know What Herbs Do What
Ginko Warning
"Fresh (raw) ginkgo seeds contain large amounts of a chemical called ginkgotoxin, which can cause serious adverse reactions -- even seizures and death. Roasted seeds can also be dangerous. Products made from standardized ginkgo leaf extracts contain little ginkgotoxin..." [8] according to the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, part of the National Institutes of Health. (NIH)
Laboratory Studies on Hesperidin and Hawthorn
Several other natural products have been the subject of laboratory studies for their radioprotective effects. Three basic methods for testing have been used but only one method is likely to be instructive in terms of what might happen in the real world.
The most common research methods involve adding the substance to cells in a test tube and then exposing the cells to high dose radiation or feeding the substance to mice and then exposing the animals to total body radiation.
The doses used in these studies are rarely reflective of what would happen in a human being taking a dietary supplement, so their relevance is questionable.
Two substances have been studied by a technique that may be more relevant: a human volunteer takes one or more doses of the product by mouth and then has blood drawn at various intervals.
The blood, now outside of the body, is then exposed to radiation and the white blood cells are examined for signs of damage. This is called an "ex vivo" study.
If the blood cells from the people taking the supplements were found to be less sensitive to the damaging effects of radiation than those receiving placebo, that might indicate a radioprotective effect.
Two research studies have demonstrated the potential of dietary supplements for ex vivo radioprotection: hesperidin and hawthorn.
One interesting study was published in the Oxford University Press Journal Mutagenesis. The researchers looked at Hesperidin, a flavonoid found naturally in fruits, especially citrus, and available as a dietary supplement. They note that "Hesperidin has been reported to have many biological effects including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticarcinogenic, antioxidant effects..." and refer to their previous study "Recently, we showed the hesperidin, a flavonoid, has powerful protection effects on DNA damage, reducing the frequency of micronuclei induced by ?-irradiation in mice." [9] That study was published in the British Journal of Radiology.
In the Mutagenesis ex-vivo study, the data suggest that a single dose of 250 milligrams of hesperidin helped decrease radiation damage to the blood cells tested by one-third. [10] The peak effect was observed at one hour. It should be noted that the study was very small, with blood samples taken from five volunteers, all healthy non-smoking males.
The second study, done by the same research team and published in the journal Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, examined hawthorn (Crataegus microphylla) an herb commonly used for cardiovascular effects. The data from the study suggest that a single dose of 500 milligrams of Hawthorn helped reduce radiation damage to the blood cells tested an average of 44 percent. Hawthorn also showed its peak effect one hour after administration. (11) This study was also very small, with blood samples taken from five volunteers.
For general information on hawthorn, including traditional uses and side effects, see: Hawthorn -- Know What Herbs Do What
Iodine Therapy Used to Block Radioactive Iodine
Because it is concentrated in the thyroid gland, the main toxicity of radioactive iodine is to the thyroid gland. The lower the iodine content of the diet, the higher the uptake of radioactive iodine by the thyroid. The Japanese government has distributed iodine tablets to people living in the region of highest radiation exposure. The goal of high dose iodine is to shut down the thyroid, so that radioactive iodine is not absorbed. [12]
But researchers note that high dose iodine is only effective when administered two days before to eight hours after radiation exposure, so you need to know exactly when exposure occurs. [13] Prolonged massive iodine supplementation can produce hypothyroidism, a disease with serious health consequences.
Research from Japan done on mice found that increasing consumption of natural iodine from food and supplements, however, might decrease the uptake of radioactive iodine by the thyroid gland. [14] The Japanese researchers explain: "Thus, we conclude that previously fed iodine-rich material, especially dietary seaweeds rich in iodine and other minerals, vitamins, and beta-carotene, such as kelps or laver supplemented with inorganic iodine, may be effective in prevention of internal radiation injury of the thyroid." [15]
Now I'd like to hear from you...
What are your concerns about radiation exposure?
What steps have you taken to prevent or reduce exposure?
Have you taken anything for it?
Please let me know your thoughts by posting a comment below.
Best Health,
Leo Galland, M.D.
Important: Share the Health with your friends and family by forwarding this article to them, and sharing on Facebook.
Leo Galland, MD is a board-certified internist, author and internationally recognized leader in integrated medicine. Dr. Galland is the founder of Pill Advised, a web application for learning about medications, supplements and food. Sign up for FREE to discover how your medications and vitamins interact. Watch his videos on YouTube and join the Pill Advised Facebook page.
2011-03-25 (until Dec 2011 Discussion Thread)**RADIATION PROTECTION**- non prescription list, revised and updated, by "emerald eye" [Ed. Note: This lady does an excellent job of backing up food supplement ideas with peer-reviewed medical sources].
2011-03-17 How to Protect Yourself From Radiation Exposure by Dr. Andrea McCreery, life-sources.com.
Protecting the thyroid with iodine seems to be about all public health officials are willing to recommend to the public. However, there are other important steps every person should consider. Radiation interaction within your body generates massive amounts of damaging free radicals, in turn potentially inducing DNA damage that may lead to future cancer -- often manifesting a decade or two later. This means it is a good idea to maximize your overall antioxidant defenses. Ideally, this system of defense should be bolstered in advance to provide maximal defense. Unfortunately the antioxidant defense systems of a majority of Americans are in shoddy condition. And, we can observe this chronic condition in at least 90% of all clients who come for their first visit to Life Sources' viewing the blood cells at1500xs {times} magnification. One question I continually hear about certain antioxidants is this: “Am I supposed to take this forever”? If one takes into consider the fact these are not fat-soluble (as with Vitamin D which is a fat soluble ‘hormone’ ((not a Vitamin)) for example) and, our bodies’ needs are to be replenished daily with food, I would think this product adding into one’s daily regimen would seem a rather miniscule so-called ‘having to take a supplement’ when, in fact, upon a doctor’s prescription, no one really questions that. In effect, pharmaceuticals not only manipulate the immune system’s ability to perform to its optimum, it or “they” put quite a heavy stressful load onto the liver (see Fig. #16); the very organ needed to rid the body of toxins, plus, a very important organ we must daily respect.
Many nutrients contain antioxidants and many of these behave in your vital antioxidant network to protect your DNA from damage. In your diet these nutrients come from fruits, vegetables, whey protein, and whole grains (with the exception for those with autoimmune disorders pertaining to poor digestive health). Additionally, almost any nutrient supplement with antioxidant properties, such as vitamin C, E, Alpha Lipoic Acid, and, the most highly and efficacious product; OPC-165® which is 20xs stronger than Vitamin C; 50xs stronger than Vitamin E; will help bolster your antioxidant team.
We suggest that everyone consume a broad spectrum of antioxidant support. Indeed, a cocktail of antioxidants (selenium, vitamin C, N-acetyl Cysteine, alpha-lipoic acid, alpha-tocopherol and co-enzyme Q10) started 24 hours after a lethal level of radiation exposure has been shown to be highly protective. Oral chelation of the body’s tissues from such things as Heavy Metal Toxicity not only should be considered, but, during these ominous times these recommended products are meant to assist the neuro-transmitters of the brain such as our propriety formula, Immuzyme® and our OPC-165®
Excessive radiation exposure damages DNA, especially DNA relating to the system in our bone marrow that produces all the red and white blood cells that are vital for survival. (see Fig. #9) Therefore radiation exposure has adverse consequences on circulatory health and immune system competence, disturbing energy balance and increasing the risk for cancer.
[undated] FAQ & what we can do, radiationtruth.org
Improve your body's response to damaging radiation with the following regime:
* Consume 5 grams a day of vitamin C
* Reduce or eliminate alcohol consumption
* Decrease meat consumption
* You may choose to eliminate dairy products if Cesium-137 is detected (detected on April 11 in Montpelier, VT and other places)
* Reduce sugar consumption
* Eat five servings a day of fruits and vegetables, especially broccoli, broccoli sprouts, cabbage and cauliflower [Editor's Note: Vegetables such as broccoli that grow on the surface are usually much riskier to eat than root vegetables because fallout tends to stick to the leaves].
* Increase fiber consumption via whole grains and flax-seed fiber. Flaxseed & radiation
* Get as much organic food as possible
* Take one drop a day of Lugol’s Solution or 1 tablet a day of Iodoral, both of which are sources of both iodide and iodine. Many conventionally trained physicians believe this level of iodine supplementation can interfere with thyroid function. This belief is not supported in the literature, and in fact, this level of iodine supplementation appears protective against other common cancers. In addition, these levels are lower than the levels of potassium iodide recommended by the government.
* Take 5000 IU daily of vitamin D-3
* Take 1500 mg daily each of curcumin and green tea extract with a minimum of 30% or more of EGCG
* Lots of lemongrass, melissa, or verbena tea
Knowing where your produce comes from isn't always easy. If at all possible grow as much of your own food as you can, indoors, or outdoors.
Feeling constantly stressed is bad for your health. Whether it is yoga, walks, or being with friends, do what you can to lower your stress level.
On June 3rd Dr. Mercola posted an excellent article on Vitamin D's role in combating the effects of radiation, along with other natural remedies:
"This Vitamin Can Radically Reduce Damage from Radioactivity from Fukushima"

Multi-Nutrient Cocktails

2011-06-07 Miracle herbal supplement proven to aid victims of cancer treatments by S. L. Baker, naturalnews.com.
ArginMax for Women
"...Wake Forest research, funded by the National Cancer Institute, used a supplement sold as ArginMax for Women which is made from a proprietary blend of L-arginine, ginseng, ginkgo, and 14 vitamins and minerals. Many of these natural ingredients have long been used in traditional medicine to boost energy and circulation and optimize hormonal balance.
For the study, scientists at the Comprehensive Cancer Center at Wake Forest Baptist, the Derrick L. Davis Forsyth Regional Cancer Center, and multiple other cancer centers across the country recruited 186 female cancer survivors who were at least six months past their last treatment for any type of malignancy. The trial was strictly controlled so that neither the research subjects nor the investigators knew who was receiving the supplement and who was being given a placebo pill.
At the start of the study and again at four weeks, eight weeks and 12 weeks after taking the supplement or placebo, all the women completed two standardized questionnaires that measured sexual function and quality of life. Dubbed the FACT-G questionnaire, it measures overall quality of life and has been used in research of all cancer types to evaluate physical, emotional, social and functional well-being.
Amazingly, every single cancer survivor who took the herbal/vitamin supplement was found to have a dramatic boost in measures of overall quality of life.
"The group taking the supplements experienced significant improvement in overall quality of life, particularly physical well-being," Kathryn M. Greven, M.D., a radiation oncologist at Wake Forest Baptist and the lead investigator on the study, said in a statement to the media.
"Bothersome symptoms such as lack of energy, pain, nausea, and sleeplessness were all improved, as were measures of functional well-being, for example the ability to perform normal activities at home or work. Simply, they reported a greater enjoyment of life, without any additional side effects from the supplement"...

 

Extracts from Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment (pdf) by Alexey V. Yablokov, Vassily B. Nesterenko, and Alexey V. Nesterenko, consulting editor Janette D. Sherman-Nevinger

[Editor's Note: This is one of the most comprehensive and scientific studies ever conducted regarding the effects of melt-down radiation on large civilian populations. Therefore, it is well worth taking the time to familiarize oneself with key points made in this work regarding the ways in which radiation impacts impacts upon people over time, and various protective strategies].

Chapter 12: Chernobyl’s Radioactive Contamination of Food and People

In many European countries levels of I-131, Cs-134/137, Sr-90, and other radionuclides in milk, dairy products, vegetables, grains, meat, and fish increased drastically (sometimes as much as 1,000-fold) immediately after the catastrophe. Up until 1991 the United States imported food products with measurable amounts of Chernobyl radioactive contamination, mostly from Turkey, Italy, Austria, West Germany, Greece, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Sweden, and Denmark. These products included juices, cheeses, pasta,mushrooms, hazelnuts, sage, figs, tea, thyme, juniper, caraway seeds, and apricots. In Gomel, Mogilev, and Brest provinces in Belarus 7–8% of milk and 13–16% of other food products from small farms exceeded permissible levels of Cs-137, even as recently as 2005–2007. As of 2000, up to 90% of the wild berries and mushrooms exceeded permissible levels of Cs-137 in Rovno and Zhytomir provinces, Ukraine. Owing to weight and metabolic differences, a child’s radiation exposure is 3–5 times higher than that of an adult on the same diet. From 1995 to 2007, up to 90% of the children from heavily contaminated territories of Belarus had levels of Cs-137 accumulation higher than 15–20 Bq/kg, with maximum levels of up to 7,300 Bq/kg in Narovlya District, Gomel Province. Average levels of incorporated Cs-137 and Sr-90 in the heavily contaminated territories of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia did not decline, but rather increased from 1991 to 2005. Given that more than 90% of the current radiation fallout is due to Cs-137, with a half-life of about 30 years, we know that the contaminated areas will be dangerously radioactive for roughly the next three centuries.

However much money is allocated by any government for radiation protection (e.g., in Belarus in 2006 nearly $300 million was allocated to reduce radioactive contamination in agricultural production), no nation has the ability to provide total protection from radiation for populations living in contaminated areas and eating locally produced vegetables, forest products, and fish and game that are contaminated with radionuclides.
Thus it is of prime importance that radiation monitoring capability be established on the local level so that citizens have access to the information and the ability to monitor their own locally produced food and to actively participate in organizing and carrying out radiation protection. Too often, central data monitoring repositories have little incentive to ensure that people around the country get the information that they should have...
12.3. Conclusion
All people living in territories heavily contaminated by Chernobyl fallout continue to be exposed to low doses of chronic radiation. Human beings do not have sense organs to detect ionizing radiation because it cannot be perceived by sight, smell, taste, hearing, or touch. Therefore without special equipment to identify levels of environmental contamination, it is impossible to know what radionuclide levels are in our food and water or have been incorporated into our bodies.
The simplest way to ensure radiation safety in all areas contaminated by Chernobyl is to monitor food for incorporated radionuclides. Analysis of levels of incorporated gamma radionuclides by individual spectrometry (IRC) and radioactive monitoring of local food in many Belarussian locations have demonstrated a high correlation between Cs-137 food contamination and the amount of radionuclides in humans and, most importantly, in children.
Chapter II of this volume detailed many cases of deterioration in public health associated with the Chernobyl radionuclide contamination. Many people suffer from continuing chronic low-dose radiation 23 years after the catastrophe, owing primarily to consumption of radioactively contaminated food. An important consideration is the fact that given an identical diet, a child’s radiation exposure is three to fivefold higher than that of an adult. Since more than 90% of the radiation burden nowadays is due to Cs-137, which has a half-life of about 30 years, contaminated areas will continue to be dangerously radioactive for roughly the next three centuries.
Experience has shown that existing official radioactive monitoring systems are inadequate (not only in the countries of the Former Soviet Union). Generally, the systems cover territories selectively, do not measure each person, and often conceal important facts when releasing information. The common factor among all governments is to minimize spending for which they are not directly responsible, such as the Chernobyl meltdown, which occurred 23 years ago. Thus officials are not eager to obtain objective data of radioactive contamination of communities, individuals, or food. Under such circumstances, which are common, an independent system of public monitoring is needed. Such an independent system is not a substitute for official responsibility or control, but is needed to provide regular voluntary monitoring of food for each family, which would determine the radionuclide level in each person.
We have to take responsibility not only for our own health, but for the health of future generations of humans, plants, and animals, which can be harmed by mutations resulting from exposure to even the smallest amount of radioactive contamination.

 

13. Decorporation of Chernobyl Radionuclides by Vassily B. Nesterenko and Alexey V. Nesterenko

Tens of thousands of Chernobyl children (mostly from Belarus) annually leave to receive treatment and health care in other countries. Doctors from many countries gratuitously work in the Chernobyl contaminated territories, helping to minimize the consequences of this most terrible technologic catastrophe in history. But the scale and spectrum of the consequences are so high, that no country in the world can cope alone with the long-term consequences of such a catastrophe as Chernobyl. The countries that have suffered the most, especially Ukraine and Belarus, extend gratitude for the help that has come through the United Nations and other international organizations, as well as from private funds and initiatives. Twenty-two years after the Chernobyl releases, the annual individual dose limit in heavily contaminated territories of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia exceed 1mSv/year just because of the unavoidable consumption of locally contaminated products. The 11-year experience of the BELRAD Institute shows that for effective radiation protection it is necessary to establish the interference level for children at 30% of the official dangerous limit (i.e., 15–20 Bq/kg). The direct whole body counting measurements of Cs-137 accumulation in the bodies of inhabitants of the heavily contaminated Belarussian region shows that the official Dose Catalogue underestimates the annual dose burdens by three to eight times. For practical reasons the curative-like use of apple-pectin food additives might be especially helpful for effective decorporation of Cs-137. From 1996 to 2007 a total of more than 160,000 Belarussian children received pectin food additives during 18 to 25 days of treatment (5 g twice a day). As a result, levels of Cs-137 in children’s organs decreased after each course of pectin additives by an average of 30 to 40%. Manufacture and application of various pectin-based food additives and drinks (using apples, currants, grapes, sea seaweed, etc.) is one of the most effective ways for individual radioprotection (through decorporation) under circumstances where consumption of radioactively contaminated food is unavoidable.

There are three basic ways to decrease the radionuclide levels in the bodies of people living in contaminated territories: reduce the amount of radionuclides in the food consumed, accelerate removal of radionuclides from the body, and stimulate the body’s immune and other protective systems.

13.1. Reducing Radionuclides in Food

Soaking in water, scalding, salting, and pickling foods such as mushrooms and vegetables and processing the fats in milk and cheeses can reduce the amount of radionuclides in some foods severalfold.
Stimulation of the body’s natural defenses through the use of food additives that raise one’s resistance to irradiation is also useful. Among such additives are the antioxidant vitamins A and C and the microelements I, Cu, Zn, Se, and Co, which interfere with free-radical formation. The additives prevent the oxidation of organic substances caused by irradiation (lipid peroxidation). Various food supplements can stimulate immunity: sprouts of plants, such as wheat, seaweed (e.g., Spirulina), pine needles, mycelium, and others. Accelerating the removal of radionuclides is done in three ways (Rudnev et al., 1995; Trakhtenberg, 1995; Leggett et al., 2003; and many others):

• Increase the stable elements in food to impede the incorporation of radionuclides. For example, K and Rb interfere with the incorporation of Cs; Ca interferes with Sr; and trivalent Fe interferes with the uptake of Pu.
• Make use of the various food additives that can immobilize radionuclides.
• Increase consumption of liquids to “wash away” radionuclides—infusions, juices, and other liquids as well as enriched food with dietary fiber.

Decorporants (decontaminants) are preparations that promote the removal of incorporated radionuclides via excretion in feces and urine. Several effective decorporants specific for medical treatment of heavy radionuclide contamination are known (for Cs, Fe compounds; for Sr, alginates and barium sulfates; for Pu, ion-exchange resins, etc.). They are effective in cases of sudden contamination. In the heavily contaminated Belarussian, Ukrainian, and European Russian territories the situation is different. Daily exposure to small amounts of radionuclides (mostly Cs-137) is virtually unavoidable as they get into the body with food (up to 94%), with drinking water (up to 5%), and through the air (about 1%). Accumulation of radionuclides in the body is dangerous, primarily for children, and for those living in the contaminated territories where there are high levels of Cs-137 in local foodstuffs (see Chapter IV.12). The incorporation of radionuclides is now the primary cause of the deterioration of public health in the contaminated territories (see Chapter II for details), and all possible approaches should be employed to mitigate the consequences of that irradiation.
There is evidence that incorporation of 50 Bq/kg of Cs-137 into a child’s body can produce pathological changes in vital organ systems (cardiovascular, nervous, endocrine, and immune), as well as in the kidneys, liver, eyes, and other organs (Bandazhevskaya et al., 2004). Such levels of radioisotope incorporation are not unusual in the Chernobyl-contaminated areas of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia nowadays (see Chapter III.11 for details), which is why it is necessary to use any and all possible measures to decrease the level of radionuclide incorporation in people living in those territories. When children have the same menu as adults, they get up to five times higher dose burdens from locally produced foodstuffs because of their lower weight and more active processes of metabolism. Children living in rural villages have a dose burden five to six times higher than city children of the same age.

13.2. Results of Decontamination by the Pectin Enterosorbents

It is known that pectin chemically binds cations such as Cs in the gastrointestinal tract and thereby increases fecal excretion. Research and development by the Ukrainian Center of Radiation Medicine (Porokhnyak-Ganovska, 1998) and the Belarussian Institute of Radiation Medicine and Endocrinology (Gres’ et al., 1997) have led to the conclusion that adding pectin preparations to the food of inhabitants of the Chernobyl-contaminated regions promotes an effective excretion of incorporated radionuclides.
1. In 1981, based on 2-year clinical tests, the Joint Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on Food Additives declared the pectinaceous enterosorbents effective and harmless for everyday use (WHO, 1981).
2. In Ukraine and Belarus various pectin-based preparations have been studied as agents to promote the excretion of incorporated radionuclides (Gres’, 1997; Ostapenko, 2002; Ukrainian Institute, 1997). The product based on the pectin from an aquatic plant (Zostera), known commercially as Zosterin-Ultra is a mass prophylaxis agent used in the Russian nuclear industry. As it is a non-assimilated pectin, the injection of fostering into the bloodstream does not harm nutrition, metabolism, or other functions. Zosterin-Ultra in liquid form for oral administration was approved by the Ukrainian Ministry of Health (1998) and the Russian Ministry of Health (1999) as a biologically active (or therapeutic) food additive endowed with enterosorption and hemosorption properties.
3. In 1996, the BELRAD Institute initiated enterosorbent treatments based on pectin food additives (Medetopect, France; Yablopect, Ukraine) to accelerate the excretion of Cs- 137. In 1999 BELRAD together with “Hermes” Hmbh (Munich, Germany) developed a composition of apple pectin additives known as Vitapect powder, made up of pectin (concentration 18–20%) supplemented with vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, C, E, beta-carotene, folic acid; the trace elements K, Zn, Fe, and Ca; and flavoring. BELRAD has been producing this food additive, which has been approved by the Belarussian Ministry of Health, since 2000.
4. In June–July 2001 BELRAD together with the association “Children of Chernobyl of Belarus” (France) in the Silver Springs sanatorium (Svetlogorsk City, Gomel Province) conducted a placebo-controlled double-blind study of 615 children with internal contamination who were treated with Vitapect (5 g twice a day) for a 3- week period. In children taking the Vitapect (together with clean food) Cs-137 levels were lowered much more effectively than in the control group, who had clean food combined with a placebo (Table 13.1 and Figure 13.1)...

...13.3. New Principles of Radiation Protection Based on Direct Measurements

The BELRAD Institute’s 11 years of experience shows that for effective radiation protection in the contaminated territories, an intervention level—30% of the official dangerous limit (i.e., 15–20 Bq/kg)—must be established for children.
1. The direct whole body counting (WBC) measurements of Cs-137 accumulation in individuals in the heavily contaminated Belarussian regions showed that the official Dose Catalogue prepared on the basis of the Cs-137 concentrations in 10 milk samples and 10 potato samples underestimates the annual personal dose burden three- to eightfold and cannot be relied on for effective radiation protection.
2. It is obvious that a true dose catalogue of the contaminated population should be developed on the basis of the data obtained from the direct WBC measurements of Cs-137, which reflect the accumulated internal dose burden. This should be done via reliable sampling of inhabitants from each area of Belarus affected by Chernobyl.
3. Only by combining WBC measurements of Cs-137 accumulation in the body with medical evaluations can the causal relationship (dose dependence) between the increase in morbidity and incorporated radionuclides in the population be known. At this time, these data can only be obtained in the Chernobyl-contaminated regions of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia. This information can be an important factor in designing radiation protection and treating people, in persuading the world community of the need to help Belarus minimize radiation exposures, and in understanding the dimensions of the consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe.

13.4. Where International Help for Chernobyl’s Children Would Be Especially Effective

No country in the world is able to cope alone with the long-term consequences of a catastrophe of the magnitude of the meltdown in Chernobyl. The countries most severely affected, especially Ukraine and Belarus, which suffered greatly, are grateful for the help they get from the United Nations and other international organizations, as well as from private funds and initiatives.
Annually, tens of thousands of Chernobyl children go to other countries for treatment to improve their health. Doctors from many countries work pro bono in the Chernobyl-contaminated territories to help minimize the consequences of this most terrible technologic catastrophe in history. The scale and the range of the consequences are so great that there is always the question of how to make such help even more effective.
Experience from large-scale long-term programs to monitor foodstuffs and the levels of incorporated radionuclides in the bodies of those living in the contaminated territories is the basis for the following proposals to increase the efficacy of the international and national programs:

• Joint studies to determine the frequency and intensity of various diseases, especially in children, correlated with levels of incorporated radionuclides.
• Regular individual radiometric evaluation of the populations, especially children, in all contaminated territories. To accomplish this, Belarus will have to increase the number of mobile laboratories from eight to twelve or fifteen. Similar to the Belarussian system, independent, practical, science/clinical centers must be established in Ukraine and European Russia to use the results of such regular radiometric monitoring to identify critical groups with high radionuclide incorporation.
• Manufacture and administer various pectin-based food additives and drinks (based on apples, currants, grapes, seaweed, etc.) as one of the most effective ways of providing individual radiation protection (through decorporation) when circumstances make using contaminated food unavoidable.
• Independent radiation monitoring and radiation control of local foodstuffs, making use of the BELRAD Institute’s experience in organizing local centers for radioactive control. This does not replace, but can add to the existing official system.
• Regular courses of oral pectin food additives for preventive maintenance.

Twenty-two years after the catastrophe the true situation in Chernobyl’s heavily contaminated territories shows that the internationally accepted individual dose limit is in excess of 1 mSv/year because of the unavoidable consumption of local radioactively contaminated products. Thus the most advisable way to lower the levels of incorporated radionuclides is to consume only clean food. In those situations where clean food is not available, decorporant and sorbent additives should be used to remove as much as possible of the absorbed and incorporated radionuclides.
There are many more-or-less effective decorporants and sorbents: a wide spectrum of products with alginic acid-alginates (mostly from brown seaweed) promotes the reduction of Sr, iron and copper cyanides (e.g., ferrocyanide blue) promote the reduction of Cs. Activated charcoal, cellulose, and various pectins are also effective sorbents for incorporated radionuclides. For practical reasons the curative-like application of apple-pectin food additives may be especially helpful to effectively decorporate Cs-137.
What can be done:

• Reduce Cs-137 concentration in the main dose-forming product—milk—by feeding cows with mixed fodder containing sorbents and by separating the milk to produce cream and butter.
• Provide children and pregnant women with clean foodstuffs and with food additives to increase the elimination of radionuclides and heavy metals from their bodies.
• Inform the population about the levels of radionuclide contamination of the local foodstuffs and the radionuclide concentration in the bodies of the inhabitants (especially children), taking into consideration the existing available foods and the local way of life.
• Institute the practice of regular decorporation of radionuclides into the lifestyle as an effective measure of radiation protection for the population of the Chernobyl contaminated regions.

The use of food additives, pectin preparations with a complex of vitamins and microelements, demonstrated a high efficiency in eliminating incorporated radionuclides.

 

Chapter 14. Protective Measures for Activities in Chernobyl’s Radioactively Contaminated Territories by Alexey V. Nesterenko and Vassily B. Nesterenko


Owing to internally absorbed radionuclides, radiation levels for individuals living in the contaminated territories of Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia have been increasing steadily since 1994. Special protective measures in connection with agriculture, forestry, hunting, and fishing are necessary to protect the health of people in all the radioactively contaminated territories. Among the measures that have proven to be effective in reducing levels of incorporated radionuclides in meat production are food additives with ferrocyanides, zeolites, and mineral salts. Significant decreases in radionuclide levels in crops are achieved using lime/Ca as an antagonist of Sr-90, K fertilizers as antagonists of Cs-137, and phosphoric fertilizers that form a hard, soluble phosphate with Sr-90. Disk tillage and replowing of hayfields incorporating applications of organic and mineral fertilizers reduces the levels of Cs-137 and Sr-90 three- to fivefold in herbage grown in mineral soils. Among food technologies to reduce radionuclide content are cleaning cereal seeds, processing potatoes into starch, processing carbohydrate-containing products into sugars, and processing milk into cream and butter. There are several simple cooking techniques that decrease radionuclides in foodstuffs. Belarus has effectively used some forestry operations to create “a live partition wall,” to regulate the redistribution of radionuclides into ecosystems. All such protective measures will be necessary in many European territories for many generations.

14.3. Radiation Protection Measures in Everyday Life

Instructions for radiation protection and self-help countermeasures can be found in Ramzaev, 1992; Nesterenko, 1997; Beresdorf and Wright, 1999; Annenkov and Averin, 2003; Babenko, 2008; Parkhomenko et al., 2008; and many others.
It is very important to avoid radionuclides in food and if they are consumed to try to eliminate them from the body as quickly as possible. In a baby, the biological half-life of Cs-137 is 14 days; for a 5-year old it is 21 days; for a 10-year old, 49 days; for teenagers, about 90 days; and for a young male, about 100 days (Nesterenko, 1997).
1. The most direct way of decreasing radionuclide intake is to avoid foods that are potentially heavily contaminated and to consume foodstuffs with lower levels. However, this is not easy to do because the average level of radionuclide bioaccumulation differs in each region owing to differences in soils, cultivars, agriculture techniques, etc.
Several examples of differing levels of contamination are presented below.
1.1. Vegetables: Order of decreasing Cs-137 in some areas of Belarus: sweet pepper > cabbage >potatoes > beetroot > sorrel > lettuce > radish > onion > garlic > carrots > cucumbers > tomatoes. Order of decreasing levels in Gomel Province: sorrel > beans > radish > carrots > been root > potatoes > garlic > sweet pepper > tomatoes > squash > cucumbers > cabbage (kohlrabi) > cauliflower > colewort (Radiology Institute, 2003).
1.2. Berries: Order of decreasing Cs-137 among some berries: blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), cowberry (V. vitis-idaea), red and black currants (Ribes sp.), and cranberry (Oxycoccus) usually accumulate more Cs-137 than strawberry (Fragaria), gooseberry (Grossularia), white currant, raspberry (Rubus), and mountain ash (Sorbus).
1.3. Meat: Order of decreasing Cs-137 in some meats: poultry > beef > mutton > pork. Meats from older animals have more radionuclides that meat from younger ones owing to accumulation over time. Bones of young animals have more Sr-90. Among visceral organs the order of decreasing levels of Cs-137 is: lung > kidney > liver > fat.
1.4. Eggs: Order of decreasing levels: shell > egg-white > yolk.
1.5. Fish: Predatory and benthic fishes (pike, perch, carp, catfish, tench, etc.) are more contaminated, and fish living in rivers and streams are always less contaminated than those from lakes and ponds.
1.6. Mushrooms: The cap usually contains more Cs-137 than the pedicle. Agaric (Agaricales) mushrooms usually concentrate more radionuclides than boletuses (Boletus).
2. The biological properties of Cs-137 are similar to those of stable K and Rb, and Sr-90 and Pu are similar to Ca. These properties determine where they concentrate in the body so the use of stable elements may help to decrease the absorption of radionuclides.
Foods rich in K include potatoes, maize, beans, beets, raisins, dried apricots, tea, nuts, potatoes, lemons, and dried plums. Ca-rich foods include milk, eggs, legumes, horseradish, green onions, turnip, parsley, dill, and spinach. Green vegetables, apples, sunflower seeds, black chokeberries, and rye bread are rich in Fe; and Rb is found in red grapes.
3. A diet to protect against radioactive contamination should include uncontaminated fruits and vegetables, those rich in pectin, and those with high-fiber complexes to promote the rapid elimination of radionuclides.
4. High intake of fluids including fruit drinks helps promote excretion of contaminants in urine.
5. Daily addition of antioxidants (vitamins A, C, E, and the trace elements Zn, Co, Cu, and Se) is recommended.
6. Individuals exposed to radioactive contamination should consume special food additives
such as Vitapect (see Chapter IV.13) and products made from apples, green algae (Spirulinae), fir-needles, etc.
7. There are several simple cooking techniques that decrease radionuclides: boil foods
several times and discard the water, wash food thoroughly, soak some foods and discard the water, avoid the rinds of fruits and vegetables, salt and pickle some foods but throw away the pickling juice! Avoid eating strong bouillon, use rendered butter, etc.
Experiences from around the world after the catastrophe show that citizens of countries that did not provide information and methods to counter the effects of the radioactive fallout fared more poorly than those in countries that did provide such help. In 1986 the effective individual dose to the “average” person in Bulgaria, where there was no emergency protection was 0.7 to 0.8 mSv, or about threefold higher than the dose for the “average” Norwegian.
The Norwegian government placed a prohibition against eating leafy vegetables and drinking fresh milk, destroyed contaminated meat, maintained cattle in stalls, deactivated pastures and reservoirs, and mandated that prior to slaughter the cattle be fed on clean forage, etc. This disparity in contamination doses occurred even though the level of contamination in Bulgaria was measurably lower than that in Norway (Energy, 2008).
Since 1994, radiation exposure of individuals living in the contaminated territories of Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia has continued to increase owing to internal absorption of radionuclides — the most dangerous form of radiation exposure despite natural radioactive decay.
Migration of Chernobyl radionuclides into soil root zones allows plants to absorb them, transport them to the surface, and incorporate them into edible portions of the plant. Agricultural and forest product radionuclides are introduced into food chains, significantly increasing the radiation danger for all who consume those foodstuffs. Today the most serious contaminating agents are Cs-137 and Sr-90. In coming years the situation will change and Am-241 will present a very serious problem (see Chapter I for details).
For at least six to seven generations, vast territories of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine must take special measures to control radiation exposure in agriculture, forestry, hunting, and fishing. So too must other countries with areas of high radioactive contamination, including Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, Austria, France, and Germany. This means, that local economies will require external grants-in-aid and donations to minimize the level of radionuclides in all products because many areas simply do not have the funds to monitor, teach, and mandate protection. Thus the problem of contamination is dynamic and requires constant monitoring and control—for Cs-137 and Sr-90 pollution at least 150 to 300 years into the future. The contamination from the wider spectrum of radioisotopes is dynamic and will require constant monitoring and control essentially forever.

 

15. Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe for Public Health and the Environment 23 Years Later Alexey V. Yablokov, Vassily B. Nesterenko, and Alexey V. Nesterenko

More than 50% of Chernobyl’s radionuclides were dispersed outside of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia and caused fallout as far away as North America. In 1986 nearly 400 million people lived in areas radioactively contaminated at a level higher than 4 kBq/m2 and nearly 5 million individuals are still being exposed to dangerous contamination. The increase in morbidity, premature aging, and mutations is seen in all the contaminated territories that have been studied. The increase in the rates of total mortality for the first 17 years in European Russia was up to 3.75% and in Ukraine it was up to 4.0%. Levels of internal irradiation are increasing owing to plants absorbing and recycling Cs-137, Sr-90, Pu, and Am. During recent years, where internal levels of Cs-137 have exceeded 1 mSv/year, which is considered “safe,” it must be lowered to 50 Bq/kg in children and to 75 Bq/kg in adults. Useful practices to accomplish this include applying mineral fertilizers on agricultural lands, K and organosoluble lignin on forestlands, and regular individual consumption of natural pectin enterosorbents. Extensive international help is needed to provide radiation protection for children, especially in Belarus, where over the next 25 to 30 years radionuclides will continue to contaminate plants through the root layers in the soil. Irradiated populations of plants and animals exhibit a variety of morphological deformities and have significantly higher levels of mutations that were rare prior to 1986. The Chernobyl zone is a “black hole”: some species may persist there only via immigration from uncontaminated areas.

The explosion of the fourth block of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine on April, 26, 1986 was the worst technogenic accident in history. The information presented in the first 14 parts of this volume was abstracted from the several thousand cited scientific papers and other materials. What follows here is a summary of the main results of this meta-analysis of the consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe...

15.1. The Global Scale of the Catastrophe

1. As a result of the catastrophe, 40% of Europe was contaminated with dangerous radioactivity. Asia and North America were also exposed to significant amounts of radioactive fallout. Contaminated countries include Austria, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, Romania, Great Britain, Germany, Italy, France, Greece, Iceland, and Slovenia, as well as wide territories in Asia, including Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, The Emirates, China, and northern Africa. Nearly 400 million people lived in areas with radioactivity at a level exceeding 4 kBq/m2 (=0.1 Ci/km2) during the period from April to July 1986.
2. Belarus was especially heavily contaminated. Twenty-three years after the catastrophe nearly 5 million people, including some 1 million children, live in vast areas of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia where dangerous levels of radioactive contamination persist (see Chapter 1).
3. The claim by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), and several other groups that the Chernobyl radioactive fallout adds “only”2% to the natural radioactive background ignores several facts:

• First, many territories continue to have dangerously high levels of radiation.
• Second, high levels of radiation were spread far and wide in the first weeks after the catastrophe.
• Third, there will be decades of chronic, low-level contamination after the catastrophe (Fig. 15.1).
• Fourth, every increase in nuclear radiation has an effect on both somatic and reproductive cells of all living things.

4. There is no scientific justification for the fact that specialists from IAEA and the World Health Organization (WHO) (Chernobyl Forum, 2005) completely neglected to cite the extensive data on the negative consequences of radioactive contamination in areas other than Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia, where about 57% of the Chernobyl radionuclides were deposited...

15.3. Health Consequences of Chernobyl

1. A significant increase in general morbidity is apparent in all the territories contaminated by Chernobyl that have been studied.
2. Among specific health disorders associated with Chernobyl radiation there are increased morbidity and prevalence of the following groups of diseases:

• Circulatory system (owing primarily to radioactive destruction of the endothelium, the internal lining of the blood vessels).
• Endocrine system (especially nonmalignant thyroid pathology).
• Immune system (“Chernobyl AIDS,” increased incidence and seriousness of all illnesses).
• Respiratory system.
• Urogenital tract and reproductive disorders.
• Musculoskeletal system (including pathologic changes in the structure and composition of bones: osteopenia and osteoporosis).
• Central nervous system (changes in frontal, temporal, and occipitoparietal lobes of the brain, leading to diminished intelligence and behaviorial and mental disorders).
• Eyes (cataracts, vitreous destruction, refraction anomalies, and conjunctive disorders).
• Digestive tract.
• Congenital malformations and anomalies (including previously rare multiple defects of limbs and head).
• Thyroid cancer (All forecasts concerning this cancer have been erroneous; Chernobyl-related thyroid cancers have rapid onset and aggressive development, striking both children and adults. After surgery the person becomes dependent on replacement hormone medication for life.)
• Leukemia (blood cancers) not only in children and liquidators, but in the general adult population of contaminated territories.
• Other malignant neoplasms.

3. Other health consequences of the catastrophe:

• Changes in the body’s biological balance, leading to increased numbers of serious illnesses owing to intestinal toxicoses, bacterial infections, and sepsis.
• Intensified infectious and parasitic diseases (e.g., viral hepatitis and respiratory viruses).
• Increased incidence of health disorders in children born to radiated parents (both to liquidators and to individuals who left the contaminated territories), especially those radiated in utero. These disorders, involving practically all the body’s organs and systems, also include genetic changes.
• Catastrophic state of health of liquidators (especially liquidators who worked in 1986–1987).
• Premature aging in both adults and children.
• Increased incidence of multiple somatic and genetic mutations.
4. Chronic diseases associated with radioactive contamination are pervasive in liquidators and in the population living in contaminated territories. Among these individuals polymorbidity is common; that is, people are often afflicted by multiple illnesses at the same time.
5. Chernobyl has “enriched” world medicine with such terms, as “cancer rejuvenescence,” as well as three new syndromes:
• “Vegetovascular dystonia” — dysfunctional regulation of the nervous system involving cardiovascular and other organs (also called autonomic nervous system dysfunction), with clinical signs that present against a background of stress.
• “Incorporated long-life radionuclides”— functional and structural disorders of the cardiovascular, nervous, endocrine, reproductive, and other systems owing to absorbed radionuclides.
• “Acute inhalation lesions of the upper respiratory tract” — a combination of a rhinitis, throat tickling, dry cough, difficulty breathing, and shortness of breath owing to the effect of inhaled radionuclides, including “hot particles.”
6. Several new syndromes, reflecting increased incidence of some illnesses, appeared after Chernobyl. Among them:
• “Chronic fatigue syndrome”— excessive and unrelieved fatigue, fatigue without obvious cause, periodic depression, memory loss, diffuse muscular and joint pains, chills and fever, frequent mood changes, cervical lymph node sensitivity, weight loss; it is also often associated with immune system dysfunction and CNS disorders.
• “Lingering radiating illness syndrome”— a combination of excessive fatigue, dizziness, trembling, and back pain.
• “Early aging syndrome” — a divergence between physical and chronological age with illnesses characteristic of the elderly occurring at an early age.

7. Specific Chernobyl syndromes such as “radiation in utero,” “Chernobyl AIDS,” “Chernobyl heart,” “Chernobyl limbs,” and others await more detailed definitive medical descriptions.
8. The full picture of deteriorating health in the contaminated territories is still far from complete, despite a large quantity of data. Medical, biological, and radiological research must expand and be supported to provide the full picture of Chernobyl’s consequences. Instead this research has been cut back in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus.
9. Deterioration of public health (especially of children) in the Chernobyl-contaminated territories 23 years after the catastrophe is not due to psychological stress or radiophobia, or from resettlement, but is mostly and primarily due to Chernobyl irradiation. Superimposed upon the first powerful shock in 1986 is continuing chronic low-dose and low-dose-rate radionuclide exposure.
10. Psychological factors (“radiation phobia”) simply cannot be the defining reason because morbidity continued to increase for some years after the catastrophe, whereas radiation concerns have decreased. And what is the level of radiation phobia among voles, swallows, frogs, and pine trees, which demonstrate similar health disorders, including increased mutation rates? There is no question but that social and economic factors are dire for those sick from radiation. Sickness, deformed and impaired children, death of family and friends, loss of home and treasured possessions, loss of work, and dislocation are serious financial and mental stresses.

15.4. Total Number of Victims

1. Early official forecasts by IAEA and WHO predicted few additional cases of cancer. In 2005, the Chernobyl Forum declared that the total death toll from the catastrophe would be about 9,000 and the number of sick about 200,000. These numbers cannot distinguish radiation-related deaths and illnesses from the natural mortality and morbidity of a huge population base.
2. Soon after the catastrophe average life expectancy noticeably decreased and morbidity and mortality increased in infants and the elderly in the Soviet Union.
3. Detailed statistical comparisons of heavily contaminated territories with less contaminated ones showed an increase in the mortality rate in contaminated European Russia and Ukraine of up to 3.75% and 4.0%, respectively, in the first 15 to 17 years after the catastrophe.
4. According to evaluations based on detailed analyses of official demographic statistics in the contaminated territories of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia, the additional Chernobyl death toll for the first 15 years after the catastrophe amounted to nearly 237,000 people. It is safe to assume that the total Chernobyl death toll for the period from 1987
to 2004 has reached nearly 417,000 in other parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa, and nearly 170,000 in North America, accounting for nearly 824,000 deaths worldwide.
5. The numbers of Chernobyl victims will continue to increase for several generations.

15.5. Chernobyl Releases and Environmental Consequences

1. Displacement of the long half-life Chernobyl radionuclides by water, winds, and migrating animals causes (and will continue to cause) secondary radioactive contamination hundreds and thousands of kilometers away from the Ukrainian Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station.
2. All the initial forecasts of rapid clearance or decay of the Chernobyl radionuclides from ecosystems were wrong: it is taking much longer than predicted because they recirculate. The overall state of the contamination in water, air,and soil appears to fluctuate greatly and the dynamics of Sr-90, Cs-137, Pu, and Am contamination still present surprises.
3. As a result of the accumulation of Cs-137, Sr-90, Pu, and Am in the root soil layer, radionuclides have continued to build in plants over recent years. Moving with water to the above-ground parts of plants, the radionuclides (which earlier had disappeared from the surface) concentrate in the edible components, resulting in increased levels of internal irradiation and dose rate in people, despite decreasing total amounts of radionuclides from natural disintegration over time.
4. As a result of radionuclide bioaccumulation, the amount in plants, mushrooms, and animals can increase 1,000-fold as compared with concentrations in soil and water. The factors of accumulation and transition vary considerably by season even for the same species, making it difficult to discern dangerous levels of radionuclides in plants and animals that appear to be safe to eat. Only direct monitoring can determine actual levels.
5. In 1986 the levels of irradiation in plants and animals in Western Europe, North America, the Arctic, and eastern Asia were sometimes hundreds and even thousands of times above acceptable norms. The initial pulse of high-level irradiation followed by exposure to chronic low-level radionuclides has resulted in morphological, physiological, and genetic disorders in all the living organisms in contaminated areas that have been studied— plants, mammals, birds, amphibians, fish, invertebrates, bacteria, and viruses.
6. Twenty years after the catastrophe all game animals in contaminated areas of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia have high levels of the Chernobyl radionuclides. It is still possible to find elk, boar, and roe deer that are dangerously contaminated in Austria, Sweden, Finland, Germany, Switzerland, Norway, and several other countries.
7. All affected populations of plants and animals that have been the subjects of detailed studies exhibit a wide range of morphological deformities that were rare or unheard of prior to the catastrophe.
8. Stability of individual development (determined by level of fluctuating symmetry — a specific method for detecting the level of individual developmental instability) is lower in all the plants, fishes, amphibians, birds, and mammals that were studied in the contaminated territories.
9. The number of the genetically anomalous and underdeveloped pollen grains and spores in the Chernobyl radioactively contaminated soils indicates geobotanical disturbance.
10. All of the plants, animals, and microorganisms that were studied in the Chernobyl contaminated territories have significantly higher levels of mutations than those in less contaminated areas. The chronic low-dose exposure in Chernobyl territories results in a transgenerational accumulation of genomic instability, manifested in cellular and systemic effects. The mutation rates in some organisms increased during the last decades, despite a decrease in the local level of radioactive contamination.
11. Wildlife in the heavily contaminated Chernobyl zone sometimes appears to flourish, but the appearance is deceptive. According to morphogenetic, cytogenetic, and immunological tests, all of the populations of plants, fishes, amphibians, and mammals that were studied there are in poor condition. This zone is analogous to a “black hole”—some species may only persist there via immigration from uncontaminated areas. The Chernobyl zone is the microevolutionary “boiler,” where gene pools of living creatures are actively transforming, with unpredictable consequences.
12. What happened to voles and frogs in the Chernobyl zone shows what can happen to humans in coming generations: increasing mutation rates, increasing morbidity and mortality, reduced life expectancy, decreased intensity of reproduction, and changes in male/female sex ratios.
13. For better understanding of the processes of transformation of the wildlife in the Chernobyl-contaminated areas, radiobiological and other scientific studies should not be stopped, as has happened everywhere in Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia, but must be extended and intensified to understand and help to mitigate expected and unexpected consequences.

15.6. Social and Environmental Efforts to Minimize the Consequences of the Catastrophe

1. For hundreds of thousands of individuals (first of all, in Belarus, but also in vast territories of Ukraine, Russia, and in some areas of other countries) the additional Chernobyl irradiation still exceeds the considered “safe” level of 1 mSv/year.
2. Currently for people living in the contaminated regions of Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia, 90% of their irradiation dose is due to consumption of contaminated local food, so measures must be made available to rid their bodies of incorporated radionuclides (see Chapter IV.12–14).
3. Multiple measures have been undertaken to produce clean food and to rehabilitate the people of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia. These include application of additional amounts of select fertilizers, special programs to reduce levels of radionuclides in farm products and meat, organizing radionuclide-free food for schools and kindergartens, and special programs to rehabilitate children by periodically relocating them to uncontaminated places. Unfortunately these measures are not sufficient for those who depend upon food from their individual gardens, or local forests, and waters.
4. It is vitally necessary to develop measures to decrease the accumulation of Cs-137 in the bodies of inhabitants of the contaminated areas. These levels, which are based upon available data concerning the effect of incorporated radionuclides on health, are 30 to 50 Bq/kg for children and 70 to 75 Bq/kg for adults. In some Belarus villages in 2006 some children had levels up to 2,500 Bq/kg!
5. The experience of BELRAD Institute in Belarus has shown that active decorporation measures should be introduced when Cs-137 levels become higher than 25 to 28 Bq/kg. This corresponds to 0.1 mSv/year, the same level that according to UNSCEAR a person inevitably receives from external irradiation living in the contaminated territories.
6. Owing to individual and family food consumption and variable local availability of
food, permanent radiation monitoring of local food products is needed along with measurement of individual radionuclide levels, especially in children. There must be general toughening of allowable local food radionuclide levels.
7. In order to decrease irradiation to a considered safe level (1 mSv/year) for those in contaminated areas of Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia it is good practice to:

• Apply mineral fertilizers not less than three times a year on all agricultural lands, including gardens, pastures, and hayfields.
• Add K and soluble lignin to forest ecosystems within a radius up to 10 km from settlements for effective reduction of Cs-137 in mushrooms, nuts, and berries, which are important local foods.
• Provide regular individual intake of natural pectin enterosorbents (derived from apples, currants, etc.) for 1 month at least four times a year and include juices with pectin daily for children in kindergartens and schools to promote excretion of radionuclides.
• Undertake preventive measures for milk, meat, fish, vegetables, and other local food products to reduce radionuclide levels.
• Use enterosorbents (ferrocyanides, etc.) when fattening meat animals.

8. To decrease the levels of illness and promote rehabilitation it is a good practice in the contaminated areas to provide:Annual individual determination of actual levels of incorporated radionuclides using a whole-body radiation counter (for children, this must be done quarterly).

• Reconstruction of all individual external irradiation levels from the initial period after the catastrophe using EPR-dosimetry and measurement of chromosomal aberrations, etc. This should include all victims, including those who left contaminated areas — liquidators, evacuees, and voluntary migrants and their children.
• Obligatory genetic consultations in the contaminated territories (and voluntary for all citizens of childbearing age) for the risks of severe congenital malformations in offspring. Using the characteristics and spectra of mutations in the blood or bone marrow of future parents, it is possible to define the risk of giving birth to a child with severe genetic malformations and thus avoid family tragedies.
• Prenatal diagnosis of severe congenital malformations and support for programs for medical abortions for families living in the contaminated territories of Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia.
• Regular oncological screening and preventive and anticipatory medical practices for the population of the contaminated territories.

9. The Chernobyl catastrophe clearly shows that it is impossible to provide protection from the radioactive fallout using only national resources. In the first 20 years the direct economic damage to Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia has exceeded 500 billion dollars. To mitigate some of the consequences, Belarus spends about 20% of its national annual budget, Ukraine up to 6%, and Russia up to 1%. Extensive international help will be needed to protect children for at least the next 25 to 30 years, especially those in Belarus because radionuclides remain in the root layers of the soil.
10. Failure to provide stable iodine in April 1986 for those in the contaminated territories led to substantial increases in the number of victims. Thyroid disease is one of the first consequences when a nuclear power plant fails, so a dependable system is needed to get this simple chemical to all of those in the path of nuclear fallout. It is clear that every country with nuclear power plants must help all countries stockpile potassium iodine in the event of another nuclear plant catastrophe.
11. The tragedy of Chernobyl shows that societies everywhere (and especially in Japan, France, India, China, the United States, and Germany) must consider the importance of independent radiation monitoring of both food and individual irradiation levels with the aim of ameliorating the danger and preventing additional harm.
12. Monitoring of incorporated radionuclides, especially in children, is necessary around every nuclear power plant. This monitoring must be independent of the nuclear industry and the data results must be made available to the public.

15.7. Organizations Associated with the Nuclear Industry Protect the Industry First—Not the Public

1. An important lesson from the Chernobyl experience is that experts and organizations tied to the nuclear industry have dismissed and ignored the consequences of the catastrophe.
2. Within only 8 or 9 years after the catastrophe a universal increase in cataracts was admitted by medical officials. The same occurred with thyroid cancer, leukemia, and organic central nervous system disorders. Foot-dragging in recognizing obvious problems and the resultant delays in preventing exposure and mitigating the effects lies at the door of nuclear power advocates more interested in preserving the status quo than in helping millions of innocent people who are suffering through no fault of their own. It need to change official agreement between WHO and IAEA (WHO, 1959) providing hiding from public of any information which can be unwanted of nuclear industry.

15.8. It Is Impossible to Forget Chernobyl

1. The growing data about of the negative consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe for public health and nature does not bode well for optimism. Without special large-scale national and international programs, morbidity and mortality in the contaminated territories will increase. Morally it is inexplicable that the experts associated with the nuclear industry claim: “It is time to forget Chernobyl.”
2. Sound and effective international and national policy for mitigation and minimization of Chernobyl’s consequences must be based on the principle: “It is necessary to learn and minimize the consequences of this terrible catastrophe.”

15.9. Conclusion

U.S. President John F. Kennedy speaking about the necessity to stop atmospheric nuclear tests said in June 1963:

. . . The number of children and grandchildren with cancer in their bones, with leukemia in their blood, or with poison in their lungs might seem statistically small to some, in comparison with natural health hazards, but this is not a natural health hazard—and it is not a statistical issue. The loss of even one human life or the malformation of even one baby—who may be born long after we are gone—should be of concern to us all. Our children and grandchildren are not merely statistics toward which we can be indifferent.

The Chernobyl catastrophe demonstrates that the nuclear industry’s willingness to risk the health of humanity and our environment with nuclear power plants will result, not only theoretically, but practically, in the same level of hazard as nuclear weapons.

 


This illustration was taken from the article "Food Safety = Peaceful Extinction" by Mikkai, 28 May 2012 posted on a blog page of Jan Hemmer, a health care professional who has devoted himself to helping Chernobyl victims. The dosage levels depicted in red above were calculated in "Radiation Risk by Consumption of Contaminated Food after the Catastrophe at Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (PDF), by Thomas Dersee, German Society for Radiation Protection, 12 April 2011, based upon new allowable limits of radioactivity in food imported from Japan. The paper states "The German Federal Minister for Nutrition, Agriculture and Consumer Protection has announced that the European Commission and the EU member states have agreed on April 8 to adopt the valid Japanese allowable limits for maximum contamination by radionuclides as new limits for food and animal feed from Japan imported into the European Union." These new dosage levels are so shockingly high that they are almost guaranteed to cause radiation sickness, cancers, and serious maladies within a few years among individuals who incorporate imported foods into a regular diet. The European Commission appears to be somewhere between criminally incompetent to intentionally genocidal. All of this dramatizes how common citizens are on their own in much of Europe and North America to protect themselves. Please see the discussion of Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's decision to relax import standards for Japanese food products below.

 

 

Controlling Radiation Contamination

Avoiding and/or Purifying Contaminated Air

[undated] SECTION 6: RADIATION PROTECTION GUIDELINES, Protection Guidelines from RADNET, davistownmuseum.org.
All situations requiring evacuation are characterized by the following safety precautions:

* Access control to the contaminated area.
* Control and sheltering of livestock.
* Control and sheltering of animals if not already evacuated.
* Food and water controls.
* Decontamination efforts.
* Relocation.

Sheltering:

* Seek immediate shelter.
* In the likely event that no stocked fallout shelter is available, the safest option is usually sheltering within one's own residence.
o If you are still outside and you haven't been able to seek shelter yet, or for some urgent reason you must go outside during plume passage, remember that a simple particulate respirator (dust mask) is an essential first line of protection against inhaling plume pulse particulates...
o As soon as you reach shelter, close all windows and doors to minimize inhalation of passing plume.
o Avoid using surface water supplies and rainwater.
o Avoid exposure of children to contaminated surface water (puddles and rain) and ground contamination.
o Avoid tracking in ground deposition: remove contaminated clothing and footwear.
o Avoid consumption of foods contaminated with surface deposition, especially leafy vegetables with foliar contamination. Also avoid fruits such as raspberries, which are difficult to wash and food which rapidly bioaccumulates contamination, such as mushrooms and sea vegetables. Otherwise wash and peel vegetables (such as root crops, e.g. carrots, potatoes) which would not otherwise be contaminated.
o Avoid consuming foods subject to rapid secondary ingestion pathway contamination, e.g. forage - cow (sheep, goat) - milk (cheese) pathway. Use food products produced and/or packaged prior to plume passage whenever possible.
o Shelter livestock and pets; use uncontaminated feeds.
o Avoid exposure to surface ground contamination by staying indoors as much as possible.
o Cover garden sites with tarps prior to plume passage if time permits.
o Utilize greens grown in a greenhouse situation whenever possible.
o Package, box or bag contaminated clothing and footwear and remove from immediate vicinity of the living quarters if possible.
o Vacuum rugs, sweep floors and package or box resulting detritus as a contaminated substance and remove from immediate vicinity of living quarters if possible.
o Due to filtering and/or diluting all subsurface water sources and most public drinking water, sources will remain relatively safe after most types of nuclear accidents.
o In the days after a nuclear accident, if you have avoided inhalation of the passing plume and if you can avoid extensive exposure to ground deposition, your principal pathway of exposure will be the ingestion pathway.

[Undated] Shelter in Place by steveo, using ideas from CDC, and other members of HawaiiTrading.
2012-01-16
15 Ways to Limit Radiation Exposure, topmastersinhealthcare.com. "This article was written by experts. Specifically, the health physics team in charge of protecting workers, monitoring releases and recording doses at Three Mile Island during the month after the worst nuclear accident in American history."
2011-09-29 WHAT????????????, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
LOOK AT THIS BALONEY
http://www.asahi.com/english/TKY201109280345.html
Asahi: "Ministry sets radiation levels requiring decontamination"
"The Environment Ministry will decontaminate areas with an estimated annual dose of 5 millisieverts or more from the accident at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant, which the government will shoulder as its burden in cleaning up the mess.
All the areas recording 5 millisieverts or more are in Fukushima Prefecture and encompass 1,778 square kilometers, or 13 percent of the prefecture's area.
"Five millisieverts in an annual dose is equivalent to about 1 microsievert per hour based on the assumption that people spend eight hours outdoors and the rest of the time indoors...."
MAJIA HERE: (1 microsievert an hour) 24 hours X 365 days = 8.760 MILLISIEVERTS A YEAR!
The Japanese are ARBITRARILY reducing the level by saying that people don't spend all of their time outside so the total exposure is less than 8.7 millisieverts and voila it is 5 millisieverts a year.
THIS IS NOT JUST ARBITRARY, IT IS CRIMINAL.
Arnie Gunderson of Fairewinds pointed out that people's HOUSES TEND TO GET MORE CONTAMINATED THAN OUTSIDE because people track radioactive contamination into their houses with their clothes, shoes, hair, etc. To reiterate, houses become more contaminated over time than outside areas.
FURTHERMORE, this entire calculation FAILS TO ADDRESS EXPOSURE TO INTERNAL EMITTERS that occurs as the Japanese (and North Americans) inadvertently inhale and ingest radionuclides in their air, rice, water, vegetables, etc.
2011-11-04 Red Sky At Night: Solar Flares Spawn Fukushima's Deadly Delight
Ms. X said...
Trying to answer that question for ourselves is one of the reasons we share our findings/data and the resultant conjectures/theories publicly.
Given the levels of uncertainty, the most Darwinian action is cost effective risk mitigation. Namely, recognize the potential threat, attempt to quantify the threat in terms of impacts and likelihoods, and take risk mitigation actions that won't cause more damage if the threat matrix turns out incorrect.
For us that means we have purchased everything on the shown in the Amazon widgets. Mostly that comes down to minimizing risk through controlling water and food sources (especially those food sources that concentrate radioactivity, like dairy products)
Since our analysis indicates a likelihood of radioactive iodine, we try to monitor our bodies' iodine "thirst". We stay out of the rain. If we have to drive through the rain we turn the environmental controls to recirculate. Moreover, given the I-133 indications, we wear N-95 carbon filter masks if we have to drive through the rain.
We make sure the cars are washed before we allow them to be pulled into the garage, and we attempt to do much the same with the rain gear. And, we have started using HEPA filters in the house in addition to high filtration HVAC filters.
That is the limit of our current cost effective risk mitigation actions, however given what we believe is occurring those actions may be too minimal in the long term.
And in regard to that last aspect, the biggest non-nuclear risk is that at some point enough people become aware of the risk that further risk mitigation actions become difficult to execute because of competition over limited resources..."
2011-03-15 Staying indoors best way to limit radiation exposure: experts by Bronwyn Herbert

Air Travel

2012-01-09 Seasons Readings, by Michael Collins, enviroreporter.com.
"Home for the holidays takes on a whole new glow when flying for the first time through Fukushima fallout to our family in Michigan.
Packing gets peculiar and precise. Inspector Alert nuclear radiation monitor – check. N-95 approved valved respirators to wear during flight – check. Apple pectin – check. Miniature lab to collect samples in a part of the country hammered by high fallout in rain, sleet and snow since March 11, 2012 – check. One pissed off newlywed wife having to endure
this nightmare in a country of oblivious people now being forced to wear an N95-rated respirator on the plane because of her enviroreporter husband – check.
This was first time Denise Anne and I had flown since the triple meltdowns – now melt-throughs – had begun spewing astronomical amounts of radioactive goo into the air and ocean and across lands from Japan to Europe. For months, the readings of high radiation have rolled in from across the country where places like St. Louis have been irradiated by
rainfall repeatedly over 170 times normal background radiation.
Other areas reporting in to Radiation Station Central, the monitoring assemblage created March 15 to show folks 24/7 radiation readings in the Los Angeles Basin, have sampled and tested rain and snow finding it dozens of times over background. Courtesy of the jet stream pipeline from Fukushima to North America, places like Toronto, Utah, Arizona, North Carolina, Virginia and the Pacific Northwest have all seen high levels of ionizing precipitation....
...Hot rain and snow were an acceptable risk. Flying through fallout was another matter entirely which we found to be much hotter than even what the manufacturers of our radiation monitor have measured pre-Fukushima.
Not surprisingly, no one aboard the aircraft we boarded at LAX December 23 was wearing a mask to interdict hot particles in fallout from the triple meltdown and burning of 550,000 tons of radioactive debris in Tokyo incinerators. No one even in first class had any
protection on not only from the airborne radiation that is circling the northern half of the globe, but from the volatile organic compounds and low-level fumes airing the jet cabin as well as the recirculating viruses from hundreds of passengers some of whom were coughing and sneezing.
We decided to grin and breathe it to get to our Midwest homeland but not by holding our breath. Though worried that we would alarm crew and passengers by donning 3M 8511 particulate respirators N95, wearing the masks was a must since it would afford us the only prevention possible against the trillions of becquerels of ionizing radiation spewing into
the atmosphere for over nine months. Our concerns were unfounded, however, as no one thought twice about the masks which we removed when eating our meals and going to the restroom.
While the respirators aren’t 100% effective against inhaling fallout – and can offer no protection against gamma radiation man made or otherwise – they certainly reduce the amount of non-filtered air intake to nearly zero. Radiation bioaccumulation can be greatly reduced by wearing N95-rated masks regardless, making their use essential when flying through Fukushima fallout now mostly confined to the Northern Hemisphere. Even though we were and are a tiny percentage of the 800 million passengers who take to the skies annually worldwide who wear respirators, we were glad we had even before we landed and tested the masks for any hot particles they may have prevented us from breathing.
As the airliner crossed over the Colorado River into Arizona, we were completing our first ten-minute average using one of our Inspector Alert nuclear radiation monitors which can detect alpha, beta, gamma and x-ray radiation. The Inspector is made by Tennessee-based SE International, Inc. (which advertises on EnviroReporter.com through Google AdSense which controls who advertises on the website in some of the ads). Since 1979, this company has expanded in size and distribution as the worldwide demand for radiation detectors has
mushroomed.
The captain came on the loudspeaker and announced that we were at 28,000 feet heading up to 38,000 feet. SE International’s “Radiation Basics” page says “When you fly in an air plane at 30,000 feet your rate meter is getting 200 CPM [Counts Per Minute] for anywhere between 2 to 5 hours.”
Our reading was 1,035 CPM which was over five times higher. Two hours later we took another ten-minute average approaching the Missouri River north of St. Charles, Missouri – 1,238 CPM or over 36 times the background in the jet at the terminal. Descending into Chicago the count was 586.2 CPM or 17.40 times previous background in the jet.
Once in our southwest Michigan lodgings, Denise Anne and I tested the two masks we had worn after taking a new background. One respirator was 44% above normal and the other 69% higher than background...."

Relocation outside the U.S.

Editor's Note: Please see Figure 4 of Strontium 90 fallout at different latitudes in the late 1950's from atomic bomb testing included on the transcript page for the 28 Oct 2011. Dr. James Fetzer interview with Leuren Moret and Dr. Chris Busby "Fukushima Radiation and Uranium Weapon Update." However, please also be aware that there are complicating factors that make even certain Southern Hemisphere locations unattractive, such as heavy rainfall areas that still rain out considerable amounts of radiation, and also areas contaminated by military tests and training exercises. As one example of the latter, according to Leuren Moret a large percentage of the Tasmanian Devil population (found on the Island of Tasmania south of Australia) has been wiped in recent decades from military DU exploded during during training exercises added on top of British nuclear tests in Australian deserts. Last, but not least, there are usually important social, political, economic factors one should also consider prior to making a decision to relocate. It is possible that one could wind up with many very unpleasant surprises -- particularly if one has never lived in a particular relocation country and one lacks a friendly support network there and the financial strength to help keep influential people "friendly" -- all of which could make simply "bunkering down" here in the U.S. the "least bad" option. However, as noted in Civil War Two: The Coming Breakup of America, in which I wrote the 2007 Publisher's Preface, there are certain parts of the U.S. that could turn into complete hellholes. Therefore, it may matter a great deal where one decides to bunker down if one remains in America. Last, but not least, the future we get in America still depends largely upon how determined Americans are at the grass roots level to create their own future rather than passively sit back and let their future be dictated by high level malefactors. Even if America implodes or shatters, what remains will still be an important factor on the world stage, and we will still need men of good will to guide the recovery.

[Undated] Survival in Argentina blogspot.
2011-03-25 Natural Health: Radioactive Pollution In New Zealand From Japan Nuclear Disaster, merrilynhope.com. [Ed. Note: This article makes the point that one can find in seemingly "safe zones" heavily contaminated fish that have swum in from highly contaminated zones thousands of miles away].
2009 (about this time period) Chapter 14 - Environmental Dangers from Cold War Legacy Radiation - Dust storms; nuclearcrimes.org, Australia, dust storms and the fallout Britain left behind: Australia's worst dust storm in 70 years just got worse

 

Avoiding and/or Purifying Contaminated Water

Purifying water

[Undated]
How to Protect Against Radiation Exposure (pdf) An overview hosted at tuberose.com of unknown authorship and without citations. However, it makes many good points and lists a good bibliography. Tuberose.com also has many extended online discussions that pertain to the general topic "Detoxifying the Body."
"For radionuclides in a municipal drinking water system, the water can be cleaned relatively affordably. Depending on the specific contaminant, the water can be treated with reverse osmosis, activated carbon, distillation, ion exchange, or better: all four.".
2011-06-15 How to Get Radiation Out of Your Water, survival-spot.com
"...For everyday, saving money, and ease of use, Reverse osmosis is a great start. Then …. Read on….All experts recommend an under-the sink model by OxygenOzone Inc. out of Los Angeles (oxygenozone.com). A basic water filtration of course you need to use a minimum 5-micron carbon block for the shower or countertop filter, – and if there is a fair amount of dirt or solids in the water, then one needs to use a 5-micron sediment filter before the carbon to protect the carbon block..."
2011-04-14 What To Eat and Drink letter by Dr. Rosalie Bertell to Ace Hoffman, acehoffman.blogspot.com
"...If you have distilled water available, or are able to prepare your own, use it for cooking vegetables that are from contaminated areas. This is clearly true in Japan, but also in the US since our bread basket is in California! It will leach out heavy metal debris. Throw out the waste water! You could also soak fruit in distilled water for the same reason. This is safe even for a pregnant woman and her fetus. If you live in or near to the contamination, use distilled water also for drinking. You can do this safely for up to two years. This was the only thing mentioned as helpful by the atomic veterans, that were deliberately exposed to nuclear radiation after WW II to see if they could function in a nuclear war...."
2011-03-22 Dangers, Properties, possible Uses and Methods of Purification of radioactively contaminated (drinking) Water (e.g. in Japan), crisismaven.wordpress.com.
"Most methods and tools being recommended here on the Internet such as purification by filtration will not lead to your desired result of decontaminating radioactive water...You can only either try to demineralise that water (e.g. by reverse osmosis) or purify it by distillation”
2011-03-14 Fighting Radiation Exposure – Naturally by Dr. Loretta Lanphier, ND, CN, HHP, CH, oasisadvancedwellness.
"Distilled Water - Dr. Kenneth Sutter recommends drinking lots of distilled water for radiation poisoning. A tiny pinch of good quality sea salt in several glasses of distilled water each day will provide one with all the minerals and trace elements they need to stay healthy."

Adding elements to contaminated water

2011-06-14 Dairy Farmers Fight Radiation with Boron posted By Dr. Mercola
"According to an article published on EurActiv.com, CRIIRAD, a French research body on radioactivity, published this paper stating risks associated with iodine-131 contamination in Europe are no longer "negligible." They reportedly have warned children and pregnant and breastfeeding women to avoid eating vegetables with large leaves and creamy cheese, as well as drinking fresh milk, due to radiation contamination risks.
And it was reported that:

"Data for the west coast of the United States, which received the Fukushima radioactive fallout 6-10 days before France, reveals that levels of radioactive iodine-131 concentration are 8-10 times higher there, the institute says."

Meanwhile, a letter posted by organic dairy farmers in Hawaii, posted on HawaiiHealthGuide.com, states milk from two large dairies has shown "elevated levels of radiation, from 400 to 2,400 times the recognized safe levels." As a result, the farmers are taking matters into their own hands and using a natural mineral, boron, to help reduce any related risks.
How Does Boron Fight Radiation?

Boron (sodium borate) is the mineral in the popular natural multipurpose cleaner Borax (Borax is about 11 percent boron). Some organic dairies in Hawaii are now adding this mineral to cow and goat feed and water, as well as applying it directly to pastures and neighboring pastures, because it acts as a non-toxic radiation absorber.
According to the farmers:

"Boron is the only mineral capable of accepting ionizing radiation that never changes the innards or the nucleus of the cell. Spoken simply, boron can take radiation and release it without upsetting its own very delicate balance.
Boron is used extensively in the nuclear industry. Sodium borate is regularly used for standby liquid control systems, in case of emergencies. It was used in Cheronbyl in 1986 mixed with sand to prevent further radiation leakage. It was also used in 1999 in Tokaimura, Japan, to absorb the massive amounts of radiation after an accident at a plant. Currently it is being dumped on fuel rods and in surrounding waters of the Fukushima plant.
Boron is widely recognized as extremely safe and can be used to capture radioactivity on our soils, gardens, orchards, etc. It also can be safely ingested by humans and animals. Boron will accept radiation and ionize it within our bodies, after which our bodies will safely excrement the boron and radioactivity."

Once radioactive components have contaminated farmland and crops, there is not much you can do about it. But using boron may be one simple way to actually help clean up some of this radioactive mess.
As an aside, though I do not believe the risks at this time have proven to be significant except to those in the general vicinity of Japan's damaged Fukushima plant, boron can also be taken in supplement form; you can read more about its uses as a supplement here. Boron is also found in varying levels in certain foods, such as coffee, avocados, nuts, red grapes, apples and pears.

2011-05-10 Dairy Farmers fight radiation with Boron by By Britton & Shekinah,
Hawaii Health Guide, /foodfreedom.wordpress.com
"...Boron is used extensively in the nuclear industry. Sodium borate is regularly used for standby liquid control systems, in case of emergencies. It was used in Cheronbyl in 1986 mixed with sand to prevent further radiation leakage. It was also used in 1999 in Tokaimura, Japan, to absorb the massive amounts of radiation after an accident at a plant. Currently it is being dumped on fuel rods and in surrounding waters of the Fukushima plant. Boron is widely recognized as extremely safe and can be used to capture radioactivity on our soils, gardens, orchards, etc. It also can be safely ingested by humans and animals. Boron will accept radiation and ionize it within our bodies, after which our bodies will safely excrement the boron and radioactivity.
We have begun feeding our cows and goats sodium borate at milking times, as well as adding it to free choice kelp and water troughs. In the past years we have monitored boron and other minerals in the soil and have added as necessary to bring levels up to recognized healthy levels. As a safety measure we are planning to implement a boron dosage to all of our pastures, as well as neighboring pastures. For humans, boron can safely ingested at a dosage of 4-10 mg per day. Borax, 11% boron, can be used as a tea and sprayed on your gardens, or land surrounding your home, at a rate of 10# of Borax per acre, 1#, if using elemental boron. Borax can also be ingested at 1/8 tsp to 1 litre water for women, ¼ tsp to 1 litre water for men. Fortunately, red wine and coffee are significant sources of boron, as well as non-citrus fruits, red grapes, plums, pears, apples, avocados, legumes and nuts! Boron is known to be non-carcinogenic, non-mutagenic and has been used internally to protect the astronauts in space as they leave the earth’s protective magnetic field.
Other things we can do to protect our bodies are to consume zeolites, use potassium iodine, receive plenty of glutathione, the best source of which is whey!, eat plenty of supergreens, such as kale, but including chlorella and spirulina, maintain healthy mineral levels, and eat lots of good healthy fats, including raw butter, and coconuts, which offer a fantastic layer of protection for our cells. Baking soda has been known to diminish the severity of change produced by uranium to the kidneys, which are the first to show radiation damages of uranium. Dosage is 1 tsp to 8 oz water for adults and ¼ tsp in 4 oz water for children.
According to Cheryl McCoy, Aboutclay.com, Calcium Bentonite Clay acts as a magnet absorbing anything with a positive charge, i.e. radiation and toxicity.
She suggests washing all produce which may be considered radioactive in 1 part clay to 8 parts water in a non-metallic bowl, soaking for 10 minutes, then rinse and dry as usual.
Bentonite clay can be added to catchment tanks, drinking water or raw milk to isolate radioactivity, which will not be released once captured by clay. Also, the body cannot digest clay, but will rather release clay through excrement.
Clay can be added to milk or drinking water at a dosage of 1 oz liquid calcium bentonite to 1 gallon raw milk or drinking water.
Either allow to settle and pour off or mix and consume clay and liquid. 1-2 oz liquid bentonite clay can be safely consumed per day by an adult, with significant detox abilities.

 

 

Avoiding and/or Purifying Contaminated Food

[Editor's Note: The growing presence of radiation in our food has given a macabre new meaning to the phrase "you are what you eat" --over a two month period. According to one source, your body will eventually become as irradiated as the average contamination level of the food and water you ingest over a two month period. So if you steadily ingest food and water which is contaminated on average at a level of 20 becquerels per kilogram, in two months your body will roughly be contaminated at the same level].

Foods to Avoid: Dairy Products

2011 Radioactive Iodine in Pennsylvania Thread (pdf) by author of "Nuclear Crimes"
"...History tells us that agricultural products, specifically dairy products, tend to accumulate higher contamination levels than tap water.
Radioactive dairy products: Tainted rainwater is going to make ordinary pasture grass and row crops slightly radioactive in all affected U.S. states, not just California - and even in parts of Europe and Canada. But the slightly radioactive water that will be soaked up via roots or via drenched leaves, resulting in very minor food contamination, will have the worst impact on the dairy product mix. Cows graze an enormous area of grass and accumulate fallout's iodine-131 in their milk such that the dose to the human thyroid gland from cow milk will be 1,000 times the dose received by simply breathing radioiodines in the pasture's air - this is according to a report in 1976 by two Berkeley scientists. This air-grass-cow-milk-human chain is worsened when rains deposit extra radioactive iodine to the ground because the grass in the 'air-grass-cow-milk-human chain' is that much more contaminated. Thus, the potential of elevated radiation levels in California dairy milk, especially for recent rain-impacted areas, should be a concern. This effect, called bioaccumulation, also applies (although to a lesser extent) to cesium-137, strontium-89 and strontium-90 in milk. In America's Cold War-era environmental radiation monitoring efforts, the presence of strontium-89 in milk was a high short-term health concern because this milk-to-bone traveling radioisotope emits very strong beta energies in internal organs.
Appreciating the full scope of the air-rain-grass-cow-milk-human-thyroid chain is important to comprehending that sustained, elevated environmental inputs of radioactive iodine, for example, can result in quickly emerging public health problems. Rapidly rising milk contamination levels could result from daily rainouts from Fukushima plumes over California at current levels. If the plumes become more concentrated in radioiodines, we could see something like 'the summer of '62' in Utah."
2011-03-29 Radiation Particles In Food Are A Slow-Release Health Threat by Shafiz Qaadri, MD, Globe and Mail, [Rense.com]
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
"Sea food will concentrate the plutonium
`Mollusks will accumulate plutonium in their edible tissues at concentrations 3,000 times higher than the surrounding water, edible seaweed, 2,000 times higher than surrounding water, crustaceans 300 times and fish 40 times.'”
2012-03-14 Nuclear Insider: Surprise at how much cesium is moving through environment — Crops with no direct contact to Fukushima fallout still highly contaminated (VIDEO), enenews.com.
2011-03-13 Food Sunday: Food News You Can Use, the Glow in the Dark Edition by: TobyWollin Sunday March 13, 2011

Sort of tough for people who buy their fresh fruits and veggies at the grocery store:”California produces more than half the nation’s fresh fruits and is the leading producer of fresh vegetables…California plants more than 80% of the nation’s broccoli acreage. California also produces 75% of the nation’s spinach, 75% of the nation’s fresh tomatoes, and 95% of tomatoes used for processing….Apples, strawberries, grapes, oranges and peaches made up 69 percent of the value of US fresh market production. California is the leading producer of all these fruits except apples; Washington State accounts for half the nation’s supply.”

Assessing the Food Contamination Danger, Finding and Preparing Relatively Safe Food

2012-05-11 Cost Effective Fallout Friendly Radioactive Gardening (YouTube) (5:02) Potrblog
2012-01-12
Japanese Struggle to Protect Their Food Supply by Marvin Fackler, NYT
"...No one trusts the national government’s safety standards,” said Ichio Muto, 59, who farms organic mushrooms in Nihonmatsu, 25 miles northwest of the Fukushima Daiichi plant. “The only way to win back customers is to tell them everything, so they can decide for themselves what to buy.”
Mr. Muto is one of 250 farmers in Nihonmatsu who started a makeshift radiation-testing center at a local truck stop. On a recent morning, he and a half-dozen other farmers gathered in the truck stop’s tiny kitchen. There, they diced daikon, leeks and other produce before putting them separately into a $40,000 testing device that was donated by a nongovernmental group.
The farmers test samples of every crop they grow, and then they post the results on the Internet for all to see. Mr. Muto knows firsthand how painful such full disclosure can be: he destroyed his entire crop of 110,000 mushrooms after tests revealed high radiation levels.
2012-01-01
Nuclear Awakening DIY cesium scanning store may be 'new normal' by Jun Hongo, Staff Writer
2011-12-20 Food in Japan, survivaljapan.wordpress.com "Safe food is getting scarcer in Japan."
2011-09-29 Interview With Japanese Radiation Protection Expert, majiasblog.blogspot.com
Asahi journalist interviews Ikuro Anzai, professor emeritus at Ritsumeikan University who specialized in radiation protection. He offers pointed insights. I recommend reading the entire article. I am including only his last words:
ASAHI: "Radiation expert believes more food testing needed"
http://www.asahi.com/english/TKY201109280303.html
Prof. Anzai: "The actual condition of radiation contamination is spreading nationwide in such a manner that will not allow for easy acceptance. I believe everyone should be prepared to face living in a troublesome time."
Also, becquerels rising in American farmlands...


From Hillary Clinton Imports Japan's Nuked Food To America, by Deborah Dupre, 15 April 2011

2011-09-28 Dr. James Fetzer interview with Leuren Moret and Dr. Christ Busby "Fukushima Radiation and Uranium Weapon Update," hr 1, [Ed. Note: Leuren Moret described how Secretary of State Hillary Clinton approved the importation of contaminated Japanese food. See Hillary Clinton Imports Japan's Nuked Food To America, by Deborah Dupre, 15 April 2011, agoracosmopolitan.com].
Dr. Fetzer: "What in God's name is going on there Leuren? Leuren, this is so irresponsible, I mean you know I have viewed Hillary Clinton in various ways and at various times, sometimes with great admiration,but this is a villainous act. This is a form of treachery in my opinion. This is utterly irresponsible, this Hillary Clinton thinks she can intuit the safety level of food being imported from an area that is subjected to vast nuclear contamination?"
2011-09-24 Radioactive Food, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
"I feel very discouraged reading about rice contamination in Japan
High levels of radiation in rice from Obama district — “Set off alarm in the Japanese media”
http://enenews.com/high-levels-of-radiation-found-in-japanese-rice-set-off-alarm-in-the-japanese-media
The original story and link at Mainichi
http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110924p2a00m0na017000c.html
"The Fukushima Prefectural Government said on Sept. 23 that it had detected 500 becquerels of radioactive cesium per kilogram -- the government-set allowable limit -- in a sample of "Hitomebore" rice collected in Nihonmatsu's Obama district...."
Blogger Ex-SKF is also running the story
http://ex-skf.blogspot.com/2011/09/first-instance-of-radioactive-rice-with.html
Someone named "Robert" posted an important comment at Ex-SKF's blog post about this issue:
Robert said...
"These standards of 500 or 200 are arbitrary. Less than 200 becquerels per kg due to radiocesium in rice does not make it safe to consume the rice. If the Government of Japan were honest they would publish a table showing the risk of cancer as odds of getting cancer for every kg of rice consumed for people of every age from 5 to 90 years old. World renowned late physicist and physician John Gofman published such a table of risks of getting cancer from common medical x-ray exams in a book he wrote with a similar title. The risks were in the form of odds such as 1 in 500,000, or 1 in 87. He tabulated these risks, and they varied widely depending on the type of exam and the age of the person. The youngest people including children had the highest risk, because risk is greater for the people with the statistical greatest continued life span. While obviously double blinded studies are unethical to study cesium, enough data can be obtained from data from previous accidents and other sources to enable an educated estimates. THIS WILL ALLOW PEOPLE TO DETERMINE WHETHER THEY CONSIDER IT DANGEROUS OR NOT BASED ON THEIR OWN VIEWS OF LIFE. Another thing Dr. Gofman discovered is that there is no safe threshold for radiation. He also discovered the fact that, low radiation is more dangerous than the proportional numbers would indicate. That is consuming rice at 50 becquerels per kg is more than 50 percent as dangerous as consuming it at 100 becquerels per kg. So learn the facts and beware and don't depend on arbitrary standards that are moved up and down like a yo yo to accommodate the current economic viewpoint of the big interests."
Majia here: consuming radioactive food is a big problem. Rice is just the tip of the iceberg because beef, vegetables and water have also been contaminated in Japan. Let me provide some examples of reports of contaminated food that occurred earlier in the disaster plus an assessment of the dangers of radioactive food, which supports comments made above by Robert.
2011-09-04 Rense & Michael Collins - Fukushima Radiation in our Food! (talk show soundtrack on video)
2011-07-15 Eat Me by Michael Collins, enviroreporter.com.
"When Denise Anne and I started Radiation Station exactly four months ago today, we had no idea how much the ongoing meltdowns at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear complex were going to change our lives.
Within days, we began live-streaming ambient interior and exterior radiation readings 24-7 in the western Los Angeles Basin where millions of people live. We equipped ourselves with High Efficiency Air Particle (HEPA) filters and a countertop reverse osmosis water purification system* which we use along with a previously purchased Berkey water filter...
...While the ambient air readings have been generally benign, our tests of rain water, so-called June Gloom mist, HEPA filter dust, some powdered milk, chocolate and fruit have shown preliminary indications of elevated radiation levels that point to a culprit upwind of us, Fukushima. Astronomical amounts of highly fissile radioactive material have been spewing out of Fukushima unceasingly since three reactors melted down March 15.
Generally, Los Angeles has been the beneficiary of being south of where the jet stream across the Pacific has flowed since March. Fukushima is upwind of the United States, however, and other regions like the Bay Area, Northern California, the Northwest and Midwest have been hammered by high radiation. Potrblog in St. Louis has repeatedly tested rainwater coming in at 62 times background radiation, a level that is dozens of times more than what the Environmental Protection Agency considers harmful.
GO TO EAT ME RECEIPTS
So where is the EPA in testing your food for Fukushima fallout contamination? They tested for it from March 11 through June 30 and then said sayonara to enhanced monitoring even though many of their readings were abnormally high.
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has repeatedly discounted any possibility that Fukushima fallout could impact America. This week, the NRC released its Near-Term Task Force report on Enhancing Reactor Safety in the 21st Century.
Scanning this report we discovered that it includes a dedication to individuals who responded to the Fukushima disaster for their efforts that have resulted in “no fatalities and the expectation of no significant radiological health effects” from the disaster.
The amount of radiation that has oozed into the ocean and steamed into the air at Fukushima is huge and will most certainly have significant radiological health effects. To dare to print such dangerous nonsense belies either incomprehension of science or another agenda driven by money and power. Neither is acceptable.
The government’s take on this is that it’s over even though just one of the destroyed reactors contains enough Plutonium-239 to kill every person on the planet six times over. The deliberately misleading head-in-the-sand policy adopted by the government has put the citizenry at risk without their consent.
The EPA decision to halt testing came over a week before the Japanese owner of the stricken reactors, TEPCO, admitted that three of the six reactors melted down on the first day. The EPA didn’t reconsider resumed fallout testing upon learning this nor did it when it was subsequently informed through the media that these reactors have undergone something much more terrifying and uncontrollable which is called a melt-through.
A melt-through is when the molten goo of a reactor in full meltdown burns its way through its containment vessel of steel and concrete. Now TEPCO says it won’t even be able to fix the destroyed fuel rods for at least ten years as if these “rods” even were intact.
And the EPA has not even made a peep about resumed and more robust radiological testing across the nation that has already seen environmental contamination of air, water and food. Finds in foodstuffs and rainwater by the University of Berkeley have shown extensive impacts from radionuclides associated with meltdowns. Fukushima’s fingerprints are all over the place.
The American people are on their own, ‘reassured’ by people claiming authority to posit what on the face of it is a complete falsehood: that this out of control situation, which is getting worse by the day, could in no way affect the health and well being of the creatures that inhabit this land. It already has. It could take years or decades to see the tragic results.
Geiger counters are virtually impossible to obtain. Most Americans haven’t a clue about the threat that this silent and growing menace poses to our water supply, crops, animals, land, environment, health and gene pool. Even now, with two reactor complexes threatened with flooding from the Missouri River and another back east spewing water from its reactor, most folks carry on as if there aren’t three meltdowns upwind of us, three melt-throughs that threaten an ecological calamity the likes of which humanity has never seen.
They won’t see it either because radiation is invisible. It’s also tasteless and doesn’t smell. That makes foraging for fallout-free food so challenging.*
Even though Denise Anne and I have radically adapted our diet to the new realities of radiation contamination, searching out pre-March 11 produced items, finding food grown south of the Equator, growing our own and knowing which foods currently on the grocery shelves were made with last summer’s harvest, most corn being an important example.
We still consume items that aren’t guaranteed to be fallout free. These items have to be tested.
Lucky for us we have an Inspector nuclear radiation monitor which I have used for nearly a dozen years in my role as an environmental investigative reporter. While it may not catch everything due to limitations beyond my control, it sure does catch a lot.
When we go shopping, we first aim to shop rad-smart and then test the items upon returning home. Sometimes, however, I will test items in stores to save me the problem of buying something I know could be impacted by Fukushima. Other times, I’ll test the groceries out in the car before driving off.
The EPA is not testing our food adequately. Our answer to that is Eat Me. We want to share with you our purchases in an effort to let you see what we have found to be rad-free. It’s no guarantee that these items are totally rad free – to better elucidate that we would need this Ludlum Isotopic Identifier which only costs a mere $15,678.57. (Of course, if you’d like to help us move towards our goal of purchasing this radionuclide identifier, please see the PayPal button on the sidebar of this site.)
But you can damn well bet the farm that I’m not serving up anything contaminated to my bride. And I will work to the best of my ability to find food that’s not hot and test the stuff that may be.
The receipts we’re sharing are from post-Fukushima purchases and do not include everything we eat (we are fortunate to be stocked up on plenty of pre-Fukushima food). You may notice we aren’t exactly gourmet diners and it’s possible you’ll not share our preferences.
We simply want to put our money where our mouth is and our mouth where our money is so to speak. You can too – please feel free to share your discoveries and tips in our Comments section below.
One last thing – if you use these receipts to better judge food options open to you, you agree to abide by our Disclaimer.
We will update Eat Me with receipts every time we shop.
Bon Appétit!
GO TO EAT ME RECEIPTS
*We bought our reverse-osmosis machine from Southern California-based Advanced Purification Engineering Corp. and were so impressed that we became an affiliate. If you buy through us the company will pay us a commission which will be used to run EnviroReporter.com’s Radiation Station and our multiple investigations."
2011-07-12 Food Testing Data Made Public; Find Radiation Levels By Food And Region, simplyinfo.org.
2011-05-27 Feel like a radiated sitting duck? Things you can do to mitigate the problem, farmwars.info
"Treating Veggies and Fruits
Clay
According to the CRIRAD “Spinach, salads, cabbage and other vegetables with large surface areas are among those food products that are particularly sensitive to iodine-131 contamination, if they are cultivated outside and exposed to rainwater. Washing vegetables does not help, as iodine-131 is quickly metabolized by the plants.”
Calcium Bentonite clay has been proven to remove radiation. Not only can the clay remove radiation but it can also remove pesticides and toxins.
Because Calcium Bentonite Clay has a strong, negative ionic charge, it will act like a magnet when activated with water, adsorbing* and absorbing radiation, pesticides and toxins. The clay grabs these substances which get removed when the clay is washed off.
How to Wash Your Vegetables:
Mix 1 part Calcium Bentonite Clay to 8 parts of water. In a large bowl (non-metallic), mix ¼ cup of liquid clay with 1 quart of water. Toss your produce in this clay water, ensuring complete coverage, and let sit for about 10 minutes. (for a large batch of produce, use more clay/water). Rinse, dry and store. (Vites)
2011-04-26 Bioaccumulation: Why Fukushima Matters by Lucas Hixson, lucaswhitefieldhixson.com
2011-04-25 [Personal Healthy] Solutions to the Fukushima Disaster, joyenergyandhealth.com.
2011-04-21 My "safe" foods list, nuc.berkeley.edu. "I have been calling and emailing companies to get food production dates to avoid foods produced in California that might have been affected by radiation from the nuclear accident. I share these in case others might be doing something similar."
2011-04-21 Areas Where Food May Already Have Radioactive Fallout, Vesica.org [Rense.com]
2011-04-11 Independent French radiation commission warns Europe that health risk from Fukushima fallout is “no longer negligible” — Says US west coast has 8-10 times more contamination, enenews.com.
Radiation risks from Fukushima ‘no longer negligible’, EurActive, April 11, 2011:
[Emphasis Added]
The risks associated with iodine-131 contamination in Europe are no longer “negligible,” according to CRIIRAD [Commission de Recherche et d'Information Indépendantes sur la Radioactivité], an independent French research body on radioactivity. …
The document, published on 7 April, advises against consuming rainwater and says vulnerable groups such as children and pregnant or breastfeeding women should avoid consuming vegetables with large leaves, fresh milk and creamy cheese.
The risks related to prolonged contamination among vulnerable groups of the population can no longer be considered “negligible” and it is now necessary to avoid “risky behaviour,” CRIIRAD claimed. …
[This] is applicable to other European countries, as the level of air contamination is currently the same in Belgium, Germany, Italy and Switzerland, for instance.
Data for the west coast of the United States, which received the Fukushima radioactive fallout 6-10 days before France, reveals that levels of radioactive iodine-131 concentration are 8-10 times higher there, the institute says.
What level of radiation can be a risk?
The Euratom [European Atomic Energy Community] Directive of 13 May 1996 establishes general principles and safety standards on radiation protection in Europe. …
Beyond [ten micro sieverts per year], possible measures should be considered to reduce exposure, it says. …
CRIIRAD notes that the amount of iodine-131 capable of delivering a dose of 10 [microsieverts] varies greatly depending on the age of consumers. Children up to two years old are the most vulnerable and ingestion of 50 becquerel (Bq) is enough to deliver to the body a dose of 10 [microsieverts], according to the institute.
If the foods (leafy vegetables, milk etc.) contain between one and 10 Bq per kg or more, it is possible that the reference level of 10 [microsieverts] may be exceeded within two to three weeks, the institute added. …
Read the article here.
Read the CRIIRAD report here.
2011-03-29 Radiation Particles In Food Are A Slow-Release Health Threat by Shafiz Qaadri, MD, Globe and Mail, [Rense.com]
2011:
Chapter 11 -Fukushima Daiichi: Where to go and source food in a world increasingly made radioactive, nuclearcrimes.org
2008-08-02 Survivalist Forum: Supermarket foods with the longest shelf life? [Thread], How to Read Dates on Cans and Packaged Food, 7:53 PM blog entry by "Mary" [scroll about a fourth the way down the web page to pick up her entry], survivalistboards.com. The following is a sample shelf life code analysis:
"Campbells Soup 1-800-442-7684
Shelf Life After Packed: 2 yrs
Date on Item Is: Expiration date (and canned date)
Example: SEP 00 10028 (expires 9-2000, canned 10-02-98)"
2006-01-23 Sweetened Condensed Milk Question [discussion thread], 01:13 PM entry by "Kitchen Witch Master Chef," More discussion of Manufacturer’s Date Packaged (DP) code systems used by different manufacturers.
1999-01-14 Food Shelf Life Recommendations [scribd document]

1989-10-12 Radiocaesium contents of meat in Italy after the Chernobyl accident and their changes during the cooking process by M. Lofti, M. Nataro, S. Piermattei, L. Tommasino, D. Azimi-Garakani, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity

Abstract

Levels of radioactive contamination in meat have been studied, along with ways of decreasing them. Specifically, radiocaesium concentrations in a range of samples of different types of meat collected throughout Italy since April 1986 are presented here. The samples are of beef, lamb, pork, chicken, turkey and rabbit. It was found that the radiocaesium content of lamb is higher than that in any of the other meat types considered here. Studies of the decrease in the radiocaesium content of meat during cooking showed that, when the meat is cooked in salt water (1%), the activity decreases by as much as 80% relative to uncooked samples.


[Undated] Candy Questions: Candy Life and Storage [Shelf Life], scoops-scoops.com
[Undated] Food Storage Guidelines for Consumers
, pubs.ext.vt.edu.
[Undated] Family Survival Planning Food Storage Guidelines
, family-survival-planning.com
[Undated] Survival Food
, globalsecurity.org

Recovering Farmland and Decontaminating Farm Animals

2010-07-30 A Quarter Century after Chernobyl Radioactive Boar on the Rise in Germany by Charles Hawley, spiegel.de. [Use of Giese Salt]
...Contaminated Wild Pig
Wild boar are particularly susceptible to radioactive contamination due to their predilection for chomping on mushrooms and truffles, which are particularly efficient at absorbing radioactivity. Indeed, whereas radioactivity in some vegetation is expected to continue declining, the contamination of some types of mushrooms and truffles will likely remain the same, and may even rise slightly -- even a quarter century after the Chernobyl accident.
"In the regions where it is particularly problematic, all boar that are shot are checked for radiation," reports Andreas Leppmann, from the German Hunting Federation. There are 70 measuring stations in Bavaria alone.
In addition, for the last year and a half, Bavarian hunters have been testing ways to reduce the amount of caesium-137 absorbed by wild boar. A chemical mixture known as Giese salt, when ingested, has been shown to accelerate the excretion of the radioactive substance. Giese salt, also known as AFCF, is a caesium binder and has been used successfully to reduce radiation in farm animals after Chernobyl. According to Joachim Reddemann, an expert on radioactivity in wild boar with the Bavarian Hunting Federation, a pilot program in Bavaria that started a year and a half ago has managed to significantly reduce the number of contaminated animals..."
[Undated] Rhizofiltration, hawaii.edu. "Rhizofiltration refers to the use of plant roots to absorb, concentrate, and precipitate toxic metals from contaminated groundwater. Initially, suitable plants with stable root systems are supplied with contaminated water to acclimate the plants. These plants are then transferred to the contaminated site to collect the contaminants, and once the roots are saturated, they are harvested. Rhizofiltration allows in-situ treatment, minimizing disturbance to the environment."
[Undated] Directory:Nuclear Remediation, "Index of technologies that neutralize or mitigate radioactive waste. With such technologies developed, nuclear power once again becomes attractive, because the spent fuel no longer is a hot issue. U.S. DOE knows of this technology but chooses to not promote it for some reason that they are not disclosing." [Editor's Note: I do not know enough about these alleged technologies to vouch for their validity, but list this site for future investigation]
[Undated] Bio -Remediation - The Natural Way (pdf)
"Sunflowers (Helianthus sp.) have the ability to remove radioactive and toxic metals from soil and water. Some strains of sunflowers can remove up to 95% of toxic contaminants in 24 hours and will remove all contaminants in longer time frames. One test in Ohio showed that water containing 350 PPB uranium entered the test plot and emerged at 5 PPB or less, well below the EPA standard of 20 PPB. A test at Chernobyl in Russia found that sunflower growing on styrofoam rafts had roots that registered 8,000 times more cesium and 2000 times more strontium than surrounding water.Wall Street Journal."

 

 

Radiation Measurement and Protection Equipment


Radiation Measurement Devices

Civil Defense geiger counters (wikipedia)
Whole body counting (wikipedia)
[Undated] radiationnetwork.com (discusses geiger counter models)
[Undated] geigercounters.com, carries many different models. [During his 15 Oct 2012 interview with Michael Collins of EnviroReporter.com (MP3 download here), Jeff Rense of Rense.com recommended the Inspector Plus with its rubber cover at 17:00 in. This detects alpha and beta as well as gamma radation which is necessary to check levels of food contamination].
[Undated] Low Cost Geiger Counter, From Quarta Radiation Monitor, measures gamma radiation
[Undated] SE International, manufacturer of the Inspector Handheld Digital Radiation Alert® Detector. Also has a good discussion of radiation basics.
[Undated] Build Your Own Geiger Counter
[Undated] The RADALERT INSPECTOR Nuclear Radiation Monitor & Alarm. This is the model used in potrblog videos. Operating manual pdf Here.
[Undated] NukAlert Operating Manual; "The NukAlert™ is a calibrated radiation meter that alarms when exposed to dangerous levels of nuclear radiation. It does not respond to relatively safe, low level radiation. Its primary utility is to aid in the location and evaluation of shelter during a radiation emergency. It may also be used to verify the reduction of radiation during evacuation. The NukAlert™ indicates radiation exposure by producing groups of audible alarm chirps about twice per minute. The number of chirps per group is easily counted. The approximate radiation intensity is indicated by the number of chirps produced per group. The lowest indicated level of radiation (0.1 Roentgen per hour) will cause a single chirp every 35 seconds. With each doubling of the radiation intensity an additional chirp is added to each alarm chirp group. At 0.2 R/hr the unit will double chirp every 30 seconds. At 0.4 R/hr it will chirp three times in a row, repeating every 25 seconds, etc. At the highest level (above 50 R/hr) the alarm will change to an uninterrupted series of siren-like sounds that become shorter and more frequent if the exposure rate continues to increase?
2011-12-12 NOW Is an Excellent Time To Buy A Geiger Counter!, Potrblog.com,
"Right now is a good time to order a Surface Contamination Meter type Geiger Counter such as the Medcom Inspector Geiger Counter. The current "bird in the hand" sweet spot of public apathy/ignorance combined with a supply chain that has met initial high demand Geiger counter demand has led to situation where you can order a good "pancake" style Geiger counter with minimal waiting. The "two in the bush" pricing scenario would be about 6 months to a year out assuming nothing happens in Fukushima to increase demand (or hyper inflation hits).
Because of this improved scenario we have finally added a Geiger counter to our "Risk Mitigation widget". At the moment the very best deal seems to be the Inspector with an extreme boot protective case for $555. That is the best price we have seen in a long time. Act now if you think you need a Geiger counter. (If you don't have a water filter yet, your money would be better spent buying one)
Here is a link to the best deal we have seen on the Inspector + Extreme Boot $555
2011-11-30 Inspector Alert Case Study Update, survivaljapan.wordpress.com.
"This post is an update of Geiger Counter Case Study: Inspector Alert published on SurvivalJapan in which some questions remained open, mainly about the relatively high values (although still in the safe range) which I measured with the system kindly lent to me by Safecast and from whom I received some further advice.
The Safecast bGeigie system is designed to measure mainly gamma rays (high energy protons, akin to X-rays) and hence is used at least one meter above ground in their radiation maps. Since I live in the monitored land, several hundred miles away from Fukushima, gamma radiation is low and not really a concern. Therefore I had measured instead beta radiation (high energy electrons or positrons which are emitted back from the ground after radioactive fall-out) at about one foot above ground. For convenience, I monitored the level of radiation with the Safecast display which communicates by radio with the Inspector Alert safely cast in its lunchbox style (in Japanese “bento”) box, along with the GPS and SD memory card to geo-locate and store results. The Safecast team advised against this methodology for beta radiation pick-up and advised me to use the Inspector Alert alone for that matter – which I did...
2011-10-15 Mid-October Status and Rationale, survivaljapan.wordpress.com.
"1. Improved environment radiation monitoring
The general lack of information and action is a temporary psychological relief but it is also dangerous. Besides previous recommendations about food made in SurvivalJapan (cf. tag “food”), we should monitor radiation on following sites in every prefecture of the monitored land and nuclear-free land:
* near each incineration plants
* on sites in the mountains where citizens and businesses alike illegally dump their garbage (old TV sets, stolen bikes, etc. – where all the great Japanese electronics companies products usually end up their life)
* near sites where construction-related companies and so-called “gumi” (associations) park their trucks in the mountains, usually hidden behind corrugated sheet metal walls like entrenched forts, with or without dogs (careful with these people)
* at each garbage disposal sites
* near cement companies (careful again with construction-related workers…)
* near companies that specialize in construction material recycling (same remark as construction sector)
Lakes and ponds were also always favored to dispose of hazardous material (Lake Geneva in Switzerland is filled with all kinds of weapons, nerve agents, etc., the Baltic Sea is littered with Russian nuclear waste and Biwako lake in Japan is heavily polluted too as a few examples). Streams should also be monitored. As it is difficult to measure radiation in liquids, fresh water fish, shells and algae like aonori should be monitored as to give an indication.
2. Example of unsuspected and widespread food contamination : irradiated seaweed extracts
Besides this constant environmental monitoring which is completely lacking in these regions, radioactivity ingestion risks exists in forms that are not well-known to the general public and which are difficult to avoid (in order to grasp the extent of the issue, read for instance Exa-Becquerel Now In Pacific Ocean? on SurvivalJapan and related posts). For example, seaweed yields:
* alginic acid (slimming aids, appetite suppressants, etc.),
* agar (many Western and Asian desserts alike including delicious Japanese yokan – but also used in dentistry, modeling clay for kids, etc.),
* carrageenan (desserts, ice cream, cream, milkshakes, sweetened condensed milks, sauces, beer, pâtés and processed meats like ham, etc. fatty foods without fat, toothpaste, fruit gushers, as a excipient in pills / tablets, in soy milk, diet sodas, but also fire fighting foam, shampoo and cosmetic creams, air freshener gels, fabric marbling, shoe polish, pet food, personal lubricants and sexual lubricants, etc.).
Ocean radiation spill has further increased the risk of eating processed food, but also of using cosmetics, etc.
Here is a link to hydrocolloids producers worldwide, among which a few Japanese companies of course, for example:
* Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma subsidiary named DSP Gokyo Food & Chemicals,
* Fuji Chemical Industry Co Ltd
* Kimica Corporation
* Kirin Kyowa Foods Inc. (the Japanese products page is much more detailed… – and yes, a sister company of Kirin Breweries – cheers to a “healthy” beer!)
* Shimizu Chemical Corporation
* Etc. etc. (food processing is an endless topic and a worldwide industry, Cf. the movie The Informant! for a fun introduction and bon appétit! if you like prawns)
A positive side of the Japanese nuclear crisis in Japan is that it may have raised the awareness of the multiple dangers of the nuclear industry of course, but also of industrial food, etc.
Conclusion
Although it is of course impossible to avoid every risk, we should remain on our guard and probably purchase and use a Geiger counter anywhere in the world now, as some industrial countries soils are as irradiated as in Japan “monitored land” from wild dumps of uranium extraction waste, nuclear bomb testings, nuclear plant spills and wild waste dumps – including from medical and research facilities, etc. Leaving Japan is not necessarily the solution as it might be worse in your home country without you never having realized it for lack of any large-scale disaster happening yet. Education, positive action and life choices, citizen monitoring are part of the solution to a multi-dimensional problem which is bigger than just a nuclear issue.
2011-03-24 You won't detect radiation from Japan in the U.S. with old Civil Defense Radiation Detectors,
"PLEASE READ! Here's a semi-coherent attempt I made to describe the old Civil Defense Geiger counters that are now selling on ebay for ridiculous prices. You won't be able to detect the very slight radiation that might make it here from Japan with these old detectors. I try to explain that in the video. Hope it makes sense. The old civil defense high-range detectors CD V-710, CD V-715, CD V-717, CD V-720s are very high range gamma radiation detectors. They ARE NOT Geiger Counters as they are being called on ebay. These high-range detectors were designed to detect levels of radiation hundreds of times higher than a geiger counter. Please don't waste your money on one thinking you'll be able to detect radiation from Japan in the United States with these. Also any radiation that might make it to the U.S. will be so diluted that the CD V-700 Geiger Counters most likely will not detect it either. If you do get a geiger counter keep in mind that there is background radiation everywhere. Just because you get a slight reading doesn't mean it's radiation from the nuclear plant in Japan."

Food radiation detection and broad spectrum measurement devices

 

[Undated] Ludlum Model 711 Radiation Isotope Identifier; EnviroReporter.com started an Isotopic Identifier Fund to raise $22,750.00 around Feb 2012 stating "Labs are too expensive to test numerous samples for radiation, costing $500 to $700 easily for a small suite of radionuclides per sample. This add up very quickly." In a Jeff Rense interview, Michael Collins said this would be especially handy for testing food in grocery stores. Regular geiger counters just test for gamma radiation, and miss alpha and beta. Nor do regular geiger counters tell you the witch's brew of radioactive isotopes that typically accompany such major forms of fallout as I-131 and Cs-137.
[Undated] Atomtex gamma spectrum analyzer
[Undated]
Measuring radiation in food with a geiger counter, geigercounters.com.
[Undated] Whole Body Counter Laboratory
, the Institute of Radiation Safety "BelRad."
[Undated] Radiometric Devices,
the Institute of Radiation Safety "BelRad."

 

Misc. Radiation Protection Equipment

Respirator

Respirator, Wikipedia.org
[Undated] Cheaper Than Dirt (supplier) N95 respirator
[Undated] Grainger.com (supplier) reusable respirator
[Undated] N-95 Respirator and P100 Respirator,
"For air purifying respirators (APRs) there are nine classes of particulates filters (three levels of filter efficiency, each with three categories of resistance to filter efficiency degradation). The most common commercially available cartridges are the "N-95"(not oil resistant and 95% efficient) and "P-100 (oil-proof and 100% efficient).
The three levels of filter efficiency are 95%, 99%, and 99.97% and are labeled either as 95, 99 and 100. Higher filter efficiency means lower leakage, hence greater protection. Since there are no safe or threshold levels where exposure to a biological agent (bacteria, virus, or spore) is considered safe, the particulate filter that offers the highest level of protection must be used. The 99.97% (100) filter efficiency recommendation is consistent with NIOSH recommendations for emergency response to biological agent incidents."
2011-06-02 Is Your Lawn Radioactive Too? N95 Dust Mask Test (video) by potrblog
"I mowed the lawn on Memorial Day, and wore the N95 dust mask shown in the video. After roughly 2 hours in the backyard mowing, the Geiger counter readings of the mask showed radioactive contamination as high as 0.03 mR/hr. Normally I would call that 3X background, but background levels were a little more variable the day of the test making the reading less precise. To be conservative, the contamination readings from the mask varied from 1x to 2x background radiation. The grass was dry to the touch in the yard, but slightly damp in the bag. No visible dirt or dust was kicked up from the mowing. I have performed the same test a few times over the last several weeks, and there has been indications of radioactive contamination every time."

Air Filtering Devices

2011-08-11 HEPA Filters – August 11, 2011, by Michael Collins, enviroreporter.com (reporting from Los Angeles).
HEPA PART 1
2:15 pm 10-minute INTERIOR average of HONEYWELL HEPA FILTER HOT SPOT FROM 7/19/11 = 23 DAYS OF USE IN RADIATION STATION: 85 CPM which is 237% of PREVIOUS INTERIOR BACKGROUND OF 35.8 CPM
When the Honeywell HEPA filter air cleaner’s Pre-Filter light came on, it was time to vacuum out the barrel-shaped device and test the contents. Even without any rain and just 23 days of service since the last cleaning and testing, one spot on the pre-filter, as this video shows, came in approximately 85 CPM in this spot check, much like the one done on those two peaches 208% of background that caused quite a reaction. Unlike those peaches, which you can choose to consume or not, the air is something you must breathe. And even here in sunny Southern California, south of the jet stream that is transporting fallout across the U.S., Canada and beyond, this filter saved our lungs from inhaling fissile radionuclides, an important reduction in our overall radiation burden reduction efforts.
HEPA PART 2
3:00 pm 10-minute INTERIOR average of HONEYWELL HEPA FILTER AGGREGATE FROM 7/19/11 = 23 DAYS OF USE IN RADIATION STATION: 80.0 CPM which is 229% of PREVIOUS INTERIOR BACKGROUND OF 35.8 CPM
Radiation Station is generally upwind of most of the Greater Los Angeles Basin and close to the Pacific Ocean. Even with the sea breezes, the dust you see collected and compressed from the Honeywell HEPA machine is substantial, especially considering that the station is dusted and vacuumed regularly. By vacuuming out the HEPA machines, they return to higher flow rate efficiency and the aggregate dust and debris can be analyzed. The ten-minute average gives a much more credible number than spot checking. That said, the close values of the aggregate average and the hot spot checking indicate accurate spot checking technique.
The high 237% of previous background reading indicates that even without rain, fallout is still impacting our area brought in, in part, by our season “June Gloom” which we have found to have had elevated radiation readings. We reduce how much radioactivity we track into Radiation Station by removing our footwear and keeping the floors squeaky clean.
HEPA PART 3
3:50 pm 10-minute INTERIOR average of KENMORE PLASMAWAVE AIR CLEANER/HEPA FILTER AGGREGATE FROM 7/19/11 = 23 DAYS OF USE IN RADIATION STATION: 68.1 CPM which is 190% of PREVIOUS INTERIOR BACKGROUND OF 35.8 CPM
Reducing and eliminating exposure to radioactivity in the air and dust is enhanced by use of HEPA filters in the home and office. Even with a heavy duty ionizer in a second room of Radiation Station, the Kenmore Plasmawave machine still picked up 190% of background, significant relatively dry weather Southern California has been experiencing. Other HEPA filter readings in the region, including nearby Glendale, also show heightened ionization.
Fukushima Daiichi fallout is not run of the mill ‘natural’ radioactivity like the uranium and radium found in many soils. It is made up of five months’ worth of three nuclear reactors melting down and spewing astronomical amounts of radiation into the atmosphere and Pacific Ocean. The jaw-dropping recent rain readings in Oklahoma City, North Carolina, western and central Canada do not evaporate with the rain. They remain and are effecting our water supplies, crops, livestock and this continent’s wildlife forced to feed and drink upon this disaster’s fallout.
These videos show that even out of the hottest zones (and that’s not even including Japan, wide swaths of which are massively irradiated), significant radiation is being found in sunny Southern California in the mists and air.

Radiation suit

[Undated] DEMRON Full body suit for radiation protection

 

Supplements to Counter Radiation Effects

Overview

According to many sources, the best overall strategy is to use all of the following approaches simultaneously:

1) Preemptive strategy
a) Absorb radionuclides in food before serving it; For example, many sources claim that Zeolite and Bentonite clay can absorb radionuclides in milk.
b) Bind radionuclides in food as it passes through the GI tract to prevent it from being absorbed into the body. For example, according to many sources clay and Zeolite help in this process. Also, aid absorption of heavy metals being excreted into the GI tract by the liver and other organs to make sure they are excreted and not reabsorbed back into the blood stream.
c) Saturate vital organs with key nutrients before they absorb radionuclide mimickers. For example, load thyroid with healthy iodine to preempt absorption of radioactive iodine. Load body with healthy forms of calcium and magnesium to reduce uptake of cells of radioactive calcium and magnesium mimickers.
2) Excretory Strategy: Stimulate the body's natural processes of binding and excreting heavy metals to reduce the density of radionuclides in ones body and the time period in which they can cause damage through internal radiation.
a ) Bolster the health and functioning of the liver and other organs which filter and excrete heavy metals.
b ) Improve the ability of other heavy metal excretory organs (such as the skin) to get rid or radionuclides.
3). Overall health system enhancement strategy: Boost immune system and other defenses to reduce the damage being wrought by internal radiation.
This is probably the most open-ended of all areas, because it can encompass almost all "health food" and "healthy lifestyle" options. It can include improving the ability of the body to handle and repair damage from the internal radiation "load" that has already gotten inside the body. This can include taking adequate nutrients necessary to maximize healthy antioxidants in ones system.

 

2012-06-19 Fukushima radiation cover-up continues, here’s how to protect yourself by Popeye, federaljack.com.
2011-03
Medicine and Nutrition for Survival -- March 2011 (pdf), Authored and/or edited by:  David Vaughan, CN,  Christopher Hussar, DO, DDS, Dietrich Klinghardt, MD, PhD 
"... there is an even more critical piece of the diet puzzle that must be sorted out. 
And that has  to do again with optimizing cellular metabolic efficiency.  The best 
method we have found for doing this is a system called Metabolic Typing. It can identify what 
the dominant force behind your individual metabolism, measure it, then recommend the exact 
foods and nutrients required to bring it into optimal function. There is no other system we have 
found that can do this. This method can determine whether you will do best on a vegetarian 
diet, a high protein diet, or somewhere in between.  No one diet fits all and no other system 
recommends the right diet specific to the individual from a whole spectrum of different diets 
styles. There is a book title The Metabolic Typing Diet that can explain the principles behind this 
approach, and the book does have a questionnaire in it that can help you determine a piece of 
your metabolism, but the professional level questionnaire that will determine your exact 
Metabolic Type and the correct diet and nutritional supplements for you is available here for a 
small fee:  www.metabolictypingonline.com  
With this system you will avoid the trap that many fall into of reading that for instance, that 
zinc is good for immune function, then buy some zinc only to unknowingly be worsening their 
metabolic efficiency and undermining dozens of metabolic functions for the sake of improving 
one not-so-important and minor function that is ultimately controlled by the ones they just 
suppressed. Dietary nutrition really requires a full “systems approach” to be effective and get to 
the ultimate goal of all medicine and nutrition, namely (and again) the optimization of the 
metabolic functions that control absolutely everything in your body."  

 


(Short list version)

 

 

Commonly Encountered Radionuclides, epa.gov. (longer list version)


Isotopes of Interest: Properties, Treatment, and Fact Sheets

From: Radiation Emergency Medical Management, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
pdf download here

Isotope

Ionizing radiation
decay mode

Radioactive half-life Biological half-life Major exposure pathways Focal accumulation Treatment:
References for use
Fact sheets
(CDC, ATSDR, EPA,
Argonne Natl. Lab)
Americium
(Am-241)
Alpha 458 years 73,000 days Inhalation
Skin
Lungs
Liver
Bone
Bone marrow
DTPA 1 *

CDC
ATSDR
EPA
Argonne (PDF - 39 KB)

Californium
(Cf-252)

Alpha,
Gamma

2.6 years N/A Inhalation
Ingestion
Bone
Liver
DTPA * Argonne (PDF - 39 KB)
Cesium
(Cs-137)
Beta,
Gamma
30 years 70 days Inhalation
Ingestion
Follows potassium; renal excretion Prussian blue, insoluble 1 * CDC
ATSDR
EPA
Argonne (PDF - 39 KB)
Cobalt
(Co-60)
Beta,
Gamma
5.26 years 9.5 days Inhalation Liver Succimer (DMSA) 1 (DailyMed)
DTPA *
EDTA§
N-Acetyl-L-cysteine§
CDC
ATSDR
EPA
Argonne (PDF - 39 KB)
Curium
(Cm-244)
Alpha, Gamma, Neutron 18 years Liver:
7,300 days
Bone:
18,250 days
Inhalation
Ingestion
Liver
Bone
DTPA 1 * Argonne (PDF - 39 KB)
Iodine
(I-131)
Beta,
Gamma
8.1 days 138 days Inhalation
Ingestion
Skin
Thyroid Potassium iodide1
Saturated solution of potassium iodide§
Propylthiouracil§
Methimazole§
Potassium iodate§
CDC
ATSDR
EPA
Argonne (PDF - 39 KB)
Iridium
(Ir-192)
Beta,
Gamma
74 days 50 days N/A Spleen Consider DTPA*
Consider EDTA§
CDC
Argonne (PDF - 95 KB)
Phosphorus
(P-32)
Beta 14.3 days 1,155 days Inhalation
Ingestion
Skin
Bone
Bone marrow
Rapidly replicating cells
Hydration + Phosphate drugs

Sodium glycerophosphate§
Sodium phosphate§
Potassium phosphate§
Calcium carbonate§
Aluminum hydroxide§
Aluminum carbonate§
Sevelamer§ (DailyMed)

 
Plutonium
(Pu-239)
Alpha 2.2 x 10^4 years 73,000 days Inhalation (limited absorption) Lung
Bone
Bone marrow
Liver
Gonads
DTPA§
DFOA§
EDTA§
DTPA + DFOA§
CDC
ATSDR
EPA
Argonne (PDF - 58 KB)
Polonium
(Po-210)
Alpha 138.4 days 60 days Inhalation
Ingestion
Skin
Spleen
Kidneys
Lymph nodes
Bone marrow
Liver
Lung mucosa
Gastric Lavage
Dimercaprol (BAL)*
Succimer (DMSA)§ (DailyMed)
D-Penicillamine§ (DailyMed)
CDC
Argonne (PDF - 41 KB)
HPS (PDF - 492 KB)
NRC
More references
Radium
(Ra-226)
Alpha,
B eta,
Gamma
1,602 years 16,400 days Ingestion Bone Aluminum hydroxide*
Barium sulfate*
Sodium alginat
Calcium phosphate§
ATSDR
EPA
Argonne (PDF - 52 KB)
Strontium
(Sr-90)
Beta 28 years 18,000 days Inhalation
Ingestion
Bone Inhalation:
Calcium gluconate§
Barium sulfate§

Ingestion:
Rx is the same as for radium (see above). Additional Rx may include stable strontium compounds:
Strontium lactate§
Strontium gluconate§

CDC
ATSDR
EPA
Argonne (PDF - 39 KB)
Thorium
(Th-232)
Alpha 1.41 x 10^10 years Bone:
8,030 days
Liver/total body:
700 days
Inhalation
Ingestion
Bone Consider DTPA* ATSDR
EPA
Argonne (PDF - 49 KB)
Tritium
(H-3)
Beta 12.5 years 12 days Inhalation
Ingestion
Skin
Whole body Water diuresis* EPA
Health Protection Agency (UK)
Uranium
(U-235)
Alpha 7.1 x 10^8 years 15 days Ingestion Kidneys
Bone
Sodium bicarbonate*

For high level intake consider off-label diuretics and/or dialysis§

CDC
ATSDR
EPA
Argonne (PDF - 46 KB)
Yttrium
(Y-90)
Beta 64 hours N/A Inhalation
Ingestion
Bone DTPA*
EDTA§
Argonne ¶ (PDF - 39 KB)

References for use
1 FDA approved: Countermeasures so marked have been approved as treatment for internal contamination with the listed radioisotope by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
* NCRP preferred: Countermeasures so marked have been listed as preferred treatments for internal contamination with the listed radioisotope by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements [Management of Persons Contaminated with Radionuclides: Handbook (NCRP Report No. 161, Vol. I)]. Except where noted, use of these countermeasures has not been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
§ NCRP suggested: Countermeasures so marked have been listed as suggested treatments for internal contamination with the listed radioisotope by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements [Management of Persons Contaminated with Radionuclides: Handbook (NCRP Report No. 161, Vol. I)]. Use of these countermeasures has not been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

 

 

Supplements Sorted by Radioactive Isotope or Condition Treated

Commonly Encountered Radionuclides, epa.gov
Radiation Induced Illness at GreenMedInfo.com
* Mucosal Damage: Radiation Induced
* Radiation Induced Illness: Bone Marrow
* Radiation Induced Illness: Dermatitis
* Radiation Induced Illness: Enteritis
* Radiation Induced Illness: Hemorrhagic Protopathy
* Cataract: Radiation-Induced
* Radiation-Induced Illness: Cesium-137 Exposure
* Radiation-Induced Illness: Radioiodine (Iodine-131)
* Radiation-Induced Illness: Plutonium
* Radiation-Induced Illness: Strontium 90

Radiation Induced Illness is a Sub-Topic to the follow Topics

* Chemotherapy and Radiation Toxicity
* Radiation Disaster Associated Toxicity

Radiation Emergency Medical Management, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

* Isotopes of Interest: Properties, Treatment, and Fact Sheets table
* Radiation Countermeasures for Treatment of Internal Contamination table

 

Cesium 137

[Undated --author unknown] Potassium – Cesium-137, cesium-134, potassium-40, and potassium-42 are radioactive, competitive sister elements of natural potassium, all of which are in the same chemical family. These radionuclides are absorbed by the body when there is a deficiency of natural potassium. They concentrate primarily in the reproductive organs and the muscles. Cesium-137 is common in nuclear fallout, and can often be detected in our food, soil, and water. The authors of one study described our biosphere as “contaminated with radiocesium.”
Researchers discovered that after the accident at Chernobyl, iodine-131 and cesium-137 were the most prevalent radionuclides in samples of food from the USSR and from Poland, Hungary, and other parts of Eastern Europe. Cesium-137 is also already being used in some countries to irradiate foods as a means of extending their shelf life at the supermarket. Research by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences demonstrates that natural potassium decreases the concentration of radiocesium. Begin to add potassium rich foods such as bananas, potatoes+peels, etc. [Editor's Note: Leuren Moret and other radiation experts advocate peeling all potatoes and other vegetables that may come from contaminated areas since radionuclides tend to accumulate and stick in the outer layers]. If a nuclear event escalates in which cesium is being released, then also adding supplemental potassium is recommended. Potassium regulation is affected by magnesium. For magnesium deficiency include leafy green veggies, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds and black beans.
2012-03-14 Cesium Tricks Life with Potassium Disguise?
, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
2011-04-26
Bioaccumulation: Why Fukushima Matters by Lucas Hixson, news.lucaswhitefieldhixson.com. "Cesium-137 has chemical properties that are similar to potassium. Because the cells in plants, animals and in the human body cannot distinguish between cesium-137 and potassium, cesium-137 can be mistaken by the body to be potassium and absorbed as such. Because most potassium in the human body is found in the blood, cesium-137 can be found in all parts of the human body."

Plutonium

2012-02-21 Interesting Article About Plutonium Transport, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
[at] https://str.llnl.gov/OctNov11/kersting.html. "[excerpt] `Thanks to the research, the most perplexing element on the periodic table is slowly losing some of its mystery about how it travels underground faster and farther than anyone at first expected...'"
2011-03-30
Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated by "emerald eye" page 4, by "emerald eyes."
I have been searching for something that might decrease the risk of cancer from inhaled plutonium. Vitamin C seems to be the best candidate that I have found to date.
"However, the incidence of squamous cell carcinomas in animals exposed to plutonium and vitamin C decreased with increasing dose of vitamin C. The authors stated that vitamin C may interfere with the progression of squamous cell metaplasia to squamous cell carcinoma.” [Ed. Note: See p. 130].
(This PDF contains everything you would want to know about plutonium):
2011-03-15 Plutonium: Not Our Friend, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
2010-12 Toxicological Profile For Plutonium (pdf), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, November 2010, at atsdr.cdc.gov.
[Editor' Note: page 134: "...Topical applications of DTPA solution have been used to remove plutonium from skin and wounds after accidental dermal exposure (Khokhryakov et al. 2003). In extracellular fluid, the chelating agent, DTPA (a polycarboxylate compound), forms stable water-soluble complexes, which can be excreted in the urine (Durbin 1973; Taylor 1973). Both Ca-DTPA and Zn-DTPA complexes are used to decrease the risk of calcium and zinc depletion. Based on animal experiments, it appears that administered DTPA aerosols would form stable complexes with soluble forms of inhaled plutonium in the lung, thus reducing the amount of plutonium available for systemic deposition following absorption (Gervelas et al. 2007; Ménétrier et al. 2005; Sérandour et al. 2007; Stradling et al. 2000b)....DTPA has been used as a chelating agent to accelerate the urinary excretion of plutonium in humans who were accidentally exposed to plutonium. In one case of accidental exposure to plutonium nitrate, absorption into the blood from a skin wound reached 4.3% of the amount deposited on the skin; as a result of prompt and repeated intravenous injections of DTPA, most of the absorbed plutonium was excreted in the urine (Khokhryakov et al. 2003)....Editor's Additional Note: What all this means in plain English is that when the general U.S. population was hit with plutonium plumes in March and April 2011, for example please see Plutonium and Neptunium 239 dispersion charts for 11-19 March 2011 here and for 20-26 March here, Federal and State authorities not only had a public duty to warn people to stay indoors and wear respirators, but to also offer free mass testing of the general population for plutonium and neptunium poisoning (not to mention a whole witches brew of other radionuclides that typically come with them, to include radioactive Cesium -137 and Iodine-131) and to make DTPA widely available to victims. According to Dr. Helen Caldicott, during medical testing for the Manhattan project, there was no experimental dosage level given to dogs that was so low that it did not give them cancer! Plutonium is so extremely dangerous that one must make a heroic effort to purge it out of ones body as quickly as possible. Allowing the general population to breath or otherwise ingest plutonium and radioactive substances without them even knowing it is totally criminal.]
More info:
"The primary plutonium hazard is considered to result from Inhalation of the aerosol. "
"Modes of entry into the body other than Inhalation are considered to be less hazardous. These include abortion through the intact skin, deposition in open wounds and Ingestion via foods grown or produced on contaminated ground."
[link to www.dtic.mil]
Management and Disposition of Excess Weapons Plutonium 1994: Extract from Appendix C, Management and disposition of excess weapons plutonium (online Google book) By National Academy of Sciences (U.S.). Committee on International Security and Arms Control

Strontium

Strontium, epa.gov
"What does strontium-90 do once it gets into the body?
When people ingest Sr-90, about 70-80% of it passes through the body. Virtually all of the remaining 20-30% that is absorbed is deposited in the bone. About 1% is distributed among the blood volume, extracellular fluid, soft tissue, and surface of the bone, where it may stay and decay or be excreted.
[Undated -regarding strontium] radiationdetoxification.com, Sea Vegetables – According to a 1964 McGill University study published in the “Canadian Medical Association Journal,” sodium alginate from kelp reduced radioactive strontium absorption in the intestines by 50% to 80%. The sodium alginate allowed calcium to be absorbed through the intestinal wall while binding most of the strontium, which was excreted out of the body. Some of the more popular sea vegetables to consume are kelp, arame, wakame and kombu.
[Undated, author unknown] Magnesium – Like Calcium, magnesium prevents the uptake of strontium-90 and other radioisotopes. It helps to eliminate already absorbed strontium-90 as well. One study has shown that exposure to gamma radiation can decrease calcium and magnesium levels in the blood. As a result, optimal levels of both minerals in the diet are essential after one is exposed to higher amounts of radiation

Uranium

2011-05-27 Feel like a radiated sitting duck? Things you can do to mitigate the problem, farmwars.info
"Baking soda, or sodium bicarbonate is by far the least expensive addition to our defense against radioactive contamination.
The oral administration of sodium bicarbonate diminishes the severity of the changes produced by uranium in the kidneys. The kidneys are usually the first organs to show chemical damage upon uranium exposure. Old military manuals suggest doses or infusions of sodium bicarbonate to help alkalinize the urine if this happens. This makes the uranyl ion less kidney-toxic and promotes excretion of the nontoxic uranium-carbonate complex. The oral administration of sodium bicarbonate diminishes the severity of the changes produced by uranium in the kidneys. (IMVA)"
2011-03-13 How to Detox Your Body of Depleted Uranium Residues, the Effects of Radiation, and Radioactive Contamination, posted by Vatic
2008-01-01 Bicarbonate enhances the effects of uranium-chelating agents. - GreenMedInfo Summary Abstract Title: The effects of bicarbonate and its combination with chelating agents used for the removal of depleted uranium in rats. Abstract Source: Hemoglobin. 2008; 32(1-2):191-8. PMID: 18274996. Abstract Author(s): Satoshi Fukuda, Mizuyo Ikeda, Mariko Nakamura, Akira Katoh, Xueming Yan, Yuyuan Xie, George J Kontoghiorghes "The effects of bicarbonate and its combination with the chelating agents, deferiprone (L1), 4,6-dimethyl-1-hydroxypyrimidin-2(1H)-one (AK-4), catechol-3,6-bis(methyleneimino-diacetic-acid) (CBMIDA), and ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-bisphoshonate (EHBP) in removing depleted uranium (DU) for radiation emergency medicine were examined. After the intramuscular injection of DU in rats, various time schedules of bicarbonate and chelating agent administration were tested. The results indicate that the bicarbonate helps increase significantly the effects of LI and AK-4, while there were no effects of using bicarbonate alone. The effects of bicarbonate on CBMIDA were unclear, and the effects of EHBP were negative."

 

 

Radiation Countermeasures for the Treatment of Internal Contamination

From: Radiation Emergency Medical Management, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
pdf download here [Notes in brackets and Wikipedia links suppled by the Editor of America First Books]

Medical
countermeasures
Administered
for
Mechanism
of action
Route of
administration
Dosage
Duration of treatment
References for use
Aluminum carbonate Phosphorus
(P-32)
Phosphate binder PO [per os or
Latin for "by
mouth"
]
600 mg tablet TID or
400mg/5 cc TID
  NCRP-suggested
Aluminum hydroxide Radium (Ra-226)

Strontium (Sr-90)

Blocks intestinal absorption PO Adults: 60-100 mL (1200 mg)

Children: 50 mg/kg, not to exceed the adult dose

Give one dose within 24 hr of radionuclide intake to block intestinal absorption; administer before absorption occurs NCRP-preferred
Phosphorus
(P-32)
Phosphate binder PO 600 mg tablet TID or

320 mg/5cc TID

  NCRP-suggested
Barium sulfate Radium (Ra-226)

Strontium (Sr-90)

Blocks intestinal absorption PO 100-300 g (as a single dose in 250 cc water) Give one dose within 24 hr of radionuclide intake to block intestinal absorption; administer before absorption occurs NCRP-suggested
Calcium carbonate Radium (Ra-226)

Strontium (Sr-90)

Competes for bone binding sites PO Use as directed on label Begin therapy within 12 hr of radionuclide intake if possible NCRP-suggested
Calcium gluconate Radium (Ra-226)

Strontium (Sr-90)

Competes for bone binding sites; phosphate binder IV 5 ampoules (500 mg Ca/amp) in 500 cc 5% dextrose in water (D5W); infuse over 4-6 hours 6 days; begin therapy within 12 hr of radionuclide intake if possible NCRP-suggested
Calcium phosphate Radium (Ra-226)

Strontium (Sr-90)

Increases excretion PO 1200 mg Give one dose within 24 hr of radionuclide intake to block intestinal absorption; administer before absorption occurs NCRP-suggested
Deferoxamine (DFOA) Plutonium (Pu-239) Chelating agent IM (preferred route) [Intramus-
cular injection
]
IV (slow infusion) * Give a single dose, then obtain bioassay to assess residual body burden of Pu-239
* Repeat as indicated: 500 mg IM (preferred) or IV q4 hr x2 doses, then 500 mg IVq12 hr for 3 days

NCRP-suggested

DFOA is FDA-approved for Rx of acute and chronic iron poisoning only

IV (slow infusion) 2 ampoules (500 mg DFOA/amp) at 15 mg/kg/hr
DTPA (calcium & zinc) Americium (Am-241)

Californium (Cf-252)

Cobalt (Co-60)

Curium (Cm-244)

Plutonium (Pu-238 and Pu-239)

Yttrium (Y-90)

Chelating agent IV (give once daily as a bolus or as a single infusion, i.e., do not fractionate the dose) Adults: 1 g in 5 cc 5% dextrose in water (D5W) or 0.9% sodium chloride (normal saline, NS) slow IV push over 3-4 minutes or 1 g in 100-250 cc D5W or NS as an infusion over 30 minutes

Children < 12 years: 14 mg/kg/d slow IV push over 3-4 minutes (not to exceed 1 g/day)

* Begin treatment with Ca-DTPA , then change to Zn-DTPA for maintenance, as indicated


* Duration of therapy depends on total body burden and response to treatment

DTPA is FDA-approved for intravenous Rx of known or suspected internal contamination with Am, Cm, and Pu only

DTPA is FDA-approved for nebulized inhalation in adults only, and if the only route of contamination is through inhalation

DTPA is NCRP-preferred as Rx of the other isotopes listed and NCRP-suggested as a wound irrigation fluid

Nebulized inhalation (for use in adults only) 1 g in 1:1 dilution with sterile water or NS over 15-20 minutes
Wound irrigation fluid 1 g Ca- or Zn-DTPA and 10 cc 2% lidocaine in 100 cc 5% dextrose in water (D5W) or 0.9% sodium chloride (normal saline, NS) * Irrigation can be accompanied by IV or inhaled DTPA
* Amount of DTPA absorbed by wound tissues cannot be measured
* Avoid overdosing with DTPA and/or 2% lidocaine
Dimercaprol (BAL) Polonium (Po-210) Chelating agent IM (300 mg/vial for deep IM injection only) 2.5 mg/kg QID x2 days (days 1 & 2), then BID x1 day (day 3), then QD (days 4-10) 10 days NCRP-preferred

Dimercaprol (BAL) is FDA-approved for Rx of arsenic, gold and mercury poisoning and when used together with EDTA for Rx of acute lead poisoning only

EDTA Cobalt (Co-60) Chelating agent IV 1000 mg/m2/day in 500 cc 5% dextrose in water (D5W) or 0.9% sodium chloride (normal saline, NS); infuse over 8-12 hours Given as a single dose

NCRP-preferred

EDTA is FDA-approved for Rx of lead poisoning only

IM Divide IV dose equally into two doses and administer 8-12 hours apart Given as a divided dose
D-Penicillamine (DailyMed) Polonium (Po-210) Chelating agent PO

Adults: 0.75-1.5 g (250 mg/capsule) QD

Children: 30 mg/kg/day (250 mg/capsule) divided into 4 doses

* Obtain bioassay to assess
* Continue only if clinically indicated
* D-Penicillamine has a narrow therapeutic index; use is associated with high risk of toxicity

NCRP-preferred

D-Penicillamine is FDA-approved for Rx of copper poisoning only

Potassium iodide (KI) Iodine (I-131) Blocking agent PO Adults >40 years: 130 mg/day (For projected thyroid dose =500 cGy)

Adults 18 - 40 years: 130 mg/day (For projected thyroid dose =10 cGy)

Pregnant or lactating women of any age: 130 mg/day (For projected thyroid dose =5 cGy)

Adolescents =70 kg: 130 mg/day (For projected thyroid dose =5 cGy)

Children & adolescents 3 - 18 years: 65 mg/day (For projected thyroid dose =5 cGy)

Infants & toddlers 1 month - 3 years: 32.5 mg/day (For projected thyroid dose =5 cGy)

Neonates from birth - 1 year: 16 mg/day (For projected thyroid dose =5 cGy)

* Some incidents will require only a single dose of KI.
* Incident managers may recommend additional daily doses if ongoing radioactive iodine ingestion or inhalation represents a continuing threat.
* See also: Potassium Iodide (KI): Duration of Therapy.
FDA-approved

NCRP-preferred

Potassium phosphate Phosphorus (P-32) Phosphate binder PO 600-1200 mg, given in divided doses   NCRP-preferred 
Potassium phosphate, dibasic Phosphorus (P-32) Phosphate binder PO (take with full glass of water with meals and at bedtime) Adults: 1-2 tablets (250 mg/tab) QID

Children >4 years: 1 tablet (250 mg/tab) QID

  NCRP-preferred 
Propylthiouracil Iodine (I-131) Blocking Agent PO Adults: 2 tablets (50 mg/tab) TID 8 Days NCRP-preferred  
Prussian blue, insoluble Cesium (Cs-137) Ion exchange; inhibits enterohepatic recirculation in GI tract PO Adults, children >12 years:

*1-3 g (2-6 capsules; 0.5 g insoluble Prussian blue per cap) TID; up to 10-12 g/day (based on Goiânia incident data)
*3 g (6 capsules; 0.5 g insoluble Prussian blue per cap) TID (see: FDA Package Insert )

Children 2 - 12 years:

*1 g (2 capsules; 0.5 g insoluble Prussian blue per cap) TID
*Capsules may be opened and contents mixed with food
*See: FDA Package Insert for pediatric prescribing information

Children <2 years: Prussian blue is not FDA-approved for use (IND or EUA may be required)

*Minimum 30 day course per FDA
*Obtain bioassay and whole body counting to assess treatment of efficacy
*Duration of therapy depends on total body burden and response to treatment
Prussian blue, insoluble, is FDA-approved and NCRP-preferred for Rx of known or suspected internal contamination with radioactive Cs and/or radioactive or non-radioactive thallium; FDA-approved for ages > 2 years old only
Sevelamer (DailyMed) Phosphorus (P-32) Phosphate binder PO * 2-4 tablets (400 mg - 800 mg/tab) TID
* Not to exceed 1600 mg TID
5 days if possible; first dose is the most important NCRP-suggested
Sodium alginate Radium (Ra-226)

Strontium (Sr-90)

Blocks intestinal absorption PO (take with a full glass of water) 5g BID x1 day, then 1 g QID   NCRP-suggested
Sodium bicarbonate  Uranium (U-235)  Facilitates increased renal excretion  IV * 2 ampoules (44.3 mEq bicarbonate/ ampoule) in 1000 cc 5% dextrose in water (D5W) or 0.9% sodium chloride (normal saline, NS)
* 250 cc (1-2 mEq/kg) slow infusion
Administer therapy until urine pH is 8-9 ; continue Rx for 3 days  NCRP-preferred 
PO 2 tablets Q4 hr
Sodium glycerophosphate Phosphorus (P-32)   PO 600-1200 mg, given in divided doses   NCRP-suggested
Sodium phosphate Phosphorus (P-32)   PO 600-1200 mg, given in divided doses   NCRP-suggested
Succimer (DMSA) (DailyMed) Polonium (Po-210) Chelating agent PO * 100 mg capsules
* Administer 10 mg/kg or 350 mg/m2 every 8 hr for 5 days, then reduce; safety and efficacy in children <12 years has not been established
Reduce frequency of administration to 10 mg/kg or 350 mg/m2 every 12 hr for an additional 2 weeks of therapy; typical treatment course: 19 days NCRP-suggested
Water   Tritium (H-3)   Facilitates excretion   PO   >3-4 liters/day   3 weeks   NCRP-suggested  


Supplements Sorted by Scientific Research Data Base Listings

 

Overview

1) The first line of defense must be avoidance, particularly the ingestion of radioactive materials. Any amount of low dose radiation is bad for you. Once it gets inside your body, it can go anywhere and get inside the nucleus of almost any cell, to include inside brain cells, heart muscle, and bones cells. The tiniest of particularly toxic molecules like plutonium or neptunium that winds up in a strategic location in your body can kill you. It is foolish to think that once Strontium has lodged itself in ones bones, or plutonium gets into your testicles, that passing a "natural remedy" such a "Bentonite clay" is somehow going to leech out all the dangerous nucleotides that have spread throughout your body. In addition, once inside the body, nucleotides start causing DNA damage. Once DNA is broken, and cell functioning is ruptured
2) This having been said, one can make incremental improvements to reduce the absorption of radionuclides into vital organs of the body, or increase the turnover of radionuclides
3) Radiation degrades everything, to include the immune system. The immune system is perpetually taking out cancerous cells. By having better nutrition, one bolsters ones immune system and indirectly fights cancers. However, this is different than expecting to have the ability to extract all radionuclides out of the body (lungs, brain, heart, etc) and eliminate their ability to create cancers.
4) Herbal remedies have the advantage that it is usually hard to overdose, and they are generally good for you anyway even if there was no radiation threat. Hence, taking them regularly can provide a sustained level of defense against radionuclides while freeing up some worries about timing issues.

 

 




Cumulative


Article
 
GreenMedInfo Listing Knowledge Count
     
  Curcumin 34 20  
  Bee Propolis 28 12  
  Flavonoids 27 10  
  Potassium Iodide 24 4  
  Apple Pectin 23 4  
  Vitamin E 21 11  
  Fiber 20 1  
  Polyphenols 20 6  
  Seaweed 20 1  
  Catechin 14 3  
  Ginseng (American) 13 4  
  Holy Basil 13 7  
  Echinacea 12 2  
  Ginsenosides 11 2  
  Hawthorn 11 2  
  Berberine 10 1  
  Cocoa 10 1  
  Ginkgo Bilobo 10 1  
  Kelp 10 1  
  Mung Bean 10 1  
  Sodium Alginate 10 1  
  Traditional Chinese Medicine: Dixiong Decoction 10 1  
  Woad 10 1  
  Hesperidin 8 5  
  Rosemary 8 5  
  Vitamin C 8 4  
  Quercetin 7 4  
  Carotenoids 6 4  
  Ellagic Acid 6 3  
  Green Tea 6 3  
  Tea 6 3  
  Melatonin 5 3  
  Resveratrol 5 3  
  Sesamol 5 3  
  Bixin 4 2  
  Genistein 4 2  
  Ginger 4 2  
  Histamine 4 2  
  Milk Thistle 4 2  
  NAC (N-acetyl-L-cysteine) 4 2  
  Turmeric 4 3  
  Vitamin E: Gamma-tocotrienol 4 2  
  Beta-Glucan 3 2  
  Diosmin 3 2  
  Fucoidan 3 2  
  Peppermint 3 2  
  Podophyllum hexandrum 3 2  
  Reishi Mushroom 3 2  
  Rutin 3 2  
  Selenium 3 2  
  Acetyl-l-carnitine 2 1  
  Agaricus Blazei 2 1  
  Algae 2 1  
  Aloe Vera 2 1  
  Alpha-Lipoic Acid 2 1  
  Angelica 2 1  
  Antioxidant formulas 2 1  
  Apricot 2 1  
  Astaxanthin 2 1  
  Astragalus 2 1  
  Ayurvedic formulation: Liv52 2 1  
  Baicalein 2 1  
  Beet 2 1  
  Broccoli 2 1  
  Caffeic Acid 2 1  
  Caffeine 2 1  
  Calcium 2 1  
  Chelation Therapy: EDTA 2 1  
  Cherry: All Varieties 2 1  
  Chinese Skullcap 2 1  
  Chrysin 2 1  
  Cinnamon 2 1  
  Citrus naringin 2 1  
  Copper 2 1  
  DMSO (Dimethyl sulphoxide) 2 1  
  Eurya Emarginata 2 1  
  Ferulic acid 2 1  
  Garlic 2 1  
  Gotu Kola 2 1  
  Grapefruit 2 1  
  Grewia Asiatica 2 1  
  Gymnema Sylvestre 2 1  
  Indigowood root 2 1  
  Lycopene 2 2  
  Mangiferin 2 2  
  Naringenin 2 1  
  Olive leaf extract 2 1  
  Panax Ginseng 2 1  
  Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B-5) 2 1  
  Phyllanthus amarus 2 1  
  Phylanthus emblica 2 1  
  Pine Bark Extract 2 1  
  Pomegranate 2 1  
  Potassium 2 2  
  Potassium Iodate 2 1  
  Probiotics 2 1  
  Rhodiola (Tibetan Ginseng) 2 1  
  Rubia Cordifolia 2 1  
  Sesame Seeds 2 2  
  Silibinin 2 1  
  Sodium Bicarbonate 2 1  
  Spearmint 2 1  
  Sprouts 2 1  
  Sulforaphane 2 1  
  Zinc 2 2  
  Antioxidants: Fat Soluble 1 1  
  Bael 1 1  
  Carnosol 1 1  
  Carsonic Acid 1 1  
  Chlorogenic Acid 1 1  
  Citrus Peel 1 1  
  Eugenol 1 1  
  Gentian 1 1  
  Glutamine 1 1  
  Glutathione 1 1  
  Iodine 1 1  
  Mentha Aryensis 1 1  
  Propolis: Bee 1 1  
  Silymarin 1 1  
  Soy 1 1  
  Soybean oil 1 1  
  Spirulina 1 1  
  Sweet Potato: Purple 1 1  
  Tetrahydropalmatine 1 1  
  Thyme 1 1  
  Thymol 1 1  
  Tocotrienol: Delta 1 1  
  Vitamin A 1 1  
  Beta-Carotene 1 1  
         

 

Supplements Sorted by Nutritional Type:

 

* Amino Acids

[undated] Nutritional Program for Environmental Pollution and Radiation by Elson M. Haas MD
The sulfur-containing amino acids have a protective and detoxifying effect. L-cysteine, the primary one, may help neutralize many heavy metal toxins and toxic by-products (aldehydes) of smoking, smog, alcohol, and fats through its precursor role in the formation of glutathione, a tripeptide essential to the action of several important enzymes, particularly glutathione peroxidase. Since glutathione itself is not very stable or thought to be well utilized as an oral supplement, L-cysteine appears best utilized for this protective purpose. Methionine, another sulfur-containing amino acid, also has mild detoxification and protective functions.
2011-03-19 Radiation Protection From Nuclear Accident or Attack: Some tested ways to protect against radiation in the environment and possible fallout from dirty bombs or nuclear explosions; by Sam Baxter
Nucleic acids: RNA and DNA increase the survival rate of mammals exposed to irradiation. Bee pollen, nutritional yeast and certain sea algae such as chlorella contain relatively large percentages of nucleic acids. Onions contain RNA.
Cysteine: A natural amino acid helps counteract several kinds of radiation. Caution: Do not take as a separate supplement. Can be a dangerous excitotoxin like glutamate (MSG) or aspartate in abnormal quantities. Occurs in sulfur containing vegetables most of which are in the cabbage family. Kale is by far the best source with watercress and Brussels Sprouts good sources too. Make sure you get non-irradiated vegetables.
Pantothenic Acid: Prevents radiation injuries. In animal studies, the survival rate was increased by 200 per cent by giving pantothenic acid prior to exposure. Brewers yeast is by far the best source of this substance. Dose: Preventive—5 mg. to 15 mg. for children, 25 mg. to 50 mg. for adults. Use a double or triple dose as a therapeutic after exposure.
[Undated] radiationdetoxification.com, Dried, Primary-Grown Nutritional Yeast – Besides having Vitamin E, it also contains the nucleic acids RNA and DNA, both of which have been shown to have radio protective qualities. It has been shown to help rebuild and regenerate cells damaged by radiation, and also to produce relief from radiation poisoning and it’s many horrible symptoms. Nutritional yeast has a good amount of many important nutrients. Primary – grown yeasts bonds with and absorb heavy metals such as uranium, lead and mercury!

 

* Antioxidants

Overviews

[Undated] How to Protect Against Radiation Exposure (pdf) observes: "...Diseases and mutations [from radiation] don't stop with us. If ionizing radiation enters our genes, not only does it cause irreversible damage to this generation, but to future generations.

* Cesium 137 accumulates in fatty tissues, liver, spleen and muscles
* Iodide-131 accumulates in Thyroid, breast and ovaries
* Strontium-90 concentrates in your bones and liver
* Barium-140 causes bone tumors up to 30 years later
* Tellurium-132 causes cell mutations, repeatedly via replication
* Yttrium-0 damage to liver and respiration
* Putonium-244 concentrates in your liver
* Uranium 235 accumulates in your bones and liver

In 1972 Dr Abram Petkau discovered that low levels of radiation, over a longer period of time, were more damaging than higher doses over a short period of time. Once you ingest or inhale even very low levels of radioactive particles the Petkau effect immediately starts potentially lethal tissue ionization. The Petkau effect basically means that you are ionizing or irradiating yourself continuously from the inside out. This insidious burning at your molecular level will impair your body long before there is a diagnosable disease.
Free radicals are generated during long-term exposure to extremely low levels of radiation, which will exhaust our defenses unless our body has an abundant reserve of antioxidants.
Free radicals, or radicals, are atoms, molecules or ions with unpaired electrons. These highly reactive, molecules are unstable and contribute to the weakening of the body by destroying our cellular structure and making us more vulnerable to disease. When molecules in the body oxidize they become free radicals.
Without sufficient antioxidants to combat the extreme low levels of radiation you will suffer from gene mutation, birth defects, infertility and increased risk for immune related disease and cancers.
Damage Attributed To Free Radicals

* degenerative disease
* memory loss
* neurological diseases
* atherosclerosis
* Alzheimer’s
* Parkinson’s
* arthritis or other joint disorders
* heart disease or stroke
* diabetes
* HIV
* cataracts
* cancer
* aging

2011-04-07 How to protect yourself from radiation poisoning by Randall Neustaedter OMD
Overview
"Glutathothione is the body's primary antioxidant. It can be produced in every cell of the body, but the liver is the primary source. Glutathione is capable of breaking down carcinogens and heavy metals. Supplements including N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and alpha lipoic acid (or R-lipoic acid) will support glutathione production. A reduced, liposomal glutathione supplement can also be used to increase glutathione directly.
Milk thistle, or its active extract sylimarin, supports liver cell synthesis and promotes glutathione production...
...In addition to supporting the body's own production of antioxidants, various supplements can provide additional support. These supplements include vitamin C, coenzyme Q 10, grape seed extract (or resveratrol), astaxanthin (from krill or other sources), beta-carotene, and others. Of course many fruits and vegetables provide significant amounts of antioxidants, especially those with red, orange, or purple color.."

Specific anti-oxidants

Alpha Lipoic Acid (anti-oxidant)

Alpha-Lipoic Acid, umm.edu, (University of Maryland Medical Center)
Overview: Alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant that is made by the body and is found in every cell, where it helps turn glucose into energy. Antioxidants attack "free radicals," waste products created when the body turns food into energy. Free radicals cause harmful chemical reactions that can damage cells in the body, making it harder for the body to fight off infections. They also damage organs and tissues.
Other antioxidants work only in water (such as vitamin C) or fatty tissues (such as vitamin E), but alpha-lipoic acid is both fat- and water-soluble. That means it can work throughout the body. Antioxidants in the body are used up as they attack free radicals, but evidence suggests alpha-lipoic acid may help regenerate these other antioxidants and make them active again...
...Diabetes
In several studies, alpha-lipoic acid appears to help lower blood sugar levels. Its ability to kill free radicals may help people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy, who have pain, burning, itching, tingling, and numbness in arms and legs from nerve damage.
Alpha-lipoic acid has been used for years to treat peripheral neuropathy in Germany. Most of the studies that have found it helps have used intravenous (IV) alpha-lipoic acid, however. It' s not clear whether taking alpha-lipoic acid by mouth will help. Most studies of oral alpha-lipoic acid have been small and poorly designed. One 2006 study did find that taking alpha-lipoic acid for diabetic neuropathy reduced symptoms compared to placebo.
Taking alpha-lipoic acid may help another diabetes-related condition called autonomic neuropathy, which affects the nerves to internal organs. One study found that 73 people with cardiac autonomic neuropathy, which affects the heart, showed fewer signs of the condition when taking 800 mg of alpha-lipoic acid orally compared to placebo.
Brain Function and Stroke
Because alpha-lipoic acid can pass easily into the brain, it may help protect the brain and nerve tissue. Researchers are investigating it as a potential treatment for stroke and other brain problems involving free radical damage, such as dementia. So far, there' s no evidence to say whether it works or doesn't.
Other
Some preliminary studies suggest alpha-lipoic acid may help treat glaucoma, but there is not enough evidence to say for sure whether it works. In one study on aging skin, a cream with 5% lipoic acid helped reduce fine lines from sun damage.
Dietary Sources:
If you are healthy, your body makes enough alpha-lipoic acid. It is also found in red meat, organ meats (such as liver), and yeast, particularly brewer's yeast.
Available Forms:
Alpha-lipoic acid supplements are available as capsules. Your health care provider can also give it by injection.
How to Take It:
Pediatric
Alpha-lipoic acid has not been studied in children, so it is not recommended for pediatric use.
Adult
There aren' t any established doses for alpha-lipoic acid. You can buy it in doses of 30 - 100 mg tablets.
* General antioxidant support: 20 - 50 mg per day
* Diabetes and diabetic neuropathy: 800 mg per day in divided doses
Precautions:
Because of the potential for side effects and interactions with medications, you should take dietary supplements only under the supervision of a health care provider.
Alpha-lipoic acid hasn' t been studied in pregnant or breastfeeding women, so researchers don' t know if it' s safe.
Side effects are generally rare and may include skin rash...
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
Is a nontoxic but effective radioprotector and it is reported that alpha-lipoic acid confers considerable radio-protective effect in mouse tissues when given prior to x-irradiation. It also helps to protect the neural tissue from radiation injury. Adults may safely consume 300 mg daily unless there is an allergy or medical problem.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18006086
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17145083
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17094020
2011-03-17 How to Protect Yourself From Radiation Exposure by Dr. Andrea McCreery, life-sources.com.
"...Lipoic acid is a very small and versatile fat- and water-soluble antioxidant. Animal studies show that it helps maintain the antioxidant defense system in multiple body tissues upon radiation exposure, especially protecting the brain, liver, spleen, kidney, and testes.
The health status of some 6,000 workers from Latvia who went to clean-up the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant has been followed for several decades. These workers suffered higher-than-normal rates of problems in their nervous, digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrine system (especially thyroid) and immunological systems. A study conducted on some of these workers 10 years after the fact showed that 600 mg of lipoic acid for two months was able to normalize many, but not all, of their lab abnormalities. Too bad they didn't have protection prior to and during exposure. Pretreatment with OPC-165® has been shown to significantly reduce radiation exposure damage to the brain..."
2011-03-16 Supplements Shown to Help Prevent Effects of Radiation Fall-Out by Dr. Melissa Patterson, ND
"Beta-1,3 glucan- In a controlled study done at the US Armed Forces Radiobiology Institute, 70% of rats given a lethal dose of radiation were completely protected from radiation effects when given a dose of yeast beta glucan by mouth after the radiation exposure. Beta glucan is a free radical scavenger. It is able to protect blood macrophages from free radical attack during and after the radiation allowing these cells to continue to function in the irradiated body and release factors important to the restoration of normal bone marrow production. This supplement is very expensive, but worth it. Reishi mushroom is high in beta 1,3 glucan if you just want to take that.
Recommended Dose - 500 mg cap/1 time a day"

Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10, umm.edu, University of Maryland Medical Center
"Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a substance that' s found naturally in the body and helps convert food into energy. CoQ10 is found in almost every cell in the body, and it is a powerful antioxidant.
Antioxidants fight damaging particles in the body known as free radicals, which damage cell membranes, tamper with DNA, and even cause cell death. Scientists believe free radicals contribute to the aging process, as well as a number of health problems, including heart disease and cancer. Antioxidants, such as CoQ10, can neutralize free radicals and may reduce or even help prevent some of the damage they cause...
...Heart damage caused by chemotherapy
Several clinical studies suggest that CoQ10 may help prevent heart damage caused by certain chemotherapy drugs, adriamycin, or other athracycline medications. More studies are needed, however. Talk to your health care provider before taking any herbs or supplements if you are undergoing chemotherapy...
...Dietary Sources:
Primary dietary sources of CoQ10 include oily fish (such as salmon and tuna), organ meats (such as liver), and whole grains. Most people get enough CoQ10 through a balanced diet, but supplements may help people with particular health conditions (see "Uses" section) or those taking certain medications (see "Interactions" section).
Available Forms:
CoQ10 is available as a supplement in several forms, including soft gel capsules, oral spray, hard shell capsules, and tablets. CoQ10 is also added to various cosmetics...

DMSO

2011-03-18 Detoxify or Die: Natural Radiation Protection Therapies for Coping With the Fallout of the Fukushima Nuclear Meltdown by Gabriela Segura, M.D.
"DMSO is available in various formats.
Sulfur has a long history of use as an antidote for acute exposure to radioactive material. Antioxidants have the capacity to reduce toxic effects of radiation in our bodies. Early research identified sulfur-containing antioxidants as among those with the most beneficial therapeutic effects.
Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) is the classical sulfur compound and a powerful anti-oxidant, exactly what we need for detoxification and protection from radiation. A Japanese study showed that even low concentrations of DMSO had radio-protective effects through the facilitation of DNA double-strand break repair, providing protection against radiation damage at all cellular levels in the whole body. The information and experience on DMSO is so fascinating that it can be described only as miraculous. Due to its importance, we have dedicated an entire article to it. See DMSO: The Antidote for Radiation Poisoning."
2011-03-15 DMSO: The Antidote for Radiation Poisoning by Gabriela Segura, M.D.
"...Quick Guide and Ailments
DMSO is generally applied to the skin in a gel, cream, or liquid. It can be taken by mouth or as an intravenous injection, in many cases along with other drugs. It has also been administered subcutaneously, intramuscularly, intraperitoneally, intrathecally, by inhalation, instilled into the eye, on the mucous membranes, and into the urinary bladder. Strenghs and dosages vary widely.
If you are just dealing with pain or an injury, use a topical application. Don't drink it. Drinking it is for serious detoxing and other internal necessities. If you use a rose scented DMSO cream, chances are that nobody will be able to smell DMSO's garlic-like smell.
The usual oral dose of DMSO is one teaspoon per day of DMSO 70% (Morton, 1993). But since it can trigger detoxification reactions and DMSO's total excretion from the body can take several days, it is best to do it only once a week. Start with half a teaspoon of DMSO 50% and increase to a teaspoon of DMSO 70% only if any possible detoxification reaction is well tolerated....
[Undated] Frequently Asked Questions: About DMSO: Natural Chemo, International Wellness Directory
[Undated] The Human Toxicology Of Dimethyl Sulfoxide by Richard D. Brobyn, Bainbridge Medical Center Bainbridge Island, Washington "CONCLUSION: A very extensive toxicology study of DMSO was conducted at 3 to 30 times the usual treatment dose in humans, for 3 months. DMSO appears to be a very safe drug for human administration, and in particular, the lens changes that occur in certain mammalian species do not occur in man under this very high prolonged treatment regimen. I am very glad to be able to present these data at this time, so that we can permanently dispel the myth that DMSO is in any way a toxic or dangerous drug. After considerable work in evaluating thousands of cases that were treated in 1964 and 1965, and after this special toxicology study, I feel that we can unequivocally say that DMSO is quite safe, and now the only necessary task is the proof of its efficacy in specific indications."
[Undated] DMSO Information Center at dmso.org. Site developed by Dr. Stanley W. Jacob, a leading researcher into the versatile properties of DMSO

Glutathione

2011-03-17 Protocol for Nuclear Contamination: Iodine, Glutathione, Chelation, Clay, Baking Soda, by Mark Sircus., AC, OMD.
...A normal misconception is restated here - namely that the sulfur compounds in the broccoli family bind the heavy metals? Actually the sulfur compounds trigger increased expression of your glutathione system, which results in both metal detoxification and free radical neutralization. The other group of food compounds that do this is the polyphenolic antioxidants - pine bark extract, green tea extract, grape seed extract, and my favorite Haritaki or terminalia chebula, an Ayurvedic fruit that is the basis for many medicines including the intestinal detoxifier Triphala. This fruit is used extensively in Tibetan Medicine where it is pictured being held by the Medicine Buddha and call the "King of Herbs". It has potent effects on the glutathione system and on expression of other intracelluar antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase. Haritaki is one of the superpowers in Clear Way. Clear Way also includes other polyphenolics such as Pine Bark extract, large amounts of liver cleansing dandelion root extract, natural iodine and minerals from fucus extract (or what is known as bladderwrack, a sea vegetable), the metal chelator and super antioxidant R-Lipoic acid, nerve protectors gotu kola and bacopa monniera, and B-vitamins 1, 5, and 6..."
2011-03 Medicine and Nutrition for Survival -- March 2011 (pdf), Authored and/or edited by:  David Vaughan, CN,  Christopher Hussar, DO, DDS, Dietrich Klinghardt, MD, PhD 
Chemical Detoxification 
Having adequate levels of a naturally produced antioxidant called glutathione is critical for 
removing the most common yet most dangerous chemicals and all metals (especially uranium 
and other radioactive molecules) in the body. Glutathione is called the Mother of all 
Antioxidants because it is not only the most powerful one, but it is also the only one that does 
not itself turn into a toxin if you have too much of it. 
Taking oral glutathione is proven to not be effective, and intravenous glutathione is not 
practical.  One single company has created and patented a method of maximizing your body’s 
own glutathione dramatically by providing all the necessary building blocks for glutathione in a 
way that does not disturb basic metabolic efficiency but rather helps optimize it. This company 
sells through a multi-level marketing scheme that would usually leave bad taste the in author’s 
mouths, but in this case they are a reliable, reputable and honest company with a real patent 
behind their product. To get the wholesale price from them you must use the code of one of 
their associates. David Vaughan, one of the authors of this article, is an associate and his code is 
302342.  You can place an order for the specific product called “Max GXL” here: 
http://www.max.com/page.php?page=gxl  
Because removing metals and chemicals is a long term project, you should select the option for 
“auto ship”.  This option lowers the cost to $69 per month from $85 per month.  If you wish to 
try to copy their formula you can do that but we have found it is far more expensive to do this 
than to just order directly from the patent holder. 
2011-05-30 Dairy Farmers fight radiation with Boron, by Britton & Shekinah, Hawaii Health Guide
...Other things we can do to protect our bodies are to consume zeolites, use potassium iodine, receive plenty of glutathione, the best source of which is whey!, eat plenty of supergreens, such as kale, but including chlorella and spirulina, maintain healthy mineral levels, and eat lots of good healthy fats, including raw butter, and coconuts, which offer a fantastic layer of protection for our cells.


Melatonin

Melatonin (wikipedia)
[Undated - on Melatonin] Nuclear Radiation Remediation for Thinking People, radiation-remedies.com.
"Melatonin is a safe and effective facilitator of tissue repair processes, required for recovery from radiation-induced injury. Research findings support the idea that melatonin may be used as an anti-irradiation drug due to its potent free radical scavenging and antioxidative efficacy. A radioneuroendocrine approach utilizing radiotherapy with melatonin supplementation in brain glioblastoma patients showed that the likelihood of survival at one year was significantly higher in those who received melatonin with radiotherapy versus radiotherapy alone. Melatonin also calms and quiets the mind allowing for uninterrupted sleep. Sleep is very important for immune support and good health so always sleep 8 to 9 hours without medication. Natural killer cells are produced while sleeping which protect against illness. Melatonin is also produced while sleeping which is a strong defender against radiation."
2011-11-01
Melatonin as Protection Against Radiation, majiasblog.blogspot.com.
"The disaster in Japan: utility of melatonin in providing protection against ionizing radiation. Journal of Pineal Research; May2011, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p357-358, 2p. Authors Reiter, Russel J.1 Tan, Dun-Xian1 Korkmaz, Ahmet1 Manchester, Lucien C.
[excerpted] "What is needed for radiation exposures such as that which occurred in Japan, where large numbers of individuals were involved and the radiation persisted over time, is a broadly protective, readily available, easily self-administered, low-cost radiation protector that can be used for days, weeks, or years with little or no significant side effects.
Melatonin, a natural antioxidant that the body normally produces in small amounts, meets many if not all of these criteria. When taken exogenously, melatonin distributes throughout the body where it prevents damage that results from toxic levels of radiation. Its function in reducing molecular and cellular damage from ionizing radiation in both animals and humans is well documented [1–9] and its protective actions exceed those of other commonly used radioprotectors.
"Melatonin has been shown to prevent the death of animals given what would normally be a lethal dose of ionizing radiation [10]. It can safely be self-administered via any route, for example, orally, sublingually, as an intranasal spray, etc., over long periods at even high doses by means of an easily understood schedule. Melatonin has a long shelf life even at room temperature, can be obtained in pure form, and is inexpensive. The side effects are negligible over a very large dose range, it does not make the individual sick, and no lethal dose has been defined despite attempts to do so in animals.
"When melatonin was compared with amifostine, a well-known synthetic radioprotective agent that must be administered intravenously (unlike melatonin), melatonin was found to be far superior [11]. After recent studies conducted at the Brookhaven National Laboratory in the USA, the authors of the paper concluded that it (melatonin) is an excellent candidate as a countermeasure against radiation exposure_[12]."
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
"Helps to protect from damage due to ionizing radiation. Adults may take up to 9 mg a day. Start before exposure. There is also evidence for protection of the testes from radiation in rats. (Stock up now guys!)
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19578641
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20139262

* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17713655
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16793135
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14646223
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17439555
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18762261

2011-03-19 Radiation Protection From Nuclear Accident or Attack: Some tested ways to protect against radiation in the environment and possible fallout from dirty bombs or nuclear explosions; by Sam Baxter
"Melatonin: “As melatonin administration reversed oxidative organ injury, as assessed by biochemical and histopathological findings, it is suggested that supplementing cancer patients with adjuvant therapy of melatonin may have some benefit for successful radiotherapy.”
Melatonin protects against ionizing radiation-induced oxidative damage in corpus cavernosum and urinary bladder in rats
Journal of Pineal Research
2011-03-18 Detoxify or Die: Natural Radiation Protection Therapies for Coping With the Fallout of the Fukushima Nuclear Meltdown by Gabriela Segura, M.D.
Melatonin, other than being our "sleeping hormone", also has powerful antioxidant properties. Animals subjected to whole-body irradiation and given melatonin exhibited increased survival and the protection against radiation-induced oxidative damage was apparent throughout the body. More importantly, melatonin administered orally results in higher circulating levels and more rapidly increasing tissue concentrations. As soon as an exposure occurs, depending on the wind direction after radiation explosion, people living at a distance could protect themselves by oral administration of melatonin, which can be ingested repeatedly as required.

N-acetylcysteine

[Undated] radiationdetoxification.com. "N-acetylcysteine – A glutathione precursor. As a source of sulfhydryl groups, NAC stimulates glutathione (GSH) synthesis, enhances glutathione-S-transferase activity, promotes liver detoxification by inhibiting xenobiotic biotransformation, and is a powerful nucleophile capable of scavenging free radicals. Studies at the Louisville School of Medicine have shown that Glutathione possesses a unique ability to slow the aging process. While Glutathione aids in the protection of all cells and membranes, a study at Harvard Medical School found that glutathione is especially able to enhance immune system cells, protecting against damage from radiation and helping to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy, x-rays, and alcohol. As a detoxifier of metals and drugs, glutathione also aids in the treatment of blood and liver disorders."

Resveratrol

2011-04-24 Jeff With Dr. Blaylock - Supplements That Protect Against Radiation - Video
Dr. Blaylock interview - Resveratrol, a compound most commonly associated with red wine is also a very potent radio-protectant, in supplement doses of 200mg, twice a day.
[Undated] Your Radiation Free Kitchen, radiation-remedies.com.
Red Wine; Numerous studies have found that red wine protects against radiation exposure.
Italian Study; Italian researchers at the Catholic University and the National Research Council in Italy found that women who drank just one glass of red wine on days when they were to undergo radiation therapy for cancer had a 75% reduced rate of toxic effects from the radiation than women who didn’t drink wine. Colorado State University Study; Researchers at Colorado State University found that resveratrol is a radioprotective agent. They orally administered resveratrol to mice two days prior to irradiation. The mice who received the resveratrol had a statistically significant reduction in total chromosome aberrations of the bone marrow cells compared to mice who did not receive resveratrol.
Bulgarian Advice; Many people in Russia and surrounding countries such as Bulgaria drank red wine after the Chernobyl disaster because it was believed to protect against radiation. Professor Donka Baykova of the Bulgarian Nutrition Association says that red wine protects against radiation and is more powerful than iodine in doing so. She also says that one study found that Bulgarian wines were especially protective against radiation.
http://www.healthdiaries.com/eatthis/red-wine-protects-against-radiation-exposure.html
"Red Wine Protects You From Radiation"
http://esciencenews.com/articles/2011/05/04/natural.protection.against.radiation
(Unfortunately the amount of resveratrol used in some lab experiments is the equivalent of hundreds of bottles of red wine).
Public Library of Science One; researchers report that low doses of resveratrol in the diet of middle-aged mice has a widespread influence on the genetic levers of aging and may confer special protection on the heart.


* Enzymes

[Undated] Enzymes, tuberose.com.
"You have at your disposal, more than 700 different kinds of miracle health builders called enzymes, each performing a separate function and you have millions upon millions of each kind in your body, without which you'd perish. Enzymes are protein chemicals, which carry a vital energy factor needed for every chemical action, and reaction that occurs in our body. There are approximately 3000 different enzymes found in the human cell. These enzymes can combine with co-enzymes to form nearly 100,000 various chemicals that enable us to see, hear, feel, move, digest food, and think. Every organ, every tissue, and all of the 100 trillion cells in our body depend upon the reactions of metabolic enzymes and their energy factor. Nutrition cannot be explained without describing the part that enzymes play. These are obtained from two sources: within your digestive system and in the foods you eat. Just as with vitamin, mineral or protein deficiencies, the state of your mental and physical health is dependent on them. Enzymes are substances that make life possible. There are about 3,000 different enzymes in a cell. They control nearly every chemical reaction; influence every aspect of cell activity, from the construction of membrane parts, to the hoarding of energy in food molecules. They are needed for every chemical reaction that takes place in the human body. No mineral, vitamin, or hormone can do any work without enzymes. As we age, our bodies' ability to produce enzymes decreases. Nuts that are raw contain an enzyme inhibitor (as do most beans). Grains and flour are processed, robbing them of their enzymes. Enzyme supplements assure an adequate enzyme supply...
....The immune system can be viewed as a cohesive network of tireless workers constantly screening cellular boundaries to maintain both an internal quality control and a strategic defense system. When the immune system discovers the presence of foreign matter from undigested foods, it dispatches agents to neutralize it. Digestive leukocytosis (increased white blood cells) occurs from the ingestion of manufactured and cooked foods (foods void of enzymes with high acid ash values) and raw food produces no increase in the white blood cell count. Leukocytes, rich in enzymes are transported to the stomach and other areas to aid the digestive process. As a result, the body's immune response is being mobilized to effectively compensate for the lack of naturally occurring food enzymes. The health consequences of this drain on the body's enzyme reserves are staggering and lead to the depletion of the body's antioxidant enzymes, designed to remove free radicals from the body before they can do any damage. Free radicals result from cellular energy production and chemical stress, which results in the deposition of pesticides, insecticides, heavy metals, radioactive substances and other pollutants in tissues and organs of the body. These cell damaging toxins and free radicals stress the immune response, resulting in inflammation, autoimmune disorders, and extensive damage to the vessel wall, opening holes to which water, calcium and other active toxins can penetrate the tissues. Highly reactive chemicals, free radicals, have been implicated in recent studies in more than 60 disorders, including Heart disease, Cancer, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Cataracts, Rheumatoid arthritis and Autoimmune disorders.
Enzymes can disarm free radicals and block their destructive chain reactions. The primary antioxidant enzymes that remove free radicals are superoxide dismutase or SOD, glutathione peroxidase, methionine reductase and catalase. These enzymes provide the front line of defense against free radicals, converting them to less toxic substances like water and oxygen. Enhancing our antioxidant reserves requires compensation for abnormal states of digestive physiology. Ingested enzymes reach all tissues and are transported by the circulating blood by bypassing the liver after penetrating the venules of the lymphatic system. The generation born today and in the past few decades is the most toxic in the history of our planet. Suffering under the strain of a chemical world, we need to provide quantic nutritional-enzymatic support that will replenish the enzyme/alkaline reserves and restore immune and digestive competence."
1999-11 Pancreatic Cancer, Proteolytic Enzyme Therapy and Detoxification by Dr. Nicholas Gonzalez, excerpted from Clinical Pearls News. "... During the first two decades of this century, a number of physicians, both in Europe and in the United States, used injectable pancreatic enzymes to treat advanced human cancer, often times (depending on the quality of the product) with great success. I have collected a number of reports from that time in the major medical journals documenting tumor regression and long-term survival in patients treated with enzyme therapy."

 

* Fatty Acids

Flaxseed

[Undated] Does ground flaxseed have more health benefits than whole flaxseed? by Katherine Zeratsky, R.D., L.D., mayoclinic.com.
"Most nutrition experts recommend ground flaxseed because your body is better able to digest it. Whole flaxseed may pass through your intestine undigested, which means you won't get all the health benefits.
Flaxseed is high in fiber, omega-3 fatty acids and phytochemicals called lignans. Flaxseed is commonly used as a laxative (to improve digestive health or relieve constipation). Both flaxseed and flaxseed oil have been used to help reduce total blood cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or "bad") cholesterol levels and, as a result, may help reduce the risk of heart disease. Although flaxseed oil also contains omega-3 fatty acids, it doesn't have the beneficial fiber that the seeds have.
You can purchase raw flaxseed in bulk — whole or ground — at many grocery stores and health food stores. Whole seeds can be ground in a coffee grinder and then stored in an airtight container for several months. Refrigerating whole seeds may also extend their freshness.
Although the Institute of Medicine has not set a recommended daily intake for omega-3 fatty acids, it has established adequate intake amounts of between 1.1 and 1.6 grams a day for adults. One tablespoon of ground flaxseed provides 1.6 grams of omega-3 fatty acids."
2011-08-10
ScienceDaily: Flaxseed May Be Effective in Protecting Against Harmful Effects of Radiation, garynull.com
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110809111821.htm
ScienceDaily (Aug. 9, 2011) — Flax has been part of human history for well over 30,000 years, used for weaving cloth, feeding people and animals, and even making paint. Now, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have discovered that it might have a new use for the 21st century: protecting healthy tissues and organs from the harmful effects of radiation. In a study just published in BMC Cancer, researchers found that a diet of flaxseed given to mice not only protects lung tissues before exposure to radiation, but can also significantly reduce damage after exposure occurs.
"There are only a handful of potential mitigators of radiation effect, and none of them is nearly ready for the clinic," says the principal investigator Melpo Christofidou-Solomidou, PhD, research associate professor of Medicine, Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division. "Our current study demonstrates that dietary flaxseed, already known for its strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, works as both a mitigator and protector against radiation pneumonopathy..."
...Dr. Christofidou-Solomidou and her colleagues are focusing further research on the bioactive lignan component of flaxseed, known as SDG (secoisolariciresinol diglucoside), which is believed to confer its potent antioxidant properties. The lignan component also "regulates the transcription of antioxidant enzymes that protect and detoxify carcinogens, free radicals and other damaging agents," she says.
Flaxseed boasts many other qualities that make it particularly attractive as a radioprotector and mitigator. "Flaxseed is safe, it's very cheap, it's readily available, there's nothing you have to synthesize," Dr. Christofidou-Solomidou notes. "It can be given orally so it has a very convenient administration route. It can be packaged and manufactured in large quantities. Best of all, you can store it for very long periods of time." That makes it especially interesting to government officials looking to stockpile radioprotective substances in case of accidental or terrorist-caused radiological disasters.
Co-author Keith Cengel, MD, PhD, assistant professor of Radiation Oncology at Penn, explains that in such cases, "a big issue is the 'worried well' -- all the folks who probably weren't exposed but are concerned and want to do something." Many potential radioprotectors, however, could have risky side effects. Dr. Christofidou-Solomidou adds, "When you give something to 4 or 5 million 'worried well,' you have people with preexisting medical conditions. You can't give just anything to people with heart disease, for example. But this is absolutely safe. In fact, it is known to increase cardiovascular health, a finding shown by another group of Penn investigators a few years ago. It's loaded with omega-3 fatty acids"...
...The researchers are already convinced enough to incorporate flaxseed into their own routine. "I actually eat it every morning," says Dr. Cengel, noting, "The potential health benefits are significant and there is no known toxicity -- it just makes good sense to me"...
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
The protection afforded by flaxseed oil may be attributed to the constituents of the oil, which include omega-3 essential fatty acids and phytoestrogenic lignans, which appear to play an important role in free radical scavenging and singlet oxygen quenching. There is not an accepted dosage for flaxseed oil; doses ranging from 40 mg to 300 mg have been used daily in adults.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17486687
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18981722
2007-06-03 Flaxseed Stunts The Growth Of Prostate Tumors, ScienceDaily
"...Study participants took the flaxseed in a ground form because flaxseed in its whole form has an undigestible seed coat, she said. Participants elected to mix it in drinks or sprinkle it on food, such as yogurt.
"The results showed that the men who took just flaxseed as well as those who took flaxseed combined with a low-fat diet did the best, indicating that it is the flaxseed which is making the difference," Demark-Wahnefried said.
Flaxseed is thought to play a part in halting the cellular activity that leads to cancer growth and spread. One reason could be that as a source of omega-3 fatty acids, flaxseed can alter how cancer cells lump together or cling to other body cells, both factors in how fast cancer cells proliferate, Demark-Wahnefried said. The researchers also suspect that lignans may have antiangiogenic properties, meaning they are able to choke off a tumor's blood supply, stunting its growth.
"We are excited that this study showed that flaxseed is safe and associated with a protective effect on prostate cancer," Demark-Wahnefried said...."

Sea Life Oils

Cod Liver Oil

[Undated] Cod Liver Oil overview, westonaprice.org. This has links to many insightful articles such as "A Response to Dr. Joe Mercola on Cod Liver Oil," by Sally Fallon Morell, April 30, 2009
2011-03-25 How to Protect Yourself From Radiation, helladelicious.com
...For information about the types of fatty acids which are useful to eat or avoid check out the work of the famous cancer doctor Emanuel Revici, MD. In a lecture entitled “The Influence of Irradiation Upon Unsaturated Fatty Acids” he goes over the effects of severe radiation poisoning on fatty acids…according to his research abnormally conjugated trienic fatty acids (leukotrienes) induce radiation illness. With fatty acids a small amount of radiation damage will grow worse over time until the effects are unstoppable. Revici developed a oxalic acid index to measure the abnormal fatty acids in the body. He felt the best antidote was a fatty acid antagonist and he developed a product, n-butanol. He also developed Perse and Bionar, drugs that can detoxify drug addicts without any side-effects whatsoever. But there isn’t much research done on this topic. [Editor's Note: I am highlighting cod liver oil because I have always been a big fan of using it as a nutritional supplement. I am glad to see what may be good news here about its additional benefits]. Cod liver oil were one of the fats he found that helped with preventing cancer and mice exposed to large doses of radiation lived 50-100% longer when fed cod liver oil. Also look up Dr. Johanna Budwig’s work on cold-pressed flaxseed oil and cottage cheese, also called the Budwig Protocol. Again, more information can be found in this Radiation Detox PDF.

Krill Oil

2011-Summer Freeing Ourselves From Free-Radical Damage: Be Radiant -- Not Radioactive (pdf) by Joe Marcello
"THE FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE
In [Dr. John] Apsley’s view, the best tools to prevent membrane damage during the initial stages of contamination are, in order of potency, krill oil, or 'reduced' co-enzyme Q10 [CoQ10(H)], melatonin and natural vitamin E. CoQ10(H) and vitamin E would neutralize the ionizing effects onsite, with melatonin removing radioactive particle from the body via the bile route of elimination if one takes adequate fiber). But he feels that the vitamin E complex should provide adequate protection if taken ahead of exposures, while melatonin is a “superior multitasking nutrient and so serves purposes beyond the others.”
If one’s budget is limited, Apsley mandates krill oil in favor of vitamin E, and
advises eliminating NAC in favor of extra chlorella, substituting spirulina for
chlorella to lower costs.
According to Dr. Apsley, radiation toxicity from any source can be detoxified or
lessened – even reversed – through the use of colloidal Regeneration Factors or cRFs, but these should be taken after radio ablative therapy has been 18 completed or is discontinued. cRFsTM
derive from select raw foods that contain high amounts of RNA or nucleoproteins as found in organ meats, nuts & seeds, sprouts, food-grade algae and bee pollen.
DR. APSLEY’S LONG TERM RADIATION ANTIDOTES:

Bone meal (protects against radioactive Strontium)
Chlorella (protects against most radioactive metals)
Kelp (protects against radioactive iodine & other radioactive metals)
Probiotics – several billion per meal protect against radioactive Strontium
The best source of these, according to both Donna Gates, founder of Body
Ecology (http://bodyecology.com/), is still fermented foods – bioactive
cultures in sauerkraut, miso, kefir and fermented vegetables. Dr. Natasha
Campbell-McBride, a specialist in the restoration of gut flora, highly
recommends -- and uses in her practice – BioKult
(http://www.gutandpsychologysyndrome.com/)



Shark Liver Oil

2005-08 Anti-Cancer Benefits of Shark Liver Oil by Dale Kiefer, LE Magazine
"...Centuries ago, Scandinavian practitioners of folk medicine adopted the habit of consuming shark liver oil as a general health tonic. In recent decades, scientists have observed that tumors are remarkably rare in sharks, and that these predatory fish are notoriously resistant to infections.1 This amazing imperviousness to disease doubtless inspired the folk remedy.
Admittedly, fighting disease with shark oil sounds far-fetched. The very notion evokes unsavory images of cure-all tonics and unscrupulous charlatans from centuries past. But in 1952, Dr. Astrid Brohult stumbled upon remarkable proof that shark oil actually works. The fascinating story of her discovery, related by some of her colleagues in the book Shark Liver Oil: Nature’s Amazing Healer,2 provides a glimpse at the happy serendipity that occasionally results when science and intuition mix...
...a team led by Dr. Brohult’s husband, a research biochemist, isolated the active ingredient in calve’s marrow that normalizes white blood cell production. The chemical was actually a group of compounds, now known as alkylglycerols, or AKGs. Chemically speaking, AKGs are glyceryl ether lipids. Principal alkylglycerols are chimyl, batyl, and selachyl alcohols.1 Ironically, two Japanese scientists, who evidently did not appreciate the importance of their discovery, had discovered AKGs in deep-water sharks as early as 1922.
AKGs occur naturally in various mammalian tissues, including most organs responsible for producing blood cells, such as the bone marrow and spleen. Interestingly enough, AKGs are also found in human breast milk, and are now thought to contribute significantly to an infant’s immunity, especially while the immature immune system is at its most vulnerable. In fact, human breast milk contains up to 10 times more AKGs than does cow’s milk.4
Coming full circle, Dr. Brohult’s team eventually determined that none other than the Greenland shark—found off the shores of their native Sweden—is a perfect source of concentrated AKGs. We now know that AKGs occur naturally in the human body, albeit in far smaller amounts than are found in shark liver. The reason for sharks’ abundant supply has to do with an ancient evolutionary adaptation to a literally crushing problem: how to maintain buoyancy at extreme depths of 5,000 feet or more.
Primitive sharks evolved an ingenious ballast system: a specialized liver that allows them to maintain neutral buoyancy at a range of crushing depths. Sharks’ livers are unusually large, bulging with a carefully orchestrated mixture of complex lipids. Known collectively as shark liver oil, this cocktail of compounds allows the shark to rise and fall throughout the depths with relative ease.
A Potent Antioxidant.
Dr. Brohult and other scientists continued to study AKGs and quickly discovered that they inhibit cancer proliferation1 and prevent radiation sickness.5 The latter finding is especially significant. Radiation slices through cells like hot knives through butter, damaging the cells at the molecular level and generating free radicals that propagate destruction in a kind of chain reaction. Most antioxidants do a good job of neutralizing free radicals in the bloodstream and within the tissues, but few are capable of penetrating the cell membrane to enter individual cells. AKGs appear to act within individual cells, as suggested by clinical studies of patients receiving AKGs in combination with ionizing radiation.5-8...
The ability of AKGs to protect people against the harmful effects of ionizing radiation was discovered more or less by accident. At about the time Dr. Brohult first began experimenting with AKGs on the children’s cancer ward, a nurse in Stockholm was accidentally exposed to radium, receiving a dangerously high dose of radiation. Her white blood cell count plummeted to unhealthy levels, and for more than a year she struggled with numerous infections. After receiving supplemental AKGs, her white blood cell count returned to normal and remained stable thereafter.9
In subsequent research, doctors found that administering shark liver oil orally before, during, and after radiation treatment for cervical cancer reduced the incidence of radiation-induced injuries by about 50% compared to control patients who received radiation alone.5,6,8 While such injuries are an often-unavoidable consequence of aggressive radiation treatment, most do not affect survival. So-called complex injuries due to the combination of tumor growth and radiation, however, are another story. Mortality for these patients ranges from 90% to 100% at five years, depending on tumor stage. Compared to control patients, the incidence of these complex injuries in patients supplementing with shark liver oil was significantly reduced, by about one third.5,6,8.."

Vegetable Oils

Olive Oil

2010-09-08 Add a Little Olive Oil and Help Fight Breast Cancer Naturally by Anthony Gucciardi
2005-08 (as pertains to olive oil) Anti-Cancer Benefits of Shark Liver Oil by Dale Kiefer, LE Magazine
Squalene Also Counters Cancer
"Squalene is another major component of shark liver oil. Common in nature, squalene is a hydrocarbon that makes up a significant portion of the oily secretions that preserve the integrity of our outer layers of skin. It is also found in olive oil, and is believed to be responsible for some of the benefits of the Mediterranean diet, which, according to epidemiological studies, include a significantly lower incidence of cancer and heart disease.23, 24
In Greece, for instance, women with a high olive oil intake have a breast cancer rate that is only one third that of American women. It is estimated that some individuals may consume up to 400 mg of squalene per day in countries where olives and olive oil play an indispensable role in the diet.24,25 Laboratory research on animals and human cancer cells confirms squalene’s cancer-fighting effects.26-31"
2011-03-19 Radiation Protection From Nuclear Accident or Attack: Some tested ways to protect against radiation in the environment and possible fallout from dirty bombs or nuclear explosions; by Sam Baxter
"Oils: Dr. James Ashikava found that mice will survive normally lethal doses of x-rays if they are given common edible unprocessed vegetable oils—especially olive or peanut oils. It is reported from Mexico, that those who work or live near sources of radiation, such as atomic labs or nuclear power plants, eat or rub vegetable oils on their skin for greater protection.
In one mice study, olive oil taken internally fully protected rats against progressive doses of x-rays ranging from 300 to 2,400 roentgens. The olive oil provided optimal protection when is comprised about 15 percent of the total calories of the diet. Olive oil and sesame oil are more resistant to breaking down from heat while cooking and have a longer shelf life."

 

* Herbs


Burdock Root

2011-03-16 Supplements Shown to Help Prevent Effects of Radiation Fall-Out by Dr. Melissa Patterson, ND
"Burdock Root (Arctium lappa)- removes radioactive isotopes from the body.
Recommended Dose - 1-4 ounces/300-120 grams of cooked fresh root, up to a pint of infusion daily, or several large spoonfuls of vinegar but only if made with fresh roots. Tincture - 15-20 drops 3 times a day.
Contraindications - do not use Burdock during the first trimester of pregnancy."


Chaparral

Editor's Note: An interesting "folk medicine indicator" that has drawn attention to Chaparral is the fact that it is one of the very few plants that continues survive and thrive despite massive fallout near Nevada nuclear test sites; in other words, does it have some kind of chemical inside it that protects its own cells against radiation whose radioprotective properties could possibly also be used to benefit humans? Radiation degrades the cell function of plants and animals alike, for example the cover of a book on Chernobyl shows how ring growth of trees following the catastrophe changed in color and size, therefore substances that help protect plant cells might also possibly help benefit animal cells.
[Undated] Nuclear Radiation Remediation for Thinking People, radiation-remedies.com.
"Chaparral contains a potent anti-oxidant known as NGRA. It was one of the few plants to survive atomic testing in Nevada. The common chaparral plant can live up to 12,000 years! The fact this waxy-leaved bush can thrive in the harsh Arizona desert and dominate it's neighbors without being eaten or infected is testimonial to the potency of its chemical arsenal. The Native Americans of the Southwest long ago discovered this medical resource and used chaparral to treat everything from respiratory infections to arthritis. Chaparral may have an advantage over drug therapy for treatment of viruses by inhibiting the viral genes without damaging your living cells."
2011-03-19 Radiation Protection From Nuclear Accident or Attack: Some tested ways to protect against radiation in the environment and possible fallout from dirty bombs or nuclear explosions; by Sam Baxter
Chaparral: Also known as the creosote bush, one of the active ingredients is NDGA. One thing it does is inhibit the tumor electron transport system, which denies such growths the electrical energy they require. It also corrects malignant melanoma in many cancer patients. Chaparral is an excellent antibiotic and helps purify and detoxify the blood. Use with caution and supervision. Dose: If taken in tablet form take an extra 300-750 mg. of vitamin C per day to help the body process the concentrated resins and gums in the herb.


Cilantro

[Undated] Cilantro Pesto Said to Remove Heavy Metals
2011-03 Medicine and Nutrition for Survivial -- March 2011 (pdf), authored and/or edited by: David Vaughan, CN, Christopher Hussar, DO, DDS, Dietrich Klinghardt, MD, PhD
Chlorella [and Cilantro].
Several Japanese practitioners used the well-known radioprotective effects of a special subtype of the nutritional algae Chlorella pyrenoidosa to save thousands of lives in the nuclear aftermath of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. D. Klinghardt MD, PhD recommends at least 5-7 grams of a selected chlorella to be taken 3 times a day 30 minutes before a meal, depending on the quantity of exposure even more. Chlorella has been shown to bind and aid the excretion of uranium, cesium, methyl mercury and lead -- all metals which are -- or can become -- radioactive after an exposure. In recent years an extract of the kitchen herb cilantro has been studied by the nuclear industry for it phenomenal ability to help the excretion of radioactive metals. 15 drops 3 times a day 30 min before meals do the job! Both available in the correct form from: www.BioPureUS.com "Removal and preconcentration of inorganic and methyl mercury from aqueous media using a sorbent prepared from the plant Coriandrum sativum" D. Karunasagar, M. V. Balarama Krishna, S.V. Rao, J. Arunachalam (National Center for Compositional Characterization of Materials (CCCM), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre), Journal of Hazardous Materials B118 (2005) 133-139.

 

Ginkgo Bilboa

2012-02-10 Ginkgo Biloba: The Living Fossil, greenmedinfo.com.
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
Ginkgo biloba extract protects against ionizing radiation-induced oxidative organ damage in rats.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16412663
2007-11 J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Nov; 92(11):4286-9. Epub 2007 Aug 21. PMID: 17711926
Ginkgo biloba protects against radioiodine genotoxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary


Ginseng

2005-07 Radioprotective potential of ginseng by Lee TK, Johnke RM, Allison RR, O'Brien KF, Dobbs LJ Jr., Department of Radiation Oncology, Leo W. Jenkins Cancer Center, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA, Mutagenesis. 2005 Jul; 20(4):237-43. Epub 2005 Jun 14


Ginseng, Panax

2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye"
"CONCLUSION: From this study, it is clearly evident that PGE (Panax ginseng root extract) provides protection against radiation-induced hematological and biochemical alterations in Swiss albino mice."
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20702497
Also, American Ginseng:
"American Ginseng Modifies 137Cs-Induced DNA Damage and Oxidative Stress in Human Lymphocytes"
* http://thescholarship.ecu.edu/bitstream/handle/10342/3037/
ginseng%20DNA%20damage.pdf?sequence=1

2011-03-19 Radiation Protection From Nuclear Accident or Attack: Some tested ways to protect against radiation in the environment and possible fallout from dirty bombs or nuclear explosions;
by Sam Baxter
Panax Ginseng: Studies have found this Asian version is effective against radiation as well. Researchers observed, ginseng increases the rate of production of serum albumin and gamma-globulin as well as DNA and RNA protein, and lipid synthesis in bone marrow cells. Also, human subjects taking ginseng root were able to acclimatize more easily to oxygen-deficient air. Both types can be taken daily as they build up in the body in a positive way. Best to take small amounts over a long period...
2002
Surviving Radiation the Wise Woman Way by Susun S. Weed
In clinical trial with humans, those who took ginseng extract (Panax quinquefolium) for thirty days following exposure to radiation showed hastened recovery from injuries to their bone marrow, organs, skin, and blood cells according to Paul Bergner in The Healing Power of Ginseng, The Enlightened Person's Guide, Prima, 1996. He quotes Japanese researcher Dr M. Yonezawa as saying that "ginseng appears to be the most useful agent available for protection against radiation damage.
"Panax ginseng root extract might be another alternative to protect the hematological system from radiation."

Gingseng, Siberian

2011-03-19 Radiation Protection From Nuclear Accident or Attack: Some tested ways to protect against radiation in the environment and possible fallout from dirty bombs or nuclear explosions; by Sam Baxter
...Siberian Ginseng: Eleutherococcus senticosus is the best for medicinal purposes. Soviet researchers reported that eleuthero extract has radio protective qualities, and can be used in conditions of acute or chronic radiation sicknesses such as hemorrhaging, severe anemia, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and headaches due to x-rays. It can lengthen survival time after exposure. The list is too long. Do some research. It is almost miraculous protecting against infections. poisons, etc. It increases human resistance to a remarkably wide variety of stressors.
Adult extract treatment doses: 20 to 40 drops before meals, two or three times per day. Children: single dose one drop per each year of age, repeated twice a day.


Holy Basil

Ocimum tenuiflorum, (wikipedia) "Ocimum tenuiflorum, Holy Basil (also tulsi, tulasi), is an aromatic plant in the family Lamiaceae which is native throughout the Old World tropics and widespread as a cultivated plant and an escaped weed..."
2011-03-25
Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye".
Indian holy basil:
“Orientin (Ot) and Vicenin (Vc), two water-soluble flavonoids isolated from the leaves of Indian holy basil Ocimum sanctum have shown significant protection against radiation lethality and chromosomal aberrations in vivo”
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11673069
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11495275
2011-03-16 Supplements Shown to Help Prevent Effects of Radiation Fall-Out by Dr. Melissa Patterson, ND
Holy Basil/Tulsi Aerial Parts (Ocimum sanctum)- preliminary research shows evidence that Holy Basil protects against radiation-induced peroxidation, thus helping to protect against the detrimental effects of low-level radiation. It also increases glutathione and superoxide dismutase which are important mediators in the liver in helping the body deal with radiation.
Recommended Dose - Tincture: 40–60 drops, three times per day. Tea: add 1 tsp. dried leaf to 8 oz. hot water, steep, covered, 5–10 minutes. Take 4 oz. of tea up to three times per day. Capsules: various forms of capsulated products are available. These include extracts in gelcaps, dried or powdered herb in capsules, and standardized extracts (2 percent ursolic acid) in capsules.
Contraindications - Holy Basil should not be taken while pregnant or nursing or for an extended period of time. Use caution if you have high blood pressure or rheumatic heart disease.
2011-03-16 Supplements Shown to Help Prevent Effects of Radiation Fall-Out by Dr. Melissa Patterson, ND
Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum)- helps the liver deal with the effects of toxicity of radiation poisoning.
Recommended dose -1-3 dropperfuls of tincture per day


Milk Thistle & Liver Support

Milk Thistle at Wikipedia.org
[Undated] radiationdetoxification.com. Milk Thistle & Liver Support - A report suggests that milk thistle may prevent radiation toxicity. It enhances liver regeneration after exposure to heavy metals, radiation, or toxic chemicals. It reduces DNA damage and extends survival in animals exposed to dangerous levels of radiation. Silymarin’s free radical scavenging and direct antioxidant effects are credited with producing these results. You can order Milk Thistle Extract 2X-300mg, 200 Vcaps by Now Foods.
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
Milk thistle (silymarin marianum):
"Silybum marianum or milk thistle (MT) is the most well-researched plant in the treatment of liver disease.
"In animals, silymarin reduces liver injury caused by acetaminophen, carbon tetrachloride, radiation, iron overload, phenylhydrazine, alcohol, cold ischaemia and Amanita phalloides. Silymarin has been used to treat alcoholic liver disease, acute and chronic viral hepatitis and toxin-induced liver diseases."
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20564545
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20653235


Mint

2010-07/08 Radioprotective potential of mint: a brief review by Baliga MS, Rao S., Research and Development, Father Muller Medical College, Father Muller Hospital Road, Kankanady, Mangalore, India, J Cancer Res Ther. 2010 Jul-Sep; 6(3):255-62..


Rosemary

2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye"
"Rosemary:
“The present study suggests the possible radioprotective ability of rosemary extract.”
"The present study demonstrates that Rosemarinus officinalis leave extract is a good radioprotector."
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20162088
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17433646
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21303324
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17341204
2009-04-20 Rosemary Found to Offer Best Protection against Radiation Poisoning by Barbara L. Minton, naturalnews.com
"....In two separate studies, scientists in Spain found that nothing fights radiation damage to micronuclei like a simple garden herb known as rosemary. They noted that ionizing radiation causes the massive generation of free radicals that induce cellular DNA damage. They studied the protective effects of several compounds against gamma ray induced chromosomal damage in micronuclei testing by adding various compounds to human blood before and after irradiation. When the compounds were added after gamma-irradiation treatment, the protective effects relied not on scavenging ability, but on activity against free radicals already present in the cells, such as lipoperoxy radicals which are mainly responsible for continuous chromosomal oxidative damage.
The fact that carnosic acid and carnosol found in rosemary are fat soluble allows them to provide highly a significant protective anti-mutagenic activity. Even the most powerful water-soluble antioxidants lack the capacity to protect against gamma ray induced damage. This study can be found in the British Journal of Radiology, February 2 edition.
In their second study, the generation of radiation induced cellular DNA damage to skin from free radicals was the focus. The researchers sought to demonstrate that rosmarinic acid from rosemary would act as a photo-protector both by acting as a scavenger of free radicals and as an inducer of the body's own endogenous defense mechanisms by regulating tyrosinase activity and stimulating melanin production. They found that formulation of toxic malonyldialdehyde was delayed by the use of rosmarinic acid, and the protection factor was 3.34 times greater than for other compounds studied, as measured in micronucleus testing. In vivo testing showed the capacity of orally administered rosmarinic acid to inhibit skin alterations as a result of UV radiation exposure. This study was reported in the February edition of Food and Chemical Toxicology..."


Tumeric (Curcumin is the natural extract).

2012-01-29 Tumeric, Cucumin Naturally Block Cancer Cells by Anthony Gucciardi,
2012-01-18 Turmeric Offers Powerful Anti-Cancer Benefits Without Side Effects by Andre Evans,
..turmeric has been found to reduce tumors by an astounding 81%.
In turmeric is also something known as curcumin, a natural phenol. Named for the plant from which it’s derived, curcumin is the pigment that gives turmeric its distinctive color. It is thought to be the source of the many medicinal effects turmeric is being known to have. Curcumin alone is known to positively impact over 560 diseases according to peer-reviewed research.
2011-04-06 Doctor: Fukushima’s effects may be worse than those suffered in Chernobyl — “Anti-radiation” herbs like turmeric can help, enenews.com.
2011-04-03 The Most Exhaustive Turmeric Research Archive on the Internet (video): GreenMedInfo.com; Uploaded by patienthealthyself, "Sayer Ji, founder of GreenMedInfo.com, discusses his findings after reviewing all 3900 study abstracts on Turmeric (and its primarily polyphenol Curcumin) on the US National Library Medicine's database (pubmed.gov). GreenMedInfo.com now houses 1500 carefully indexed studies on this plant, indexed across 589 diseases and 152 pharmacological actions."
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
"Turmeric or Curcumin:
Found to be effective in protecting the cells against radiation-induced suppression of glutathione peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities. This is used in many curry dishes, and may be safely ingested by adults and children. This is particularly important to use before exposure to protect the lymphocytes (blood cells).
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16973408
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16196208
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=Radio-protective%20tumeric

 

Hormone Supplements

2010 Healthy Tips: The Anti-Radiation Diet; Recommended Foods and Supplements to Help Protect Your Health and counter the effects of radiation, safespaceprotection.com, Information for this report was excerpted from Fighting Radiation and Chemical Pollutants with Foods, Herbs and Vitamins, by Steven Schecter, N.D., and Radiation Protection Manual, Lita Lee, Ph.D.
DHEA: The most dominant hormone in the body, DHEA is considered the “Fountain of Youth” hormone because it can help extend life span. DHEA helps counteract the negative effects of stress, boosts the immune system, regulates blood cholesterol and lowers blood pressure. It rebalances the hormones in the body, especially during menopause, slows the production of free radicals, and inhibits the growth of cancers and carcinogens. A good food source of DHEA is wild yams.

 

* Minerals and Elements

Overview

Mineral (Wikipedia.org)
Electrolytes; nlm.nih.gov
"Electrolytes are minerals in your blood and other body fluids that carry an electric charge.
Electrolytes affect the amount of water in your body, the acidity of your blood (pH), your muscle function, and other important processes. You lose electrolytes when you sweat. You must replace them by drinking fluids.
Common electrolytes include:
* Calcium
* Chloride
* Magnesium
* Phosphorous
* Potassium
* Sodium
Electrolytes can be acids, bases, and salts....


Boron

[Undated] Additional Radiation Protection from Boron, Bentonite Clay and Fulvic Minerals, newparadigmdigest.com.
"In the entire table of elements, including subatomic particles, there is only one mineral that is capable of accepting and ionizing radiation that never changes the innards or the nucleus of the cell — boron. The protons and the neutrons do not change under any conditions in the boron molecule. Boron can take radiation and release it without upsetting this very delicate balance (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boron).
That makes Boron an excellent candidate to have into your system, whether the radiation be from excessive sunlight or spent uranium bullets that’s being ionized and released into the atmosphere. When that mineral is present in your system, your DNA creates a much better buffering system to ward off radiation. Even when chromosome breaks do occur, they are much more easily repaired and maintained by the system.
DOSAGE
Suggested Boron Capsule form: 4- 10 mg/day. If it is in a multivit, it just 2 mg.
....NATURAL SOURCES OF BORON
Fruits like apples, oranges, almonds, red grapes, pear, plum, kiwi, sultanas, dates, vegetables, soybeans and nuts are rich sources of Boron. Chickpeas, borlotti beans, hazel nuts, currants; peanut butter, red kidney beans, tomato, lentils, olive, onion, potato wine, beer, etc., are also notable sources of Boron (http://www.truehealthyproducts.com/tag/natural-sources-of-boron).
TOXICITY
Boron is very safe. The LD 50 (lethal dose in 50% of animal subjects) is about 3-6g per Kilo of body weight. This means that doses up to 18 mg of boron daily appear to be safe for adults even if taken for prolonged periods of time. This is double the dose of even the most liberal amounts suggested by advocates of boron use. There is also no evidence to suggest that boron is either carcinogenic or mutagenic.
In 1904, human volunteers consuming greater than 500 mg of boric acid daily (this is equivalent to about 180 mg of elemental boron) showed symptoms of poor appetite and digestive problems. Symptoms of acute toxicity typically include nausea, diarrhea and abdominal cramps...
2011-05-30 Dairy Farmers fight radiation with Boron, by Britton & Shekinah, Hawaii Health Guide
"....We have begun feeding our cows and goats sodium borate at milking times, as well as adding it to free choice kelp and water troughs. In the past years we have monitored boron and other minerals in the soil and have added as necessary to bring levels up to recognized healthy levels. As a safety measure we are planning to implement a boron dosage to all of our pastures, as well as neighboring pastures. For humans, boron can safely ingested at a dosage of 4-10 mg per day. Borax, 11% boron, can be used as a tea and sprayed on your gardens, or land surrounding your home, at a rate of 10# of Borax per acre, 1#, if using elemental boron. Borax can also be ingested at 1/8 tsp to 1 litre water for women, ¼ tsp to 1 litre water for men. Fortunately, red wine and coffee are significant sources of boron, as well as non-citrus fruits, red grapes, plums, pears, apples, avocados, legumes and nuts! Boron is known to be non-carcinogenic, non-mutagenic and has been used internally to protect the astronauts in space as they leave the earth’s protective magnetic field..."
Boron and Fulvic Minerals http://newparadigmdigest.com/5706/additional-radiation-protection
-from-boron-bentonite-clay-and-fulvic-minerals/

2011-03-13 Treatments for Nuclear Contamination Iodine – Glutathione – Natural Chelation – Clay – Baking Soda by Mark Sircus

 

Calcium

Calcium in diet - overview, umm.edu [University of Maryland Medical Center overview]
Calcium in biology, Wikipedia.org
2011-03-25 RADIATION PROTECTION - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
Calcium: Blocks uptake of stronium-90. Adults may take 1500 mg daily.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15167119
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12075684

 

 

Calcium and Magnesium

2011-10-15 Prof. Chris Busby update on Supplements to block Fukushima radioactivity effects (3:45) "...Get away If you can; but if not not then you can reduce the access of these radionuclides to the DNA. It is basic Physical Chemistry that increasing the Calcium concentration, (Calcium which stabilises the DNA phosphate backbone), will inhibit the equilibrium binding of radionuclides like Strontium, Uranium, Plutonium and other high DNAP affinity elements and complex ions. The Iodine thyroid blocking method is based on the same thermodynamic chemical equilibrium idea. A number of web sites have been selling pills based on his ideas and more are being set up but it is straightforward, he says, to buy Calcium/ Magnesium tablets from health food shops where they are not expensive. The adult dose is about 800mg Calcium and 350mg Magnesium. Reduce the dose for children in proportion to their relative weight, so for a 10-year old, about 400mg Calcium and 175 mg Magnesium. This is a critical issue: it will save lives and it is so simple and is absolutely harmless."
2011-11-05 Magnesium & Calcium Protect DNA From Radiation by Dr. Mark Sircus "This informal video of physicist and distinguished nuclear expert Dr. Chris Busby has him recommending magnesium and calcium supplementation to everyone concerned about the radiation exposure from Fukushima. Nuclear particles do have a strong propensity to bind with DNA and that is why we see cancers develop, even after low exposure, and that is also why we see drops in fertility and the onset of sterility.
Dr. David Brownstein and I have made a similar universal call for iodine in that the nutritive type of iodine protects the thyroid from the radioactive type of iodine. One has to be a fool not to be taking iodine because 95 percent of us are deficient in iodine, thus making our thyroids sitting ducks (sponges) for the radioactive type. A thyroid deficient in iodine becomes like an intense vacuum cleaner hungry for anything even looking like a halogen (fluoride, bromide, chlorine, rocket fuel). Because so much blood goes through the thyroid it has a fantastic capacity to concentrate radioactive iodine and these halogens no matter how low the concentration is of them in the blood.
Exposure to radiation causes a cascade of free radicals that wreak havoc on the body. Radiation decimates the body’s supply of glutathione.
We are even greater fools though if we are not taking magnesium with an equal amount of calcium (though most often that equal amount of calcium is already supplied by the diet) as the radioactive clouds and rain circle the northern half of the globe. Though I would say the same for iodine and selenium (selenium is not only essential for glutathione production but is also important to take with iodine), magnesium and calcium will protect us and our children from some of the nastiest long-term effects of radiation exposure.
Without sufficient magnesium, the body accumulates toxins and acid residues, degenerates rapidly, and ages prematurely.
....Conclusion
Dr. Busby is correct in his recommendation but he does not have intimate experience with the best way to absorb magnesium into the body. The inexpensive pills available in most pharmacies definitely are not a good way of absorbing these minerals. Absorption rates of solid minerals taken in pill form are not nearly as effective as liquid minerals and there is nothing like transdermal magnesium therapy for effective and quick results. Most peoples’ diets are already too high in calcium and too low in magnesium so it is really the magnesium that needs to be stressed, especially in the first months of supplementation. It takes three or four months of heavy transdermal magnesium therapy with magnesium oil to top off cellular levels of magnesium but a year or more if administration is only given orally. Transdermal applications include direct body spraying, medicinal baths as well as magnesium massage.
2011-05-30 Magnesium and Radiation Protection by Dr. Mark Sircus, theintelhub.com.

Iodine

Potassium Iodide,
Wikipedia
Iodine - overview, umm.edu [University of Maryland Medical Center overview]
Iodine in biology, Wikipedia.org

Editor's Note: One of the first things that people think of when it comes to handling nuclear fallout are Iodine tablets. The good news is that there are ways to handle this that are part of a healthy lifestyle. Leuren Moret has made the point that most people are iodine deficient, and they can absorb enough iodine through the skin to help protect their thyroids with risking an iodine overdose. In addition, Dr. John Apsley has pointed out that Iodine supplements can help the body secrete harmful elements like fluoride that are placed in public drinking water in many cities across America. Therefore, building up the body's tolerance to a steady maintenance dose of Iodine can be a good thing. One of the cheapest and most effective ways to use iodine, particularly in an environment where Americans are periodically receiving "hot rains," and where most people are not continuous monitoring their dosage levels with radiation detection equipment, is to simply rub tincture of Iodine on ones skin every day.
[Undated] Iodine prophylaxis at llrc.org
"...Taking iodine is no protection against external irradiation or any type of radioactive pollution other than radio-iodine.
...If you live in a place which the plume seems likely to contaminate, and if you have access to potassium iodide or preferably potassium iodate, then use it. After Chernobyl, increases in thyroid cancer were reported in the USA and UK in addition to the well-known increase in the territories nearer to the scene of the disaster...."
[Undated] Bring Back the Universal Nutrient Medicine, by International Medical Veritas Association
[Undated] Iosat Potassium Iodide Tablets, nukepills.com.
"Thyroid cells are unique among all cells of the human body as they are the only cells which have the ability to absorb Iodine. The thyroid gland absorbs it from the bloodstream and concentrates it inside the cell to produce hormones. For radiation that is not immediately lethal, the thyroid is your body's most sensitive organ to the effects of radiation. The Radioactive Iodine is absorbed by the thyroid and can cause thyroid disease and cancer later on..."
[Ed. Note: Also discussion of general civil defense issues.]

[Undated] FDA: Home Preparation Procedure for Emergency Administration of Potassium Iodide Tablets to Infants and Children Using 65 Milligram (mg) Tablets (pdf)
[Undated] The Unfounded Iodine Phobia (pdf), boisevoicebio.com.
"...It is guestimated that more people have died from iodine deficiency (potentially spawned by the false premise of this 1948 study) compared to the deaths in both world wars combined! Iodine deficiency has been further exacerbated by “halogen displacement”. Fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine and astatine are called “halogens” or “salts” in Group 17 on the Periodic Table and they all have exactly 7 electrons in their outer shells. Based on atomic weight, fluorine, chlorine and bromine are able to “displace” iodine because they can attach to the same receptor sites. E.g., an important thyroid hormone called thyroxine, comprised of one tyrosine molecule plus 4 iodine molecules (hence it also being named T4), can be constructed with 4 molecules of fluorine, bromine and/or chlorine instead of iodine--but it renders the T4 absolutely useless. Since our current environment is flooded with fluorine, chlorine and bromine with a deficiency in iodine, we have a lot of catching up to do...."
Not my favorite links, but both have some good info
http://www.nukepills.com/potassium-iodide.htm
http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/ki.asp
[Undated] Potassium Iodide (KI) discussion at the Centers for Disease Control web site
[Undated] Iodine4health.com recommended on 13 March 2011 Officer Jack McLamb RBN show.
[Undated] Iodine, homeremedycentral.com.
[Undated] Radiation Sickness, by Toni Reita, natural-health-home-remedies.com.
What Is Iodine?
Iodine comes from the Greek Word ioeides which means violet. Iodine is the largest of the 25 elements that make up the human body. Our depleted soils and poor diets cause many people to be iodine deficient. Iodine is a water soluable essential trace element that is fairly rare in our soils, but abundant in the sea.
Because Iodine is water soluable it travels in the lymph fluid and delivers this critical element to every cell of our body. Iodone has the highest vibratory rates of all elements. It is usually one of the 4 most critically missing elements in humans.
What Does Iodine Do?
Iodine is required by the thyroid which regulates your emotions, metabolsim, hormones, ovaries, mammary glands, protein synthesis, strengthens the immune system, enzymatic activity. Your brain, skeletal and nervous system require Iodine. 30% of Iodine is utilized by the Thyroid gland, the remainder is used by the mammary glands, eye, gastric mucosa, cervix, thymus and salivary glands.
Iodine also destroys viruses, cancerous cells and removes toxic chemicals, such as aluminum, mercury, fluoride, bromide and from the body. Stress depletes your body of iodine.
During an infection Thyroid hormones gathers in damaged or diseased tissue, and it mobilizes when your immune systems does battle with toxins or bacteria. This suggests that iodine is mobilized for critical defensive health battles.
Who Should Take Iodine?
Really, almost everyone is probably deficient in Iodine Iodine and certain natural healthy foods are goitrogens.
When these goitrogenic foods are eaten raw, they prevent iodine uptake by the thyroid gland, cooking does diminish this problem. Until Radioactive Iodine quits circling the earth, I'll skip these foods. It's important to consider adding Iodine rich foods If you eat a lot of the following:

* Broccoli, Chinese broccoli, Bok Choy, Bamboo shoots
* Cauliflower, Brussel sprouts, Cabbage,
* Kale, Collar greens, Mustard greens, Spinach
* Pears, Peaches
* Peanuts, Pine nuts
* Sweet Potatoes, Turnips
* Radishes, Rutabagas
* Soy anything

How Much Iodine Do I Need?
According to the World Health Organization there are iodine deficiencies in 54 countries. Processed foods lose their iodine content, and refined sugars have no iodine. Iodized salt can provide excess amounts.
The thyroid and other organs can't store iodine so your body need to have a little every day, about 150 microgram as a daily requirement. Too much iodine can be toxic.
Potassium Iodide (KI)
Potassium iodide is available without prescription and may protect the thyroid against exposure to radioactive iodine if a sufficient amount is taken before or within 24 hours of the radiation exposure. It must continue to be taken every 24 hours until the emergency has passed. KI will not help with radiation damage to other parts of your body.
The FDA has approved two different forms of KI, tablets and liquid, that people can take by mouth after a nuclear radiation emergency. Tablets come in two strengths, 130 milligram (mg) and 65 mg. According to the FDA, the following doses are appropriate to take after internal contamination with, or likely internal contamination, with radioactive iodine:

* Adults should take 130 mg tablets OR two mL of solution
* Breastfeeding women should take the adult dose of 130 mg
* Children 3 and 18 years of age should take one 65 mg tablet OR 1 mL of solution
* Children who are adult size >150 pounds should take the full adult dose
* Infants and children between 1 month and 3 years of age should take 1/2 of a 65 mg tablet OR 1/2 mL of solution
* Newborns from birth to 1 month of age should be given 1/4 of a 65 mg tablet or 1/4 mL of solution

If you're unable to find an oral source of iodine, you can still put Betadine or other Iodine tincture on your skin. DO NOT DRINK IT! This method is said to block thyroid radioactive iodine uptake up to 99 percent. You can paint a patch on the abdomen, or on your throat above your thyroid, it will be absorbed into your skin.
Personally, I prefer super saturated Potassium iodide (SSKI) on the soles of the feet. Your body will absorb the amount that is needed and will deliver the KI to all organs of your body, including the thyroid gland. This is easy to do, can be done just before bed, you don't have to worry about taking too much. The acupuncture meridian lines loop through the feet and are very effective for delivery of herbs, oils & natural remedies.
[Undated] Incorporation of Iodine 131 by Ingestion [pdf fact sheet] by the French nuclear agency CRIIRAD [in English]. "With an equal incorporation, a toddler receives a radiation dose 8 times over that of an adult. This is due to the smaller size of the child’s organs: the dose expresses the quantity of energy delivered by the radiations per mass unit of tissue."
2011-12 Guidance: Potassium Iodide as a Thyroid Blocking Agent in Radiation Emergencies (pdf), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. [Recommends 130 mg for adults -- has dosage chart].
2011-11-15 Why Is Taking Iodine and Consuming Iodine Rich Foods So Important?, by Daren6688, survive2thrive.net, "The toxicity of modern life is impacting iodine levels and in the countries that fluoridate their water this impact is maximized. It is well known that the toxic halides: fluoride and bromide, having structure similar to iodine, can competitively inhibit iodine absorption and binding in the body. All the halogens use the same receptors in the body so fluoride’s danger for people is centered in great part on this fact."
2011-11-05 (about Iodine) Magnesium & Calcium Protect DNA From Radiation by Dr. Mark Sircus
"Dr. David Brownstein and I have made a similar universal call for iodine in that the nutritive type of iodine protects the thyroid from the radioactive type of iodine. One has to be a fool not to be taking iodine because 95 percent of us are deficient in iodine, thus making our thyroids sitting ducks (sponges) for the radioactive type. A thyroid deficient in iodine becomes like an intense vacuum cleaner hungry for anything even looking like a halogen (fluoride, bromide, chlorine, rocket fuel). Because so much blood goes through the thyroid it has a fantastic capacity to concentrate radioactive iodine and these halogens no matter how low the concentration is of them in the blood.
blogger here Here is an article that goes into some good detail about the subject. "The bioavailability of iodine applied to the skin" http://www.optimox.com/pics/Iodine/updates/UNIOD-02/UNIOD_02.htm
It is a technique the the Russians used on numbers of people after Chernobyl; but given the overall medical nature of the issue, it is something that individuals should discuss with their doctors.
2011-09-20 Thyroid Cancer & Iodine, by Dr. Mark Sircus
"...When faced with a radioactive cloud, as is everyone in the northern hemisphere thanks to Fukushima, it is absolutely imperative that we take iodine, whatever iodine you can get your hands on. If the only iodine available is topical iodine that is not suitable for oral use then you should paint your body and your children’s bodies with it. Few people have ready access to the Nascent iodine so will not enjoy its ease of application in repeated measured dosages that are more gentle to the system, thus yielding fewer side effects. Because Nascent is in the atomic form (I¹), it is absorbed faster and that can also be advantageous in emergency situations when fighting infections with it. Its only downside is the expense of having to use so much of it, so for those who cannot afford it and cannot get their hands on it, I recommend Lugol’s, which has been around and used heavily for 150 years.
Dr. Brownstein writes, “If there is enough inorganic, non-radioactive iodine in our bodies, the radioactive fallout has nowhere to bind in our bodies. It will pass through us, leaving our bodies unharmed. It is important to ensure that we have adequate iodine levels before this fallout hits.”
Dr. Michael B. Schachter says, “The treatment dose when a person is iodine insufficient is generally between 12.5 mg and 50 mg daily. Preliminary research indicates that if a person is iodine insufficient, it takes about three months to become iodine sufficient while ingesting a dosage of 50 mg of iodine daily and a year to achieve that while ingesting a dosage of 12.5 mg of iodine daily.
Because of the continuing radiation, it behooves us to start taking the highest dosages tolerable to protect not only our thyroids but also all the glandular tissues as well. Iodine protects the thyroid, breasts, prostate and ovary glands as well as other tissues in the body from radioactive iodine whether used by mad doctors or ingested from the environment."
2011-04-07 How To Remove Radioactive Iodine-131 From Drinking Water, by Jeff McMahon, forbes.com. "...The Environmental Protection Agency recommends reverse osmosis water treatment to remove radioactive isotopes that emit beta-particle radiation. But iodine-131, a beta emitter, is typically present in water as a dissolved gas, and reverse osmosis is known to be ineffective at capturing gases..."
2011-03-31 Japan must distribute iodine tablets now: expert, zimbio.com.
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated.
Potassium Iodide, Iodate and related products
, page 1, by "emerald eyes."
Potassium Iodide: (KI)
Blocks uptake of radioactive Iodine 131. Adults 130 mg/day. Must start before or immediately upon exposure. Children between 3 -18 years of age should take one-half of a 130-mg tablet (65 mg). Children between 1 month and 3 years of age should take 1/4 of a 130-mg tablet (32 mg).Infants from birth to 1 month of age should be given 1/8 of a 130-mg tablet (16 mg). Women who are breastfeeding should take the adult dose, and their infants should receive the recommended infant dose. Children who are approaching adult size (greater than or equal to 150 pounds) should take the adult dose regardless of their age. Do not use unless you know that you are being exposed or about to be exposed to dangerous levels of radiation.
Another option is potassium iodate (KIO3)
An adult dose for potassium iodate (KIO3) is 170 mg per day during and preceding exposure.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health references:
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8225995
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10832925
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19054795
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11349833
Topical iodine as an alternative to oral KI or KIO3.
Don’t drink the Lugols solution or betadine as both are toxic when taken orally, but to paint on your skin. Lugols solution and betadine are both still readily available! According to research by Ken Miller, health physicist at the Hershey Medical Center, using 24 healthy adult male test subjects he found that an adult could get a blocking dose of stable iodine by painting 8 ml of a 2 percent tincture of Iodine on the abdomen or forearm approximately 2 hours prior to I-131 contamination.
Although there were large variations within each subject group in regard to serum-I levels and thyroid uptakes, the increase in serum-I concentration after topical-I application was effective in reducing the thyroid uptake of I131. The authors conclude that in the absence of KI, most humans would benefit from topical application of tincture of-I, and that in some the effectiveness would equal that of oral KI.
Don’t try to drink or swallow iodine such as iodine water purification tablets, tincture of iodine, or Povidone-iodine solutions (like the Betadine® brand solution). If you do that you are going to get sick because iodine is a poison. That’s why iodine bottles are marked poisonous!
The abstract of his study is titled "Effectiveness of Skin Absorption of Tincture of I in Blocking Radioiodine from the Human Thyroid Gland" from Health Physics, June 1989, Vol. 56, No. 6, pages 911-914.
Although the amount given is for an adult male, around 160-170 lbs, I don’t see why a proportionate amount could not be used on the skin of a child as long as they could not lick it off (maybe place on the skin of the lower back). We use Betadine surgical prep on young children, so it would not be contraindicated as a topical application unless there is an allergy or the child is very young such as a newborn.
So in essence, For adults, paint 8 ml of a 2 percent tincture of Iodine on the abdomen or forearm each day, ideally at least 2 hours prior to possible exposure. For children 3 to 18, but under 150 pounds, only half that amount painted on daily, or 4 ml. For children under 3 but older than a month, half again, or 2 ml. For newborns to 1 month old, half it again, or just 1 ml. Betadine surgical prep is readily available in feed and supply stores for animal use, so as long as the animal couldn’t lick it off and it was in a non-hair area (painted inside the ear flaps in rabbits or dogs) it might also work for pets.
Uptake Competing With Iodine Absorption by the Thyroid Gland Following Povidone-Iodine Skin Application (pdf) by Sen-ichi Furudate et all, Kitisato University at jstage.jst.go.jp
Calcium iodate:
Calcium iodate is possibly another effective blocker of radioiodine uptake by the thyroid gland. From the study listed below:
"Ca(IO3)2 is permitted by the FDA as a food additive and is "generally regarded as safe" (GRAS, CFR No.1206). We have also compared the efficacy of Ca(IO3)2 with KIO3 in blocking thyroidal uptake of radioiodine, which could be important considering the better shelf life of Ca(IO3). The results of the present study provide us with evidence that Ca(IO3)2 can serve as another promising radioiodine blocker, and is as equipotent as KI/KIO3 in protecting the thyroid gland. We have not found any studies that examined the property of Ca(IO3)2 in blocking radioiodine uptake by the thyroid gland and the present study is an attempt in this direction."
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15951696
Kelp
Kelp is high in iodine, and one of those naturally protective substances fro the thyroid gland in protecting it against radioactive I 131. As kelp concentrates iodine, it is imperative to make sure that the kelp did not come from waters contaminated with radioactive I 131 or other radioactive elements.
“Suppression of 125I-uptake in mouse thyroid by seaweed feeding: possible preventative effect of dietary seaweed on internal radiation injury of the thyroid by radioactive iodine.”
“We conducted an animal experiment to determine how dietary seaweeds rich in iodine and dietary fibers suppress radioactive iodine uptake by the thyroid, using mice and four kinds of experimental diets, three with 1% or 2% powdered fronds of the kelp Laminaria religiosa and 2% powdered laver Porphyra yezoensis, and one with cellulose.”
"The degree of the suppression was observed to depend on the amount of iodine in the diet or in the injected sample, no matter whether organic or inorganic, judging from the results of an additional experiment. Thus, we conclude that previously fed iodine-rich material, especially dietary seaweeds rich in iodine and other minerals, vitamins, and beta-carotene, such as kelps or laver supplemented with inorganic iodine, may be effective in prevention of internal radiation injury of the thyroid."
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1344008.
2009-05-14 The Dark Side of The Alternative Health Movement: Promoting Ingested Iodine
written by Sarah Cain
2005-12 Oral potassium iodide is an effective means of reducing thyroid irradiation from environmentally dispersed radioiodine but is effective only when administered within 2 d before to approximately 8 h after radioiodine intake.--GreenMedInfoSummary, Chest. 2005 Dec;128(6):3817-27. PMID: 10832925, abstract Author(s):
P B Zanzonico, D V Becker
"...In euthyroid adults receiving iodine-sufficient diets (250 microg d(-1) in the current analysis), KI administered up to 48 h before 131I exposure can almost completely block thyroid uptake and therefore greatly reduce the thyroid absorbed dose. However, KI administration 96 h or more before 131I exposure has no significant protective effect. In contrast, KI administration after exposure to radioiodine induces a smaller and rapidly decreasing blockade effect. KI administration 16 h or later after 131I exposure will have little effect on thyroid uptake and absorbed dose and therefore little or no protective effect..."
[Editor's Note: For a situation such as we face today, where iodine fallout is continually coming at us on a sporadic basis, and those of us without geiger counters and weather monitoring information have almost no capability to predict when and how we will get dosed, the lesson should be clear. Every day that the Fukushima disaster continues, rub lots of iodine on your body and keep yourself saturated!]
2004 How to Help Support the Body's Healing After Intense Radioactive or Radiation Exposure: The Medical, Naturopathic, Nutritional, Herbal, Commonsense External and Internal Approaches (pdf) by Bill Bodri, 2004
"...we find that over 18 million doses of potassium iodide (KI) were administered to 97% of the children, and there has been no similar increase in thyroid cancer in the country. Part of this successful result is due to Poland's radioiodine protective strategy, which involved an aggressive ban of radioiodine contaminated food stuffs and milk. Approximately 10.5 million children under age 16 and 7 million adults received at least one dose of KI in Poland.
That, in short order, is why KI then becomes useful in certain types of radioactive emergencies. In fact, the FDA has stated that " the increase in thyroid cancer seen after Chernobyl is attributable to ingested or inhaled radioiodines. A comparable burden of excess thyroid cancers could conceivably accrue should U.S. populations be similarly exposed in the event of a nuclear accident. This potential hazard highlights the value of averting such risk by using KI as an adjunct to evacuation, sheltering, and control of contaminated foodstuffs."
Here’s what else you have to remember though …
People keep concentrating on taking potassium iodide tablets, but KI tablets only protect the thyroid gland and do not provide protection from any other radiation exposure! Once again, KI does not prevent the effects of other radioactive elements … using KI will only protect the thyroid gland from radioactive iodine but it will not protect other parts of the body from other radioactive materials that may be released.
There is no medicine that will effectively prevent nuclear radiations from damaging the human body cells that they strike. KI itself only provides protection from radioiodines for the thyroid -- and only if taken in time. It has no impact on the uptake by the body of other radioactive materials and provides no protection against external irradiation of any kind.
Please remember that.
Please also note that radioactive fallout can travel hundreds of miles on the winds and remain a threatening concern even though the radioactive isotopes start becoming dispersed and diluted along the way, and even though their likelihood of causing harm diminishes with this dispersal.
...you cannot count on the arrival of new government potassium iodide (KI) supplies to come to your family if there really is an emergency. For instance, one report said, "In the immediate aftermath of Three Mile Island, officials prepared 237,000 doses of potassium iodide, but the drug didn't make it to the scene for six days -- too late to do any good."
So what do you do if you don’t have any KI handy when there’s an accident and you cannot leave the area?
According to research by Ken Miller, health physicist at the Hershey Medical Center, using 24 healthy adult male test subjects he found that an adult could get a blocking dose of stable iodine by painting 8 ml of a 2 percent tincture of Iodine on the abdomen or forearm approximately 2 hours prior to I-131 contamination.
The abstract of his study is titled "Effectiveness of Skin Absorption of Tincture of I in Blocking Radioiodine from the Human Thyroid Gland" from Health Physics, June 1989, Vol. 56, No. 6, pages 911-914. The author wrote,
Although there were large variations within each subject group in regard to serum-I levels and thyroid uptakes, the increase in serum-I concentration after topical-I application was effective in reducing the thyroid uptake of I131. The authors conclude that in the absence of KI, most humans would benefit from topical application of tincture of-I, and that in some the effectiveness would equal that of oral KI.
Don’t try to drink or swallow iodine such as iodine water purification tablets, tincture of iodine, or Povidone-iodine solutions (like the Betadine® brand solution). If you do that you are going to get sick because iodine is a poison. That’s why iodine bottles are marked poisonous!
In Nuclear War Survival Skills by Cresson H. Kearny, (Original Edition Published September, 1979, by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a Facility of the U.S. Department of Energy, Updated and Expanded 1987 Edition, p. 115) the author states:
Elemental (free) iodine is poisonous, except in the very small amounts in water disinfected with iodine tablets or a few drops of tincture of iodine. Furthermore, elemental iodine supplied by iodine tablets and released by tincture of iodine dropped into water is not effective as a blocking agent to prevent thyroid damage. If you do not have any potassium iodide, DO NOT TAKE IODINE TABLETS OR TINCTURE OF IODINE..."
2001 Stable Iodine Prophylaxis: Recommendations of the 2nd UK Working Group on Stable Iodine Prophylaxis [Editor's Note: This has recommended sustained dosage levels].

 

Iron

Iron in diet - overview, umm.edu [University of Maryland Medical Center overview]
Human iron metabolism, Wikipedia.org
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
Blocks the uptake of plutonium. Too much iron can be toxic, especially for children. Don't overdose on this one. Adults take up to 300 mg daily if no medical problems, and iron deficient children may receive 4 to 6 mg/kg elemental iron daily in 3 divided doses. A fatal dose for children could be as little as 600 mg so this is one to consult your pediatrician on.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2407921
2011-03-19 Radiation Protection From Nuclear Accident or Attack: Some tested ways to protect against radiation in the environment and possible fallout from dirty bombs or nuclear explosions; by Sam Baxter
Iron: A number of studies indicate exposure to radiation significantly decreases levels of iron in the body. Radioactive iron and plutonium, isotopes similar in structure to iron, can be carried to iron storage sites such as liver, bone marrow, ovaries or testes, and lungs if the body is deficiency in iron. The National Research Council recommends a daily intake of 18 mg. for women, 30 to 60 mg. daily if pregnant or more if lactating; 10 mg. for men, and 10 to 18 mg. for children. After exposure to radiation or loss of blood, supplementation of approximately 10 to 18 mg. daily.


Magnesium

Magnesiuin in diet -overview, umm.edu [University of Maryland Medical Center overview]
Magnesium in biology, Wikipedia.org
[Undated] magnesiumforlife.com "... Magnesium medicine saves patients from a considerable amount of pain and suffering and is a subject worth mastering if one is a doctor or alternative healthcare professional...
"...Magnesium chloride is and excellent medicine that is fast acting and safe. Magnesium chloride is also very flexible in terms of methods of application as it can be nebulized, applied orally, transdermally and intravenously in emergency situations..."
2011-03-25
Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
Always take with other supplements to help with absorption. A good way to absorb magnesium is with an Epson salts bath or foot soak so that it does not cause GI upset.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2290996
2010-02-23 Magnesium Oil Therapy - Mark Sircus, Ac., OMD (YouTube Video) (5:35)

Manganese

Manganese - overview, umm.edu [University of Maryland Medical Center overview]
Manganese, Wikipedia.org
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
"Radioprotective effect has been observed in mice which have subcutaneously received a single dose of abundant inorganic zinc or manganese 24 hours before gamma-ray irradiation with a sublethal dose."
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15203198
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2290996



Potassium

Potassium in diet - overview, umm.edu [University of Maryland Medical Center overview]
Potassium in biology, Wikipedia.org
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
Reduces uptake of cesium-137. Adults may take up to 100 mg daily, unless they have decreased renal or kidney function. In that case, the dose should be decreased or avoided. Eating potassium rich foods, like meat broths is usually still OK, even with decreased renal function.
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15167119
2011-03-14 Fighting Radiation Exposure – Naturally by Dr. Loretta Lanphier, ND, CN, HHP, CH, oasisadvancedwellness.
"Potassium – Cesium-137, cesium-134, potassium-40, and potassium-42 are radioactive, competitive sister elements of natural potassium, all of which are in the same chemical family. These radionuclides are absorbed by the body when there is a deficiency of natural potassium. They concentrate primarily in the reproductive organs and the muscles. Cesium-137 is common in nuclear fallout, and can often be detected in our food, soil, and water. The authors of one study described our biosphere as “contaminated with radiocesium.” Researchers discovered that after the accident at Chernobyl, iodine-131 and cesium-137 were the most prevalent radionuclides in samples of food from the USSR and from Poland, Hungary, and other parts of Eastern Europe. Cesium-137 is also already being used in some countries to irradiate foods as a means of extending their shelf life at the supermarket. Research by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences demonstrates that natural potassium decreases the concentration of radiocesium. Begin to add potassium rich foods such as bananas, potatoes+peels, etc. If a nuclear event escalates in which cessium is being released, then also adding supplemental potassium is recommended. Potassium regulation is affected by magnesium. For magnesium deficiency include leafy green veggies, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds and black beans."


Selenium

Selenium,
wikipedia article
[Undated] radiationdetoxification.com "Selenium – 200mcg per day with a meal. Selenium is an essential constituent of a number of enzymes, some of which have antioxidant functions. Selenium activates an antioxidant enzyme called glutathione peroxidase, which may help protect the body from cancer. The most important study on selenium and cancer was conducted by researchers at the University of Arizona Cancer Center. When all the results were tabulated, it became clear that the selenium-treated group of patients developed almost 66% fewer prostate cancers, 50% fewer colorectal cancers, and about 40% fewer lung cancers as compared with the placebo group."
2011-03-25
Radiation Protection- non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
Selenium:
This is an anti-oxidant with activity as a free radical scavenger. Populations with high blood selenium levels are found to have lower death rates due to cancer. Selenium toxicity can occur and the dose of selenium should be close to 100 MICROGRAMS (not milligrams) per day in adults.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19763408
* http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12821279
2011-03-19 Radiation Protection From Nuclear Accident or Attack: Some tested ways to protect against radiation in the environment and possible fallout from dirty bombs or nuclear explosions; by Sam Baxter
Selenium;Wonderful element. Does so many positive things impossible to list. It fortifies the immune system, reduces the rate of cancer in humans and helps to alleviate leukopenia, (abnormal decreases of white blood cells). The RDA is 50 to 200 micrograms per day. Some recommend as much as 100 to 300 micrograms per day, but more should be under medical supervision. It is most effective when taken with vitamins A and E.


Zeolite

Zeolite-related web sites:
zeohealth.com offers an FAQ and research articles section

 

Zinc

Zinc, umm.edu (University of Maryland Medical Center) (Mineral, Antioxidant)
Overview:
Zinc is an essential trace mineral, so you get it through the foods you eat. Next to iron, zinc is the most common mineral in the body and is found in every cell. It has been used since ancient times to help heal wounds and plays an important role in the immune system, reproduction, growth, taste, vision, and smell, blood clotting, and proper insulin and thyroid function.
Zinc also has antioxidant properties, meaning it helps protect cells in the body from damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals may contribute to the aging process, as well as the development of a number of health problems, including heart disease and cancer. Antioxidants can neutralize free radicals and may reduce or even help prevent some of the damage they cause.
Your body doesn't need a large amount of zinc. The recommended daily allowance for adults is 8 - 11 mg. It' s common to have slightly low levels of zinc, but taking a multivitamin, plus eating a healthy diet, should give you all the zinc you need.
It's rare for people in industrialized countries to be seriously deficient in zinc. Low zinc levels are sometimes seen in the elderly, alcoholics, people with anorexia, and people on very restricted diets. People who have malabsorption syndromes, such as Crohn's disease or celiac disease, may also be deficient in zinc.
Symptoms of zinc deficiency include loss of appetite; poor growth; weight loss; lack of taste or smell; poor wound healing; skin problems such as acne, atopic dermatitis and psoriasis; hair loss; lack of menstrual period; night blindness; white spots on the fingernails; and depression.
Zinc reduces the amount of copper your body absorbs, and high doses of zinc can cause a copper deficiency. For that reason, many doctors recommend that you take 2 mg of copper along with a zinc supplement...
[Undated] Nutritional Program for Environmental Pollution and Radiation by Elson M. Haas MD
Zinc is probably most important as an immune strengthener and tissue healer that is needed for the functioning of many detoxifying enzymes, thus helping to protect the cells from pollutant toxins. As an example, zinc, as well as copper and manganese, function in the superoxide dismutase system to detoxify oxygen free radicals which might be generated from ozone and photochemical smog. Calcium and magnesium help to neutralize some colon toxins and decrease heavy metal absorption from the gastrointestinal tract.
2011-03-25 Radiation Protection - non prescription list, revised and updated, page 1, by "emerald eye."
Zinc - Reduces uptake of radioactive zinc-65. The recommended dose is 100 mg per day in adults unless medical conditions prohibit.
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health